eBook Encyclopedia of U.S. Military Interventions in Latin America, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598842609
  • ISBN-13: 9781598842609
  • DDC: 327.7308
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 732 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released December 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

What do baseball, American war crimes, and a slice of watermelon have in common in the annals of Latin American history? Believe it or not, this disparate grouping reflects the cultural and historical remnants of America's military and political involvement in the region. As early as 1811, the United States began intervening in the affairs of Central America, South America, and the Caribbean ... and it hasn't stopped since. This compelling reference analyzes both the major interventions and minor conflicts stemming from our nation's military operations in these areas and examines the people, places, legislation, and strategies that contributed to these events.

In addition to documented facts and figures, the alphabetically organized entries in Encyclopedia of U.S. Military Interventions in Latin America present fascinating anecdotes on the subject, including why the United States once invaded Panama over a slice of watermelon, how an intervention in Nicaragua landed our country on trial for war crimes, and how the popularity of baseball in Latin America is a direct result of American influence. Primary source documents and visual aids accompany the content.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Introduction.
Guide to Related Topics.
1: Adams–Onís Treaty (1819).
2: Airplanes, Use of.
3: Allende, Salvador, Intervention Against (1970–1973).
4: Alliance for Progress.
5: Anaconda Copper Mining Company.
6: Anticommunism.
7: Anti-Interventionism.
8: Arbenz, Jacobo, Overthrow of (1954).
9: Argentina.
10: Baltimore Affair (1891).
11: Banana Companies.
12: Baseball.
13: Bay of Pigs, Attempted Invasion of the (1961).
14: Beals, Carleton (1893–1979).
15: Bidlack–Mallarino Treaty (1846).
16: Blaine, James (1830–1893).
17: Bogotá Conference (1948).
18: Boland Amendments.
19: Bolivia.
20: Borah, William (1865–1940).
21: Brazil.
22: Brazil, Intervention in (1964).
23: British, Interventions Against the.
24: Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925).
25: Bush, George H.W. (1924–).
26: Bush, George W. (1946–).
27: Butler, Smedley (1881–1940).
28: Cáceres, Ramón (1866–1911).
29: Cacos.
30: Calvo Doctrine.
31: Caperton, William Banks (1855–1941).
32: Caracas Conference (1954).
33: Caribbean Legion.
34: Carter, Jimmy (1924–).
35: Castro, Cipriano (1858–1924).
36: Castro, Fidel (1926–).
37: Castro, Raúl (1931–).
38: Central American Conference (1907).
39: Central American Defense Council.
40: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
41: Chapultepec Conference (1945).
42: Chávez, Hugo (1954–2013).
43: Chile.
44: Christmas, Lee (1863–1924).
45: Church Committee.
46: Clinton, Bill (1946–).
47: Coast Guard.
48: Cold War.
49: Colombia.
50: Committee of Santa Fe Report (1980).
51: Concentration Camps, World War II.
52: Constabularies.
53: Contadora Peace Accords.
54: Contras.
55: Coolidge, Calvin (1872–1933).
56: Cortina, Juan (1824–1894).
57: Costa Rica.
58: Cuba.
59: Cuba, Intervention in (1912).
60: Cuba, Occupation of (1898–1902).
61: Cuba, Occupation of (1906–1909).
62: Cuba, Occupation of (1917–1922).
63: Cuba, U.S. Response to (1956–1960).
64: Cuban Exiles.
65: Cuban Missile Crisis (1962).
66: Daniels, Josephus (1862–1948).
67: De la Torriente, Cosme (1872–1956).
68: Democracy.
69: Dewey, George (1837–1917).
70: Dillingham, A. C. (1848–1925).
71: Dollar Diplomacy.
72: Dominican Receivership (1905–1941).
73: Dominican Republic.
74: Dominican Republic, Intervention in the (1965–1966).
75: Dominican Republic, Occupation of the (1916–1924).
76: Doniphan and Price Invasions.
77: Drago Doctrine.
78: Drug Enforcement Administration.
79: Drug Trafficking, Operations Against.
80: Duarte, José Napoleón (1925–1990).
81: Dulles, Allen (1893–1969).
82: Dulles, John Foster (1888–1959).
83: Dupuy de Lôme, Enrique (1851–1904).
84: East Florida (Spanish Territory).
85: Ecuador.
86: Eisenhower, Dwight (1890–1969).
87: El Salvador.
88: El Salvador, Support of Regime in (1980).
89: Elections Monitoring.
90: Estrada, Juan José (1872–1967).
91: Estrada Palma, Tomás (1835–1908).
92: Evangelista, Vicente (d. 1917).
93: Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas.
94: FARC.
95: Fiallo, Fabio (1866–1942).
96: Filibusters in Cuba.
97: Filibusters in Mexico.
98: First International American Conference (1889–1890).
99: First Seminole War.
100: Fletcher, Frank Friday (1855–1928).
101: FMLN.
102: Ford, Gerald (1913–2006).
103: Foreign Assistance Act (1961).
104: Fort Rivière, Battle of (1915).
105: Forward Operating Bases.
106: Funston, Frederick (1865–1917).
107: Gavilleros.
108: Gender.
109: General Board, U.S. Navy.
110: Germans, Interventions Against the.
111: Gómez, Máximo (1836–1905).
112: Gompers, Samuel (1850–1924).
113: Good Neighbor Policy.
114: Gorgas, William (1854–1920).
115: Grau San Martín, Ramón (1887–1969).
116: Grenada, Invasion of (1983).
117: Gruening, Ernest (1887–1974).
118: Guantánamo Bay.
119: Guantánamo Bay Naval Station.
120: Guatemala.
121: Guatemala National Revolutionary Unity.
122: Guevara, Ernesto “Ché” (1928–1967).
123: Gulf of Mexico, Interventions in the.
124: Gunboat Diplomacy.
125: Guyana.
126: Haiti.
127: Haiti, Intervention in (1994).
128: Haiti, Intervention in (2004).
129: Haiti, Occupation of (1915–1934).
130: Hanneken, Herman (1893–1986).
131: Harrison Naval Construction Program.
132: Hay, John (1838–1905).
133: Haya de la Torre, Víctor Raúl (1895–1979).
134: Henríquez Y Carvajal, Francisco (1859–1935).
135: Hill, Roscoe (1880–1960).
136: Honduras.
137: Honduras, Intervention in (1911–1912).
138: Hoover Goodwill Tour (1928–1929).
139: Huerta, Victoriano (1854–1916).
140: Hughes, Charles Evans (1862–1948).
141: Hughes–Peynado Plan (1922).
142: Humanitarian Interventions.
143: Hunt, E. Howard (1918–2007).
144: Immigration.
145: Immigration Reform and Control Act (1986).
146: Imperialism.
147: Inter-American Defense Board.
148: Inter-American Development Bank.
149: Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty) (1947).
150: International Telephone and Telegraph.
151: Iran–Contra Affair.
152: Jagan, Cheddi (1918–1997).
153: Jimenes, Juan Isidro (1846–1919).
154: Johnson, James Weldon (1871–1938).
155: Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908–1973).
156: Jolibois, Joseph (C. 1891–1936).
157: Jones, T. A. C. (1790–1858).
158: Kemmerer, Edwin (1875–1945).
159: Kennedy, John F. (1917–1963).
160: Kennedy, Robert F. (1925–1968).
161: Kettle Hill, Battle of (1898).
162: Kimball Expeditionary Force.
163: King, William H. (1863–1949).
164: Kissinger, Henry (1923–).
165: Kissinger Report (1984).
166: Knapp, Harry (1856–1928).
167: Lansing, Robert (1864–1928).
168: Latimer, Julian (1868–1939).
169: Lejeune, John (1867–1942).
170: Liberation Theology.
171: Literature and Intervention.
172: Little, Louis (1878–1960).
173: Lugo, Américo (1870–1952).
Title Page.
1: Machado, Gerardo (1871–1939).
2: Magoon, Charles (1861–1920).
3: Mahan, Alfred Thayer (1840–1914).
4: Manifest Destiny.
5: Mann, Thomas (1912–1999).
6: Mann Doctrine.
7: Martí, José (1853–1895).
8: Mathews, George (1739–1812).
9: Mayo, Henry (1874–1954).
10: McCoy, Frank (1874–1954).
11: McKinley, William (1843–1901).
12: McNamara, Robert (1916–2009).
13: Medal of Honor Recipients.
14: Medrano, José (1920–1985).
15: Mejía, Óscar (1930–).
16: Mexican Revolution, Intervention in the.
17: Mexican War (1846–1848).
18: Mexico.
19: Military Assistance Advisory Group.
20: Military Assistance Program.
21: Missionaries.
22: Monroe Doctrine (1823).
23: Munro, Dana (1892–1990).
24: Music and Intervention.
25: Mutual Defense Assistance Act (1949).
26: The Nation.
27: National Security Doctrine.
28: Niagara Falls Conference (1914).
29: Nicaragua.
30: Nicaragua, Intervention and Occupation of (1912–1925).
31: Nicaragua, Intervention in (1926–1933).
32: Nicaragua, Intervention in (1979–1990).
33: Nicaragua, Mining of Harbors in.
34: Nixon, Richard M. (1913–1994).
35: Nixon, Richard, Tour of South America (1958).
36: Noriega, Manuel (1934–).
37: NSC-144/1.
38: Obregón, Álvaro (1880–1928).
39: Office of Naval Intelligence.
40: Office of Public Safety.
41: Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs.
42: Olney Declaration (1895).
43: Operation Condor, U.S. Involvement in.
44: Operation Mongoose.
45: Orden.
46: Ortega, Daniel (1945–).
47: Ostend Manifesto (1854).
48: Ostermann, Edward (1882–1969).
49: Panama.
50: Panama, Congress of (1826).
51: Panama, Independence of (1903).
52: Panama, Intervention in (1918–1921).
53: Panama, Invasion of (1989).
54: Panama Canal, Building of.
55: Panama Canal Treaties (1978).
56: Panama Canal Zone.
57: Panama Flag Riots (1964).
58: Panama Railroad.
59: Panama Rent Riots (1925).
60: Paulding, Hiram (1797–1878).
61: Peace Corps.
62: Pendleton, Joseph (1860–1942).
63: Péralte, Charlemagne (1886–1919).
64: Pershing, John J. (1860–1948).
65: Peru.
66: Pinochet, Augusto (1915–2006).
67: Piracy, Naval Actions Against.
68: Plan Colombia.
69: Platt Amendment.
70: Polk, James K. (1795–1849).
71: Porter, David (1780–1843).
72: Prestán, Pedro (1852–1885).
73: Protection of Citizens by Intervention, Right of.
74: Protectorates.
75: Public Health and Interventions.
76: Public Works and Interventions.
77: Puerto Rico.
78: Puller, Lewis “Chesty” (1898–1971).
79: Punitive Expedition, Mexico (1916).
80: Race.
81: Rainbow War Plans.
82: Reagan, Ronald (1911–2004).
83: Reed, Walter (1851–1902).
84: Refugees.
85: Ríos Montt, Efraín (1926–).
86: Robison, Samuel (1867–1952).
87: Rockefeller, Nelson (1908–1979).
88: Roig de Leuchsenring, Emilio (1889–1964).
89: Romero, Archbishop Óscar, Murder of (1980).
90: Romero, Carlos (1924–).
91: Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882–1945).
92: Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919).
93: Roosevelt Corollary (1904).
94: Root, Elihu (1845–1937).
95: Rusk, Dean (1909–1994).
96: Russell, John, Jr. (1872–1947).
97: Russell, William (1859–1944).
98: Sam, Vilbrun Guillaume (d. 1915).
99: San Juan del Norte (Greytown), Bombardment of (1854).
100: San Juan Heights, Battle of (1898).
101: Sandinistas.
102: Sandino, Augusto (1895–1934).
103: Schley, Winfield Scott (1839–1911).
104: School of the Americas.
105: Scott, Hugh (1853–1934).
106: Sedgwick, John (1813–1864).
107: Shafter, William (1835–1906).
108: Sigsbee, Charles (1845–1923).
109: Sixth Pan-American Conference, Havana (1928).
110: Small Wars Manual.
111: Snowden, Thomas (1857–1930).
112: Somoza Debayle, Anastasio (1925–1980).
113: Somoza García, Anastasio (1896–1956).
114: Southerland, William (1852–1933).
115: Spanish–Cuban–American War (1898).
116: Special Service Squadron.
117: Status of Forces Agreements.
118: Stimson, Henry (1867–1950).
119: Stimson Mission to Nicaragua (1927).
120: Strong, Josiah (1847–1916).
121: Sugar Quota.
122: Sullivan & Cromwell.
123: Taft, William Howard (1857–1930).
124: Telegraph and Wireless Communications.
125: Teller Amendment (1898).
126: Tentative Landing Operations Manual.
127: Tlatelolco, Treaty of (1967).
128: Torrijos, Omar (1929–1981).
129: Treaty of Relations, Cuba (1934).
130: Trinidad and Tobago.
131: Trujillo, Rafael (1891–1961).
132: Trujillo, Rafael, Assassination of (1961).
133: Truman Doctrine in Latin America.
134: Ubico, Jorge (1878–1946).
135: United States Agency for International Development.
136: Upshur, William (1881–1943).
137: Uruguay.
138: U.S. Army.
139: U.S. Marine Corps.
140: U.S. Navy in the Caribbean.
141: U.S. Senate Select Committee on Haiti and Santo Domingo.
142: U.S. South Atlantic Squadron.
143: USS Lexington.
144: USS Maine.
145: USS Memphis.
146: Vanderbilt, Cornelius (1794–1877).
147: Vásquez, Horacio (1860–1936).
148: Venezuela.
149: Veracruz, Occupation of (1914).
150: Vieques.
151: Villa, Francisco “Pancho” (1878–1923).
152: Walker, William (1824–1860).
153: Waller, Littleton (1856–1926).
154: Walters, Vernon (1917–2002).
155: War of 1812.
156: Watermelon Riot, Panama (1856).
157: Welles, Sumner (1892–1961).
158: West Florida (Spanish Territory).
159: Western Hemisphere Idea.
160: Weyler, Valeriano (1839–1930).
161: Wilkinson, James (1757–1825).
162: Wilson, Henry (1857–1932).
163: Wilson, Woodrow (1856–1924).
164: Windward Passage.
165: Wirkus, Faustin (1897–1945).
166: Wise, Frederick (1877–1940).
167: Women.
168: Wood, Leonard (1860–1927).
169: Workers' Unions and Intervention.
170: World Bank.
171: World War I (1914–1918).
172: World War II (1939–1945).
173: Yellow Journalism.
174: Zapatistas.
175: Zelaya, José Santos, Overthrow of (1909).
Primary Documents.
No Transfer Resolution (1811).
Monroe Doctrine (1823).
President Polk's Mexican War Message (1846).
Ostend Manifesto (1854).
McLane–Ocampo Treaty (1859).
President McKinley's Spanish War Message (1898).
Platt Amendment (1903).
Roosevelt Corollary (1904).
President Wilson's Mobile Address (1913).
Knapp Proclamation (1916).
Sandino Manifesto (1927).
Toriello Address on Guatemalan Crisis (1954).
Johnson Doctrine Speech (1965).
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Editor and Contributors.
Index.