Encyclopedia of Business Information Sources, 28th Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1414460481
  • ISBN-13: 9781414460482
  • DDC: 016.65
  • eBook
  • Previous Editions: 2010, 2010, 2009
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2011
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Encyclopedia of Business Information Sources,Twenty-Eighth Edition, now includes more than 25,000 citations, dealing with more than 1,100 business, financial, and industrial topics. The subjects cover a variety of business-related concerns, such as Business Functions--Accounting; Administration; Personnel Management; Computer-Related Subjects--Computer Graphics; Computer Software Industry; Local Area Networks; Foreign Trade--International Marketing; Latin American Markets; North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); Information Industry Topics--Electronic Publishing; Internet; and Multimedia.

Types of resources covered include Abstracts and Indexes, Almanacs and Yearbooks, Bibliographies, Biographical Sources, CD-ROMs, Databases, Directories, E-Books, Encyclopedias and Dictionaries, Financial Ratios, Handbooks and Manuals, Internet Databases, Online Databases, Periodicals and Newsletters, Price Sources, Research Centers and Institutes, Statistics Sources, Trade and Professional Societies, and more.

Features and Benefits

  • New E-book source grouping.
  • It serves two kinds of information needs: for a quick survey of publications and organizations relating to a particular business topic, and for reference to a specific source that will provide a single fact or statistic.

What's New

  • Encyclopedia of Business Information Sources provides a convenient and accessible grouping of information sources for an array of business topics.

Alternate Formats

  • Paperback Edition

    ISBN-10: 1414458991 | ISBN-13: 9781414458991

Table of Contents

Abbreviations.
Abrasives Industry.
Absenteeism.
Academic Degrees.
Academic Dissertations—See: Dissertations.
Accident Insurance.
Accidents.
Accountability, Social—See: Social Responsibility.
Accountants—See: Certified Public Accountants.
Accounting.
Accounting, Bank—See: Bank Accounting.
Accounting, Computers in—See: Computers in Accounting.
Accounting, Cost—See: Cost Accounting.
Accounting, Government—See: Government Accounting.
Accounting Research.
Acid Rain.
Acoustical Engineering—See: Noise Control.
Acquisitions and Mergers—See: Mergers and Acquisitions.
Actuarial Science.
Additives and Flavorings.
Adhesives.
Administration.
Administrative Decision Making—See: Decision-Making.
Administrative Law and Regulation.
Adult Education.
Advertising.
Advertising Agencies.
Advertising Art—See: Commercial Art.
Advertising, Cooperative—See: Cooperative Advertising.
Advertising Copy.
Advertising, Industrial—See: Industrial Advertising.
Advertising Law and Regulation.
Advertising Media.
Advertising, Point-of-Sale—See: Point-of-Purchase Advertising.
Advertising Research.
Advertising Specialties.
Advisory Services—See: Investment Advisory Services.
Aerosol Industry—See: Pressure Packaging.
Aerospace Industry.
Affirmative Action Programs.
Affluent Market.
After-Dinner Speaking—See: Public Speaking.
Age and Employment—See: Employment of Older Workers.
Aging—See: Retirement.
Agreements—See: Contracts.
Agribusiness.
Agricultural Chemicals.
Agricultural Credit.
Agricultural Economics.
Agricultural Extension Work.
Agricultural Foreign Trade—See: Foreign Agriculture.
Agricultural Labor—See: Farmers; Labor.
Agricultural Machinery.
Agricultural Market—See: Farm Markets.
Agricultural Products—See: Farm Produce.
Agricultural Statistics.
Agricultural Surpluses—See: Farm Produce.
Agriculture.
Agronomy—See: Agriculture.
AIDS Policy.
Air Bases—See: Air Force.
Air Cargo—See: Air Freight.
Air Conditioning Industry.
Air Force.
Air Freight.
Air Pilots.
Air Pollution.
Air Traffic—See: Air Travel.
Air Transportation—See: Air Freight; Air Travel; Airline Industry.
Air Travel.
Aircraft Industry—See: Airplane Industry.
Aircraft Owners and Pilots—See: Air Pilots; Business Aviation.
Airline Industry.
Airlines Time Tables—See: Timetables.
Airplane Electronics—See: Avionics.
Airplane Industry.
Airplanes, Business—See: Business Aviation.
Airports.
Alarms—See: Electronic Security Systems.
Alcohol as Fuel—See: Fuel.
Alcoholic Beverages—See: Distilling Industry.
Alcoholism.
Alkali Industry.
Alloys—See: Metal Industry.
Aluminum Foil—See: Aluminum Industry.
Aluminum Industry.
American Stock Exchange—See: Stock Exchanges.
Amusement Industry.
Amusement Parks—See: Amusement Industry.
Animal Industry—See: Livestock Industry.
Animation, Computer—See: Computer Animation.
Annual Reports of Corporations—See: Corporation Reports.
Annual Wage Plans—See: Wages and Salaries.
Annuities.
Annuity Tables—See: Interest.
Answering Service—See: Telephone Answering Service.
Anthracite Coal—See: Coal Industry.
Antimony Industry—See: Metal Industry.
Antiques as an Investment.
Antitrust Actions.
Anxiety—See: Stress (Anxiety).
Apartment Houses.
Apparatus, Scientific—See: Scientific Apparatus and Instrument.
Industries.
Apparel, Children’s—See: Children’s Apparel Industry.
Apparel Industry—See: Clothing Industry.
Apparel, Men’s—See: Men’s Clothing Industry.
Apparel, Women’s—See: Women’s Apparel.
Apple Industry.
Appliances—See: Electric Appliance Industry.
Applications for Positions—See: Job Resumes.
Appraisal (All Property)—See: Valuation.
Appraisal of Real Estate—See: Real Property Valuation.
Aquaculture.
Arbitration.
Architecture.
Archives Management—See: Records Management.
Area Development—See: Industrial Development.
Armament and Defense—See: Defense Industries.
Armaments Market—See: Military Market.
Army.
Art as an Investment.
Art Business.
Art, Commercial—See: Commercial Art.
Art Dealers—See: Art Business.
Art in Industry.
Artificial Intelligence.
Artificial Limbs—See: Prosthetics Industry.
Arts Management.
Asbestos Industry.
Asian Markets.
Asphalt Industry.
Associations.
Associations, International—See: International Agencies.
Astronautics—See: Rocket Industry.
Athletic Goods—See: Sporting Goods Industry.
Atlases—See: Maps.
Atomic Power—See: Nuclear Energy.
Attorneys—See: Lawyers.
Auctions.
Audience Research—See: Advertising Media; Market Research.
Audio Equipment Industry—See: High Fidelity/Stereo
Audiovisual Aids in Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Audiovisual Aids in Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Audiovisual Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Auditing .... 67
Auditing, Internal—See: Internal Auditing
Authorities—See: Consultants
Authors—See: Writers and Writing
Automated Teller Machines (ATM)—See: Bank Automation
Automatic Control Equipment—See: Scientific Apparatus and
Instrument Industries
Automatic Data Systems—See: Automation; Computers; Systems
in Management
Automatic Identification Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Automatic Translating—See: Machine Translating
Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Automation, Bank—See: Bank Automation
Automation, Library—See: Library Automation
Automation, Office—See: Office Automation
Automation, Retail—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Automatons—See: Robots
Automobile Accessories Industry—See: Automobile Equipment
Industry
Automobile Accidents—See: Traffic Accidents and Traffic Safety
Automobile Batteries—See: Battery Industry
Automobile Dealers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Automobile Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Automobile Industry—See: Automotive Industry
Automobile Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Automobile Laws—See: Motor Vehicle Law and Regulation
Automobile Lease and Rental Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Automobile Licenses—See: Motor Vehicle Law and Regulation
Automobile Parts Industry—See: Automobile Equipment Industry
Automobile Rental Services—See: Automobile Lease and Rental
Services
Automobile Repair Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Automobile Road Guides—See: Maps
Automobile Service Stations—See: Gasoline Service Stations
Automobile Telephones—See: Mobile Telephone Industry
Automobiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Automobiles, Used—See: Used Car Industry
Automotive Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
AV Equipment Industry—See: Audiovisual Equipment Industry
Aviation, Business—See: Business Aviation
Aviation Electronics—See: Avionics
Aviation Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Avionics .... 76
Awards—See: Contests, Prizes, and Awards
Baby Clothes—See: Children’s Apparel Industry
Baby Sitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Bag Industry—See: Paper Bag Industry
Baking Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Balance of Payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Balance of Trade—See: Balance of Payments; Foreign Trade
Ball Bearings—See: Bearings and Ball Bearings
Ball Point Pens—See: Writing Instruments
Banana Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Bank Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Bank Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Bank Credit—See: Bank Loans
Bank Deposits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Bank Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Bank Finance—See: Bank Loans
Bank Law—See: Banking Law and Regulation
Bank Loans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Bank Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Bank Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Bank Reserves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Bank Technology—See: Bank Automation
Bank Teller Machines—See: Bank Automation
Banking Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Bankruptcy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Banks and Banking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Bar Codes—See: Automatic Identification Systems; Point-of-Sale
Systems (POS)
Barber and Beauty Shops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Barley Industry—See: Agriculture
Barrels—See: Cooperage Industry
Barter and Countertrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Battery Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Bauxite—See: Mines and Mineral Resources
Bazaars—See: Fairs
Bean Industry—See: Agriculture; Canned Food Industry
Bearings and Ball Bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Beauty Industry—See: Barber and Beauty Shops; Cosmetics
Industry
Beauty Shops and Barber Shops—See: Barber and Beauty
Shops
Bedding Industry—See: Furniture Industry
Bee Industry—See: Honey Industry
Beef Industry—See: Cattle Industry
Beer Industry—See: Brewing Industry
Beets and Beet Sugar Industry—See: Sugar Industry
Behavioral Sciences—See: Human Relations; Industrial
Psychology
Benefits, Employee—See: Employee Benefit Plans
Bequests—See: Wills
Beryllium Industry—See: Metal Industry
Better Business Bureaus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Beverage Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Bicycle Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Billboards—See: Outdoor Advertising
Binding of Books—See: Bookbinding
Bioengineering—See: Biotechnology
Biography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Biotechnology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Birth Certificates—See: Vital Statistics
Births and Deaths—See: Vital Statistics
Bituminous Coal—See: Coal Industry
Black Business—See: Minority Business
Black Consumers—See: Minority Markets
Black Newspapers—See: Minority Newspapers
Blood Pressure—See: Hypertension
Blue Collar Theft—See: Crime and Criminals; Fraud and
Embezzlement
Blue Collar Workers—See: Labor
Blue Sky Law—See: Securities Law and Regulation
Boarding Schools—See: Private Schools
Boards of Directors—See: Corporate Directors and Officers
Boards of Trade—See: Chambers of Commerce
Boat Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Boilers—See: Heating and Ventilation
Bonds .... . . 94
Bonds, Government—See: Government Bonds
Bonds, Junk—See: Junk Bond Financing
Bonds, Municipal—See: Municipal Bonds
Book Catalogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Book Collecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Book Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Book Reviews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Book Stores—See: Bookselling
Bookbinding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Bookkeeping—See: Accounting
Bookseller’s Catalogs—See: Book Catalogs
Bookselling . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Boots and Shoes—See: Shoe Industry
Boring Machinery—See: Machinery
Botany, Economic—See: Economic Botany
Bottle Industry—See: Container Industry; Glass Container
Industry
Bottled Water Industry—See: Water Supply
Box Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Boxes, Paper—See: Paper Box and Paper Container Industries
Boy’s Clothing—See: Children’s Apparel Industry; Men’s Clothing
Industry
Brainstorming—See: Creativity
Branch Stores—See: Chain Stores
Brand Awareness Studies—See: Market Research
Brand Names—See: Trademarks and Trade Names
Bread Industry—See: Baking Industry
Brewing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Bribes and Payoffs—See: Business Ethics
Brick Industry—See: Clay Industry; Refractories
Broadcasting—See: Radio Broadcasting Industry; Television
Broadcasting Industry
Brokers, Stock—See: Stock Brokers
Budget, Federal—See: Federal Budget
Budgeting, Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Budgeting, Personal—See: Personal Finance
Building and Loan Associations—See: Savings and Loan
Associations
Building Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Building Equipment—See: Construction Equipment
Building Estimating—See: Estimating
Building Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Building Loans—See: Mortgages
Building Maintenance—See: Maintenance of Buildings
Building Management—See: Property Management
Building Materials Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Building Repair and Reconstruction—See: Home Improvement
Industry
Building Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Building Stone—See: Quarrying
Building Supply Industry—See: Building Materials Industry
Buildings, Prefabricated—See: Prefabricated House Industry
Buildings, Residential—See: Housing
Bullion—See: Money
Bureaucracy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Bureaus of Business Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Burglar Alarms—See: Electronic Security Systems
Burlap Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Bus Line Time Tables—See: Timetables
Buses—See: Motor Buses
Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Business Administration—See: Administration
Business Airplanes—See: Business Aviation
Business and Government—See: Regulation of Industry
Business and Professional Women—See: Employment of Women
Business and Society—See: Social Responsibility
Business Appraisal—See: Valuation
Business Archives—See: Records Management
Business Aviation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Business Brokers—See: Business Enterprises, Sale of
Business Budgeting—See: Budgeting, Business
Business Choice—See: Occupations
Business Colleges—See: Business Education; Colleges and
Universities
Business Communication—See: Business Correspondence;
Communication
Business Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Business Consolidation—See: Mergers and Acquisitions
Business Consultants—See: Consultants; Management
Consultants
Business Correspondence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Business Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Business Depressions—See: Business Cycles
Business Directories—See: Catalogs and Directories
Business Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Business Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Business Enterprises, Sale of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Business Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Business Failures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Business Films—See: Audiovisual Aids in Industry
Business Finance—See: Finance; Financial Analysis
Business Flying—See: Air Travel; Airline Industry; Business
Aviation
Business Forecasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Business Forms—See: Forms and Blanks
Business Gifts—See: Gift Business
Business History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
Business Indicators—See: Economic Indicators
Business Information Sources—See: Information Sources
Business Innovation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Business Intelligence—See: Competitive Intelligence
Business, International—See: International Business
Business Interruption Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Business Journalism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Business Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Business Letters—See: Business Correspondence
Business Libraries—See: Special Libraries
Business Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Business Loans—See: Bank Loans
Business Machines—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Business Management—See: Administration; Industrial
Management
Business Marketing—See: Industrial Marketing
Business Mathematics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Business Mergers—See: Mergers and Acquisitions
Business Morale—See: Human Relations
Business Organization and Administration—See: Industrial
Management
Business Periodicals—See: Trade Journals
Business Planning—See: Business Start-Up Plans and
Proposals; Planning
Business Proposals—See: Business Start-Up Plans and
Proposals
Business Psychology—See: Industrial Psychology
Business Ratios—See: Financial Ratios
Business Records Management—See: Records Management
Business Reports—See: Corporation Reports; Report Writing
Business Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Business Responsibility—See: Social Responsibility
Business Schools—See: Business Education
Business, Small—See: Small Business
Business Start-Up Plans and Proposals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Business Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Business Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Business to Business Marketing—See: Industrial Marketing
Business Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Business Trends—See: Business Cycles; Business Forecasting
Business Valuation—See: Valuation
Business Writing—See: Business Correspondence; Report
Writing; Writers and Writing
Butane—See: Propane and Butane Gas Industry
Butcher Shops—See: Meat Industry
Butter Industry—See: Dairy Industry
Buying—See: Purchasing
Buying a Business—See: Business Enterprises, Sale of
Buying Power—See: Purchasing Power
Buyouts, Leveraged—See: Leveraged Buyouts
By-Products—See: Waste Products
Cable Television Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
CAD/CAM—See: Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing
(CAD/CAM)
Cafeterias—See: Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc.
Cafeterias, Employee—See: Employee Lunchrooms and
Cafeterias
Calendar—See: Chronology
Camcorders—See: Video Recording Industry
Camera Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Camper Industry—See: Recreational Vehicle Industry
Camping Industry—See: Recreation Industry
Canadian Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Candy Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Canned Beverages—See: Beverage Industry
Canned Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Canvassing—See: Direct Marketing
Capital Equipment—See: Industrial Equipment Industry
Capital Gains Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Capital, Venture—See: Venture Capital
Car Phones—See: Mobile Telephone Industry
Carbonated Beverages—See: Beverage Industry
Cards, Greeting—See: Greeting Card Industry
Career Planning—See: Vocational Guidance
Careers—See: Job Hunting; Occupations
Caribbean Area—See: Latin American Markets
Carpentry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Carpet Cleaning Industry—See: Cleaning Industry
Carpet Industry—See: Floor Coverings; Oriental Rug Industry
Carriers—See: Automobiles; Freight Transport
Cartography—See: Maps
Carwash Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Cash Flow and Cash Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Casinos—See: Gambling Industry
Casks—See: Cooperage Industry
Cassette Recording—See: Sound Recorders and Recording;
Video Recording Industry
Casting—See: Foundries
Castor Bean Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Casualty Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Catalogs and Directories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Caterers and Catering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Cattle Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
CATV—See: Cable Television Industry
CD-ROM Devices—See: Multimedia; Optical Disk Storage
Devices
Cellular Telephones—See: Mobile Telephone Industry
Cement Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Cemeteries—See: Funeral Homes and Directors
Census Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Central America—See: Latin American Markets
Ceramic Tile Industry—See: Tile Industry
Ceramics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Cereal Industry—See: Grain Industry
Certified Public Accountants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Chain Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Chambers of Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Charitable Trusts—See: Foundations
Charity—See: Philanthropy
Charts—See: Graphs and Charts
Charts, Stock Market—See: Technical Analysis (Finance)
Checkless Banking—See: Electronic Funds Transfer Systems
(EFTS)
Cheese Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Chemical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Chemical Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Chemical Laboratories—See: Laboratories
Chemical Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Child Care—See: Day Care Centers
Child Labor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Child Market—See: Youth Market
Children’s Apparel Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
China—See: Asian Markets
Chinaware—See: Tableware
Chlorine Industry—See: Chemical Industries
Chocolate Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Christmas Cards—See: Greeting Card Industry
Chromium Industry—See: Metal Industry
Chronology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Cigar and Cigarette Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Cigarette Industry—See: Cigar and Cigarette Industry
Cinema—See: Motion Picture Theaters
Cinematography—See: Motion Picture Photography
Circulation Management (Publishing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Cities and Towns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Citizenship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
Citrus Fruit Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
City Attorneys—See: Municipal Government
City Clerks—See: Municipal Government
City Finance—See: Municipal Finance
City Government—See: Municipal Government
City Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Civil Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Civil Rights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Civil Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Clay Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Cleaning Compositions—See: Cleaning Products Industry
Cleaning Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Cleaning Products Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
Climate ...287
Clinical Laboratory Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Clipping Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Clock and Watch Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Closed-end Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 288
Closely Held Corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Clothing, Children’s—See: Children’s Apparel Industry
Clothing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Clothing, Men’s—See: Men’s Clothing Industry
Clothing, Women’s—See: Women’s Apparel
Clubs .... . . 291
Clubs, Women’s—See: Women’s Clubs
Coal Gasification—See: Energy Sources
Coal Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
Coal Mining Industry—See: Coal Industry
Coal Tar Products—See: Chemical Industries
Coast Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Coatings, Industrial—See: Industrial Coatings
Cobalt Industry—See: Metal Industry
Cocoa Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Coconut Oil Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Coding, Product—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Coffee Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Cogeneration of Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Coin Machines—See: Vending Machines
Coins as an Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Coke Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Cold Storage Warehouses—See: Refrigeration Industry;
Warehouses
Collectibles—See: Antiques as an Investment; Art as an
Investment; Coins as an Investment; Hobby Industry
Collecting of Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 294
Collective Bargaining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
College and School Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
College and University Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295
College Degrees—See: Academic Degrees
College Enrollment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
College Entrance Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
College Faculties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
College Instructors and Professors—See: College Faculties
College Libraries—See: College and University Libraries
College Newspapers—See: College and School Newspapers
College Placement Bureaus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
College Presidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
College Publishers—See: University Presses
College Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
College Teachers—See: College Faculties
Colleges and Universities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Color in Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Color Photography—See: Photographic Industry
Color Television—See: Television Apparatus Industry
Columnists—See: Writers and Writing
Commercial Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
Commercial Aviation—See: Business Aviation
Commercial Code—See: Business Law
Commercial Correspondence—See: Business Correspondence
Commercial Credit—See: Commercial Lending
Commercial Education—See: Business Education
Commercial Finance Companies—See: Finance Companies
Commercial Law and Regulation—See: Business Law
Commercial Lending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Commercial Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Commercial Real Estate—See: Industrial Real Estate
Commercial Statistics—See: Business Statistics
Commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Commodity Exchanges—See: Commodity Futures Trading
Commodity Futures Trading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Common Market—See: European Markets
Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
Communication, Computer—See: Computer Communications
Communication Equipment Industry—See: Telecommunications;
Telephone Industry
Communication, Mass—See: Mass Media
Communication Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304
Communications Satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Community Antenna Television—See: Cable Television Industry
Community Chests—See: Community Funds
Community Colleges—See: Junior Colleges
Community Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Community Funds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
Community Planning—See: City Planning
Community Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Community Shopping Centers—See: Shopping Centers
Commuter Airlines—See: Airline Industry
Compact Discs—See: Optical Disk Storage Devices
Companies—See: Corporations; Industry; Private Companies
Company Histories—See: Business History
Compensation of Employees—See: Wages and Salaries
Compensation of Executives—See: Executive Compensation
Competitive Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Composite Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Compressors—See: Pumps and Compressors
Comptrollers—See: Corporate Directors and Officers
Computer Accessories—See: Computer Peripherals and
Accessories
Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) . . . . . 309
Computer Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Computer Bulletin Boards—See: Computer Communications
Computer Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 310
Computer Crime and Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Computer Dealers—See: Computer Retailing
Computer Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 312
Computer Imaging—See: Document Imaging
Computer Industry—See: Computers; Microcomputers and
Minicomputers
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)—See: Computer-Aided
Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM); Systems Integration
Computer Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Computer Networks—See: Computer Communications; Local
Area Networks
Computer Output Microfilm (COM)—See: Microforms
Computer Peripherals and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Computer Programming—See: Computer Software Industry
Computer Resellers—See: Computer Retailing
Computer Retailing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314
Computer Security—See: Computer Crime and Security
Computer Software Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 315
Computer Stores—See: Computer Retailing
Computer Viruses—See: Computer Crime and Security
Computer Vision—See: Machine Vision
Computerized Translation—See: Machine Translating
Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316
Computers, Home—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers
Computers in Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Computers in Banking—See: Bank Automation; Computers in
Finance
Computers in Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Computers in Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
Computers in Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Computers in Investing—See: Computers in Finance
Computers in Libraries—See: Library Automation; Online
Information Systems
Computers, Personal—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers
Computers, Portable—See: Portable Computers
Concessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Conciliation, Industrial—See: Arbitration
Concrete Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Condiments Industry—See: Spice Industry
Condominiums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Confectionery Industry—See: Candy Industry
Conference Management—See: Meeting Management
Conferences, Workshops, and Seminars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321
Conflict Management—See: Arbitration; Negotiation
Conglomerates—See: Corporations
Congress—See: United States Congress
Conservation—See: Natural Resources
Construction Contracts—See: Building Contracts
Construction, Electrical—See: Electrical Construction Industry
Construction Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Construction Estimating—See: Estimating
Construction Industries, Electrical—See: Electrical Construction
Industry
Construction Industry—See: Building Industry
Consular Service—See: Diplomatic and Consular Service
Consultants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Consultants, Engineering—See: Engineering Consultants
Consultants, Management—See: Management Consultants
Consumer Affairs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
Consumer Attitudes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Consumer Buying Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Consumer Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Consumer Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326
Consumer Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327
Consumer Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328
Consumer Finance Companies—See: Finance Companies
Consumer Loans—See: Consumer Credit
Consumer Price Indexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Consumer Research—See: Consumer Economics
Consumer Surveys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Consumers’ Cooperative Societies—See: Cooperatives
Consumers’ Leagues—See: Cooperatives
Consumers, Mature—See: Mature Consumer Market
Consumers’ Products Research—See: Quality of Products
Contact Lens and Intraocular Lens Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Container Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Contests, Prizes, and Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Contractions—See: Abbreviations
Contractors—See: Building Contracts; Building Industry
Contractors, Electrical—See: Electrical Construction Industry
Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Contracts, Government—See: Government Contracts
Control Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331
Controllers—See: Corporate Directors and Officers
Convenience Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332
Convention Management—See: Meeting Management
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333
Convertibility of Currency—See: Foreign Exchange
Convertible Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333
Conveying Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333
Cookie Industry—See: Baking Industry; Snack Food Industry
Cooking Utensils—See: Housewares Industry
Cookware—See: Housewares Industry
Cooperage Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Cooperative Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Cooperative Agriculture—See: Cooperatives
Cooperative Housing—See: Condominiums; Cooperatives
Cooperative Movement—See: Cooperatives
Cooperatives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Copiers—See: Copying Machine Industry
Copper Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Copying Machine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Copyright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Copywriting—See: Advertising Copy
Cordage Industry—See: Rope and Twine Industry
Corn Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Corporate Acquisitions and Mergers—See: Mergers and
Acquisitions
Corporate Culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
Corporate Directors and Officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
Corporate Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
Corporate Formation—See: Incorporation
Corporate Giving—See: Philanthropy
Corporate Histories—See: Business History
Corporate Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Corporate Income Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Corporate Planning—See: Planning
Corporate Real Estate—See: Industrial Real Estate
Corporate Responsibility—See: Social Responsibility
Corporation Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
Corporation Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342
Corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343
Corporations, Closely Held—See: Closely Held Corporations;
Private Companies
Corporations, Multinational—See: Multinational Corporations
Corporations, Professional—See: Professional Corporations
Correctional Institutions—See: Law Enforcement Industries
Correspondence—See: Business Correspondence
Correspondence Schools and Courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Corrosion Control Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Corrugated Paperboard—See: Paperboard and Paperboard
Packaging Industries
Cosmetics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Cost Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Cost Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Cost of Living Indexes—See: Consumer Price Indexes
Costume Jewelry—See: Jewelry Business
Cotton Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Cotton Textile Industry—See: Textile Industry
Cottonseed Oil Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Council Manager Plan—See: Municipal Government
Counseling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371
Counterfeiting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
Countertrade—See: Barter and Countertrade
Country Clubs—See: Clubs
County Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
County Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
County Officials—See: County Government
County Planning—See: Regional Planning
Coupons and Refunds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 372
Courts .... 373
Cracker Industry—See: Baking Industry; Snack Food Industry
Crafts—See: Gift Business; Hobby Industry
Creativity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
Credit .... . 374
Credit, Bank—See: Bank Loans
Credit Card Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 375
Credit, Consumer—See: Consumer Credit
Credit Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Credit Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Credit Unions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376
Crime and Criminals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 377
Crime, Computer—See: Computer Crime and Security
Critical Path Method/PERT (Program Evaluation and Review
Technique) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Crops—See: Farm Produce
Cruise Lines—See: Steamship Lines
Cryogenics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Culinary ...379
Culture, Corporate—See: Corporate Culture
Currency—See: Money
Currency Convertibility—See: Foreign Exchange
Currency Exchange Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Current Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Curtain Industry—See: Window Covering Industry
Customer Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
Customs Brokers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
Customs House, U.S. Customs Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
Customs Tax—See: Tariff
Cycles, Business—See: Business Cycles
Dairy Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Dairy Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Dangerous Materials—See: Hazardous Materials
Data Bases, Online—See: Online Information Systems
Data Communications—See: Computer Communications
Data Identification Systems, Automatic—See: Automatic
Identification Systems
Data Systems—See: Systems in Management
Dates (Chronology)—See: Chronology
Day Care Centers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384
DDT—See: Pesticide Industry
Death Tax—See: Inheritance Tax
Deaths and Births—See: Vital Statistics
Debates and Debating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384
Debentures—See: Bonds
Debt Collection—See: Collecting of Accounts
Debt, National—See: National Debt
Deceptive Advertising—See: Advertising Law and Regulation
Decision-Making . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384
Decoration, Interior—See: Interior Decoration
Deductions (Income Tax)—See: Income Tax
Defense Contracts—See: Government Contracts
Defense Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
Defense Market—See: Military Market
Deficit, Federal—See: National Debt
Dehydrated Foods—See: Food Industry
Demography—See: Market Statistics; Population; Vital Statistics
Dental Supply Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386
Department Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386
Depreciation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
Depression—See: Mental Health
Depressions, Business—See: Business Cycles
Derivative Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
Desalination Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388
Design and Manufacturing, Computer-Aided—See:
Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
Design in Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 388
Desktop Publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
Detergents—See: Cleaning Products Industry
Developing Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
Development, Community—See: Community Development
Development Credit Corporations—See: Credit
Development, Industrial—See: Industrial Development
Development, Urban—See: Urban Development
Diamond Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391
Diamonds, Industrial—See: Industrial Diamonds
Dictating Machines—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Die Casting—See: Tool Industry
Diesel Engines—See: Engines
Diet .... . . . . 391
Digital Computers—See: Computers
Digital Media—See: Electronic Publishing; Multimedia; Online
Information Systems; Optical Disk Storage Devices
Diners—See: Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc.
Dinnerware—See: Tableware
Diplomatic and Consular Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392
Direct Costing—See: Cost Accounting
Direct Debit Systems—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Direct Mail Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392
Direct Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393
Direct Selling—See: Direct Marketing
Directories—See: Catalogs and Directories
Directors—See: Corporate Directors and Officers
Disability Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393
Disabled—See: Handicapped Workers
Discharged Servicemen—See: Veterans
Discipline of Employees—See: Employee Discipline
Discount Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394
Discoveries, Scientific and Technological—See: Inventions;
Patents
Discrimination in Employment—See: Affirmative Action Programs
Dishware—See: Tableware
Disinfection and Disinfectant—See: Sanitation Industry
Disk Storage Devices, Optical—See: Optical Disk Storage
Devices
Dismissal of Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 394
Display of Merchandise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Disposable Fabrics—See: Nonwoven Fabrics Industry
Disputes, Labor—See: Arbitration; Strikes and Lockouts
Dissertations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Distilling Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396
Dividends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396
Divorce ...397
Do-It-Yourself—See: Home Improvement Industry
Docks—See: Ports
Doctors’ Degrees—See: Academic Degrees
Document Imaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398
Documentation (Information Retrieval)—See: Online Information
Systems
Documents—See: Government Publications
Dog Food—See: Pet Industry
Domestic Appliances—See: Electric Appliance Industry
Donations, Charitable—See: Philanthropy
Door Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398
Door-to-Door Selling—See: Direct Marketing
Douglas Fir—See: Lumber Industry
Dow Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
Downsizing—See: Dismissal of Employees
Drafting, Mechanical—See: Mechanical Drawing
Drapery Industry—See: Window Covering Industry
Dried Foods—See: Food Industry
Drilling and Boring Machinery—See: Machinery
Drinking and Traffic Accidents—See: Traffic Accidents and Traffic
Safety
Drive-in and Curb Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
Drug Abuse and Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
Drug Industry—See: Pharmaceutical Industry
Drug Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Drugs—See: Drug Abuse and Traffic; Narcotics; Pharmaceutical
Industry
Drugs, Generic—See: Generic Drug Industry
Drugs, Nonprescription—See: Nonprescription Drug Industry
Drunkenness—See: Alcoholism
Dry Cleaning Industry—See: Cleaning Industry
Duplicating Machines—See: Copying Machine Industry
Duties—See: Tariff; Taxation
Dyes and Dyeing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
E-commerce—See: Electronic Commerce
Eating Facilities, Employees—See: Employee Lunchrooms and
Cafeterias
Eating Places—See: Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc.
Ecology—See: Environment
Econometrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
Economic Botany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
Economic Conditions—See: Business Conditions
Economic Cycles—See: Business Cycles
Economic Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
Economic Entomology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407
Economic Forecasting—See: Business Forecasting
Economic Geology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408
Economic History—See: Business History
Economic Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408
Economic Planning—See: Economic Policy
Economic Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409
Economic Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410
Economic Responsibility—See: Social Responsibility
Economic Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418
Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 420
Economics, Business—See: Business Economics
Economics, Mathematical—See: Econometrics
Editors and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Education—See: Schools
Education, Business—See: Business Education
Education, Computers in—See: Computers in Education
Education, Employee—See: Training of Employees
Education, Executive—See: Executive Training and Development
Education, Federal Aid—See: Federal Aid
Education, Higher—See: Colleges and Universities
Education, Technical—See: Technical Education
Education, Vocational—See: Vocational Education
Educational Films—See: Audiovisual Aids in Education
Efficiency, Industrial—See: Time and Motion Study
EFTPOS (Electronic Funds Transfer Point-of-Sale
Systems)—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
EFTS—See: Electronic Funds Transfer Systems (EFTS)
Egg Industry—See: Poultry Industry
Electric Apparatus—See: Electrical Equipment Industry
Electric Appliance Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Electric Contractors—See: Electrical Construction Industry
Electric Lamps—See: Lighting
Electric Lighting—See: Lighting
Electric Motor Industry—See: Electrical Equipment Industry
Electric Power—See: Electric Utilities
Electric Power Cogeneration—See: Cogeneration of Energy
Electric Power Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426
Electric Power, Rural—See: Rural Electrification
Electric Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Electric Signs—See: Signs and Sign Boards
Electric Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Electric Wire—See: Wire Industry
Electrical Construction Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Electrical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429
Electrical Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429
Electronic Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 430
Electronic Components—See: Electronics Industry;
Semiconductor Industry
Electronic Funds Transfer Point-of-Sale Systems
(EFTPOS)—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Electronic Funds Transfer Systems (EFTS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Electronic Mail—See: Computer Communications
Electronic Media—See: Interactive Media; Multimedia
Electronic Optics—See: Optoelectronics
Electronic Publishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Electronic Security Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432
Electronics, Aviation—See: Avionics
Electronics, Consumer—See: Consumer Economics
Electronics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Electronics, Medical—See: Medical Electronics
Electroplating—See: Metal Finishing
Elevators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Embassies—See: Diplomatic and Consular Service
Embezzlement—See: Fraud and Embezzlement
Emerging Markets—See: Developing Areas
Emigration—See: Immigration and Emigration
Employee Benefit Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Employee Counseling—See: Counseling
Employee Discipline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Employee Dismissal—See: Dismissal of Employees
Employee Education—See: Training of Employees
Employee Efficiency—See: Time and Motion Study
Employee Health Programs—See: Employee Wellness Programs
Employee Lunchrooms and Cafeterias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Employee Magazines—See: House Organs
Employee Manuals—See: Procedure Manuals
Employee Motivation—See: Motivation (Psychology)
Employee Pamphlets—See: Pamphlets
Employee Participation—See: Participative Management
Employee Rating—See: Rating of Employees
Employee Relocation—See: Relocation of Employees
Employee Representation in Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Employee Selection—See: Recruitment of Personnel
Employee Stock Ownership Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Employee Suggestions—See: Suggestion Systems
Employee Theft—See: Crime and Criminals; Fraud and
Embezzlement
Employee Training—See: Training of Employees
Employee Wellness Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Employees, Temporary—See: Temporary Employees
Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Employment Agencies and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
Employment in Foreign Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
Employment Interviewing—See: Interviewing; Job Hunting
Employment Management—See: Personnel Management
Employment of Older Workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
Employment of the Handicapped—See: Handicapped Workers
Employment of Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
Employment Resumes—See: Job Resumes
Employment Security—See: Unemployment Insurance
Employment Tests—See: Psychological Testing
Endowments—See: Foundations
Energy Cogeneration—See: Cogeneration of Energy
Energy, Geothermal—See: Geothermal Energy
Energy, Nuclear—See: Nuclear Energy
Energy, Solar—See: Solar Energy
Energy Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441
Engineering Consultants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
Engines ...443
Entertainment Industry—See: Amusement Industry; Show
Business
Entomology, Economic—See: Economic Entomology
Entrance Requirements—See: College Entrance Requirements
Entrepreneurial Capital—See: Venture Capital
Entrepreneurial History—See: Business History
Entrepreneurs and Intrapreneurs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 444
Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
Environmental Control—See: Air Pollution; Land Utilization; Water
Pollution
Environmental Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Environmental Pollution—See: Air Pollution; Water Pollution
Equal Employment Opportunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Equipment Leasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Ergonomics—See: Human Engineering
Essential Oils—See: Additives and Flavorings; Perfume Industry
Estate Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Estate Tax—See: Inheritance Tax
Estimating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Ethical Drug Industry—See: Pharmaceutical Industry
Ethics—See: Business Ethics; Social Responsibility
Eurocurrency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Eurodollars—See: Eurocurrency
European Consumer Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
European Economic Community—See: European Markets
European Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456
European Union—See: European Markets
Evaluation of Performance—See: Rating of Employees
Event Planning—See: Special Event Planning
Exchange, Foreign—See: Foreign Exchange
Exchange Rates—See: Currency Exchange Rates
Exchanges, Commodity—See: Commodity Futures Trading
Exchanges, Stock—See: Stock Exchanges
Excise Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
Executive Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
Executive Education—See: Executive Training and Development
Executive Rating—See: Rating of Employees
Executive Recruiting—See: Recruitment of Personnel
Executive Salaries—See: Executive Compensation
Executive Search Services—See: Employment Agencies and
Services; Recruitment of Personnel
Executive Secretaries—See: Office Practice
Executive Stress—See: Stress (Anxiety)
Executive Training and Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
Executives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
Executives, Women—See: Women Executives
Exercise Equipment Industry—See: Fitness Industry
Exhibits—See: Display of Merchandise; Trade Shows
Expense Control—See: Cost Control
Expert Systems—See: Artificial Intelligence
Explosives Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
Export-Import Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 463
Expositions—See: Conventions; Fairs
Eyecare Industry—See: Contact Lens and Intraocular Lens
Industries; Ophthalmic Industry
Fabrics, Industrial—See: Industrial Fabrics Industry
Fabrics, Nonwoven—See: Nonwoven Fabrics Industry
Facilities Management—See: Factory Management
Facsimile Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471
Factory Location—See: Location of Industry
Factory Maintenance—See: Maintenance of Buildings
Factory Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471
Factory Security—See: Industrial Security Programs
Failures, Bank—See: Bank Failures
Failures, Business—See: Business Failures
Fair Employment Practices—See: Equal Employment
Opportunity; Labor
Fair Trade—See: Prices and Pricing
Fairs .... . . 472
Family Corporations—See: Closely Held Corporations
Family Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472
Farm Business—See: Agribusiness
Farm Credit—See: Agricultural Credit
Farm Equipment Industry—See: Agricultural Machinery
Farm Implements—See: Agricultural Machinery
Farm Income—See: Agricultural Statistics
Farm Journals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472
Farm Labor—See: Farmers; Labor
Farm Machinery—See: Agricultural Machinery
Farm Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473
Farm Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473
Farm Produce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473
Farmers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474
Farms—See: Agriculture
Fashion Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Fast Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Fastener Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Fats—See: Oil and Fats Industry
FAX—See: Facsimile Systems
Federal Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476
Federal Aid for Education—See: Federal Aid
Federal Aid to Research—See: Federal Aid
Federal Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476
Federal Employees—See: Bureaucracy; Government Employees
Federal Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477
Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA)—See: Social Security
Federal Regulation—See: Regulation of Industry
Federal Reserve System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479
Federal Statistics—See: Government Statistics
Feed and Feedstuffs Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480
Fertilizer Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480
Festivals—See: Fairs
Fiber Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481
Fiber Optics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482
Files and Filing (Documents) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483
Films, Motion Picture—See: Motion Picture Industry
Filmstrips—See: Audiovisual Aids in Education; Audiovisual Aids
in Industry
Filter Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483
Finance ...483
Finance, Bank—See: Bank Loans
Finance Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 490
Finance, Computers in—See: Computers in Finance
Finance, Corporate—See: Corporate Finance
Finance, International—See: International Finance
Finance, Personal—See: Personal Finance
Finance, Public—See: Public Finance
Financial Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491
Financial Futures Trading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
Financial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
Financial Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
Financial Ratios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
Financial Services—See: Investment Advisory Services
Financial Statements—See: Corporation Reports; Financial
Analysis
Fire Alarms—See: Electronic Security Systems
Fire Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495
Fire Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Fire Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Firearms Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Firing of Employees—See: Dismissal of Employees
Fish Culture—See: Aquaculture
Fish Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497
Fitness Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
Fixed Income Securities—See: Bonds
Flavorings—See: Additives and Flavorings
Floor Coverings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
Florist Shops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Flour Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Fluidics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500
Fluorescent Lighting—See: Lighting
Flying—See: Air Pilots; Air Travel; Airline Industry; Business
Aviation
FM Broadcasting—See: Radio Broadcasting Industry
Focus Groups—See: Market Research; Survey Methods
Food Additives—See: Additives and Flavorings
Food Equipment and Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501
Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501
Food Machinery—See: Food Equipment and Machinery
Food Packaging—See: Packaging
Food, Processed—See: Processed Food Industry
Food Processing—See: Food Industry; Processed Food Industry
Food Service Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504
Food Service, Institutional—See: Food Service Industry
Food, Snack—See: Snack Food Industry
Food, Specialty—See: Specialty Food Industry
Footwear—See: Shoe Industry
Forecasting—See: Business Forecasting; Futuristics
Foreign Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505
Foreign Automobiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 505
Foreign Business—See: International Business
Foreign Commerce—See: Foreign Trade
Foreign Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506
Foreign Employment—See: Employment in Foreign Countries
Foreign Exchange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506
Foreign Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507
Foreign Language Press and Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511
Foreign Law—See: International Law and Regulation
Foreign Markets—See: Foreign Trade
Foreign Operations—See: International Business
Foreign Radio and Television . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512
Foreign Service—See: Diplomatic and Consular Service
Foreign Study—See: Study Abroad
Foreign Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512
Foremen—See: Factory Management
Forest Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517
Forgeries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
Forges—See: Foundries
Forms and Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518
Forwarding Companies—See: Freight Transport
Forwarding Freight—See: Freight Transport
Foundations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519
Foundries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520
Fountain Pens—See: Writing Instruments
401(K) Retirement Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 520
Fragrance Industry—See: Perfume Industry
Franchises . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Fraud and Embezzlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Fraud, Computer—See: Computer Crime and Security
Freedom of Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Freight, Air—See: Air Freight
Freight Forwarders—See: Freight Transport
Freight Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Freight Ships—See: Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding
Freight Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522
Fringe Areas—See: City Planning; Urban Development
Fringe Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523
Frozen Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523
Fruit Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523
Fruit Juice Industry—See: Beverage Industry; Citrus Fruit Industry
Fuel .... . . . 524
Fuel Cells—See: Battery Industry
Fuel Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525
Fuel, Synthetic—See: Synthetic Fuels
Fund-Raising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525
Funds, Community—See: Community Funds
Funds, Mutual—See: Investment Companies
Funeral Homes and Directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526
Fur Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526
Furnishings (Men’s Clothing)—See: Men’s Clothing Industry
Furniture Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 526
Futures, Financial—See: Financial Futures Trading
Futures Trading—See: Commodity Futures Trading
Futuristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 528
Gambling Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
Games—See: Toy Industry
Games, Management—See: Management Games
Garages—See: Gasoline Service Stations
Garbage Disposal—See: Sanitation Industry
Garden Supply Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
Garment Industry—See: Clothing Industry
Gas and Oil Engines—See: Engines
Gas Appliances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
Gas Companies—See: Public Utilities
Gas Engines—See: Engines
Gas Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
Gas, Liquefied Petroleum—See: Propane and Butane Gas
Industry
Gas, Natural—See: Natural Gas
Gas Pipelines—See: Pipeline Industry
Gas Rates—See: Gas Industry
Gasohol—See: Fuel
Gasoline Engines—See: Engines
Gasoline Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531
Gasoline Service Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531
GATT—See: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Gauges—See: Tool Industry
Gear Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532
Gems and Gemstones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533
General Aviation—See: Business Aviation
Generators, Electric—See: Electrical Equipment Industry
Generic Drug Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533
Generic Products—See: Private Label Products
Genetic Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533
Geothermal Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534
Gift Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535
Gift Tax ...535
Girls’ Clothing—See: Children’s Apparel Industry
Glass Container Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536
Glass Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536
Glassware Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537
Glove Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 537
Glue Industry—See: Adhesives
Going Public—See: New Issues (Finance)
Gold .... . . . 537
Golf Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538
Gourmet Foods—See: Specialty Food Industry
Government Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538
Government Administration—See: Public Administration
Government Agencies—See: Federal Government; Municipal
Government; State Government
Government Aid—See: Federal Aid
Government and Business—See: Regulation of Industry
Government Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Government Budget—See: Federal Budget
Government, Computers in—See: Computers in Government
Government Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Government Documents—See: Government Publications
Government Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 540
Government Expenditures—See: Federal Budget
Government Finance—See: Public Finance
Government Housing Projects—See: Housing
Government Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541
Government Officials—See: Bureaucracy; Government
Employees
Government Procurement—See: Government Purchasing
Government Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541
Government Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543
Government Regulation of Industry—See: Regulation of Industry
Government Regulation of Railroads—See: Interstate Commerce
Government Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543
Government Research Support—See: Federal Aid
Government Service—See: Civil Service
Government, State—See: State Government
Government Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543
Government Surplus—See: Surplus Products
Graduate Work in Universities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 544
Graft (Politics)—See: Crime and Criminals
Grain Dealers—See: Grain Industry
Grain Elevators—See: Grain Industry
Grain Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545
Granite—See: Quarrying
Grants-in-Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546
Grape Industry—See: Fruit Industry
Graphic Arts Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 547
Graphics, Computer—See: Computer Graphics
Graphs and Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 547
Graphite—See: Mines and Mineral Resources
Gravel Industry—See: Quarrying
Grease—See: Lubrication and Lubricants
Greeting Card Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Grinding and Polishing—See: Abrasives Industry
Grocery Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548
Gross National Product . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Group Insurance—See: Health Insurance
Group Medical Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Growth Stocks—See: Stocks
Guaranteed Wages—See: Wages and Salaries
Guidance—See: Counseling; Vocational Guidance
Guided Missiles—See: Rocket Industry
Gums and Resins—See: Naval Stores
Guns—See: Firearms Industry
Haberdashery—See: Men’s Clothing Industry
Hair Care Products—See: Cosmetics Industry
Hairdressers—See: Barber and Beauty Shops
Half-Tone Process—See: Photoengraving
Handicapped Workers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
Handicrafts—See: Gift Business; Hobby Industry
Handling of Materials—See: Materials Handling
Harassment, Sexual—See: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
Harbors—See: Ports
Hard Fibers Industry—See: Fiber Industry
Hardware Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
Hardwood Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552
Harvesting Machinery—See: Agricultural Machinery
Hat Industry—See: Men’s Clothing Industry; Millinery Industry
Hay Industry—See: Feed and Feedstuffs Industry
Hazardous Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 553
Health Care Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554
Health Club Industry—See: Fitness Industry
Health Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563
Health, Industrial—See: Industrial Hygiene
Health Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563
Health Maintenance Organizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 564
Health of Employees—See: Employee Wellness Programs
Heating and Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565
Helicopters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566
Hens—See: Poultry Industry
Herbs .... . 566
Hide Industry—See: Cattle Industry
High Blood Pressure—See: Hypertension
High Fidelity/Stereo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567
High Technology—See: Technology
High Yield Bonds—See: Junk Bond Financing
Higher Education—See: Colleges and Universities
Highway Accidents—See: Traffic Accidents and Traffic Safety
Highways—See: Roads and Highways
Hispanic Markets—See: Minority Markets
History, Business—See: Business History
HMOs—See: Health Maintenance Organizations
Hobby Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567
Hog Industry—See: Livestock Industry; Swine Industry
Hoisting Machinery—See: Conveying Machinery; Elevators
Home Appliances—See: Electric Appliance Industry
Home-Based Businesses—See: Self-Employment
Home Building Industry—See: Building Industry
Home Computers—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers
Home Decoration—See: Interior Decoration
Home Education—See: Correspondence Schools and Courses
Home Freezers—See: Frozen Food Industry
Home Furnishings—See: Floor Coverings; Furniture Industry;
Interior Decoration
Home Furniture Industry—See: Furniture Industry
Home Health Care Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 568
Home Improvement Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 568
Home Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569
Home Textiles—See: Linen Industry
Homes for the Aged—See: Nursing Homes
Honey Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569
Hong Kong—See: Asian Markets
Honorary Degrees—See: Academic Degrees
Hops—See: Brewing Industry
Horology—See: Clock and Watch Industry
Horticulture—See: Nurseries (Horticultural)
Hosiery Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570
Hospital Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570
Hospital Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 571
Hospitality Industry—See: Hotel and Motel Industry; Restaurants,
Lunchrooms, Etc.; Travel Industry
Hospitals—See: Hospital Administration
Hotel and Motel Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572
House Buying and Selling—See: Home Ownership
House Decoration—See: Interior Decoration
House of Representatives—See: United States Congress
House Organs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573
House-to-House Selling—See: Direct Marketing
Household Appliances—See: Electric Appliance Industry
Household Furnishings—See: Furniture Industry
Household Products Industry—See: Cleaning Products Industry
Houses, Prefabricated—See: Prefabricated House Industry
Housewares Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573
Housing ...574
Housing Management—See: Property Management
Human Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Human Motivation—See: Motivation (Psychology)
Human Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Human Resources Management—See: Personnel Management
Human Rights—See: Civil Rights
Humor and Jokes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
Hydraulic Engineering and Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
Hydrocarbons—See: Petroleum Industry
Hydroelectric Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
Hygiene—See: Industrial Hygiene
Hypertension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
Ice Cream Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 579
Identification Systems, Automatic—See: Automatic Identification
Systems
Illegal Aliens—See: Immigration and Emigration
Image, Corporate—See: Corporate Image
Immigration and Emigration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 579
Import Trade—See: Export-Import Trade
Incandescent Lamps—See: Lighting
Incentive—See: Motivation (Psychology)
Incentive Merchandising—See: Premiums
Income .... 580
Income Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 580
Income Tax, State—See: State Taxes
Incorporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 582
Independent Schools—See: Private Schools
Index Trading—See: Stock Index Trading
Indexing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
Indicators, Economic—See: Economic Indicators
Individual Retirement Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
Industrial Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
Industrial Arbitration—See: Arbitration; Industrial Relations
Industrial Coatings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583
Industrial Controls—See: Control Equipment Industry
Industrial Counseling—See: Personnel Management; Vocational
Guidance
Industrial Design—See: Design in Industry
Industrial Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585
Industrial Diamonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585
Industrial Directories—See: Catalogs and Directories
Industrial Disputes—See: Arbitration; Strikes and Lockouts
Industrial Distribution—See: Distribution
Industrial Efficiency—See: Time and Motion Study
Industrial Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585
Industrial Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 586
Industrial Equipment Leasing—See: Rental Services
Industrial Fabrics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 586
Industrial Fasteners—See: Fastener Industry
Industrial Hygiene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587
Industrial Journalism—See: Business Journalism
Industrial Location—See: Location of Industry
Industrial Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587
Industrial Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 588
Industrial Medicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 588
Industrial Morale—See: Human Relations
Industrial Parks—See: Industrial Development
Industrial Photography—See: Commercial Photography
Industrial Productivity—See: Productivity
Industrial Psychology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589
Industrial Purchasing—See: Purchasing
Industrial Real Estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589
Industrial Recreation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589
Industrial Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 590
Industrial Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 590
Industrial Robots—See: Robots
Industrial Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 591
Industrial Security Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 591
Industrial Statistics—See: Business Statistics; Statistical Methods
Industrial Toxicology—See: Industrial Hygiene
Industrial Welfare—See: Employee Benefit Plans
Industry ...591
Industry, Regulation of—See: Regulation of Industry
Infants Wear—See: Children’s Apparel Industry
Inflation ...603
Information Brokers—See: Information Industry
Information, Freedom of—See: Freedom of Information
Information Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603
Information Management Systems—See: Management
Information Systems
Information Retrieval (Documentation)—See: Online Information
Systems
Information Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
Information Systems, Management—See: Management
Information Systems
Information Systems, Online—See: Online Information Systems
Inheritance Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609
Initial Public Offerings—See: New Issues (Finance)
Injuries—See: Accidents
Ink—See: Printing Ink Industry
Inland Marine Insurance—See: Marine Insurance
Inland Waterways—See: Waterways
Innovation, Business—See: Business Innovation
Innovation in Products—See: New Products
Insecticides—See: Pesticide Industry
Insects—See: Economic Entomology
Inservice Training—See: Training of Employees
Insider Trading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610
Insolvency—See: Bankruptcy
Institutional Food Service—See: Food Service Industry
Institutional Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610
Instruction of Employees—See: Training of Employees
Instruction, Programmed—See: Programmed Learning
Instruments, Musical—See: Musical Instruments Industry
Instruments, Scientific—See: Scientific Apparatus and Instrument
Industries
Instruments, Surgical—See: Surgical Instruments Industry
Insulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612
Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 612
Insurance, Accident—See: Accident Insurance
Insurance Actuaries—See: Actuarial Science
Insurance Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 614
Insurance, Automobile—See: Automobile Insurance
Insurance, Business Interruption—See: Business Interruption
Insurance
Insurance, Casualty—See: Casualty Insurance
Insurance, Disability—See: Disability Insurance
Insurance, Fire—See: Fire Insurance
Insurance, Health—See: Health Insurance
Insurance Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615
Insurance, Liability—See: Property and Liability Insurance
Insurance, Life—See: Life Insurance
Insurance, Long-Term Care—See: Long-Term Care Insurance
Insurance, Marine—See: Marine Insurance
Insurance, Property—See: Property and Liability Insurance
Insurance, Social—See: Social Security
Insurance, Title—See: Title Insurance
Insurance Underwriters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616
Insurance, Unemployment—See: Unemployment Insurance
Integrated Circuits—See: Semiconductor Industry
Integrated Systems—See: Systems Integration
Intellectual Property . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 616
Intelligence, Artificial—See: Artificial Intelligence
Interactive Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 617
Interactive Television—See: Interactive Media; Videotex/Teletext
Interest ...618
Interior Decoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618
Internal Auditing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619
Internal Publications—See: House Organs
Internal Revenue Service—See: Income Tax
International Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619
International Associations—See: International Agencies
International Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 624
International Corporations—See: Multinational Corporations
International Development—See: Developing Areas
International Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 639
International Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 641
International Institutions—See: International Agencies
International Investments—See: Foreign Investments
International Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 642
International Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 644
International Monetary Fund (IMF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645
International Organizations—See: International Agencies
International Taxation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645
International Trade—See: Foreign Trade
Internet ...646
Internet Commerce—See: Electronic Commerce
Internship Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649
Interpersonal Relations—See: Human Relations
Interstate Commerce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649
Interviewing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649
Intranets (Computer Networks) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 649
Intraocular Lens Industry—See: Contact Lens and Intraocular
Lens Industries
Intrapreneurs—See: Entrepreneurs and Intrapreneurs
Inventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650
Inventory Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650
Investment Advisory Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 650
Investment Analysis—See: Financial Analysis
Investment Banking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651
Investment Clubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651
Investment Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 651
Investment Companies, Closed-end—See: Closed-end Funds
Investment Dealers—See: Stock Brokers
Investment Services—See: Investment Advisory Services
Investment Trusts—See: Investment Companies
Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 653
Investments, Institutional—See: Institutional Investments
Investments, Real Estate—See: Real Estate Investments
IRAs—See: Individual Retirement Accounts
Iron and Steel Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 655
Iron and Steel Scrap Metal Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656
Iron Foundries—See: Foundries
Irrigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656
ISO 9000 Standards—See: Total Quality Management (TQM)
Isotopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 656
Janitorial Services—See: Maintenance of Buildings
Japan—See: Asian Markets
Java (Computer Program Language) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657
Jet Propulsion—See: Rocket Industry
Jewelry Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 657
Job Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 658
Job Hunting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 658
Job Interviews—See: Interviewing
Job Performance—See: Rating of Employees
Job Resumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 660
Job Searching—See: Job Hunting
Job Training—See: Training of Employees
Jobbers—See: Rack Jobbers; Wholesale Trade
Jobbers, Rack—See: Rack Jobbers
Jobless Compensation—See: Unemployment Insurance
Jobs in Foreign Countries—See: Employment in Foreign
Countries
Jokes—See: Humor and Jokes
Journalism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 660
Journalism, Business—See: Business Journalism
Journals, Trade—See: Trade Journals
Judiciary—See: Courts
Juice Industry—See: Beverage Industry; Citrus Fruit Industry
Juke Boxes—See: Vending Machines
Junior Colleges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661
Junk—See: Waste Products
Junk Bond Financing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661
Juries—See: Trials and Juries
Jurists—See: Lawyers
Jurors—See: Courts
Jute Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 662
Juveniles—See: Youth Market
Keogh Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663
Keyless Data Entry—See: Automatic Identification Systems
Keys—See: Locks and Keys
Kitchens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663
Knit Goods Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 663
Kosher Foods Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 664
Labels and Labeling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665
Labor .... . . 665
Labor Arbitration—See: Arbitration
Labor Discipline—See: Employee Discipline
Labor Disputes—See: Arbitration; Strikes and Lockouts
Labor Force—See: Labor Supply
Labor Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666
Labor Market—See: Labor Supply
Labor Organization—See: Labor Unions
Labor Productivity—See: Productivity
Labor Relations—See: Industrial Relations; Labor
Labor Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 666
Labor Unions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667
Laboratories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 667
Laboratories, Clinical—See: Clinical Laboratory Industry
Laboratory Equipment—See: Scientific Apparatus and Instrument
Industries
Lace Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668
Lacquer and Lacquering—See: Paint and Painting
Lamb Industry—See: Sheep Industry
Lamps—See: Lighting
Land Companies—See: Real Estate Business
Land Utilization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668
Landlord and Tenant—See: Apartment Houses; Property
Management; Real Estate Business
Landscape Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 668
LAN—See: Local Area Networks
Laptop Computers—See: Portable Computers
Lard Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Laserdisks—See: Optical Disk Storage Devices
Lasers .... 669
Lathing—See: Plaster and Plastering
Latin American Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669
Laundry Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 671
Law .... . . . 671
Law, Business—See: Business Law
Law, Computer—See: Computer Law
Law Enforcement Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 672
Law, Environmental—See: Environmental Law
Law, Family—See: Family Law
Law Firms—See: Lawyers
Law, State—See: State Law
Lawn Care Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 673
Laws .... . . 673
Laws, Advertising—See: Advertising Law and Regulation
Laws, Banking—See: Banking Law and Regulation
Lawyers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675
Layoffs—See: Dismissal of Employees
Lead Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 676
Leadership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 677
Leading Indicators—See: Economic Indicators
Learning, Programmed—See: Programmed Learning
Leasing Services—See: Automobile Lease and Rental Services;
Equipment Leasing; Rental Services
Leather Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 678
Legal Forms—See: Forms and Blanks
Legal Profession—See: Lawyers
Legal Rights—See: Civil Rights
Legations—See: Diplomatic and Consular Service
Legislation—See: Laws
Legislative Investigations—See: Government Investigations
Legislative Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 679
Legislatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 679
Leisure Industry—See: Amusement Industry; Recreation Industry;
Show Business; Sports Business
Lemons—See: Citrus Fruit Industry
Lenses, Contact—See: Contact Lens and Intraocular Lens
Industries
Lenses, Intraocular—See: Contact Lens and Intraocular Lens
Industries
Letter Writing—See: Business Correspondence
Leveraged Buyouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680
Liability Insurance—See: Property and Liability Insurance;
Professional Liability
Liability, Product—See: Product Safety and Liability
Liability, Professional—See: Professional Liability
Librarians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 680
Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 681
Libraries, College and University—See: College and University
Libraries
Libraries, Public—See: Libraries
Libraries, Special—See: Special Libraries
Library Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682
Library Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 682
Library Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
License Plates—See: Motor Vehicle Law and Regulation
Licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
Licensing Agreements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 683
Life Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 684
Lift Trucks—See: Materials Handling
Lighting ...685
Limestone Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Limited Partnerships—See: Partnership
Linear Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Linen Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Lingerie Industry—See: Underwear Industry
Liquefied Petroleum Gas—See: Propane and Butane Gas
Industry
Liquor Industry—See: Distilling Industry
Liquor Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Liquor Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 686
Literary Agents—See: Writers and Writing
Literary Property—See: Copyright
Literature Searching, Online—See: Online Information Systems
Lithography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687
Livestock Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 687
Loan Companies—See: Finance Companies; Savings and Loan
Associations
Loans—See: Bank Loans; Consumer Credit; Credit
Loans, Bank—See: Bank Loans
Loans, Commercial—See: Commercial Lending
Loans, Student—See: Scholarships and Student Aid
Lobbying—See: Pressure Groups
Lobster Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 688
Local Area Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 688
Local Government—See: County Government; Municipal
Government; State Government
Location of Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
Lockouts—See: Strikes and Lockouts
Locks and Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
Locomotives—See: Railroads
Logging—See: Lumber Industry
Logistic Research—See: Operations Research
Logos—See: Corporate Image; Trademarks and Trade Names
Long-Term Care Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 689
Long-Term Health Care Industry—See: Health Care Industry;
Nursing Homes
Low Temperature Technology—See: Cryogenics
Lubrication and Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690
Luggage Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690
Lumber Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 690
Lunchrooms—See: Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc.
Lunchrooms, Employee—See: Employee Lunchrooms and
Cafeterias
Macaroni . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
Machine Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
Machine Shops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
Machine Tool Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 693
Machine Translating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694
Machine Vision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 694
Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 695
Machinery, Used—See: Surplus Products
Magazine Circulation—See: Circulation Management (Publishing)
Magazines—See: Periodicals
Magnesium Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 697
Magnetic Records and Recordings—See: Sound Recorders and
Recording
Mail Order Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 697
Mail Service—See: Postal Services
Mailing Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698
Maintenance of Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698
Malls, Shopping—See: Shopping Centers
Malpractice—See: Professional Liability
Managed Care—See: Health Insurance; Health Maintenance
Organizations
Management—See: Administration; Factory Management;
Financial Management; Industrial Management; Management
Theory; Office Management; Public Administration; Sales
Management
Management, Bank—See: Bank Management
Management by Objectives—See: Industrial Management
Management Consultants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 698
Management Development—See: Executive Training and
Development
Management, Financial—See: Financial Management
Management Games . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700
Management Information Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700
Management of Factories—See: Factory Management
Management, Operations—See: Operations Management
Management, Participative—See: Participative Management
Management, Production—See: Operations Management
Management, Scientific—See: Time and Motion Study
Management Systems—See: Systems in Management
Management Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 701
Manpower—See: Labor Supply
Manuals, Procedure—See: Procedure Manuals
Manufactured Housing—See: Prefabricated House Industry
Manufacturers—See: Corporations; Industry; Private Companies
Manufacturers’ Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705
Manufacturing—See: Industry
Manufacturing, Computer-Aided—See: Computer-Aided Design
and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
Maps .... . . 705
Marble .... 705
Margarine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 705
Marinas ...705
Marine Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 706
Marine Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 706
Marine Law—See: Maritime Law and Regulation
Maritime Industry—See: Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding
Maritime Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707
Market Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 707
Market Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 709
Market Surveys—See: Consumer Surveys; Market Research;
Survey Methods
Market Testing of New Products—See: Consumer Surveys;
Market Research
Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 710
Marketing, Bank—See: Bank Marketing
Marketing, Chemical—See: Chemical Marketing
Marketing, Direct—See: Direct Marketing
Marketing, Industrial—See: Industrial Marketing
Marketing, International—See: International Marketing
Marketing, Multilevel—See: Multilevel Marketing
Marking Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 713
Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 713
Mass Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 713
Mass Transportation—See: Public Transportation; Transportation
Industry
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 714
Materials, Building—See: Building Materials Industry
Materials, Composite—See: Composite Materials
Materials Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 715
Materials, Hazardous—See: Hazardous Materials
Mathematical Statistics—See: Statistical Methods
Mathematics, Business—See: Business Mathematics
Mature Consumer Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 716
Measures—See: Weights and Measures
Meat Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 717
Meat Packing Industry—See: Meat Industry
Mechanical Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 718
Mechanical Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 718
Mechanical Power Transmission—See: Power (Mechanical)
Media, Interactive—See: Interactive Media
Media Law—See: Advertising Law and Regulation; Mass Media
Media, Mass—See: Mass Media
Media Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719
Mediation—See: Arbitration
Medical Care Industry—See: Health Care Industry
Medical Economics (Practice Management) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719
Medical Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 720
Medical Equipment—See: Hospital Equipment; Surgical
Instruments Industry
Medical Insurance—See: Health Insurance
Medical Laboratories—See: Clinical Laboratory Industry
Medical Liability—See: Professional Liability
Medical Service, Industrial—See: Industrial Medicine
Medical Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 721
Medicare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722
Medicine, Industrial—See: Industrial Medicine
Meeting Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723
Meetings—See: Conferences, Workshops, and Seminars
Meetings, Sales—See: Sales Conventions
Men’s Clothing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723
Mental Health . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 724
Mental Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 724
Merchandising—See: Marketing; Retail Trade
Merchant Marine—See: Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding
Merchants—See: Retail Trade
Mergers and Acquisitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 725
Merit Rating—See: Rating of Employees
Metal Finishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 726
Metal Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 726
Metal Industry, Nonferrous—See: Nonferrous Metal Industry
Metal Plating—See: Metal Finishing
Metal Powders—See: Powder Metallurgy Industry
Metal Working Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 727
Metallurgy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 728
Metals, Precious—See: Gold; Metal Industry; Platinum Industry;
Silver Industry
Metals, Rare Earth—See: Rare Earth Metals
Meteorology—See: Weather and Weather Forecasting
Metric System—See: Weights and Measures
Metropolitan Areas—See: Cities and Towns; City Planning;
Market Statistics; Urban Development
Mexico—See: Latin American Markets
Microcomputers and Minicomputers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 729
Microfiche—See: Microforms
Microfilm—See: Microforms
Microforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 730
Micrographics—See: Microforms
Microphotography—See: Microforms
Microprocessors—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers
Microsoft Windows—See: Windows (Software)
Microwaves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 730
Migration—See: Immigration and Emigration
Migration of Industry—See: Location of Industry
Military Associations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 731
Military Commissaries—See: Post Exchanges
Military Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 733
Milk Industry—See: Dairy Industry
Millers and Milling—See: Flour Industry
Millinery Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 734
Millwork—See: Woodworking Industries
Mineralogy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 734
Mines and Mineral Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 734
Minicomputers—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers
Mining—See: Mines and Mineral Resources
Ministers of State—See: Diplomatic and Consular Service
Minority Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 736
Minority Markets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739
Minority Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739
Missile Industry—See: Rocket Industry
Mobile Home Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 739
Mobile Telephone Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740
Modems—See: Computer Communications
Modular Construction—See: Prefabricated House Industry
Molasses Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 740
Monetary Policy—See: Economic Policy; Money
Money .... 741
Money Market—See: Money
Money Market Funds—See: Investment Companies
Money Raising—See: Business Start-Up Plans and Proposals;
Fund-Raising; Venture Capital
Money Rates—See: Interest
Monopolies—See: Antitrust Actions
Morale, Industrial—See: Human Relations
Mortality—See: Vital Statistics
Mortgage Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 742
Mortgages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 743
Motel Industry—See: Hotel and Motel Industry
Motion Picture Cameras—See: Camera Industry
Motion Picture Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 744
Motion Picture Photography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745
Motion Picture Theaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745
Motion Pictures in Education—See: Audiovisual Aids in Education
Motion Pictures in Industry—See: Audiovisual Aids in Industry
Motion Study—See: Time and Motion Study
Motivation (Psychology) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 745
Motivation Pamphlets—See: Pamphlets
Motivation Posters—See: Posters
Motor Bus Lines Time Tables—See: Timetables
Motor Buses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746
Motor Cars—See: Automobiles
Motor Home Industry—See: Mobile Home Industry; Recreational
Vehicle Industry
Motor Transport—See: Trucking Industry
Motor Truck Industry—See: Trucking Industry
Motor Truck Trailers—See: Truck Trailers
Motor Trucks—See: Trucks (Manufacturing)
Motor Vehicle Equipment Industry—See: Automobile Equipment
Industry
Motor Vehicle Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746
Motor Vehicle Licenses—See: Motor Vehicle Law and Regulation
Motor Vehicle Parking—See: Parking
Motor Vehicle Parts Industry—See: Automobile Equipment
Industry
Motor Vehicles—See: Automobiles; Motor Buses; Trucks
(Manufacturing)
Motor Vehicles, Foreign—See: Foreign Automobiles
Motor Vehicles, Used—See: Used Car Industry
Motorcycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746
Motors—See: Engines
Moving of Employees—See: Relocation of Employees
Moving Picture Industry—See: Motion Picture Industry
Multifamily Housing—See: Apartment Houses; Condominiums
Multilevel Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 747
Multimedia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 747
Multinational Corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 748
Multiple Dwellings—See: Apartment Houses; Condominiums
Municipal Bonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 751
Municipal Employees—See: Civil Service; Municipal Government
Municipal Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 752
Municipal Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 752
Mushroom Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 753
Music Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 753
Musical Instruments Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 754
Mutual Funds—See: Investment Companies
Mutual Savings Banks—See: Savings Banks
NAFTA—See: North American Free Trade Agreement
Narcotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 757
National Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 757
National Brands—See: Trademarks and Trade Names
National Debt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758
National Income—See: Income; National Accounting
National Labor Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758
National Labor Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 758
National Planning—See: Economic Policy
National Product—See: Gross National Product
Nations, Law of—See: International Law and Regulation
Natural Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 759
Natural Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 759
Naval Law—See: Maritime Law and Regulation
Naval Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 760
Navy .... . . 760
Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 760
Networks, Computer—See: Computer Communications; Local
Area Networks
New Issues (Finance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 761
New Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 761
New York Stock Exchange—See: Stock Exchanges
Newsletters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762
Newspaper Clippings—See: Clipping Services
Newspaper Market Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762
Newspaper Work—See: Journalism
Newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 762
Newspapers, School—See: College and School Newspapers
Newsprint Paper Industry—See: Paper Industry
Nickel Industry—See: Metal Industry
Noise Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 763
Nonferrous Metal Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 764
Non-Foods Merchandisers—See: Rack Jobbers
Nonprescription Drug Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 764
Nonprofit Corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 765
Non-Wage Payments—See: Employee Benefit Plans; Fringe
Benefits
Nonwoven Fabrics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 766
North American Free Trade Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 766
Notaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 767
Notebook Computers—See: Portable Computers
Notions—See: Gift Business
Nuclear Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 767
Numerical Control of Machinery (NC) )—See: Computer-Aided
Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM)
Numismatics—See: Coins as an Investment
Nurseries (Horticultural) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 768
Nursery Schools—See: Day Care Centers
Nursing Homes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 769
Nut Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 769
Nutrition—See: Diet
Nylon—See: Synthetic Textile Fiber Industry
Oats Industry—See: Feed and Feedstuffs Industry; Grain Industry
Obsolete Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 771
Occupational Health—See: Industrial Hygiene
Occupational Safety—See: Industrial Safety
Occupational Therapy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 771
Occupations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 771
Ocean Liners—See: Steamship Lines
Oceanographic Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772
OECD—See: Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development
Off-Price Retailers—See: Discount Houses
Office Appliances—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Office Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772
Office Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 773
Office Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 773
Office Equipment and Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 773
Office Forms—See: Forms and Blanks
Office Furniture Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 774
Office in the Home—See: Self-Employment
Office Machines—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Office Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775
Office Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775
Office Supplies—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Office Systems—See: Systems in Management; Word Processing
Official Publications—See: Government Publications
Officials and Employees—See: Government Employees
Offset Printing—See: Graphic Arts Industry; Printing and Printing
Equipment Industries
Offshore Petroleum Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775
Oil—See: Oil and Fats Industry; Petroleum Industry
Oil and Fats Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 776
Oil Burner Industry—See: Fuel Oil Industry
Oil Field Machinery—See: Petroleum Equipment Industry
Oil Fuel Industry—See: Fuel Oil Industry
Oil Industry—See: Petroleum Industry
Oil Marketing—See: Petroleum Marketing
Oil Tankers—See: Tank Ships
Oilseed Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Old Age—See: Retirement
Old Age and Survivors Insurance—See: Social Security
Old Age Homes—See: Nursing Homes
Older Consumers—See: Mature Consumer Market
Older Workers—See: Employment of Older Workers
Oleomargarine Industry—See: Margarine Industry
Olive Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 777
On-the-Job Training—See: Training of Employees
Onion Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 778
Online Commerce—See: Electronic Commerce
Online Information Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 778
Operating Ratios—See: Financial Ratios
Operations Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 788
Operations Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 789
Ophthalmic Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 790
Opiates—See: Narcotics
Opinion Polls—See: Public Opinion
Optical Disk Storage Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 790
Optical Engineering—See: Optics Industry
Optical Fibers—See: Fiber Optics Industry
Optical Publishing Systems—See: Optical Disk Storage Devices
Optics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 793
Options (Puts and Calls)—See: Stock Option Contracts
Optoelectronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 793
Optometric Industry—See: Ophthalmic Industry
Orange Industry—See: Citrus Fruit Industry
Ordnance Market—See: Military Market
Organization—See: Industrial Management
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development . . 794
Organization for European Economic Cooperation—See:
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Organization Theory—See: Management Theory
Organizations—See: Associations
Organized Labor—See: Labor Unions
Oriental Rug Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 794
Orthopedic Appliance Industry—See: Prosthetics Industry
Outdoor Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 794
Outdoor Amusements—See: Amusement Industry
Outplacement Consultants—See: Employment Agencies and
Services
Over-the-Counter Drugs—See: Nonprescription Drug Industry
Over-the-Counter Securities Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 795
Overseas Employment—See: Employment in Foreign Countries
Oxyacetylene Welding—See: Welding
Oyster Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 795
Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797
Packaging Labels—See: Labels and Labeling
Packaging Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797
Packaging, Pressure—See: Pressure Packaging
Packing Industry—See: Meat Industry
Paint and Painting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 797
Pamphlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 798
Paper Bag Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799
Paper Board Industry—See: Paperboard and Paperboard
Packaging Industries
Paper Box and Paper Container Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799
Paper Containers—See: Paper Box and Paper Container
Industries
Paper Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 799
Paper Money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 801
Paperback Books—See: Paperbound Book Industry
Paperboard and Paperboard Packaging Industries . . . . . . . . . . . 801
Paperbound Book Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 801
Paperwork Management—See: Office Management; Records
Management
Parking ...801
Parks .... . . 802
Parliamentary Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802
Participative Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802
Part-Time Employees—See: Temporary Employees
Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802
Party Plan Selling—See: Direct Marketing
Pasta Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 802
Patents ...803
Pay Planning—See: Executive Compensation; Wages and
Salaries
Payroll Administration—See: Wages and Salaries
Peach Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 804
Peanut and Peanut Oil Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 804
Pear Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 804
Pecan Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 805
Pencils—See: Writing Instruments
Penny Stocks—See: Over-the-Counter Securities Industry
Pens—See: Writing Instruments
Pensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 805
Pepper Industry—See: Spice Industry
Performance Evaluation—See: Rating of Employees
Performing Arts—See: Show Business
Perfume Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 806
Periodical Circulation—See: Circulation Management (Publishing)
Periodicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 807
Periodicals, Business—See: Trade Journals
Personal Care Products—See: Cosmetics Industry
Personal Computers—See: Microcomputers and Minicomputers;
Portable Computers
Personal Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 809
Personal Finance Companies—See: Finance Companies
Personnel Interviewing—See: Interviewing
Personnel Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 810
Personnel Manuals—See: Procedure Manuals
Personnel Recruitment—See: Recruitment of Personnel
Personnel Testing—See: Psychological Testing; Rating of
Employees
PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique)—See: Critical
Path Method/PERT (Program Evaluation and Review
Technique)
Pest Control Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 812
Pesticide Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 812
Pet Food—See: Pet Industry
Pet Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 813
Petrochemical Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 813
Petroleum Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814
Petroleum Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 814
Petroleum Industry, Offshore—See: Offshore Petroleum Industry
Petroleum Marketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 816
Pharmaceutical Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 817
Pharmacies—See: Drug Stores
Philanthropy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 820
Philately—See: Stamps as an Investment
Phonograph and Phonograph Record Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822
Photocopying Industry—See: Copying Machine Industry
Photoengraving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822
Photographic Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 822
Photography, Commercial—See: Commercial Photography
Photography, Industrial—See: Commercial Photography
Photomechanical Processes—See: Graphic Arts Industry
Photonics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 823
Physical Distribution—See: Distribution
Physical Fitness Industry—See: Fitness Industry
Picketing—See: Strikes and Lockouts
Piers—See: Ports
Pig Industry—See: Swine Industry
Piggyback Transport—See: Truck Trailers
Pilots—See: Air Pilots
Pineapple Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 824
Pipe .... . . . 824
Pipeline Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 824
Pipes (Smoking)—See: Tobacco and Tobacco Industry
Pistols—See: Firearms Industry
Placement Bureaus—See: College Placement Bureaus
Planned Economy—See: Economic Policy
Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 825
Plans, Business—See: Business Start-Up Plans and Proposals;
Planning
Plant Engineering—See: Factory Management
Plant Location—See: Location of Industry
Plant Maintenance—See: Maintenance of Buildings
Plant Management—See: Factory Management
Plant Protection—See: Industrial Security Programs
Plant Sites—See: Location of Industry
Plaster and Plastering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 825
Plastic Containers—See: Container Industry
Plastics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 826
Plating—See: Metal Finishing
Platinum Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 827
Plumbing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 827
Plywood Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 828
Point-of-Purchase Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 828
Point-of-Sale Systems (POS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 828
Police Equipment—See: Law Enforcement Industries
Policy Manuals—See: Procedure Manuals
Political Action Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 829
Political Action Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 829
Political Economy—See: Economics
Polls, Opinion—See: Public Opinion
Pollution of Air—See: Air Pollution
Pollution of Water—See: Water Pollution
Polymers—See: Chemical Industries; Plastics Industry
Popcorn Industry—See: Snack Food Industry
Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 830
Porcelain Industry—See: Pottery Industry
Pork—See: Swine Industry
Port Authorities—See: Ports
Portable Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 832
Portable Databases—See: Optical Disk Storage Devices
Portfolio Management—See: Institutional Investments
Portland Cement—See: Cement Industry
Ports .... . . 833
Positions—See: Occupations
Post Exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 833
Postal Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 833
Posters ...833
Potash Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 834
Potato Chip Industry—See: Potato Industry; Snack Food Industry
Potato Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 834
Potatoes, Sweet—See: Sweet Potato Industry
Pottery Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 834
Poultry Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 834
Poverty—See: Public Welfare
Powder Metallurgy Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 835
Power Companies—See: Electric Utilities
Power (Mechanical) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 835
Power Plants, Electric—See: Electric Power Plants
Power Tool Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 836
Power Transmission (Mechanical)—See: Power (Mechanical)
Practice Management—See: Medical Economics (Practice
Management)
Precious Metals—See: Gold; Metal Industry; Platinum Industry;
Silver Industry
Precious Stones—See: Gems and Gemstones
Prefabricated House Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 837
Premiums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 837
Prepaid Medical Care—See: Health Insurance; Health
Maintenance Organizations
Prepared Foods—See: Processed Food Industry
Presidents of Companies—See: Executives
Press Clippings—See: Clipping Services
Pressure Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 837
Pressure Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 837
Pressure Sensitive Tape Industry—See: Adhesives
Pretzel Industry—See: Snack Food Industry
Price Coding, Electronic—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Prices and Pricing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 838
Prime Rate—See: Interest
Printing and Printing Equipment Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 838
Printing Ink Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 839
Printing Style Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 839
Prisons—See: Law Enforcement Industries
Private Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 840
Private Label Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 841
Private Schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 842
Privatization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 842
Prizes—See: Contests, Prizes, and Awards
Procedure Manuals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 842
Process Control Equipment—See: Control Equipment Industry
Processed Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 842
Procurement, Government—See: Government Purchasing
Produce Industry—See: Vegetable Industry
Product Coding—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Product Design—See: Design in Industry
Product Development—See: New Products
Product Liability—See: Product Safety and Liability
Product Management—See: Marketing
Product Quality—See: Quality of Products
Product Rating Research—See: Quality of Products
Product Safety and Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 843
Product Testing—See: Quality of Products
Production Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844
Production Engineering—See: Industrial Engineering
Production Management—See: Operations Management
Productivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 844
Products, New—See: New Products
Products, Quality of—See: Quality of Products
Professional Associations—See: Associations
Professional Corporations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845
Professional Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845
Professional Practice Management, Medical—See: Medical
Economics (Practice Management)
Professions—See: Occupations
Professors and Instructors—See: College Faculties
Profit Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 846
Program Evaluation and Review Technique—See: Critical Path
Method/PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique)
Programmed Learning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 846
Programming, Computer—See: Computer Software Industry
Programming, Linear—See: Linear Programming
Programs, Television—See: Television Programs
Project Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 846
Promotion—See: Sales Promotion
Promotional Merchandise—See: Premiums
Proofreading—See: Printing Style Manuals
Propane and Butane Gas Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 847
Property and Liability Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 847
Property Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848
Property Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 848
Proposals, Business—See: Business Start-Up Plans and
Proposals
Prosthetics Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 849
Protective Services—See: Industrial Security Programs
Psychological Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 849
Psychology—See: Human Relations; Mental Health; Motivation
(Psychology)
Psychology, Industrial—See: Industrial Psychology
Public Accountants—See: Certified Public Accountants
Public Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 849
Public Assistance—See: Public Welfare
Public Documents—See: Government Publications
Public Finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 850
Public Housing—See: Housing
Public Libraries—See: Libraries
Public Opinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 851
Public Relations and Publicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 852
Public Service Corporations—See: Public Utilities
Public Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 852
Public Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 852
Public Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 853
Public Welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 854
Public Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855
Publicity—See: Public Relations and Publicity
Publishers, College—See: University Presses
Publishing, Desktop—See: Desktop Publishing
Publishing, Electronic—See: Electronic Publishing
Publishing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855
Pulpwood Industry—See: Woodpulp Industry
Pumps and Compressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 858
Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 858
Purchasing Agents—See: Purchasing
Purchasing Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 859
Puts and Calls—See: Stock Option Contracts
Quality Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 861
Quality Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 861
Quality of Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 861
Quarrying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 861
Rack Jobbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863
Radio and Television Advertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863
Radio and Television Repair Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863
Radio Broadcasting Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 863
Radio Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 864
Radio Stations—See: Radio Broadcasting Industry
Radioisotopes—See: Isotopes
Radiological Equipment—See: X-Ray Equipment Industry
Radios—See: Radio Equipment Industry
Railroad Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 865
Railroad Time Tables—See: Timetables
Railroads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 865
Rare Books—See: Book Collecting
Rare Earth Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 866
Rating of Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 866
Ratio Analysis—See: Financial Ratios
Real Estate Appraisal—See: Real Property Valuation
Real Estate Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 866
Real Estate, Industrial—See: Industrial Real Estate
Real Estate Investment Trusts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 867
Real Estate Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 867
Real Estate Management—See: Property Management
Real Estate Taxes—See: Property Tax; Tax Shelters; Taxation
Real Property Valuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868
Recessions—See: Business Cycles
Recording Industry—See: Sound Recorders and Recording;
Video Recording Industry
Records Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868
Records, Phonograph—See: Phonograph and Phonograph
Record Industries
Recreation, Industrial—See: Industrial Recreation
Recreation Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 868
Recreational Vehicle Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 869
Recruitment of Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870
Recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870
Redevelopment, Urban—See: Urban Development
Reference Sources—See: Information Sources
Refineries—See: Petroleum Industry
Refractories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 870
Refrigeration Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871
Refuse Disposal—See: Sanitation Industry
Regional Airlines—See: Airline Industry
Regional Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 871
Registration of Trademarks—See: Trademarks and Trade Names
Regulation of Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 872
Regulation of Securities—See: Securities Law and Regulation
Regulations—See: Laws; Regulation of Industry
Rehabilitation, Vocational—See: Vocational Rehabilitation
REIT’s—See: Real Estate Investment Trusts
Relocation of Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 874
Remodeling—See: Home Improvement Industry
Rental, Equipment—See: Equipment Leasing
Rental Housing—See: Apartment Houses; Real Estate
Investments
Rental Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 874
Rental Services, Automobile—See: Automobile Lease and Rental
Services
Report Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 874
Reports—See: Corporation Reports; Report Writing
Research, Advertising—See: Advertising Research
Research and Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 875
Research, Business—See: Business Research
Research, Economic—See: Economic Research
Research, Industrial—See: Industrial Research
Research, Library—See: Library Research
Research, Marketing—See: Market Research
Resellers, Computer—See: Computer Retailing
Resins—See: Naval Stores; Plastics Industry
Resources—See: Natural Resources
Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 882
Restraint of Trade—See: Antitrust Actions
Resumes—See: Job Resumes
Retail Automation—See: Point-of-Sale Systems (POS)
Retail Selling—See: Salesmen and Salesmanship
Retail Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 883
Retailers, Computer—See: Computer Retailing
Retailers, Off-Price—See: Discount Houses
Retiree Market—See: Mature Consumer Market
Retirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 884
Retirement Age—See: Employment of Older Workers
Retirement Communities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 885
Retirement Income Plans—See: 401(K) Retirement Plans;
Individual Retirement Accounts
Reviews—See: Book Reviews
Rice Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 886
Rifles—See: Firearms Industry
Risk Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 887
Road Maps—See: Maps
Road Materials—See: Asphalt Industry; Concrete Industry
Road Signs—See: Signs and Sign Boards
Roads and Highways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 888
Roads, Toll—See: Toll Roads
Robots .... 889
Rock Products—See: Quarrying
Rocket Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 890
Roller Bearings—See: Bearings and Ball Bearings
Roofing Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 890
Rope and Twine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 890
Rubber and Rubber Goods Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 891
Rug Industry—See: Floor Coverings
Rugs, Oriental—See: Oriental Rug Industry
Rules of Order—See: Parliamentary Procedure
Rum Industry—See: Distilling Industry
Rural Community Development—See: Community Development
Rural Credit—See: Agricultural Credit
Rural Electrification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 891
Rye Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 892
Safe Deposits (Banking) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 893
Safety .... . 893
Safety Appliances—See: Industrial Safety
Safety Education—See: Safety
Safety, Industrial—See: Industrial Safety
Safety, Product—See: Product Safety and Liability
Salad Oil Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Salaries—See: Executive Compensation; Wages and Salaries
Sale of Business Enterprises—See: Business Enterprises, Sale of
Sales Auction—See: Auctions
Sales Contests—See: Sales Promotion
Sales Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 894
Sales Finance Companies—See: Finance Companies
Sales Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 894
Sales Meetings—See: Meeting Management; Sales Conventions
Sales Promotion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 894
Sales Representatives—See: Manufacturers’ Agents
Sales Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 894
Salesmen and Salesmanship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 895
Salmon Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 895
Sand and Gravel Industry—See: Quarrying
Sanitation Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 895
Satellite Communications—See: Communications Satellites
Savings and Loan Associations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 896
Savings Banks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 897
Savings Bonds—See: Government Bonds
Saw Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 897
Sawmills—See: Lumber Industry
Schedules, Transportation—See: Timetables
Scholarships and Student Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 897
School Computers—See: Computers in Education
School Journalism—See: College and School Newspapers
Schools ...898
Schools, Private—See: Private Schools
Scientific Apparatus and Instrument Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 899
Scientific Laboratories—See: Laboratories
Scientific Research—See: Research and Development
Scrap—See: Waste Products
Scrap Metal—See: Iron and Steel Scrap Metal Industry
Screw Machine Industry—See: Machine Tool Industry
Seafood Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 900
Sealants—See: Adhesives
Seaports—See: Ports
Secretarial Practice—See: Office Practice
Secretaries—See: Office Practice
Securities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 901
Securities and Exchange Commission—See: Securities Law and
Regulation
Securities, Convertible—See: Convertible Securities
Securities, Derivative—See: Derivative Securities
Securities Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 902
Securities, Obsolete—See: Obsolete Securities
Securities, Tax Exempt—See: Municipal Bonds
Security Analysis—See: Financial Analysis
Security, Computer—See: Computer Crime and Security
Security Dealers—See: Stock Brokers
Security, Industrial—See: Industrial Security Programs
Security Systems, Electronic—See: Electronic Security Systems
Seed Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 904
Selenium Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 904
Self-Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 904
Selling—See: Salesmen and Salesmanship
Selling a Business—See: Business Enterprises, Sale of
Selling by Telephone—See: Telephone Selling
Semiconductor Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 905
Seminars—See: Conferences, Workshops, and Seminars
Senate—See: United States Congress
Senior Citizens—See: Employment of Older Workers; Mature
Consumer Market; Retirement
Sensors, Industrial—See: Control Equipment Industry
Serial Publications—See: Periodicals
Service, Customer—See: Customer Service
Service Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 907
Service Industry, Food—See: Food Service Industry
Service Men, Discharged—See: Veterans
Service Merchandisers—See: Rack Jobbers
Service Stations—See: Gasoline Service Stations
Severance Pay—See: Wages and Salaries
Sewage Disposal—See: Sanitation Industry
Sewing Machine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 908
Sexual Harassment in the Workplace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 908
Shareholders—See: Stockholders
Shares of Stock—See: Stocks
Sheep Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 909
Sheet Metal Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 909
Shellfish Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910
Shelters, Tax—See: Tax Shelters
Shipbuilding—See: Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding
Shipment of Goods—See: Freight Transport; Packaging; Postal
Services; Traffic Management (Industrial); Trucking Industry
Shipping—See: Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding
Ships, Shipping and Shipbuilding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 910
Shoe Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 911
Shop Practice—See: Machine Shops
Shopping—See: Consumer Economics; Consumer Education
Shopping Centers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912
Shorthand Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 912
Show Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 913
Show Windows—See: Display of Merchandise
Sickness Insurance—See: Health Insurance
Signs and Sign Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 913
Silk Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 914
Silver Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 914
Silverware—See: Tableware
Skip Tracers—See: Collecting of Accounts
Slot Machines—See: Vending Machines
Small Arms—See: Firearms Industry
Small Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 914
Small Business Investment Companies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 919
Small Loan Companies—See: Finance Companies
Smoking Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 919
Snack Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 919
Snuff—See: Tobacco and Tobacco Industry
Soaps and Detergents—See: Cleaning Products Industry
Social Accounting—See: National Accounting
Social Club . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 919
Social Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 920
Social Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 921
Social Welfare—See: Public Welfare
Society and Business—See: Social Responsibility
Soft Drink Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 922
Software Industry, Computer—See: Computer Software Industry
Softwood Industry—See: Forest Products; Lumber Industry
Solar Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 923
Sole Proprietorship—See: Self-Employment
Solid State Devices—See: Semiconductor Industry
Solid Waste Treatment—See: Sanitation Industry
Sound Recorders and Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 923
South America—See: Latin American Markets
Soybean Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924
Space Industry—See: Aerospace Industry; Rocket Industry
Special Event Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924
Special Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 924
Specialists—See: Consultants
Specialty Food Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 925
Speculation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 926
Speech Recognition—See: Voice Recognition
Speeches—See: Public Speaking
Spice Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 926
Sporting Goods Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 926
Sports Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 928
Sportswear—See: Clothing Industry; Women’s Apparel
Spot Radio Advertising—See: Radio and Television Advertising
Spot Welding—See: Welding
Staff Magazines—See: House Organs
Stainless Steel—See: Iron and Steel Industry
Stamps as an Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929
Standard Industrial Classification—See: Industry
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas—See: Cities and Towns;
City Planning; Urban Development
Standardization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 929
Start-Up Plans—See: Business Start-Up Plans and Proposals
State Employees—See: Government Employees
State Finance—See: Public Finance
State Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 930
State Income Tax—See: State Taxes
State Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 931
State Legislatures—See: Legislatures; State Government
State Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 931
Stationery Industry—See: Office Equipment and Supplies
Statistical Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 932
Statistics, Business—See: Business Statistics
Statistics, Mathematical—See: Statistical Methods
Statistics Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 932
Statistics, Vital—See: Vital Statistics
Statutes—See: Laws
Steam Heating—See: Heating and Ventilation
Steamship Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 933
Steel Foundries—See: Foundries
Steel Industry—See: Iron and Steel Industry
Stenographers—See: Office Practice
Stereophonic Sound—See: High Fidelity/Stereo
Stock and Stock Breeding—See: Livestock Industry
Stock Brokers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 934
Stock Dividends—See: Dividends
Stock Exchanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 934
Stock Index Trading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 936
Stock Market—See: Stock Exchanges
Stock Market Charts—See: Technical Analysis (Finance)
Stock Offerings, Initial—See: New Issues (Finance)
Stock Option Contracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 936
Stock Ownership Plans—See: Employee Benefit Plans; Employee
Stock Ownership Plans; Executive Compensation
Stockbrokers—See: Stock Brokers
Stockholders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 937
Stockings—See: Hosiery Industry
Stocks .... 937
Stockyards—See: Livestock Industry; Meat Industry
Stone Industry—See: Quarrying
Storage—See: Warehouses
Store Displays—See: Display of Merchandise
Stores, Convenience—See: Convenience Stores
Stores, Department—See: Department Stores
Stores (Retail Trade)—See: Retail Trade
Strategic Planning—See: Planning
Strategy, Business—See: Business Strategy
Street Lighting—See: Lighting
Street Maps—See: Maps
Stress (Anxiety) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940
Strikes and Lockouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940
Structural Materials—See: Building Materials Industry
Student Aid—See: Scholarships and Student Aid
Study Abroad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 940
Style Manuals—See: Printing Style Manuals
Subchapter S Corporations—See: Corporations; Professional
Corporations
Subject Headings—See: Indexing
Subliminal Advertising—See: Advertising
Substance Abuse—See: Alcoholism; Drug Abuse and Traffic
Suburban Shopping Centers—See: Shopping Centers
Sugar Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 941
Suggestion Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942
Sulphur Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942
Sulphuric Acid—See: Sulphur Industry
Sun, Energy From—See: Solar Energy
Superconductors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942
Supermarkets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 942
Supervision—See: Administration; Factory Management;
Industrial Management
Supply Management—See: Inventory Control; Purchasing
Surgical Instruments Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 943
Surplus Farm Produce—See: Farm Produce
Surplus Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944
Survey Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944
Surveys, Consumer—See: Consumer Surveys
Sweet Potato Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 944
Sweetener Industry—See: Sugar Industry
Swimming Pool Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945
Swindlers and Swindling—See: Crime and Criminals; Fraud and
Embezzlement
Swine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945
Synthetic Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945
Synthetic Textile Fiber Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 945
Syrup Industry—See: Molasses Industry; Sugar Industry
Systems Engineering—See: Industrial Engineering
Systems in Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946
Systems Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 946
Tableware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949
Tailoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949
Tall Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949
Tank Ships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949
Tank Trucks—See: Trucking Industry
Tankers—See: Tank Ships
Tanning Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 949
Tape Recording—See: Sound Recorders and Recording; Video
Recording Industry
Tariff .... . . . 950
Tax Administration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 950
Tax, Estate—See: Inheritance Tax
Tax, Excise—See: Excise Tax
Tax Exempt Securities—See: Municipal Bonds
Tax, Gift—See: Gift Tax
Tax, Income—See: Income Tax
Tax, Inheritance—See: Inheritance Tax
Tax Law and Regulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 950
Tax Management—See: Taxation
Tax Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 951
Tax, Property—See: Property Tax
Tax, Sales—See: Sales Tax; State Taxes; Taxation
Tax Shelters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952
Taxation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 952
Taxation, International—See: International Taxation
Taxes, State—See: State Taxes
Taxicabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 954
Taylor System of Shop Management—See: Time and Motion
Study
Tea Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 954
Tea Rooms—See: Restaurants, Lunchrooms, Etc.
Technical Analysis (Finance) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 955
Technical Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 955
Technical Books—See: Technology
Technical Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 956
Technical Literature—See: Technology
Technical Societies—See: Associations
Technical Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 956
Technological Unemployment—See: Unemployment
Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 956
Technology Transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 961
Teenage Market—See: Youth Market
Telecommunications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 961
Telecommuting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964
Telemarketing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964
Telephone Answering Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 964
Telephone Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 965
Telephone Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 965
Telephone Selling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 967
Telephones—See: Telephone Equipment Industry
Telephones, Mobile—See: Mobile Telephone Industry
Telescopes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 967
Teletext—See: Videotex/Teletext
Television Advertising—See: Radio and Television Advertising
Television Apparatus Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 967
Television Broadcasting Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 967
Television, Cable—See: Cable Television Industry
Television Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969
Television, Foreign—See: Foreign Radio and Television
Television Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969
Television Recording—See: Video Recording Industry
Television Repair Industry—See: Radio and Television Repair
Industry
Television, Satellite—See: Communications Satellites
Television Stations—See: Television Broadcasting Industry
Teller Machines—See: Bank Automation
Temperature (Climate)—See: Climate; Weather and Weather
Forecasting
Temporary Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 969
Tennis Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 970
Termination of Employment—See: Dismissal of Employees
Testing of Materials—See: Materials; Standardization
Testing of Personnel—See: Psychological Testing; Rating of
Employees
Testing of Products—See: Quality of Products
Textbooks—See: Book Industry; Publishing Industry
Textile Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 970
Textile Fibers—See: Fiber Industry; Synthetic Textile Fiber
Industry
Textile Fibers, Synthetic—See: Synthetic Textile Fiber Industry
Textile Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 970
Textile Machinery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 972
Textile Mills—See: Textile Industry
Textiles, Home—See: Linen Industry
Textiles, Industrial—See: Industrial Fabrics Industry
Textiles, Nonwoven—See: Nonwoven Fabrics Industry
Theater Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 972
Theaters, Motion Picture—See: Motion Picture Theaters
Theft—See: Crime and Criminals
Theses—See: Dissertations
Third World Nations—See: Developing Areas
Tile Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973
Timber Industry—See: Lumber Industry
Time and Motion Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973
Timetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973
Tin Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973
Tire Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 973
Titanium Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 974
Title Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 974
Titles of Degrees—See: Academic Degrees
Toasts .... . 974
Tobacco and Tobacco Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 974
Toiletries—See: Cosmetics Industry; Perfume Industry
Toll Roads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976
Tomato Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976
Tool Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 976
Tools, Power—See: Power Tool Industry
Total Quality Management (TQM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 977
Tourist Industry—See: Travel Industry
Town Government—See: Municipal Government
Town Planning—See: City Planning
Towns and Cities—See: Cities and Towns
Toxic Substances—See: Hazardous Materials
Toxicology, Industrial—See: Industrial Hygiene
Toy Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 977
Tractors—See: Agricultural Machinery
Trade—See: Business; Foreign Trade
Trade Associations—See: Associations
Trade, Boards of—See: Chambers of Commerce
Trade Catalogs—See: Catalogs and Directories
Trade Directories—See: Catalogs and Directories
Trade Exhibits—See: Conventions; Fairs; Trade Shows
Trade Fairs—See: Conventions; Fairs; Trade Shows
Trade Journals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 978
Trade Names—See: Trademarks and Trade Names
Trade Secrets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 979
Trade Shows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 979
Trade Unions—See: Labor Unions
Trademarks and Trade Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 979
Trades—See: Occupations
Trading—See: Barter and Countertrade
Traffic Accidents and Traffic Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 980
Traffic Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 981
Traffic Management (Industrial) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 981
Traffic Management (Streets and Highways) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 981
Trailers—See: Mobile Home Industry; Recreational Vehicle
Industry; Truck Trailers
Training of Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 982
Trains—See: Railroads
Transducers, Industrial—See: Control Equipment Industry
Transistors—See: Semiconductor Industry
Translating Machines—See: Machine Translating
Translations and Translators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 983
Transportation Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 983
Transportation Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 983
Transportation, Public—See: Public Transportation
Transportation Time Tables—See: Timetables
Travel Agencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984
Travel, Air—See: Air Travel
Travel, Business—See: Business Travel
Travel Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 984
Travel Trailers—See: Recreational Vehicle Industry
Treasurers—See: Corporate Directors and Officers
Treasury Bonds—See: Government Bonds
Trees—See: Forest Products; Lumber Industry
Trends, Business—See: Business Cycles; Business Forecasting
Trials and Juries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 986
Truck Trailers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 986
Trucking Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 987
Trucks (Manufacturing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 987
Trust Companies—See: Banks and Banking; Trusts and Trustees
Trusts and Trustees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 988
Trusts, Investment—See: Investment Companies
Tuna Fish Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 989
Turkey Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 989
Turnpikes—See: Toll Roads
Turpentines and Resins—See: Naval Stores
Twine Industry—See: Rope and Twine Industry
Two-Income Families—See: Employment of Women; Women in
the Work Force
Typesetting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 989
Typewriter Industry—See: Office Equipment and Supplies; Word
Processing
Typography—See: Printing and Printing Equipment Industries;
Typesetting
Ultrasonics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 991
Underdeveloped Areas and Countries—See: Developing Areas;
Economic Development; Technical Assistance
Undertakers and Undertaking—See: Funeral Homes and
Directors
Underwear Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 991
Underwriters—See: Insurance Underwriters
Unemployment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 991
Unemployment Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 992
Uniform Commercial Code—See: Business Law
Uniforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 992
Unions—See: Labor Unions
United Funds—See: Community Funds
United Nations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 992
United States Congress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 993
United States Customs Service—See: Customs House, U.S.
Customs Service
United States Government Bonds—See: Government Bonds
United States Government Publications—See: Government
Publications
Universal Product Code (UPC)—See: Point-of-Sale Systems
(POS)
Universities—See: Colleges and Universities
University Degrees—See: Academic Degrees
University Libraries—See: College and University Libraries
University Presses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 993
Unix .... . . . 993
Unlisted Securities—See: Over-the-Counter Securities Industry
Upholstery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 994
Uranium Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 994
Urban Areas—See: Cities and Towns
Urban Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 994
Urban Management—See: Municipal Government
Urban Planning—See: City Planning
Urban Transportation—See: Public Transportation; Transportation
Industry
Used Car Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 995
Used Products—See: Surplus Products
Utensils, Cooking—See: Housewares Industry
Utilities, Public—See: Public Utilities
Vacuum Cleaners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 997
Valuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 997
Valves .... . 997
Variable Annuities—See: Annuities
Variety Stores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 997
Varnish and Varnishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998
VCR—See: Video Recording Industry
Vegetable Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 998
Vegetable Oil Industry—See: Oil and Fats Industry
Vending Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999
Venture Capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 999
Veterans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1001
Veterinary Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002
Vice—See: Crime and Criminals
Video Cameras—See: Video Recording Industry
Video Recording Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1002
Videocassettes—See: Video Recording Industry
Videodiscs—See: Video Recording Industry
Videotape—See: Video Recording Industry
Videotex/Teletext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003
Viewtext—See: Videotex/Teletext
Virtual Reality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1004
Viruses, Computer—See: Computer Crime and Security
Visual Education—See: Audiovisual Aids in Education
Vital Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1004
Vitamins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1005
Vocabulary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1006
Vocational Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1006
Vocational Guidance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1006
Vocational Rehabilitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1007
Vocations—See: Occupations
Voice Recognition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1007
Volume Feeding—See: Food Service Industry
Wage Differentials—See: Wages and Salaries
Wage Incentives—See: Wages and Salaries
Wage Negotiations—See: Collective Bargaining
Wages and Salaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1009
Wallpaper Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1010
Warehouses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1010
Warm Air Heating—See: Heating and Ventilation
Washing Machine Industry—See: Electric Appliance Industry
Waste Disposal—See: Sanitation Industry
Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011
Waste Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1011
Watch Industry—See: Clock and Watch Industry
Water Pollution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1012
Water Power—See: Hydroelectric Industry
Water Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1012
Waterfronts—See: Ports
Waterways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1013
Waterworks—See: Water Supply
Wealthy Consumers—See: Affluent Market
Weapons Market—See: Defense Industries; Military Market
Weather and Weather Forecasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1013
Weaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1014
Weekly Newspapers—See: Newspapers
Weight Control—See: Diet
Weights and Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1014
Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1014
Welfare, Public—See: Public Welfare
Wellness Programs—See: Employee Wellness Programs
Wharves—See: Ports
Wheat Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1015
Whiskey Industry—See: Distilling Industry
White Collar Crime—See: Crime and Criminals; Fraud and
Embezzlement
Wholesale Trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1015
Wills .... . 1017
Wind Energy—See: Cogeneration of Energy
Window Covering Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1017
Window Displays—See: Display of Merchandise
Windows (Software) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1017
Wine Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1018
Wire Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1019
Wiring, Electric—See: Electrical Construction Industry
Women Accountants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1020
Women Engineers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1020
Women Executives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1020
Women in Industry—See: Employment of Women; Women in the
Work Force
Women in the Work Force . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1021
Women Lawyers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1026
Women Managers—See: Women Executives
Women Physicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1026
Women’s Apparel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1026
Women’s Clubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027
Wood—See: Forest Products; Lumber Industry
Wood Finishing—See: Woodworking Industries
Woodpulp Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027
Woodworking Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1028
Wool and Worsted Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1029
Word Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1029
Words—See: Vocabulary
Work Clothes—See: Uniforms
Work Force—See: Labor Supply
Work Measurement—See: Time and Motion Study
Work Schedules—See: Factory Management; Industrial
Management
Work Simplification—See: Time and Motion Study
Work Stoppages—See: Strikes and Lockouts
Work Study—See: Time and Motion Study
Workers’ Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1030
Working Class—See: Labor
Working Mothers—See: Employment of Women; Women in the
Work Force
Working Women—See: Employment of Women; Women in the
Work Force
Workmen’s Compensation—See: Workers’ Compensation
Workshops—See: Conferences, Workshops, and Seminars
World Banking—See: International Finance
World Law—See: International Law and Regulation
World Trade—See: Foreign Trade
World Wide Web—See: Internet
Worsted Industry—See: Wool and Worsted Industry
Worthless Securities—See: Obsolete Securities
Writers and Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1031
Writing, Business—See: Business Correspondence; Report
Writing; Writers and Writing
Writing Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1032
Writing, Technical—See: Technical Writing
X-Ray Equipment Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033
Yachts—See: Boat Industry
Yarn .... . 1035
Youth Market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1036
Zero-Base Budgeting—See: Budgeting, Business
Zero Defects—See: Quality Control
Zinc Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1037
Zip Code—See: Postal Services
Zoning ...1037