eBook Health and Disease in Society: Medicine and Healers Through History, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615304053
  • ISBN-13: 9781615304059
  • DDC: 610.9
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 240 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

The diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease remains a challenging undertaking as emerging disorders and pandemics are constantly presenting new opposition. Behind the practice of medicine is a treasury of great minds and healers who have endeavored tirelessly at the forefront of disease management. This compelling volume introduces readers to the development of medicine over the centuries and to those intrepid individuals who have dedicated their lives to safeguarding the welfare of people around the world.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Ancient Medicine and Its Practitioners.
2: Primitive Medicine and Folklore.
3: Medicine Man.
4: The Ancient Middle East and Egypt.
5: Imhotep.
6: Traditional Medicine and Surgery in Asia.
7: India.
8: China.
9: Japan.
10: The Roots of Western Medicine.
11: Early Greece.
12: Hippocrates.
13: Hippocratic Oath.
14: Hellenistic and Roman Medicine.
15: Public Baths.
16: Medicine in the Medieval and Renaissance Eras.
17: Christian and Muslim Reservoirs of Learning.
18: Translators and Saints.
19: Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq.
20: Arabian Medicine.
21: Medieval and Renaissance Europe.
22: Salerno and the Medical Schools.
23: The Spread of New Learning.
24: The Enlightenment.
25: Harvey and the Experimental Method.
26: The Futile Search for an Easy System.
27: Medicine in the 18th Century.
28: Midwifery.
29: Major Figures in 18th-Century Medicine.
30: William Cullen.
31: Edward Jenner.
32: René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laënnec.
33: Benjamin Rush.
34: Lazzaro Spallanzani.
35: The Rise of Scientific Medicine in the 19th Century.
36: Emergence of Physiology.
37: Verification of Germ Theory.
38: Discoveries in Clinical Medicine and Anesthesia.
39: Chloroform.
40: Advances at the End of the 19th Century.
41: Filarial Worm.
42: Notable 19th-Century Physicians.
43: William Beaumont.
44: Claude Bernard.
45: Jules Bordet.
46: Gardner Quincy Colton.
47: Carlos J. Finlay.
48: Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle.
49: Sir Patrick Manson.
50: William Thomas Morton.
51: Johannes Peter Müller.
52: Francesco Redi.
53: Sir Ronald Ross.
54: Sir James Young Simpson.
55: John Snow.
56: Immunology and the 20th-Century Fight Against Infectious Disease.
57: Infectious Diseases and Chemotherapy.
58: The Introduction of Antibiotics.
59: Sulfonamide Drugs.
60: Sulfonamide.
61: Penicillin.
62: Antituberculous Drugs.
63: Other Antibiotics.
64: Immunology and Immunization.
65: Antibacterial Vaccination.
66: Typhoid Mary.
67: Immunization Against Viral Diseases.
68: The Immune Response.
69: Major 20th-Century Figures in Immunology and Infectious Disease.
70: Emil von Behring.
71: Sir Ernst Boris Chain.
72: Leonard Colebrook.
73: Paul Ehrlich.
74: Sir Alexander Fleming.
75: Howard Walter Florey.
76: Camille Guérin.
77: Kitasato Shibasaburo.
78: Albert Bruce Sabin.
79: Jonas Edward Salk.
80: Selman Waksman.
81: Progress in the Understanding of Disease in the 20th Century.
82: Endocrinology.
83: Epinephrine and Norepinephrine.
84: Insulin.
85: Cortisone.
86: Sex Hormones.
87: Nutrition and Vitamins.
88: Tropical Medicine.
89: Notable Figures in the Advancement of 20th-Century Medicine.
90: Sir Frederick Banting.
91: Sir William Maddock Bayliss.
92: Charles H. Best.
93: Adolf Butenandt.
94: Christiaan Eijkman.
95: Beriberi.
96: Philip Showalter Hench.
97: Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins.
98: Edward Calvin Kendall.
99: J.J.R. Macleod.
100: George Richards Minot.
101: William P. Murphy.
102: George Redmayne Murray.
103: Tadeus Reichstein.
104: Leopold Ružička.
105: Ernest Henry Starling.
106: Jokichi Takamine.
107: George H. Whipple.
108: Developments in the Understanding of Cancer.
109: Achieving a Basic Understanding of Cancer.
110: Radium.
111: The Role of Retroviruses.
112: Smoking and Health.
113: Major Figures in the History of Cancer Research.
114: David Baltimore.
115: J. Michael Bishop.
116: Johannes Fibiger.
117: Charles B. Huggins.
118: Salvador Luria.
119: Sir Percivall Pott.
120: Peyton Rous.
121: Elizabeth Stern.
122: E. Donnall Thomas.
123: Harold Varmus.
124: Rudolf Virchow.
125: Bert Vogelstein.
126: Surgery in the 20th Century and Beyond.
127: Obstacles in the Development of Surgery.
128: Changes Before World War I.
129: Abdominal Surgery.
130: Neurosurgery.
131: Radiology.
132: Surgery and World War I.
133: Dakin's Solution.
134: Between the World Wars.
135: The Problem of Shock.
136: Anesthesia and Thoracic Surgery.
137: World War II and After.
138: Support from Other Technologies.
139: Heart Surgery.
140: Organ Transplantation.
141: Contemporary Surgery.
142: Notable Figures in Surgery from the 19th Century to Today.
143: Christiaan Barnard.
144: Theodor Billroth.
145: Denton A. Cooley.
146: Harvey Williams Cushing.
147: Michael DeBakey.
148: Clarence Dennis.
149: Charles Richard Drew.
150: William Stewart Halsted.
151: Sir Victor Horsley.
152: Karl Landsteiner.
153: Norman E. Shumway.
154: Daniel Hale Williams.
155: Nursing and Influential Nurses in History.
156: Historical Overview of Nursing.
157: Florence Nightingale.
158: Family Ties and Spiritual Awakening.
159: Nursing in Peace and War.
160: Homecoming and Legacy.
161: Mary Ann Bickerdyke.
162: Florence A. Blanchfield.
163: Mary Breckinridge.
164: Edith Cavell.
165: Sue Sophia Dauser.
166: Jane A. Delano.
167: Sister Mary Joseph Dempsey.
168: Clara Maass.
169: Mary Mahoney.
170: Lucy Minnigerode.
171: Mary Adelaide Nutting.
172: Mary Seacole.
173: Mabel Keaton Staupers.
174: Florence Wald.
175: Lillian D. Wald.
176: Henry Street Settlement.
177: Pioneers of Modern Medicine.
178: Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt.
179: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson.
180: Virginia Apgar.
181: Apgar Score System.
182: Oswald Avery.
183: Sara Josephine Baker.
184: William Bateson.
185: Alexander Gordon Bearn.
186: Elizabeth Blackwell.
187: Baruch S. Blumberg.
188: Emeline Horton Cleveland.
189: Mary Putnam Jacobi.
190: Mayo Family.
191: Menninger Family.
192: Antonia Novello.
193: Sir William Osler.
194: Mary Jane Safford.