eBook Conflict And Conquest In Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Alexander Mikaberidze
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598843370
  • ISBN-13: 9781598843378
  • DDC: 909.09767
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1042 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released February 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Military-political conflict—and the resulting factionalism, shifts in leadership, and divergent belief systems—has been a constant and crucial part of the Islamic world. In order to fully grasp the cultural, social, or political aspects of Islam in the modern world, it is necessary to comprehend the rich tapestry of Islamic history from pre-Islamic times to the present, much of which involved armed conflict. Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia provides hundreds of entries on wars, revolutions, sieges, institutions, leaders, armies, weapons, and other aspects of wars and military life, enabling readers to understand the complex role conflict has played in Islamic life throughout history and see how Islamic warfare has evolved over the centuries. This reference work covers not only the traditional Middle Eastern regions and countries but also provides relevant historical information regarding Islam in North Africa, Central Asia, Southeastern Asia, and Oceania.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editorial Board.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Thematic List of Entries.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Chronological List of Major Conflicts and Battles in the Islamic World from the Seventh Century to the Present.
1: Abaka (1234–1282).
2: Abbas Mirza (1789–1833).
3: Abbas the Great (1571–1629).
4: Abbasid Revolution (747–751).
5: Abbasids.
6: Abd Allah ibn al-Zubair (ca. 622/624–692).
7: Abd Allah ibn Iskandar (1533/1534–1598).
8: Abd al-Qadir (Abdelkader) (1808–1883).
9: Abd al-Rahman al-Ghafiqi (eighth century).
10: Abd al-Rahman III (889/891–961).
11: Abd el-Krim, Mohamed Ben (ca. 1882–1963).
12: Abdali, Ahmad Shah (1723–1773).
13: Abdallah ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Sarh (d. ca. 657).
14: Abdallah Pasha Kopruluzade (d. 1735).
15: Abdul Rahman, Campaigns of.
16: Abdulkerim Nadir Pasha (1807–1883).
17: Abid al-Bukhari.
18: Abu Awn (d. ca.784).
19: Abu Muslim Khorasani (d. 755).
20: Abulustayn (Elbistan), Battle of (1277).
21: Aceh War (1873–1903).
22: Acehnese Rebellion (1953–1959).
23: Acre, Siege of (1189–1191).
24: Acre, Siege of (1291).
25: Acre, Siege of (1840).
26: Adrianople, Battle of (1362).
27: Adrianople, Treaty of (1444).
28: Adrianople, Treaty of (1713).
29: Adrianople, Treaty of (1829).
30: Afghan Civil War (1928–1929).
31: Afghanistan, Soviet War in (1978–1989).
32: Afghanistan, U.S. War in (2001–).
33: Afghan-Maratha War (1758–1761).
34: Ager Sanguinis, Battle of (1119).
35: Agha Muhammad Khan Qajar (1742–1797).
36: Ahmad Bey of Tunis (1806–1855).
37: Ahmad Gran (ca. 1506-1543).
38: Ahmad Shah Massoud (1953–2001).
39: Ahmadabad, Battle (1572).
40: Ajnadain, Battle of (634).
41: Akbar (1542–1605).
42: Akhal-Teke Expeditions (1879, 1880–1881).
43: Akkerman, Convention of (1826).
44: Akroinon, Battle of (739).
45: Al Qaeda.
46: Al Qaeda in Iraq.
47: Ala al-Din Khalji (Alauddin Khilji) (r. 1296–1316).
48: Al-Adil (ca. 1144–1218).
49: Al-Afal (d. 1122).
50: Al-Afshin, Haydar ibn Kawuz (d. 841).
51: Al-Amin, Muhammad (d. 813).
52: Al-Anfal Campaign (1987–1988).
53: Alarcos, Battle of (1195).
54: Albanian-Ottoman Wars (1444–1468).
55: Alcazarquivir, Battle of (1578).
56: Alexandria, Sack of (1365).
57: Alexandropol, Treaty of (1920).
58: Algeciras Conference (1906).
59: Algeria, French Conquest of (1830–1857).
60: Algeria Civil War (1992–1999).
61: Algerian War (1954–1962).
62: Algiers Agreement (1975).
63: Ali Bey al-Kabir (1728–1773).
64: Ali Ibn Abi Talib (d. 661).
65: Al-Mansur, Ahmad Ibn Muhammad (1549–1603).
66: Almohads.
67: Almoravids.
68: Alp Arslan (Ca. 1030–1072).
69: Amanullah Khan (1892–1960).
70: Amasya (Amassia), Treaty of (1555).
71: Amgala, Battles of (1976–1979).
72: Amr ibn al-As (Al-Aasi) (ca. 585–664).
73: Anglo-Afghan War (1839–1842).
74: Anglo-Afghan War (1878–1880).
75: Anglo-Afghan War (1919).
76: Anglo-Egyptian Treaty (1936).
77: Anglo-Iranian Agreements.
78: Anglo-Iranian Oil Crisis (1951–1953).
79: Anglo-Iranian War (1856–1857).
80: Anglo-Iraqi Treaty (1930).
81: Anglo-Jordanian Defense Treaty (1948).
82: Anglo-Ottoman Convention (1838).
83: Anglo-Ottoman War (The Dardanelles Expedition) (1807).
84: Anglo-Russian Convention (1907).
85: Anglo-Sudan War (1883–1899).
86: Ankara, Battle of (1402).
87: Ankara, Pact of (1939).
88: Annual, Battle of (1921).
89: Antioch, Battles of (1097–1098).
90: Antioch on the Meander, Battle of (1211).
91: Aqaba, Battle of (1917).
92: Arab Legion.
93: Arab Revolt of 1916–1918.
94: Arab Revolt of 1936–1939.
95: Arabi, Ahmed Pasha (ca. 1840–1911).
96: Arab-Israeli War (1948).
97: Arab-Israeli War (1956).
98: Arab-Israeli War (1967).
99: Arab-Israeli War (1973).
100: Arafat, Yasir (1929–2004).
101: Armenian Massacres.
102: Army of Islam.
103: Arsuf, Battle of (1191).
104: Artah, Battle of (1164).
105: Asabiyya.
106: Assassins.
107: Aurangzeb (1618–1707).
108: Auspicious Incident (1826).
109: Austro-Ottoman Wars.
110: Ayn Jalut, Battle of (1260).
111: Ayyubids.
112: Babak (d. 838).
113: Babur (1483–1530).
114: Badr, Battle of (623).
115: Badr Al-Jamali (d. 1094).
116: Baghavard, Battle of (1735).
117: Baghavard, Battle of (1745).
118: Baghdad, Battle for (2003).
119: Baghdad, Battle of (1733).
120: Baghdad, Fall of (1917).
121: Baghdad, Siege of (812–813).
122: Baghdad, Siege of (1258).
123: Baghdad, Siege of (1401).
124: Baghdad, Siege of (1638).
125: Baghdad Pact (1955).
126: Bakhchisarai, Treaty of (1681).
127: Balak Ibn Bahram (d. 1124).
128: Balkan Wars (1912–1913).
129: Balkans, Ottoman Conquest of the.
130: Balta Liman, Convention of (1849).
131: Bandung Conference (1955).
132: Bapheus, Battle of (1301).
133: Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (d. 1546).
134: Barbary Corsairs.
135: Barbary Wars (1783–1815).
136: Bardo, Treaty of (1881).
137: Basian, Battle of (1203).
138: Basmachi Revolt (1918–1924).
139: Basra, Battle for (2003).
140: Bassorah, Battle of (Battle of the Camel) (656).
141: Batum (Batumi), Treaty of (1918).
142: Baybars I (d. 1277).
143: Bayezid I (d. 1403).
144: Bayezid II (d. 1512).
145: Bayram Khan (d. 1561).
146: Belgrade, Siege of (1456).
147: Belgrade, Siege of (1521).
148: Belgrade, Treaty of (1739).
149: Berke Khan (d. 1266).
150: Berlin, Treaty of (1878).
151: Black Guard (Morocco).
152: Bonn Agreement (2001).
153: Breadfield, Battle of (1479).
154: British Mandates.
155: Bucharest, Treaty of (1812).
156: Buczacz, Treaty of (1672).
157: Busza, Treaty of (1617).
158: Byzantine-Muslim Wars (to 1035).
159: Byzantine-Ottoman Wars.
160: Byzantine-Saljuk Wars.
161: Călugăreni, Battle of (1595).
162: Camp David Accords (1978).
163: Caucasian War (1817–1864).
164: Cecora (ŢuÛora), Battle of (1620).
165: Central Asia, Russian Conquest of.
166: Cezayirli Ghazi Hasan Pasha (d. 1790).
167: Chaldiran, Battle of (1514).
168: Char Bouba War (1644–1674).
169: Chernomen, Battle of (1371).
170: Chesma, Battle of (1770).
171: Cold War in the Middle East.
172: Constantinople, Siege of (1453).
173: Constantinople, Treaty of (1479).
174: Constantinople, Treaty of (1562).
175: Constantinople, Treaty of (1700).
176: Constantinople, Treaty of (1720).
177: Constantinople, Treaty of (1832).
178: Constantinople, Treaty of (1913).
179: Covadonga, Battle of (ca. 718 or 722).
180: Crimean War (1853–1856).
181: Cuarte, Battle of (1094).
182: Cyprus, Turkish Invasion of (1974).
183: Damascus, Arab Conquest of (635).
184: Damascus, Fall of (1918).
185: Dandanqan, Battle of (1040).
186: Dar Al-Islam and Dar Al-Harb.
187: Dardanelles Campaign (1915).
188: Dawud Pasha (1767–1851).
189: Definitive Treaty (1812).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Labor Battalions, Ottoman (World War I).
2: Lausanne, Treaty of (1912).
3: Lausanne, Treaty of (1923).
4: Lawrence, Thomas Edward (Lawrence of Arabia) (1888–1935).
5: Lebanon, Civil War in (1975–1990).
6: Lebanon, French Intervention in (1860).
7: Lebanon, Israeli Invasion of (1982).
8: Lebanon, Israeli Operations Against (2006).
9: Lebanon, U.S. Interventions in.
10: Lepanto, Battle of (1571).
11: Libya, U.S. Bombing of (1986).
12: Libyan-Egyptian War (1977).
13: London, Treaty of (1840).
14: London, Treaty of (1913).
15: London Straits Convention (1841).
16: Long Campaign in Hungary (1443–1444).
17: Long War in Hungary (1593–1606).
18: Mahdiyya Movement in Sudan.
19: Mahmud II (1785–1839).
20: Mahmud of Ghazna (r. 998–1030).
21: Maiwand, Battle of (1880).
22: Malik Shah (1055–1092).
23: Malta, Siege of (1565).
24: Mamluk Sultanate.
25: Mamluk-Ilkhanid War.
26: Mamluk-Ottoman War.
27: Mansurah, Battles of (1221, 1249).
28: Manzikert, Battle of (1071).
29: Marj Dabik, Battle of (1516).
30: Massacre at the Citadel (1811).
31: Mauritania-Senegal Border War (1989–1991).
32: Medina, Siege of (1916–1919).
33: Medina Ridge, Battle of (1991).
34: Mehmed Ali (1769–1849).
35: Mehmed II (d. 1481).
36: Messolonghi, Sieges of (1822–1826).
37: Mezokeresztes, Battle of (1596).
38: Middle East, Mongol Invasion of the (1256–1280).
39: Military Education, Ottoman.
40: Military Equipment, Islamic.
41: Military Medicine, Medieval Islamic.
42: Military Raid in Islam.
43: Mohács, Battle of (1526).
44: Mohács, Battles of (1687).
45: Mongols.
46: Mont Gisard, Battle of (1177).
47: Moroccan War of Succession (17th Century).
48: Moroccan-Songhai War (1591–1593).
49: Morocco, French Conquest of (1907–1934).
50: Moudros, Armistice of (1918).
51: Muawiyah (602–680).
52: Müezzinzade Ali Pasha (d. 1571).
53: Mughal-Maratha Wars.
54: Mughal-Safavid Wars.
55: Muhammad, Campaigns of the Prophet.
56: Muhammad al-Kanemi (ca. 1779–1837).
57: Muhammad Bello (1781–1837).
58: Muhammad of Ghur, Conquests of.
59: Muhammed Omar, Mullah (1959–).
60: Murad II (d. 1451).
61: Musa ibn Nusayr (d. ca. 716).
62: Muslim Armies of the Crusades.
63: Muslim Civil War (First).
64: Muslim Civil War (Second).
65: Myriokephalon, Battle of (1176).
66: Nadir Shah (1688–1747).
67: Nagorno-Karabakh War.
68: Nasser, Gamal Abdel (1918–1970).
69: Navarino Bay, Battle of (1827).
70: Navas De Tolosa, Battle of Las (1212).
71: Nikopolis, Crusade of (1396).
72: Ninth Crusade (1271–1272).
73: Nissa, Treaty of (1739).
74: Nizip, Battle of (1839).
75: Non-Aligned Movement.
76: North Africa, Muslim Conquest of.
77: North Africa, Role in World War II.
78: Northern Alliance.
79: Nubia, Relations with Egypt.
80: Nur Al-Din (1118–1174).
81: Ogaden War (1977–1978).
82: Omdurman, Battle of (1898).
83: Osama Bin Laden (1957–2011).
84: Oslo Accords (1993).
85: Osman Nuri Pasha (1832–1900).
86: Otlukbeli, Battle of (1473).
87: Ottoman Army (Early 19th Century).
88: Ottoman Army (World War I).
89: Ottoman Empire, Entry into World War I.
90: Ottoman Empire, Post–World War I Revolution.
91: Ottoman Navy (World War I).
92: Ottoman-Iranian Wars (18th–19th Centuries).
93: Ottoman-Montenegrin Wars.
94: Ottoman-Safavid Wars.
95: Pakistan, War in Northwest (2004–).
96: Palestine Liberation Organization.
97: Panipat, Battles of (1398, 1526, 1556, 1761).
98: Passarowitz, Treaty of (1718).
99: Patrona Khalil Revolt (1730).
100: Persian Gulf War (1991).
101: Peterwardein, Battle of (1716).
102: Piale (Piyale) Pasha (d. 1578).
103: Plassey, Battle of (1757).
104: Plevna (Pleven), Siege of (1877).
105: Polish-Ottoman Wars.
106: Portuguese Colonial Wars in Arabia.
107: Portuguese-Moroccan Wars.
108: Preveza, Battle of (1538).
109: Pruth, Treaty of (1711).
110: Qadisiyya, Battle of (637).
111: Qalawun (1222–1290).
112: Qarmatians.
113: Qutayba (Kutayba) ibn Muslim (Eighth Century).
114: Radical Islam in the 20th Century.
115: Rawalpindi, Treaty of (1919–1921).
116: Rǎzboieni, Battle of (1476).
117: Reconquista.
118: Resht, Treaty of (1732).
119: Reza Shah Pahlavi (1878–1944).
120: Rhodes, Siege of (1522–1523).
121: Ridda Wars (632–633).
122: Rif War (1893–1894).
123: Rif War (1909–1910).
124: Rif War (1920–1927).
125: Rum, Sultanate of.
126: Russo-Afghan Conflict (1885).
127: Russo-Chechen Conflict (1994–1996).
128: Russo-Iranian Wars.
129: Russo-Mongol Wars (13th–14th Centuries).
130: Russo-Ottoman War (1877–1878).
131: Russo-Ottoman Wars.
132: Saadabad Pact (1937).
133: Sadat, Anwar (1918–1981).
134: Saif (Sayf) Al-Dawla (d. 967).
135: Sakarya, Battle of (1921).
136: Saladin (1138–1193).
137: Saljuk War of Succession (1092–1105).
138: Saljuks.
139: Samos, Battle of (1824).
140: San Stefano, Treaty of (1878).
141: Sand War (Moroccan-Algerian War) (1963).
142: Sarikamiş, Battle of (1914–1915).
143: Saudi-Hashemite War (1919–1925).
144: Saudi-Kuwaiti War (1921–1922).
145: Saudi-Ottoman War (1911–1913).
146: Saudi-Rashidi Wars (1887–1921).
147: Saudi-Yemeni War (1934).
148: Second Crusade (1147–1149).
149: Selim I (1470–1520).
150: Selim III (1761–1808).
151: Senussi and Sultan of Darfur Rebellions (1914–1916).
152: Serbian-Ottoman War (1876).
153: Sétif Uprising (1945).
154: Seventh Crusade (1248–1254).
155: Sèvres, Treaty of (1920).
156: Shamil (d. 1871).
157: Sharia, War and.
158: Sher Khan Suri (1486?–1545).
159: Sicily, Muslim Conquest of.
160: Siege Warfare, Islamic Medieval.
161: Siffin, Battle of (657).
162: Sinope, Battle of (1853).
163: Sipahis.
164: Sis, Battle of (1606).
165: Sixth Crusade (1228–1229).
166: Smyrna Crusade (1344).
167: Songhai Empire (15th–16th Centuries).
168: Spain, Arab Conquest of (711–718).
169: Spanish-Algerian Wars.
170: Spanish-Moroccan War (1859–1860).
171: St. Gotthard Abbey, Battle of (1664).
172: St. Petersburg, Treaty of (1723).
173: Sudanese Civil Wars.
174: Sudanese-Ethiopian War (1885–1889).
175: Suicide Bombings.
176: Suleiman the Magnificent (d. 1566).
177: Sunni Ali (D. 1492).
178: Svishtov, Treaty of (1791).
179: Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916).
180: Syrian Campaign (1941).
181: Tafna, Treaty (1837).
182: Tahmasp I, Shah (1514–1576).
183: Tajikistan, Civil War in (1992–1997).
184: Talas, Battle of (751).
185: Taliban.
186: Talikota, Battle of (1565).
187: Tangiers, Treaty of (1844).
188: Tanzimat.
189: Taraori (Tarain), Battles of (1191–1192).
190: Tariq ibn Ziyad (d. 720).
191: Tarsusi, Ali ibn Murdi al- (12th Century).
192: Tehran Treaty (1814).
193: Terrorism.
194: Third Crusade (1187–1192).
195: Timur (1336–1405).
196: Tondibi, Battle of (1591).
197: Toure, Askia Muhammad (1442–1538).
198: Tours, Battle of (732).