eBook World Terrorism: An Encyclopedia of Political Violence from Ancient Times to the Post–9/11 Era, 1st Edition

  • James Ciment
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0765682826
  • ISBN-13: 9780765682826
  • DDC: 363.32503
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1016 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released September 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Comprehensive, up-to-date, and deep in coverage, World Terrorism offers the most complete and authoritative reference resource on one of the most critical issues in the world today. Organized thematically (Topic Finder) or alphabetically (Browse), more than 250 articles cover the broad sweep of political violence throughout history; groups, causes, and incidents in countries and regions across the globe; underlying issues of definition and viewpoint; the tactics, methods, and aim of modern terrorists; and approaches to counterterrorism. A special section covers the attacks of September 11, their aftermath, and their immediate and longer-term effects. A detailed chronology, directory of terrorist groups and individuals, glossary of terms and institutions, and master bibliography—books, articles, reports, and Web sites—both extend the coverage and point the way to outside resources.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
World Terrorism: Table of Contents.
Introduction: The Problem and Meaning of World Terrorism.
A-Z Entries.
1: Afghanistan: Rise of the Taliban, 1990s.
2: Afghanistan: Soviet War, 1979–1989.
3: Afghanistan: Terrorist Haven Under the Taliban, 1994–2001.
4: Afghanistan: U.S. Invasion and War, 2001–Present.
5: Airport Security, U.S., Post–9/11.
6: Algeria: Fundamentalist Conflict, 1980s–Present.
7: Algeria: Liberation War Against France, 1954–1962.
8: Al-Qaeda.
9: Ancient World: Greece and Rome.
10: Angola: Civil and Separatist Wars, 1975–2000s.
11: Anti-Muslim Sentiment, Post–9/11.
12: Argentina: Leftist Terrorism and the “Dirty War,” 1960s–1980s.
13: Asia, Middle Ages: Mongols.
14: Asia and the Pacific: Japanese Occupation, 1931–1945.
15: Assassination.
16: Asymmetric Warfare.
17: Bahrain: Shiite Struggle, 1980s–Present.
18: Bin Laden, Osama.
19: Bin Laden, Osama: Pursuit and Death of, 1998–2011.
20: Bosnia: Civil Conflict, 1991–1995.
21: Brazil: Military Dictatorship, 1964–1985.
22: British Empire: Counterterrorism Before 1945.
23: Cambodia: Genocide and Civil Conflict, 1975–1978.
24: Canada: International Terrorism, 1970s–Present.
25: Canada: Quebec Separatism, 1960s–1970s.
26: Central Asian Republics: Islamist Terrorism, 1991–Present.
27: Chile: Coup and Dictatorship, 1965–1989.
28: China: Uighur and Muslim Unrest, 1990s–Present.
29: Civil Liberties, Civil Rights, and National Security, Post –9/11.
30: Cleanup and Rebuilding, Post–9/11.
31: Collaboration Among Terrorists.
32: Colombia: Guerrilla Warfare and Narco-Terrorism, 1960s–Present.
33: Counterterrorism (Overview).
34: Cyberterrorism and Information Warfare.
35: Cyprus: Anti-British Struggle, 1954–1958.
36: Definitions, Views, and Categories of Terrorism (Overview).
37: Domestic vs. International Terrorism.
38: Drone Attacks and Assassinations, Counterterrorist.
39: Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime Connections.
40: Eastern Europe and Soviet Union: Anti-German Resistance, 1939–1945.
41: Eastern Europe and Soviet Union: German Occupation, 1939–1945.
42: Economic Impact of 9/11, Global.
43: Economic Impact of 9/11, U.S..
44: Egypt: Fundamentalist Struggle, 1980s–2000s.
45: El Salvador: Civil War, 1970s–1992.
46: Emergency Response to 9/11: Police, Firefighters, Medical Personnel.
47: Eritrea: Anti-Ethiopian Struggle and Somali Civil War, 1961–2000s.
48: Ethnonationalist Terrorism.
49: Europe: Holocaust, 1933–1945.
50: Europe, Middle Ages.
51: Europe and Japan: German and Allied Bombing, 1939–1945.
52: European Colonial Conquests, 18th–20th Centuries.
53: Financial Counterterrorism.
54: Finland: Civil War, 1918.
55: France: Anarchism, 1880s–1890s.
56: France: Anti-German Resistance, 1940–1945.
57: France: Ethnic, Nationalist, and Separatist Struggles, 1960s–1990s.
58: France: Islamist Terrorism, 1990s.
59: France: Left-Wing Terrorism and Activism, 1970s–2000s.
60: France: Paris Commune, 1871.
61: France: Response to Anti-Colonial Struggles, 1946–1962.
62: France: Revolution, 1789–1815.
63: France: Right-Wing Terrorism, 1960s–1990s.
64: France and Italy: German Occupation, 1940–1945.
65: Freelance, Contract, and Lone Zealot Terrorists.
66: Germany: Waffen SS, 1939–1945.
67: Germany: World War II Atrocities and Crimes, 1939–1945.
68: Germany, West: Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang), 1960s–1980s.
69: Germany and Japan: War Crimes Trials, 1945–1948.
70: Greece: Civil War, 1944–1953.
71: Greece: Domestic and International Terrorism, 1973–2000s.
72: Guatemala: Civil War, 1960s–1996.
73: Hijackers, 9/11.
74: Hijacking.
75: Historical Roots—Terrorism Through World War II (Overview).
76: Homeland Defense, U.S.: Organization and Policy, Post–9/11.
77: Hostage Negotiations.
78: Hunt for Al-Qaeda and Terrorist Networks, 2001–Present.
79: Ideological Orientation in Modern Terrorism: Anti-Western and Anti-U.S..
80: Immigration Policy and Border Defense, U.S., Post–9/11.
81: Imprisonment and Legal Status of Detainees, Post–9/11.
82: India: Anti-British Struggle, 1900–1947.
83: India: Kashmir Struggle, 1947–Present.
84: India: Sikh Nationalism, 1970s–1990s.
85: Indochina (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam): Anti-French Conflict, 1946–1954.
86: Indonesia: Islamist Militancy, 1990s–Present.
87: Intelligence Community, U.S.: Pre-9/11 Failures and Successes.
88: Intelligence Community, U.S.: Response to 9/11.
89: Intelligence, Counterterrorist.
90: International Cooperation Against Terrorism.
91: International Law and the War on Terrorism.
92: Internet, Terrorist Use of.
93: Iran: Revolution and Post-Revolution Violence, 1970s–Present.
94: Iran: State Sponsorship of Terrorism, 1980s–Present.
95: Iraq: Saddam Hussein Regime, 1968–2003.
96: Iraq: State Terrorism Against the Kurds, 1968–2003.
97: Iraq: U.S. Invasion and Post–Saddam Hussein Era, 2003–Present.
98: Ireland: Independence Struggle, 1916–1923.
99: Islamist Fundamentalist Terrorism.
100: Israel: Raid on Entebbe, 1976.
101: Israel: Raids on the PLO, 1960s–1980s.
102: Israel: Response to Terrorism, 1948–Present.
103: Israel: War of Independence, 1948–1949.
104: Israel/Palestine: Jewish Terrorism, 1940s–Present.
105: Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, 1960s–Present.
106: Italy: Red Brigades, 1969–1984.
107: Japan: Atomic Bomb, 1945.
108: Japan: Aum Shinrikyo Terrorism, 1980s–1990s.
109: Japan: Radical Attacks, 1960s–1980s.
110: Jordan: Palestinian Nationalism and Islamic Fundamentalism, 1960s–2000s.
111: Kenya: Mau Mau Uprising, 1952–1956.
112: Kenya and Tanzania: U.S. Embassy Bombings, 1998.
113: Kidnapping and Extortion.
114: Korea: Korean War, 1950–1953.
115: Korea, North: WMD Threat, 1980s–Present.
116: Law Enforcement, Counterterrorist.
117: Lebanon: Civil War, 1975–1990.
118: Lebanon: Hezbollah, 1982–Present.
119: Lebanon: Post–Civil War Era, 1987–Present.
120: Left-Wing and Revolutionary Terrorism.
121: Libya: State Sponsorship of Terrorism, 1970s–2000s.
122: Macedonia: Anti-Turkish Resistance, 1893–1939.
123: Malaysia (Malaya): Anti-British Conflict, 1948–1960.
124: Mass-Casualty Attacks and Strategic Targets.
125: Media and Propaganda in Counterterrorism.
126: Media Coverage and Manipulation in Modern Terrorism.
127: Media Coverage of 9/11.
128: Mexico: Narco-Terrorism, 2000s–Present.
129: Mexico: Zapatista Uprising, 1994–2000s.
130: Middle East, Middle Ages: Assassins’ Cult.
131: Modern Terrorism—Post–World War II Era (Overview).
132: Money: Raising, Laundering, and Transfer.
133: Namibia: Anti–South African Struggle, 1960–1990.
134: National Political Response to 9/11, U.S..
135: Nepal: Maoist Uprising, 1996–2006.
136: New York City and State Response to 9/11.
137: Nicaragua: Revolution and Counterrevolution, 1974–1990.
138: Nigeria: Antigovernment Violence and Christmas Day Bomber, 1960s–2000s.
139: Norway: German Occupation, 1940–1945.
140: Organization of Terrorist Groups.
141: Ottoman Empire (Turkey): Armenian Massacres and Genocide, 1894–1896, 1914–1916.
142: Pakistan: Islamist Struggle, 1947–Present.
143: Palestine: Beginning of International Terrorism, 1968–1970.
144: Palestine: Birth of Fatah and the Palestine Liberation Organization, 1948–1969.
145: Palestine, British: 1920–1947.
146: Palestine: First Intifada, 1987–1992.
147: Palestine: Islamist Fundamentalism, 1980s–Present.
148: Palestine: PLO and the Arab States, 1970s–Present.
149: Palestinian Terrorism: Hijacking of the Achille Lauro, 1985.
150: Palestinian Terrorism: Raids on Kiryat Shmona and Ma’alot, 1974.
151: Peru: Shining Path and Leftist Uprisings, 1970s–2000s.
152: Philippines: Marxist and Islamist Struggles, 1940s–2000s.
153: Portuguese Africa (Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique): Liberation Struggles, 1961–1975.
154: Privacy Issues and Government Spying, Post–9/11.
155: Psychology of Terrorists.
156: Recruitment and Training of Terrorists.
157: Religious (Non-Islamist) Terrorism.
158: Right-Wing and Reactionary Terrorism.
159: Romania: Nazi Collaboration, 1940–1942.
160: Russia: Anarchism, 1878–1881.
161: Russia: Chechnya Conflict, 1994–Present.
162: Russia: Civil War, 1917–1921.
163: Russia/Soviet Union: Ethnic and Nationalist Conflict in the Transcaucasus Region and Ukraine, 1980s–2000s.
164: Rwanda: Genocide, 1994–2000s.
165: Safe Havens, Terrorist.
166: Saudi Arabia: Domestic and International Terrorism, 1980s–2000s.
167: Security and Defense Legislation, U.S., Post–9/11.
168: September 11, 2001: Attacks and Response (Overview).
169: September 11, 2001: International Reaction (Overview).
170: September 11, 2001: Political, Legal, and Social Issues (Overview).
171: September 11, 2001: Security and Defense Responses (Overview).
172: Serbia: Kosovo Conflict, 1990s.
173: Shock and Mourning, Post–9/11.
174: Sierra Leone: Civil War, 1997–2002.
175: Somalia: Failed State Conflict and Rise of Islamist Militants, 1977–2000s.
176: South Africa: Antiapartheid Struggle, 1948–1994.
177: South Africa: Postapartheid Violence, 1994–2000s.
178: Soviet Union: Stalinism, 1928–1953.
179: Soviet Union: Wartime Atrocities and Crimes, 1941–1945.
180: Spain: Conflict with ETA, 1959–2000s.
181: Spain: Islamist Terrorism, 2004.
182: Special Events Security, Post–9/11.
183: Special Operations, Counterterrorist.
184: Sri Lanka: Tamil Tiger Uprising, Late 1970s–2009.
185: State vs. Nonstate Terrorism.
186: State-Sponsored Terrorism.
187: Sudan: Conflicts in South Sudan and Darfur, Late 1950s–2000s.
188: Sudan: Terrorist Haven, 1989–2000s.
189: Suicide Attacks.
190: Syria: State Sponsorship of Terrorism, 1979–2000s.
191: Tactics, Methods, and Aims of Modern Terrorism (Overview).
192: Technology, Terrorist and Counterterrorist.
193: Terror Threat Warnings, Post–9/11.
194: Timor Leste (East Timor): Independence Struggle, 1975–2002.