eBook Dynamic Earth: Storms, Violent Winds, and Earth's Atmosphere, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615301887
  • ISBN-13: 9781615301881
  • DDC: 551.55
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 288 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Whether ruining a commute or devastating entire countries, inclement weather has the power to capture attention and headlines. This book examines the science that gives us a greater understanding of the patterns that produce hurricanes, tornadoes, cyclones, and a host of related conditions. It also discusses another persistent issue of inclement weather, which is how to better predict climatic extremes.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Role of the Atmosphere.
2: Earth's Atmosphere.
3: The Energy Budget of Earth's Atmosphere.
4: Radiation.
5: Conduction and Convection.
6: The Water Budget.
7: The Nitrogen Budget.
8: The Sulfur Budget.
9: The Carbon Budget.
10: The Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere.
11: The Troposphere.
12: The Stratosphere and Mesosphere.
13: The Thermosphere.
14: The Magnetosphere and Exosphere.
15: The Horizontal Structure of the Atmosphere.
16: The Distribution of Heat from the Sun.
17: Convection, Circulation, and Deflection of Air.
18: Polar Fronts and the Jet Stream.
19: Rossby Waves.
20: The Effects of the Continents on Air Movement.
21: The Effects of the Oceans on Air Movement.
22: Mountain Barriers.
23: Cloud Formation and Processes.
24: Condensation.
25: Precipitation.
26: Winds and Windstorms.
27: Wind.
28: The Beaufort Scale.
29: Wind-Generated Turbulence.
30: The Nature of Storms.
31: Wind Shear.
32: Cyclones.
33: Extratropical Cyclones.
34: Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).
35: Windstorms.
36: Monsoons.
37: The Indian Monsoon.
38: The North American Monsoon.
39: The Malaysian-Australian Monsoon.
40: General Features.
41: Monsoonal Development.
42: The West African Monsoon.
43: General Features.
44: The Differences from Other Monsoon Systems.
45: Other Significant Winds.
46: Anabatic Winds.
47: Boras.
48: Cyclostrophic Winds.
49: Etesian Wind.
50: Foehns.
51: Gradient Winds.
52: Gregales.
53: Haboobs.
54: Harmattan.
55: Katabatic Winds.
56: Khamsin.
57: Lee Waves.
58: Levanter.
59: Mistral.
60: Polar Anticyclone.
61: Quasi-Biennial Oscillation.
62: Shamal.
63: Siberian Anticyclone.
64: Simoom.
65: Sirocco.
66: Trade Winds.
67: Waterspouts.
68: Whirlwinds.
69: Thunderstorms.
70: Thunderstorm Formation and Structure.
71: Types of Thunderstorms.
72: Isolated Thunderstorms.
73: Multiple-Cell Thunderstorms and Mesoscale Convective Systems.
74: Supercell Storms.
75: The Physical Characteristics of Thunderstorms.
76: Updrafts and Downdrafts.
77: Downbursts.
78: Microburst.
79: Vertical Extent.
80: Turbulence.
81: The Movement of Thunderstorms.
82: Energy.
83: The Weather under Thunderstorms.
84: Thunderstorm Electrification.
85: Lightning Occurrence.
86: Lightning Distribution in the United States.
87: Global Lightning Distribution.
88: Cloud-to-Ground Lightning.
89: Triggered Lightning.
90: Cloud-to-Cloud and Intracloud Lightning.
91: Lightning Damage.
92: Lightning Protection.
93: Tornadoes.
94: The Physical Characteristics of Tornadoes.
95: Airflow Regions.
96: Wind Speeds and Air Pressures.
97: Funnel Clouds.
98: Duration.
99: The Speed and Direction of Movement.
100: Tornado Cyclones, Tornado Families, and Long-Track Tornadoes.
101: Tornado Formation.
102: The Dynamic Pipe.
103: The Tornado Core and the Condensation Funnel.
104: The Location in the Parent Storm.
105: Tornado Intensity.
106: Weak (EF0 and EF1) Tornadoes.
107: Strong (EF2 and EF3) Tornadoes.
108: Violent (EF4 and EF5) Tornadoes.
109: Tornado Occurrence and Distribution.
110: The Occurrence of Tornadoes Around the Globe.
111: Tornado Occurrence in the United States.
112: The Prediction and Detection of Tornadoes.
113: Death and Damage.
114: Tornado Safety.
115: Devastating Tornadoes.
116: Tropical Storms and Tropical Cyclones.
117: Tropical Storms.
118: Tropical Cyclones.
119: The Anatomy of a Cyclone.
120: The Life of a Cyclone.
121: Tropical Cyclone Damage.
122: The Ranking and Naming of Tropical Cyclones.
123: The Location and Patterns of Tropical Cyclones.
124: Tracking and Forecasting.
125: Significant Cyclones.
126: The Role of Earth's Violent Winds.
The Average Composition of the Atmosphere.
The Beaufort Scale of Wind (Nautical).
The Enhanced Fujita (EF) Scale of Tornado Intensity.
The Saffir-Simpson and Australian Cyclone Scales.
Cyclonic Naming Systems.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.