eBook The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations: Mesopotamia: The World's Earliest Civilization, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615302085
  • ISBN-13: 9781615302086
  • DDC: 935
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 224 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Celebrated for numerous developments in the areas of law, writing, religion, and mathematics, Mesopotamia has been immortalized as the cradle of civilization. Its fabled cities, including Babylon and Nineveh, spawned new cultures, traditions, and innovations in art and architecture, some of which can still be seen in present-day Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey. Readers will be captivated by this ancient culture's rich history and breadth of accomplishment, as they marvel at images of the magnificent temples and artifacts left behind.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Origins of Mesopotamian History.
2: Background Information.
3: Tigris-Euphrates River System.
4: The Character and Influence of Ancient Mesopotamia.
5: Cuneiform.
6: Achievements.
7: Law Codes.
8: Classical, Medieval, and Modern Views of Mesopotamia.
9: Modern Archaeological Excavations.
10: Nuzu.
11: The Emergence of Mesopotamian Civilization.
12: The Beginnings of Agriculture.
13: The Emergence of Cultures.
14: Cylinder Seals.
15: Mesopotamian Protohistory.
16: Sumerian Civilization.
17: Sumerian Language.
18: Sumerian City Life.
19: Literary and Other Historical Sources.
20: Chronology and King Lists.
21: First Historical Personalities.
22: Emergent City-States.
23: Territorial States.
24: Lugalzagesi.
25: Sargon's Reign.
26: Ascendancy of Akkad.
27: The End of the Dynasty.
28: Social and Cultural Records.
29: The Third Dynasty of Ur.
30: Administration.
31: Ethnic, Geographic, and Intellectual Constituents.
32: Ur III in Decline.
33: The Old Babylonian Period.
34: Political Fragmentation.
35: Literary Texts and Increasing Decentralization.
36: Early History of Assyria.
37: The Old Babylonian Empire.
38: Babylonian Law.
39: Background: Code of Hammurabi.
40: Babylonian Literature.
41: The Hurrians.
42: Hurrian Language.
43: Mesopotamia to the End of the Achaemenian Period.
44: The Kassites in Babylonia.
45: Kudurrus.
46: The Hurrian and Mitanni Kingdoms.
47: The Rise of Assyria.
48: Babylonia under the Second Dynasty of Isin.
49: Assyria between 1200 and 1000 BC.
50: Assyria and Babylonia Until Ashurnasirpal II.
51: Shalmaneser III and Shamshi-Adad V of Assyria.
52: Adad-Nirari III and His Successors.
53: The Neo-Assyrian Empire (746–609).
54: Tiglath-Pileser III and Shalmaneser V.
55: Sargon II (721–705) and Marduk-Apal-Iddina of Babylonia.
56: Sennacherib.
57: Sargon II.
58: Esarhaddon.
59: Ashurbanipal (668–627) and Shamash-Shum-Ukin (668–648).
60: The Significance of Ashurbanipal.
61: Decline of the Assyrian Empire.
62: The Neo-Babylonian Empire.
63: Nebuchadrezzar II.
64: The Last Kings of Babylonia.
65: Mesopotamia under the Persians.
66: Mesopotamia from c. 320 BC to c. AD 620.
67: The Seleucid Period.
68: Seleucus.
69: Political Divisions.
70: Greek Influence.
71: The Parthian Period.
72: Mithradates II and His Successors.
73: Conflict with Rome.
74: Demographic Changes.
75: Parthian Arts.
76: The Sāsānian Period.
77: Ardashīr I and His Successors.
78: Wars with the Byzantine Empire.
79: The Legacy of Khosrow II.
80: Political Divisions and Taxation.
81: Mesopotamian Art and Architecture.
82: Sumerian Period.
83: Architecture.
84: Sculpture.
85: Akkadian Period.
86: Architecture.
87: Sculpture.
88: Sumerian Revival.
89: Ziggurats.
90: Assyrian Period.
91: Architecture.
92: Sculpture.
93: Painting and Decorative Arts.
94: Neo-Babylonian Period.
95: Mesopotamian Religion.
96: Stages of Religious Development.
97: The Literary Legacy: Myth and Epic.
98: Sumerian Literature.
99: Eridu Genesis.
100: Akkadian Literature.
101: The Mesopotamian Worldview as Expressed in Myth.
102: Cosmogony and Cosmology.
103: The Gods and Demons.
104: Human Origins, Nature, and Destiny.
105: Institutions and Practices.
106: City-State and National State.
107: Cult.
108: Sacred Times.
109: Administration.
110: Sacred Places.
111: The Magical Arts.
112: Religious Art and Iconography.
Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses.
Mesopotamian Cities.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.