Records of the Department of State Relating to Internal Affairs Turkey: 1955-1959

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This collection of State Department documents provides unique access to primary materials on the political, economic and social development of Turkey during the early Cold War period.

Records of the Department of State Relating to Internal Affairs provide easy and immediate access to these records and provide many new insights in which pivotal nations have shaped their policies toward the U.S. and other nations. These collections illuminate the internal conditions of a variety of nations in exhaustive detail by reproducing thousands of pages on political, governmental, and military affairs, as well as economic and social issues.

The Republic of Turkey pursues economic development within the global free market system. Its tradition of statecraft, inherited from the old empire, has helped it surmount internal political crises and develop a successful foreign policy that has ensured the support of like-minded foreign powers in defense of Turkish national independence and the general world order.

During the 1950s, tensions between the main parties increased as the Democrat Party government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes became more authoritarian, and the economy suffered inflation and heavy debt. The postwar result of Atatürk’s secularist reforms was the creation of two cultures: a secularized and Westernized elite culture and a mass culture based on traditional religious values. Prior to 1950, the elite’s attitude toward traditional society tended to be contemptuous in general and specifically hostile toward religious expression. Since 1950, however, the elite generally has become more tolerant of religion, or at least of orthodox Sunni Islam, and various political parties have attempted to conciliate religious interests, albeit within the framework of Atatürk’s institutional secularism.

1950-1954: 28 reels