eBook The Living Earth: Conservation and Ecology, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303901
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303908
  • DDC: 333.95
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 288 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released May 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

The Earth's capacity to sustain life increasingly depends on the actions of humans and our commitment to preserving the planet's incredible biodiversity. Because its ecosystems are vulnerable to pollution, overuse, and numerous other damaging activities, plants and animals that rely on these regions to subsist are significantly threatened. This insightful volume examines various conservation measures, such as habitat management, that help control the extinction rates of numerous species. Tireless, incredible individuals whose work has been crucial to protecting the planet for future generations are highlighted.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Pathology of Extinction.
2: How Many Species Are There?.
3: Calculating Background Extinction Rates.
4: Recent Extinction Rates.
5: Pacific Island Birds.
6: Flowering Plants.
7: Freshwater Mussels and Clams.
8: Freshwater Fish.
9: Australian Mammals.
10: Calculating the Relative Rates of Extinction.
11: Endangered Species.
12: Predicting the Future Rates of Extinction.
13: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
14: Inexorable Species Declines.
15: Surviving but Threatened Small Populations.
16: The Loss of Populations.
17: The Loss of Ecosystems.
18: The Causes of Extinction.
19: Habitat Loss.
20: Extinction in Terrestrial Environments.
21: Hawaiian Honeycreeper.
22: Extinction in Marine Environments.
23: Extinction in Freshwater Environments.
24: Pollution.
25: The Role of Introduced Species.
26: Overharvesting.
27: CITES.
28: Whaling.
29: Fishing.
30: Logging and Collecting.
31: Secondary Extinctions.
32: Global Change.
33: Which Species Are Most Vulnerable to Extinction?.
34: Endemism and Rarity.
35: Body Size and Related Reproductive Characteristics.
36: Behaviour.
37: Insularity.
38: Human Use.
39: Preventing the Loss of Biodiversity.
40: Species Interventions.
41: Protective Custody.
42: Genetic Intervention.
43: The Difficulties and Costs of Intervention.
44: The United States Endangered Species Act.
45: Introduced Species.
46: Habitat Protection.
47: Habitat Connections.
48: Habitat Management.
49: Fire Control.
50: Flood Control.
51: Habitat Restoration.
52: Putting a Price on Conservation.
53: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.
54: Ecology.
55: Historical Background.
56: Areas of Study.
57: The Carbon Cycle.
58: Methods in Ecology.
59: Population Ecology.
60: Genetic Variation Within Local Populations.
61: Population Density and Growth.
62: Effective Population Size.
63: The Regulation of Populations.
64: Habitats and Territories.
65: Community Ecology.
66: The Biotic Elements of Communities.
67: Trophic Pyramids and the Flow of Energy.
68: Food Chains and Food Webs.
69: Keystone Species.
70: Guilds and Interaction Webs.
71: Patterns of Community Structure.
72: Niches and Competitive Exclusion.
73: Ecological Succession.
74: Community Stratification and Gradation.
75: Ecotones.
76: Ecological Niches.
77: Biodiversity and the Stability of Communities.
78: The Interactions between Species and Community Organization.
79: Symbiosis.
80: The Role of Mutualism.
81: Mutualism.
82: Antagonism.
83: Parasitoid.
84: Competition.
85: Commensalism and Other Types of Interaction.
86: The Coevolutionary Process.
87: The Study of Coevolution.
88: The Coevolutionary “Arms Race” versus Reduced Antagonism.
89: Coevolution and the Organization of Communities.
90: Gene-for-Gene Coevolution.
91: The Geographic Mosaic Theory of Coevolution.
92: Dormancy.
93: The Causes of Dormancy.
94: Dormancy in Protozoans and Invertebrates.
95: Cysts and Cystlike Structures.
96: Diapause in Insects.
97: Dormancy in Cold-Blooded Vertebrates.
98: Fishes and Amphibians.
99: Reptiles.
100: Swim Bladder.
101: Mud Turtle.
102: Dormancy, Hibernation, and Estivation in Warm-Blooded Vertebrates.
103: Hibernation in Birds.
104: Hibernation in Mammals.
105: Physiological Changes During Mammalian Hibernation.
106: Marmot.
107: Notable Figures in Conservation.
108: Rachel Carson.
109: Barry Commoner.
110: Paul R. Ehrlich.
111: Al Gore.
112: Theodore Jesse Hoover.
113: Aldo Leopold.
114: Jane Lubchenco.
115: John Muir.
116: Gifford Pinchot.
117: Raman Sukumar.
118: Conclusion.
Related Concepts in Conservation and Ecology.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.