eBook The Britannica Guide To Africa: The History of Northern Africa, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303979
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303977
  • DDC: 961
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 200 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Alternately identified with either the countries of the Mediterranean, those of the Middle East, or other African territories, the nations of northern Africa occupy a unique physical and historical place. After centuries of fielding various foreign invaders, northern Africans have absorbed and co-opted Greek, Roman, and Arab peoples and traditions, among others. Under the pervasive turmoil that has ensued after colonial rule and internecine warfare, readers will encounter a region of various traditions that stands at a unique crossroads between several very different worlds.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Early History.
2: Early Humans and Stone Age Society.
3: Arab.
4: The Carthaginian Period.
5: The Phoenician Settlements.
6: Carthaginian Supremacy.
7: Trade.
8: Wars Outside Africa.
9: Treatment of Subject Peoples.
10: Political and Military Institutions.
11: The City.
12: Religion and Culture.
13: Carthage and Rome.
14: Human Sacrifice.
15: The Greeks in Cyrenaica.
16: The Rise and Decline of Native Kingdoms.
17: Roman North Africa.
18: Administration and Defense.
19: The Growth of Urban Life.
20: Economy.
21: Later Roman Empire.
22: Christianity and the Donatist Controversy.
23: Extent of Romanization.
24: The Vandal Conquest.
25: The Byzantine Period.
26: Arianism.
27: Roman Cyrenaica.
28: From the Arab Conquest to 1830.
29: Khārijite Berber Resistance to Arab Rule.
30: The Maghrib under Muslim Dynasties in the 8th–11th Centuries.
31: The Rustamid State of Tāhart.
32: The Banū Midrār of Sijilmāssah.
33: The Idrīsids of Fez.
34: The Aghlabids.
35: The Fāṭimids and Zīrids.
36: The Maghrib under the Almoravids and the Almohads.
37: Political Fragmentation and the Triumph of Islamic Culture (c. 1250–c. 1500).
38: The Maghrib from About 1500 to 1830.
39: Morocco under Sharifian Dynasties.
40: Ottoman Rule in the Maghrib.
41: North Africa After 1830.
42: Advent of European Colonialism.
43: Nationalist Movements.
44: Sanūsiyyah.
45: Algeria.
46: Early History.
47: French Algeria.
48: The Conquest of Algeria.
49: Colonial Rule.
50: Nationalist Movements.
51: World War II and the Movement for Independence.
52: The Algerian War of Independence.
53: Independent Algeria.
54: From Ben Bella to Boumedienne.
55: Bendjedid's Move Toward Democracy.
56: Civil War: The Islamists versus the Army.
57: Foreign Relations.
58: Egypt.
59: Early History through the 19th Century.
60: British Occupation.
61: Constitutional Monarchy.
62: The Republic.
63: The First Decades.
64: The Republic in the 1970s and '80s.
65: The Republic Since the 1980s.
66: Libya.
67: Early History.
68: Ottoman Rule.
69: Italian Colonization.
70: Independence.
71: The Discovery of Oil.
72: Muammar Al-Qaddafi.
73: The Qaddafi Regime.
74: Morocco.
75: Early History.
76: AĀbīd Al-Bukhārī.
77: Decline of Traditional Government.
78: The French Protectorate.
79: World War II and Independence.
80: The French Zone.
81: The Spanish Zone.
82: Independent Morocco.
83: Foreign Policy.
84: Western Sahara.
85: Hassan's Last Years.
86: Into the 21st Century.
87: Sudan.
88: Ancient Nubia.
89: Egyptian Influence.
90: The Kingdom of Kush.
91: Darfur.
92: Christian and Islamic Influence.
93: Medieval Christian Kingdoms.
94: Islamic Encroachments.
95: The Funj.
96: The Spread of Islam.
97: Egyptian-Ottoman Rule.
98: Muḥammad ‘Alī and His Successors.
99: Ismā‘īl Pasha and the Growth of European Influence.
100: The Mahdiyyah.
101: The Reign of the Khalīfah.
102: The British Conquest.
103: The Anglo-Egyptian Condominium.
104: The Early Years of British Rule.
105: The Growth of National Consciousness.
106: The Republic of The Sudan.
107: The 'Abbūd Government.
108: Sudan Since 1964.
109: Tunisia.
110: Early History.
111: The Growth of European Influence.
112: The Protectorate.
113: Young Tunisians.
114: World War II.
115: Independence.
116: Domestic Development.
117: Foreign Relations.
118: Western Sahara.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.