eBook World War II At Sea: An Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Spencer C. Tucker Texas Christian University
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 159884458X
  • ISBN-13: 9781598844580
  • DDC: 940.54
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 751 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Enabling students and other readers to explore specific naval engagements, while also charting the transformation of naval history through innovations in ordnance, focuses on the events, individuals, organizations, and ideas that shaped the world's navies during World War II, as well as the resultant battles that changed naval history.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
About the Editor.
World War II at Sea Editorial Advisory Board.
List of Entries.
Preface.
World War II at Sea Overview.
1: ABDA Command.
2: Abe Hiroaki (1890–1949).
3: Abe Koso (1892–1947).
4: Abrial, Jean Marie Charles (1879–1962).
5: Adriatic, Naval Operations in.
6: Aegean Sea, Naval Operations in.
7: Ainsworth, Walden Lee “Pug” (1886–1960).
8: Aircraft, Naval.
9: Aircraft Carriers.
10: Air-Sea Rescue.
11: Aleutian Islands Campaign (1942–1943).
12: ALPHABET, Operation (June 5–8, 1940).
13: Altmark Incident (February 16, 1940).
14: Amphibious Warfare.
15: Anglo-German Naval Agreement (June 18, 1935).
16: Antiaircraft Defense of Surface Ships.
17: Antishipping Campaign Off Norway.
18: Antisubmarine Warfare.
19: ARCHERY, Operation (Vågsøy Island Raid, December 27, 1941).
20: Arctic Convoys.
21: Arima Masafumi (1895–1944).
22: Ark Royal, British Aircraft Carrier.
23: Arnauld de la Perière, Lothar von (1886–1942).
24: Aruga Kosaku (1897–1945).
25: Athenia, SS, Sinking of (September 3, 1939).
26: Atlantic, Battle of the.
27: Atlantis, German Armed Merchant Cruiser.
28: Auboyneau, Philippe Marie Joseph Raymond (1899–1961).
29: Auphan, Paul Gabriel (1894–1982).
30: Australia, Navy.
31: Automedon, Sinking of (November 11, 1940).
32: Auxiliary Vessels.
33: AVALANCHE, Operation (September 9, 1943).
34: Aviation, Naval.
35: Bab el Mandeb Strait.
36: Balikpapan (Makassar Strait), Battle of (January 24, 1942).
37: Baltic Sea, Area of Operations.
38: Bandar Shahpur, Battle of (Operation COUNTENANCE, August 25, 1941).
39: Barbey, Daniel Edward (1889–1969).
40: Barrage Balloons.
41: Battle Cruisers.
42: Battleships.
43: Bay of Biscay, Battle of (December 28, 1943).
44: Bay of Biscay Offensive (February–August 1943).
45: Bergamini, Carlo (1888–1943).
46: Beta Convoy Battle (November 9, 1941).
47: Bey, Eric (1898–1943).
48: Biak, Battle of (June 8–9, 1944).
49: Bismarck, Sortie and Sinking of (May 1941).
50: Bismarck and Tirpitz, German Battleships.
51: Bismarck Sea, Battle of (March 2–5, 1943).
52: BITING, Operation (Bruneval Raid, February 27–28, 1942).
53: Black Sea, Area of Operations.
54: Blandy, William Henry Purnell (1890–1954).
55: Bletchley Park.
56: Bloch, Claude Charles (1878–1967).
57: Blockade Running.
58: Borghese, Junio Valerio (1906–1974).
59: British Eastern Fleet.
60: British Naval Blockade of the European Axis Powers.
61: British Pacific Fleet.
62: Brittany, Battle of (June 9, 1944).
63: Brown, Wilson Jr. (1882–1957).
64: Bulgaria, Navy.
65: Burke, Arleigh Albert (1901–1996).
66: Calabria, Battle of (July 9, 1940).
67: Callaghan, Daniel Judson (1890–1942).
68: CAM (Catapult Assisted Merchantman) Ships.
69: Camouflage, Naval.
70: Campioni, Inigo (1878–1944).
71: Canada, Navy.
72: Canaris, Wilhelm Franz (1887–1945).
73: Cape Bon, Battle of (December 13, 1941).
74: Cape Esperance, Battle of (October 11–12, 1942).
75: Cape Matapan, Battle of (March 28, 1941).
76: Cape Passero, Action Off (October 12, 1940).
77: Cape Spada, Battle of (July 19, 1940).
78: Cape Spartivento, Battle of (November 27, 1940).
79: Cape St. George, Battle of (November 25, 1943).
80: Caroline Islands Campaign (February 15–November 25, 1944).
81: Carpenter, Arthur Schuyler (1884–1960).
82: Casablanca, Battle of (November 8, 1942).
83: CATAPULT, Operation (July 1940).
84: Cavagnari, Domenico (1876–1966).
85: Central Pacific Campaign.
86: CERBERUS, Operation (The “Channel Dash”).
87: Channel Islands Campaign (June 1944–May 1945).
88: China, Navy.
89: Christie, Ralph Waldo (1893–1987).
90: Ciliax, Otto (1891–1964).
91: CLAYMORE, Operation (Lofoten Islands Raid, March 4, 1941).
92: Cockleshell Heroes (December 6–12, 1942).
93: Commerce Raiders, Surface, German.
94: Conolly, Richard Lansing (1892–1962).
95: Contre-Torpilleurs.
96: Convoy PQ 13, Attack on (March 29, 1942).
97: Convoy PQ 17 (June 27–July 7, 1943).
98: Convoy QP 11, Attack on (May 1–2, 1942).
99: Convoys, Allied.
100: Convoys, Axis.
101: Convoys SC.122 and HX.229, Battle of (March 14–20, 1943).
102: Coral Sea, Battle of the (May 7–8, 1942).
103: Corvettes and Sloops.
104: Courageous Class, British Aircraft Carriers.
105: Crace, Sir John Gregory (1887–1968).
106: Crete, Naval Operations Off (May 21–June 1, 1941).
107: Cruisers.
108: Crutchley, Sir Victor Alexander Charles (1893–1986).
109: Cunningham, Sir Andrew Browne (First Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, 1883–1963).
110: Cunningham, Sir John Henry Dacres (1885–1962).
111: Cunningham, Winfield Scott (1900–1986).
112: Darlan, Jean Louis Xavier François (1881–1942).
113: Darwin, Raid on (February 19, 1942).
114: Da Zara, Alberto (1889–1951).
115: De Courten, Raffaele (1888–1978).
116: Decoy Ships (Q-Ships).
117: Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships.
118: Depth Charges.
119: Destroyer Escorts and Frigates.
120: Destroyers.
121: Destroyers-Bases Deal (September 2, 1940).
122: DETACHMENT, Operation (Invasion of Iwo Jima, February 19, 1945).
123: Deutschland Class, German Battleships.
124: Diégo-Suarez, Japanese Raid on (May 30, 1942).
125: Dodecanese Islands Campaign (September–November 1943).
126: Dönitz, Karl (1891–1980).
127: Doorman, Karel Willem Frederik Marie (1889–1942).
128: DOWNFALL, Operation.
129: DRAGOON, Operation (August 15, 1944).
130: Dunkerque (Dunkirk), Evacuation of (Operation DYNAMO, May 26–June 4, 1940).
131: Eastern Solomons, Battle of the (August 22–25, 1942).
132: Electronic Intelligence.
133: Empress Augusta Bay, Battle of (November 2, 1943).
134: England, U.S. Destroyer.
135: English Channel.
136: Essex Class, U.S. Aircraft Carriers.
137: Fast Attack Craft.
138: Fechteler, William Morrow (1896–1967).
139: Fegen, Edward Stephen Fogarty (1891–1940).
140: Finland, Navy.
141: Fitch, Aubrey Wray (1883–1978).
142: Fleet Train.
143: Fletcher, Frank Jack (1885–1973).
144: Fluckey, Eugene Bennett (1913–2007).
145: Forbes, Sir Charles Morton (1881–1960).
146: Force H.
147: Force K.
148: Forrestal, James Vincent (1892–1949).
149: France, Navy.
150: Franco-Thai War (November 1940–January 1941).
151: Franklin, U.S. Aircraft Carrier.
152: Fraser, Bruce Austin (1888–1981).
153: Friedeburg, Hans Georg von (1895–1945).
154: Frogmen.
155: Fuchida Mitsuo (1902–1976).
156: Fukutome Shigeru (1891–1971).
157: Fushimi Hiroyasu (1872–1946).
158: Gallery, Daniel Vincent Jr. (1901–1977).
159: Genda Minoru (1904–1989).
160: German Armed Merchant Ship Commerce Raiders.
161: Germany, Navy.
162: Gervais de Lafond, Raymond (1890–1968).
163: Ghormley, Robert Lee (1883–1958).
164: Gibbs, William Francis (1886–1967).
165: Gibraltar.
166: Giffen, Robert Carlisle “Ike” (1886–1962).
167: Gilbert Islands Campaign (November 1943).
168: Glide Bombs.
169: Glowworm, British Destroyer.
170: Godfrey, John Henry (1888–1971).
171: Godfroy, René Émile (1885–1981).
172: Gorshkov, Sergei Georgievich (1910–1988).
173: Great Britain, Navy.
174: Great Britain, Women's Royal Naval Service.
175: Greece, Navy.
176: Greer, Attack on (September 4, 1941).
177: Guadalcanal, Naval Battles of (November 12–15, 1942).
178: Guadalcanal Naval Campaign.
179: Haguro, Japanese Navy Cruiser, Sinking of (May 16, 1945).
180: Halsey, William Frederick Jr. (1882–1959).
181: Hart, Thomas Charles (1877–1971).
182: Harwood, Sir Henry (1888–1950).
183: Hasegawa Kiyoshi (1883–1970).
184: Hashimoto Mochitsura (1909–2000).
185: Hedgehog.
186: Hell Ships.
187: Hewitt, Henry Kent (1887–1972).
188: Higgins, Andrew Jackson (1886–1952).
189: Holland, Lancelot Ernest (1887–1941).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Laborde, Jean Joseph, Comte de (1878–1977).
2: Landing Craft.
3: Langsdorff, Hans Wilhelm (1890–1939).
4: Leahy, William Daniel (1875–1959).
5: Lee, Willis Augustus “Ching” (1888–1945).
6: Leigh Light.
7: Lend-Lease.
8: Les Sept Iles, Action Off (October 23, 1943).
9: Lexington Class, U.S. Aircraft Carriers.
10: Leyte Gulf, Battle of (October 23–26, 1944).
11: Leyte Landings (October 20, 1944).
12: Liberty Ships.
13: Ligurian Sea, Battle of the (March 18, 1945).
14: Lockwood, Charles Andrew Jr. (1890–1967).
15: Lombok, Battle of (February 19–20, 1942).
16: Lütjens, Günther (1889–1941).
17: Lyme Bay, Battle of (April 28, 1944).
18: MAC (Merchant Aircraft Carrier) Ships.
19: Madoera Strait, Battle of (February 4, 1942).
20: Malta.
21: Malta Convoy Battles (June 12–16, 1942).
22: Mariana Islands Campaign (June–August 1944).
23: Marschall, Wilhelm (1886–1976).
24: Marshall Islands Naval Campaign (January 29–February 22, 1944).
25: McCain, John Sidney (1884–1945).
26: McGrigor, Sir Rhoderick Robert (1893–1959).
27: McMorris, Charles Horatio “Soc” (1890–1954).
28: Mediterranean Sea, Naval Operations in.
29: MENACE, Operation (Allied Attack on Dakar, September 23–25, 1940).
30: Mers-el-Kébir, Battle of (July 3, 1940).
31: Midway, Battle of (June 3–6, 1942).
32: Mikawa Gunichi (1888–1981).
33: Miles, Milton Edward (1900–1961).
34: MINCEMEAT, Operation (1943).
35: Mines, Sea.
36: Minesweeping and Minelaying.
37: Mine Warfare Vessels.
38: Mitscher, Marc Andrew (1887–1947).
39: Monitors.
40: Montgomery, Alfred Eugene (1891–1961).
41: Moreell, Ben (1892–1978).
42: Morison, Samuel Eliot (1887–1976).
43: Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas (1900–1979).
44: Mulberries.
45: Muselier, Émile Henri Désiré (1882–1965).
46: Nagano Osami (1880–1947).
47: Nagumo Chūichi (1886–1944).
48: Narvik, Naval Battles of (April 10 and 13, 1940).
49: Naval Armament.
50: Naval Gunfire, Shore Support.
51: Naval Strategy, Allied.
52: Naval Strategy, Axis.
53: Naval Strengths, Atlantic Theater.
54: Naval Strengths, Pacific Theater.
55: NEPTUNE, Operation (D-Day, June 6, 1944).
56: Netherlands, Navy.
57: Netherlands East Indies, Japanese Invasion of (December 20, 1941–March 9, 1942).
58: NEULAND, Operation (February 1942–September 1943).
59: New Zealand, Navy.
60: Nimitz, Chester William (1885–1966).
61: Nishimura Shoji (1889–1944).
62: Noble, Sir Percy Lockhart Harnam (1880–1955).
63: Nomura Kichisaburo (1887–1964).
64: North Cape, Battle of (December 26, 1943).
65: Norway, Navy.
66: Oikawa Koshiro (1883–1958).
67: O'Kane, Richard Hetherington (1911–1994).
68: Oktyabrsky, Filip Sergeyevich (1899–1969).
69: Oldendorf, Jesse Bartlett (1887–1974).
70: Ōnishi Takijirō (1891–1945).
71: Ormoc Bay, Battle of (December 3, 1944).
72: Ōta Minoru (1891–1945).
73: Ozawa Jisaburo (1886–1966).
74: Panama Canal.
75: Panay Incident (December 12, 1937).
76: PAUKENSCHLAG, Operation (January 13–July 19, 1942).
77: Pearl Harbor, Attack on (December 7, 1941).
78: PEDESTAL, Operation (August 3–15, 1942).
79: Philippine Islands, Japanese Invasion of (December 1941).
80: Philippine Islands Campaign (October 20, 1944–September 2, 1945).
81: Philippine Sea, Battle of the (June 19–21, 1944).
82: Phillips, Sir Tom Spencer Vaughan (1888–1941).
83: PLUTO (Pipe Line under the Ocean).
84: Poland, Navy.
85: Pound, Sir Alfred Dudley Pickman Rogers (1877–1943).
86: Prien, Günther (1908–1941).
87: Prince of Wales and Repulse, Sinking of (December 10, 1941).
88: Princeton, U.S. Aircraft Carrier.
89: Proximity Fuse.
90: Pyke, Geoffrey Nathaniel (1894–1948).
91: Queen Elizabeth and Valiant, Sinking of (December 19, 1941).
92: Rabaul.
93: Radar.
94: Raeder, Erich (1876–1960).
95: Rainbow Plans.
96: Ramsay, Sir Bertram Home (1883–1945).
97: Rawalpindi, Loss of (November 23, 1939).
98: Red Sea, Naval Operations in.
99: Reeves, Joseph Mason (1872–1948).
100: Rennell Island, Battle of (January 29–30, 1943).
101: Reuben James, Sinking of (October 31, 1941).
102: Riccardi, Arturo (1878–1966).
103: Río de la Plata, Battle of (December 13, 1939).
104: Rogge, Bernhard (1899–1982).
105: Romania, Navy.
106: ROYAL MARINE, Operation (May 1940).
107: Royal Navy Volunteer Reserves.
108: Royal Oak, HMS, Sinking of (October 14, 1939).
109: Saalwächter, Alfred (1883–1945).
110: Saint-Nazaire, Raid on (March 28, 1942).
111: Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, Free French Seizure of (December 24, 1941).
112: Sakai Saburo (1916–2000).
113: Sakonji Naomasa (1890–1948).
114: Sansonetti, Luigi (1888–1959).
115: Santa Cruz Islands, Battle of the (October 26–27, 1942).
116: Savo Island, Battle of (August 9, 1942).
117: Scapa Flow.
118: Scharnhorst Class, German Battleships.
119: Schepke, Joachim (1912–1941).
120: Seabees.
121: SEA LION, Operation (Unternehmen SEELÖWE, 1940).
122: Sfax, Action Off (April 16, 1941).
123: Sherman, Forrest Percival (1896–1951).
124: Sherman, Frederick Carl (1888–1957).
125: Shimada Shigetaro (1883–1976).
126: Shinano, Japanese Aircraft Carrier.
127: SHINGLE, Operation (Anzio Amphibious Operation, January 22–May 25, 1944).
128: Ship's Combat Information Center.
129: Shōkaku Class, Japanese Aircraft Carriers.
130: Shō Plans.
131: Sidon, Engagement Off (June 9, 1941).
132: Signals Intelligence.
133: Sirte, First Battle of (December 17, 1941).
134: Sirte, Second Battle of (March 22, 1942).
135: Skerki Bank, Battle near (December 2, 1942).
136: Snorkel.
137: Solomon Islands Naval Campaign (August 1942–February 1943).
138: Somerville, Sir James Fownes (1882–1949).
139: Sonar.
140: Southeast Pacific Theater.
141: Southwest Pacific Theater.
142: Soviet Union, Navy.
143: Spitsbergen.
144: Sprague, Clifton Albert Frederick (1896–1955).
145: Sprague, Thomas Lamison (1894–1972).
146: Spruance, Raymond Ames (1886–1969).
147: Stark, Harold Raynsford “Betty” (1880–1972).
148: STARVATION, Operation.
149: Strait of Gibraltar.
150: Strait of Sicily.
151: Stump, Felix Budwell (1894–1972).
152: Submarines.
153: Submarines, Midget.
154: Suez Canal.
155: Sunda Strait, Battle of (February 28–March 1, 1942).
156: Suzuki Kantarō (1867–1948).
157: Sydney, Australian Cruiser.
158: Sydney, Japanese Raid on (May 31, 1942).
159: Takagi Sōkichi (1893–1979).
160: Takagi Takeo (1892–1944).
161: Takahashi Ibō (1888–1947).
162: Takamatsu Nobuhito (1905–1987).
163: Tanaka Raizo (1892–1969).
164: Taranto, Attack on (November 11, 1940).
165: Tassafaronga, Battle of (November 30, 1942).
166: Theobald, Robert Alfred (1884–1957).
167: Thierry d'Argenlieu, Georges Louis Marie (1889–1964).
168: Tirpitz, Attacks on (1941–1944).
169: Tokyo Raid (April 18, 1942).
170: Torpedoes.
171: Toulon, Scuttling of French Fleet at (November 27, 1942).
172: Tovey, Sir John Cronyn (1885–1971).
173: Towers, John Henry (1885–1955).
174: Toyoda Soemu (1885–1957).
175: Truk, Raid on (February 17–18, 1944).
176: Turner, Richmond Kelly (1885–1961).
177: Two-Ocean Navy Program.
178: Ugaki Matome (1890–1945).
179: Ulithi.
180: United States, Navy.
181: United States Carrier Raids (February 1–April 18, 1942).
182: United States Coast Guard.
183: United States Marine Corps.
184: United States Navy Carrier Raid against Japan (February 10–18, 1945).
185: United States Pacific Fleet.
186: U.S. Submarine Campaign against Japanese Shipping (1941–1945).
187: Vella Gulf, Battle of (August 6–7, 1943).
188: Vella Lavella, Naval Battle of (October 6–7, 1943).
189: Vian, Sir Philip Louis (1894–1968).
190: Victory Ship.
191: Waesche, Russell Randolph (1886–1946).
192: Wake Island, Battle for (December 8–23, 1941).
193: Walker, Frederick John (1896–1944).
194: Wanklyn, Malcolm David (1911–1942).
195: Warspite, British Battleship.
196: Wasp, U.S. Aircraft Carrier.
197: WESERÜBUNG, Operation (April 1940).
198: Wilhelm Gustloff, General von Steuben, and Goya, Sinking of.