eBook Encyclopedia Of North American Indian Wars, 1607-1890, The: A Political, Social, And Military History, 1st Edition

  • Spencer C. Tucker Texas Christian University
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851096035
  • ISBN-13: 9781851096039
  • DDC: 970.004
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1318 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released February 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This encyclopedia provides a broad, in-depth, and multidisciplinary look at the causes and effects of warfare between whites and Native Americans, encompassing nearly three centuries of history.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
About the Editors.
Editorial Advisory Board Members.
ABC-CLIO Military History Advisory Board Members.
Contents.
List of Entries.
List of Maps.
List of Tables.
Preface.
General Maps.
Overview: Four Centuries of Conflict.
Introduction.
1: Abenakis.
2: Abenaki Wars.
3: Acoma Pueblo, Battle of.
4: Adobe Walls, First Battle of.
5: Adobe Walls, Second Battle of.
6: Agriculture.
7: Albany Conference.
8: Albany Congress.
9: Aleut Rebellion.
10: Algonquins.
11: American Horse.
12: Amherst, Jeffrey.
13: Amherst's Decree.
14: Anglo-Powhatan War, First.
15: Anglo-Powhatan War, Second.
16: Anglo-Powhatan War, Third.
17: Apache Pass, Battle of.
18: Apaches.
19: Apache Wars.
20: Apalachee Revolt.
21: Apalachees.
22: Appalachian Mountains.
23: Appomattocks.
24: Arapahos.
25: Arapahos, Northern.
26: Arapahos, Southern.
27: Arikaras.
28: Arikara Scouts.
29: Arikara War.
30: Artillery.
31: Ash Hollow, Battle of.
32: Athapascans.
33: Atkinson, Henry.
34: Attakullakulla.
35: Augur, Christopher Columbus.
36: Augusta, Congress of.
37: Bacon's Rebellion.
38: Bad Axe, Battle of.
39: Bannock War.
40: Barbed Wire.
41: Barboncito.
42: Bascom Affair.
43: Bear Paw Mountains, Battle of.
44: Bear River, Battle of.
45: Beaver Wars.
46: Beecher Island, Battle of.
47: Belknap, William Worth.
48: Bent, Charles.
49: Bent, William.
50: Benteen, Frederick William.
51: Bent's Fort.
52: Berkeley, William.
53: Bierstadt, Albert.
54: Big Bend, Battle of.
55: Big Foot.
56: Big Hole, Battle of the.
57: Billy Bowlegs.
58: Birch Coulee, Battle of.
59: Birch Creek, Battle of.
60: Black Elk.
61: Blackfoot Confederacy.
62: Blackfoot Sioux.
63: Black Hawk.
64: Black Hawk War.
65: Black Hills, South Dakota.
66: Black Hills Gold Rush.
67: Black Hoof.
68: Black Kettle.
69: Black Point, Attacks on.
70: Black Robes.
71: Black Swamp.
72: Blockhouses.
73: Bloody Brook Massacre.
74: Bloody Knife.
75: Blue Jacket.
76: Blue Licks, Kentucky, Action at.
77: Boomtown.
78: Boone, Daniel.
79: Boonesborough, Kentucky.
80: Bosque Redondo.
81: Bouquet, Henry.
82: Bow and Arrow.
83: Boyer, Mitch.
84: Bozeman, John.
85: Bozeman Trail.
86: Braddock, Edward.
87: Braddock's Campaign.
88: Brant, Joseph.
89: Brims of Coweta.
90: Brodhead Expedition.
91: Brookfield, Siege of.
92: Brown, Thomas.
93: Brulé Sioux.
94: Buffalo.
95: Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.
96: Buffalo Hump.
97: Buffalo Soldiers.
98: Bureau of Indian Affairs.
99: Burnt Corn Creek, Battle of.
100: Bushy Run, Battle of.
101: Butler, John.
102: Butterfield Overland Mail Route.
103: Caddos.
104: Caesar.
105: Cahokia-Fox Raid.
106: Calhoun, James Silas.
107: Calhoun, John Caldwell.
108: California Gold Rush.
109: Camas Meadows, Battle of.
110: Camels.
111: Cameron, Alexander.
112: Camp Grant Massacre.
113: Canada.
114: Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg.
115: Canby's Campaign.
116: Cannibalism.
117: Canonchet.
118: Canoes.
119: Canyon Creek, Battle of.
120: Canyon de Chelly, Arizona.
121: Captivity Narratives.
122: Captivity of Europeans by Indians.
123: Captivity of Indians by Europeans.
124: Captivity of Indians by Indians.
125: Carbines.
126: Carleton, James Henry.
127: Carleton's Campaign.
128: Carr, Eugene Asa.
129: Carrington, Henry Beebe.
130: Carson, Christopher Houston.
131: Casco, Treaty of.
132: Catawbas.
133: Catlin, George.
134: Cattle Industry.
135: Cavalry, Native American.
136: Cavalry, U.S. Army.
137: Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Colorado.
138: Cavalry Regiment, 4th U.S..
139: Cavalry Regiment, 5th U.S..
140: Cavalry Regiment, 6th U.S..
141: Cavalry Regiment, 7th U.S..
142: Cavalry Regiment, 8th U.S..
143: Cavalry Regiment, 9th U.S..
144: Cavalry Regiment, 10th U.S..
145: Cayugas.
146: Chacato Troubles.
147: Chaffee, Adna Romanza, Sr..
148: Champlain, Samuel de.
149: Cherokee Alphabet.
150: Cherokees.
151: Cherokees, Campaigns against.
152: Cherokee War.
153: Cheyenne-Arapaho War.
154: Cheyenne Campaign.
155: Cheyennes.
156: Cheyennes, Northern.
157: Cheyennes, Southern.
158: Chickahominys.
159: Chickamaugas.
160: Chickasaws.
161: Chickasaw Wars.
162: Chillicothe, Ohio, Battles on the Little Miami River.
163: Chivington, John.
164: Choctaw-Chickasaw War.
165: Choctaw Civil War.
166: Choctaws.
167: Church, Benjamin.
168: Cibecue Creek, Incident at.
169: Clark, George Rogers.
170: Clark, William.
171: Clark's Garrison, Battle of.
172: Clark's Ohio Campaign, First.
173: Clark's Ohio Campaign, Second.
174: Clearwater River, Battle of.
175: Clinch, Duncan Lamont.
176: Cochise.
177: Cockacoeske.
178: Cody, William Frederick.
179: Coeur d'Alenes.
180: Coeur d'Alene War.
181: Coffee, John.
182: Colorow.
183: Colt, Samuel.
184: Colt Revolver.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Mabila, Battle of.
2: Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell.
3: Mackenzie's Mexico Raid.
4: Mahicans.
5: Mangas Coloradas.
6: Manifest Destiny.
7: Manuelito.
8: Marias Massacre.
9: Mariposa War.
10: Mason, John.
11: Massachusetts Bay–Pequot Treaty.
12: Massacre.
13: Massacre Canyon, Battle of.
14: Massasoit.
15: McGillivray, Alexander.
16: McQueen, Peter.
17: Medicine, Military.
18: Medicine, Native American.
19: Medicine Lodge Treaty.
20: Meeker, Nathan Cook.
21: Meeker Massacre.
22: Mendota, Treaty of.
23: Merritt, Wesley.
24: Mesquakies.
25: Metacom.
26: Mexico.
27: Miamis.
28: Miantonomo.
29: Micmac Raids on Nova Scotia.
30: Micmacs.
31: Miles, Nelson Appleton.
32: Military Divisions, Departments, and Districts.
33: Militia.
34: Milk Creek, Battle of.
35: Mingos.
36: Miniconjou Sioux.
37: Minnesota Sioux Uprising.
38: Missionaries.
39: Modocs.
40: Modoc War.
41: Mog.
42: Mohawk-Mahican War.
43: Mohawks.
44: Mohegans.
45: Mojaves.
46: Mojave War.
47: Moniac, David.
48: Moravian Church.
49: Moravian Indian Missions on the Muskingum River.
50: Mormonism.
51: Mortar of the Okchai.
52: Mounted Riflemen, Regiment of.
53: Mourning War.
54: Murray, John, Fourth Earl of Dunmore.
55: Muscle Shoals, Grand Council on.
56: Musgrove, Mary.
57: Muskets.
58: Mystic Fort Fight.
59: Nakoni Comanches.
60: Nakota Sioux.
61: Nansemonds.
62: Narragansetts.
63: Narváez, Pánfilo de.
64: Natchezes.
65: Natchez Revolt.
66: Natchez War.
67: Native Americans.
68: Native Americans, Alliances with Europeans.
69: Native Americans and the American Revolutionary War.
70: Native Americans and the Civil War.
71: Native Americans and the War of 1812.
72: Native American Trade.
73: Native American Warfare.
74: Nativism, Indian.
75: Navajo Removal.
76: Navajos.
77: Navajo War.
78: Neolin.
79: New England Confederation.
80: New Mexico.
81: New Netherland.
82: New Ulm, Battles of.
83: Nez Perces.
84: Nez Perce War.
85: Niagara, Treaty of.
86: Nipmucks.
87: Noble Savage Concept.
88: Norridgewock, Battle of.
89: North, Frank Joshua and Luther Hedden.
90: Northwest Ordinances of 1785 and 1787.
91: Norton, John.
92: Nottoways.
93: Nutimus.
94: Oatman Family Massacre.
95: Occaneechees.
96: Oconostota.
97: Office of Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
98: Oglala Sioux.
99: Ogoula Tchetoka, Battle of.
100: Ohio Company of Virginia.
101: Ohio Expedition.
102: Ojibwa-Dakota Conflict.
103: Ojibwas.
104: Ojo Caliente Reservation, New Mexico.
105: Ojo Oso, New Mexico.
106: Old Briton.
107: Old Northwest Territory.
108: Old Shawnee Town.
109: Oñate, Juan de.
110: Oneidas.
111: Onondagas.
112: Opechancanough.
113: Oregon Trail.
114: Oriskany, Battle of.
115: Orontony.
116: Osages.
117: Osceola.
118: Otis, Elwell Stephen.
119: Ottawas.
120: Ouray.
121: Overland Trail.
122: Paiutes, Northern.
123: Palo Duro Canyon, Battle of.
124: Palouses.
125: Pamunkeys.
126: Pan-Indianism.
127: Parker, Cynthia Ann.
128: Parker, Ely Samuel.
129: Parkman, Francis, Jr..
130: Pawnees.
131: Paxton Riots.
132: Payne's Landing, Treaty of.
133: Penateka Comanches.
134: Pennacooks.
135: Pequots.
136: Pequot War.
137: Petite Guerre, La.
138: Petroglyphs.
139: Pettaquamscutt Rock, Treaty of.
140: Pickawillany Massacre.
141: Pima Revolts.
142: Pine Ridge Campaign.
143: Pine Ridge Reservation.
144: Pine Tree Hill, Treaty of.
145: Piqua, Battle of.
146: Piscataway, Siege of.
147: Pistols.
148: Platte Bridge, Battle of.
149: Pocahontas.
150: Point Pleasant, Battle of.
151: Ponce de León, Juan.
152: Pontiac.
153: Pontiac's Rebellion.
154: Pony Express.
155: Popé.
156: Pope, John.
157: Pottawatomis.
158: Powder River Expedition.
159: Powhatan.
160: Powhatan Confederacy.
161: Prairie du Chien, Treaty of.
162: Praying Towns and Praying Indians.
163: Proclamation of 1763.
164: Prophetstown.
165: Pueblo Revolt.
166: Pueblos.
167: Puritans.
168: Pushmataha.
169: Quakers.
170: Quanah Parker.
171: Quapaws.
172: Queen Anne's War.
173: Railroads.
174: Raisin River Massacre.
175: Ranks, U.S. Army.
176: Rappahannocks.
177: Raritans.
178: Red Bird.
179: Red Cloud.
180: Red Cloud's War.
181: Red Jacket.
182: Red River War.
183: Red Shoe.
184: Red Sticks.
185: Remington, Frederic.
186: Reno, Marcus Albert.
187: Reservations.
188: Reynolds, Charles Alexander.
189: Rifles.
190: Rocky Mountains.
191: Rogers, Robert.
192: Rogers's Raid on St. Francis.
193: Rogue River War, First.
194: Rogue River War, Second.
195: Roman Nose.
196: Romanticism.
197: Rosebud, Battle of the.
198: Rowlandson, Mary White.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
List of Documents.
1: Documents.
2: Iroquois Constitution.
3: Sir Thomas More, Utopia, 1516 [Excerpt].
4: The First Relation of Jacques Cartier, 1534.
5: Accounts of Spanish Explorers in the Southeast, 1536 and 1540 [Excerpts].
6: Juan Rogel, Account of the Massacre of Spanish Jesuits in Chesapeake Bay, August 28, 1572.
7: Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Letters to the King of Spain regarding the Indians of Florida, 1572 and 1573.
8: Royal Ordinances for the Discovery, the Population, and the Pacification of the Indies, July 13, 1573.
9: John White, Account of the Fifth Voyage to Virginia at Roanoke Island, 1593.
10: Pedro Fernandez de Chocas, Account of the Guale Uprising, October 4, 1597.
11: Don Juan de Oñate, Letter from New Mexico, March 1599.
12: Powhatan, Remarks to John Smith, 1609 [Excerpts].
13: John Smith, Letter to Queen Anne about Pocahontas, 1616.
14: Massasoit Peace Treaty, 1621.
15: John Smith, Account of the Massacre of 1622 in Virginia, 1624.
16: John Martin, “The Manner Howe to Bringe the Indians into Subjection,” December 15, 1622.
17: David Pietersz DeVries, Account of the Swanendael Massacre, 1632 [Excerpt].
18: Lion Gardiner, Account of the Pequot Wars, 1660.
19: Treaty of Hartford, 1638.
20: Account of Governor Kieft's War, 1643 [Excerpt].
21: Virginia Peace Treaty with the Indians, October 5, 1646.
22: Exclusion of Jews from Military Service in New Amsterdam, 1655.
23: John Eliot, Account of New England Indians' Conversion to Christianity, ca. 1671.
24: John Gerrard, An Account of the Attack on the Susquehannock Stronghold, 1675.
25: Nathaniel Saltonstall, Accounts of King Philip's War, 1675–1676 [Excerpts].
26: Mary Rowlandson, Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration, 1682.
27: Nathaniel Bacon, “Declaration in the Name of the People of Virginia,” July 30, 1676.
28: Antonio de Otermin, Report on the Pueblo Uprising in New Mexico, 1680 [Excerpts].
29: Count Frontenac, Report on War with the Iroquois, November 2, 1681 [Excerpts].
30: Cotton Mather, Decennium Lutuosum, 1699 [Excerpt].
31: James Moore, Letters regarding the English Attack on Spanish Florida, 1704.
32: Robert Beverley, Report on the Indians of Virginia, 1705.
33: John Williams, The Redeemed Captive Returning to Zion, 1707 [Excerpt].
34: Christoph von Graffenried, Account of the Tuscarora Attack in North Carolina, 1711.
35: Antoine le Page du Pratz, Quoting the Reply of the Stung Serpent, 1723.
36: The Walking Purchase, August 25, 1737.
37: Six Nations, Meeting with Colonial Officials at Albany, August 19, 1746.
38: Robert Dinwiddie, Instructions to George Washington regarding the French in the Ohio Country, October 30, 1753.
39: George Washington, Report to Robert Dinwiddie of General Edward Braddock's Defeat in Ohio Country, July 18, 1755.
40: James Smith, An Account of the Remarkable Occurrences in the Life and Travels of Col. James Smith, 1799 [Excerpts].
41: Mary Jemison as Told to James Seaver, The Life of Mary Jemison, 1755 [Excerpt].
42: Edmond Atkin, Report to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantation, 1755 [Excerpts].
43: Chickasaw Headmen, Speech to the Governor of South Carolina, April 5, 1756.
44: Robert Rogers, Journal Account on the Destruction of St. Francis, September 1759 [Excerpt].
45: James Glen, Account of the Role of Indians in the Rivalry Involving France, Spain, and England, 1761.
46: Henry Timberlake, The Memoirs of Lieut. Henry Timberlake, 1765 [Excerpts].
47: Treaty of Paris, 1763.
48: Proclamation of the Line of Settlement, October 7, 1763.
49: William Johnson, Report on the Iroquois Confederacy, November 13, 1763 [Excerpt].
50: Pontiac, Speech to the French, May 5, 1763.
51: William Trent, Account of the Siege of Fort Pitt, June 1763.
52: Henry Bouquet, Reports on the Relief of Fort Pitt, August 28, 1763.
53: Pontiac, Letter Addressed to the Commander of Detroit, October 30, 1763.
54: Benjamin Franklin, Narrative of the Paxton Boys Massacre, 1764 [Excerpts].
55: Paxton Boys Declaration, 1764.
56: Treaty of Fort Stanwix, November 5, 1768 [Excerpts].
57: Decharihoga, Speech to Sir William Johnson, July 11, 1774 [Excerpt].
58: Accounts of Lord Dunmore's War, 1774 [Excerpts].
59: Continental Congress, Two Addresses to the Six Nations, 1776–1777 [Excerpts].
60: George Washington, Instructions to John Sullivan Ordering the Destruction of the Six Nations, May 31, 1779.
61: Henry Dearborn, Account of John Sullivan's Indian Expedition, 1779.
62: Promises of Land Grants to Volunteer Soldiers, 1780.
63: Kentucky Petition for Protection from Shawnees, March 13, 1780.
64: Emerson Bennett, Portrayal of Simon Girty in The Renegade (1848), 1782 [Excerpt].
65: Treaty of Paris, 1783.
66: Joseph Brant, Message to the British Governor, 1783.
67: Benjamin Franklin, The Savages of North America, 1784.
68: Treaty of Fort Stanwix, October 22, 1784.
69: Daniel Boone, “Colonel Boone's Autobiography,” 1784 [Excerpt].
70: Chickasaw Treaty, 1786.
71: Northwest Ordinance, 1787.
72: Treaty of Fort Harmar, 1789.
73: Trade and Intercourse Act, July 22, 1790.
74: Anthony Wayne, Letter to Henry Knox on the Victory at Fallen Timbers, August 28, 1794.
75: Treaty of Greenville, 1795.
76: Treaty with the Mohawks, 1797.
77: Louisiana Purchase Treaty, April 30, 1803.
78: William Clark, Journal Account of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, October 19, 1805.
79: Blue Jacket, Message on Relations with the British, 1807.
80: Tenskwatawa, Speech on a System of Religion, 1808.
81: Treaty of Fort Wayne, September 30, 1809.
82: Tecumseh, Speech to Governor William Henry Harrison, August 12, 1810.
83: Accounts of the Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811.
84: Tecumseh, Speech to the Osages, 1811.
85: Robert Dickson, Secret Canadian Correspondence about Indian Loyalties, 1812.
86: Nathan Heald, Report on Fort Dearborn Massacre, October 23, 1812 [Excerpt].
87: Accounts of the Iroquois Confederacy regarding the War of 1812, 1812–1813.
88: Tecumseh, Speech to Henry Procter at Amherstburg during the War of 1812, September 18, 1813.
89: Treaty of Fort Jackson, August 9, 1814.
90: Treaty of Ghent, December 24, 1814.
91: Adams-Onis Treaty, February 22, 1819.
92: Andrew Jackson, Indian Removal Messages to Congress, 1829–1830.
93: Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830.
94: Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, March 18, 1831 [Excerpts].
95: Winfield Scott, Effect of the Cholera Epidemic on the Conduct of the Black Hawk War, 1832 [Excerpt].
96: Black Hawk, Surrender Speech, 1832.
97: Act Creating a Commissioner of Indian Affairs, July 9, 1832.
98: Treaty with the Seminoles, 1833.
99: Sam Houston, Message to the Indian Tribes of Texas, November 11, 1836.
100: John Ross, Letter to General Winfield Scott about the Cherokee Removal, August 30, 1838.
101: Winfield Scott, Address to the Cherokee People regarding Removal, 1838.
102: Accounts of Missionaries to Oregon, 1837.
103: Felix Huston, Report on the Battle of Plum Creek, August 12, 1840.
104: Texas Annexation Act, March 1, 1845.
105: John O'Sullivan, Manifest Destiny, July 1845 [Excerpts].
106: Lansford W. Hastings, The Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California, 1845 [Excerpt].
107: Oregon Treaty, June 15, 1846.
108: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848.
109: James Polk, Message to Congress on the Discovery of Gold in California, December 5, 1848.
110: Testimonials to Congress on the Efficacy of the Colt Revolver against Indians, 1851.
111: Treaty of Fort Laramie, September 17, 1851.
112: Apache Treaty, July 1, 1852.
113: Gadsden Purchase Treaty, December 30, 1853.
114: Chief Seattle, Speech to the Governor, 1854.
115: George Crook, Service in the Northwest, 1854–1857.
116: Jefferson Davis, Annual Report of the Secretary of War on the Proposed Transcontinental Railroad, December 3, 1855 [Excerpt].
117: Abner Doubleday, Service in Florida during the Third Seminole War, 1855–1858 [Excerpt].
118: Philip Sheridan, The Indian Attack and Reprisal in the Pacific Northwest, 1856 [Excerpts].
119: Nez Perce Treaties, 1855, 1863, and 1868.
120: John Bell Hood, Engaging the Comanches in Texas, 1857.
121: Helen Hunt Jackson, Dramatization of the Plight of the Mission Indians, 1850s.
122: Texas Ordinance of Secession, February 1, 1861.
123: Homestead Act, May 20, 1862 [Excerpt].
124: Little Crow, Speech on the Eve of the Minnesota Sioux Uprising, August 18, 1862.
125: Accounts of Chickasaws in Confederate Service, October-November 1864.
126: Report of the Southern Treaty Commission, October 30, 1865.
127: U.S. Congress, Joint Commission on the Conduct of the War, Report on the Sand Creek Massacre, 1865.
128: Ely S. Parker, Letter to Ulysses S. Grant on the “Indian Problem,” ca. 1866 [Excerpts].
129: Frances Carrington, Account of the Fort Phil Kearny Massacre, 1866.
130: Creation of the Indian Peace Commission, July 20, 1867.
131: Medicine Lodge Treaty with the Kiowas, Comanches, and Apaches, October 1867.
132: Fort Laramie Treaty, April 29, 1868.
133: De Benneville Randolph Keim, The Winter Campaign against Black Kettle, 1868–1869.
134: Emanuel Stance, Report on Engagement, May 26, 1870.
135: Ulysses S. Grant, Peace Policy, December 5, 1870.
136: John G. Bourke, The Use of Apache Scouts, 1873–1886.
137: John G. Bourke, The Military Telegraph in the Far West, 1870s.
138: George Crook, Discovery of Gold in the Black Hills, 1875.
139: Fanny Dunbar Corbusier, The Removal of Apaches to San Carlos Reservation, 1876.
140: Elizabeth Custer, Account of Corruption among Indian Agents, 1870s.
141: John G. Bourke, Account of an Attack on a Sioux Village, 1876.
142: Red Horse, Account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876.
143: Frederick Frances Girard, Account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn, 1876.
144: John G. Bourke, The Surrender of Crazy Horse, 1877.
145: Chief Joseph, Surrender Speech, October 15, 1877.
146: Fanny Dunbar Corbusier, The Pursuit of the Cheyennes, 1878.
147: Standing Bear v. Crook, May 12, 1879.
148: Fanny Dunbar Corbusier, Description of a Sioux Religious Ceremony, 1879.
149: Luther Standing Bear, Account of Attendance at Carlisle Indian School, 1879.
150: Helen Hunt Jackson, A Century of Dishonor, 1881 [Excerpts].
151: Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, Petition to Congress, 1883.
152: Daklugie, Aspects of Apache Culture, 1880s [Excerpts].
153: William T. Sherman, Report on the End of the Indian Problem, 1883 [Excerpt].
154: Manuelito, Speech on Navajo History, February 25, 1886.
155: Nelson Miles, Account of the Surrender of Geronimo, September 4, 1886.
156: Eugene Chihuahua, Apache Account of Imprisonment in Florida, 1880s.
157: Dawes Act, February 8, 1887.
158: Documents concerning the Ghost Dance, 1890.
159: Sitting Bull, Speech on Keeping Treaties, 1890.
160: Nelson Miles, Correspondence regarding Sioux Unrest, December 19, 1890.
161: Indian and White Accounts of the Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890.
162: Frederick Jackson Turner, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” 1893 [Excerpts].
163: Documents Concerning the Indian Citizenship Act, 1924 and 1933.
164: Indian Reorganization Act, June 18, 1934.
165: Lyndon Johnson, Message to Congress on Indian Self-Determination, March 6, 1968.
166: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Procedures for Establishing the Existence of an Indian Tribe, October 2, 1978.
167: United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, June 30, 1980 [Excerpts].
Index.