eBook Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources, 1st Edition

  • C. Dyer
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0444527451
  • ISBN-13: 9780444527455
  • DDC: 621.312424
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 4532 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2009 | Published/Released July 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2009
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources is a truly interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the literature for professionals and students alike.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editor Biographies.
Contributors.
Contents.
Preface.
Foreword.
Guide to the Encyclopedia.
1: Applications – Portable: Micro Hybrid Power System: Fuel Cells/Capacitors.
2: Applications – Portable: Military: Batteries and Fuel Cells.
3: Applications – Portable: Notebooks: Batteries.
4: Applications – Portable: Portable Devices: Batteries.
5: Applications – Portable: Portable Devices: Fuel Cells.
6: Applications – Portable: Power Tools: Batteries.
7: Applications – Stationary: Energy Storage Systems: Batteries.
8: Applications – Stationary: Remote Area Power Supply: Batteries and Fuel Cells.
9: Applications – Stationary: Fuel Cells.
10: Applications – Stationary: Residential Energy Supply: Fuel Cells.
11: Applications – Stationary: Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Hybrid.
12: Applications – Stationary: Uninterruptible and Back-Up Power: Fuel Cells.
13: Applications – Stationary: Cogeneration of Energy and Chemicals: Fuel Cells.
14: Applications – Transportation: Auxiliary Power Units: Fuel Cells.
15: Applications – Transportation: Aviation: Battery.
16: Applications – Transportation: Aviation: Fuel Cells.
17: Applications – Transportation: Buses: Fuel Cells.
18: Applications – Transportation: Buses: ICE/Battery Hybrids.
19: Applications – Transportation: Electric Vehicle: Batteries.
20: Applications – Transportation: Electric Vehicles: Fuel Cells.
21: Applications – Transportation: Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Overview.
22: Applications – Transportation: Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Batteries.
23: Applications – Transportation: Hybrid Electric Vehicle: Plug-in Hybrids.
24: Applications – Transportation: Light Traction: Batteries.
25: Applications – Transportation: Light Traction: Fuel Cells.
26: Applications – Transportation: Rail Vehicles: Fuel Cells.
27: Applications – Transportation: Satellites: Batteries.
28: Applications – Transportation: Ships: Fuel Cells.
29: Applications – Transportation: Solar Cars: Batteries.
30: Applications – Transportation: Submersibles: Batteries.
31: Batteries: Nomenclature.
32: Batteries: Capacity.
33: Batteries: Energy.
34: Batteries: Self-Discharge.
35: Batteries: Charging Methods.
36: Batteries: Fast Charging.
37: Batteries: Charge–Discharge Curves.
38: Batteries: Partial-State-of-Charge.
39: Batteries: Adaptive State-of-Charge Determination.
40: Batteries: Dynamics.
41: Batteries: Alternating Currents.
42: Batteries: Parallel and Series Connections.
43: Batteries: Modeling.
44: Batteries: Lifetime Prediction.
45: Batteries: Codes and Standards.
46: Batteries and Fuel Cells: Efficiency.
47: Batteries and Fuel Cells: Lifetime.
48: Batteries and Fuel Cells: Power.
49: Batteries and Fuel Cells: Techno-Economic Assessments.
50: Capacitors: Overview.
51: Capacitors: Electrostatic Solid-State Capacitors.
52: Capacitors: Electrochemical Double-Layer Capacitors.
53: Capacitors: Electrochemical Double-Layer Capacitors: Carbon Materials.
54: Capacitors: Electrochemical Capacitors: Ionic Liquid Electrolytes.
55: Capacitors: Electrochemical Hybrid Capacitors.
56: Capacitors: Electrochemical Metal Oxides Capacitors.
57: Capacitors: Electrochemical Polymer Capacitors.
58: Capacitors: Application.
59: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Aluminum.
60: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Carbon.
61: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Iron.
62: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Hydrogen.
63: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Lead.
64: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Lithium.
65: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Manganese.
66: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Nickel.
67: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Oxygen.
68: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Platinum Group Elements.
69: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Silver.
70: Chemistry, Electrochemistry, and Electrochemical Applications: Zinc.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contributors.
Contents.
Preface.
Foreword.
1: Electrochemical Theory: Thermodynamics.
2: Electrochemical Theory: Double Layer.
3: Electrochemical Theory: Kinetics.
4: Electrochemical Theory: Electrokinetics.
5: Electrochemical Theory: Electrocrystalization.
6: Electrochemical Theory: Hydrogen Evolution.
7: Electrochemical Theory: Oxygen Evolution.
8: Electrochemical Theory: Corrosion.
9: Electrochemical Theory: Non Faraday Electrochemical Modification of Catalysts Activity.
10: Electrodes: 3-D Electrodes Batteries.
11: Electrodes: Nanoelectrodes.
12: Electrodes: Ion-Selective Electrodes.
13: Electrodes: Porous Electrodes.
14: Electrodes: Semiconductor Electrodes.
15: Electrolytes: Overview.
16: Electrolytes: Gel.
17: Electrolytes: Ionic Liquids.
18: Electrolytes: Non-Aqueous.
19: Electrolytes: Polymer.
20: Electrolytes: Solid: Mixed Ionic-Electronic Conductors.
21: Electrolytes: Solid: Oxygen Ions.
22: Electrolytes: Solid: Protons.
23: Electrolytes: Solid: Sodium Ions.
24: Energy: Energy Storage.
25: Energy: Hydrogen Economy.
26: Energy: Cold Fusion – Precursor to Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions.
27: Energy: Cold Fusion: History.
28: Fuel Cells – Overview: Introduction.
29: Fuel Cells – Overview: Lifetime Prediction.
30: Fuel Cells – Overview: Modeling.
31: Fuel Cells – Alkaline Fuel Cells: Overview.
32: Fuel Cells – Alkaline Fuel Cells: Anion-Exchange Membranes.
33: Fuel Cells – Alkaline Fuel Cells: Cells and Stacks.
34: Fuel Cells – Alkaline Fuel Cells: Overview Performance and Operational Conditions.
35: Fuel Cells-Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Overview.
36: Fuel Cells-Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Direct Methanol: Overview.
37: Fuel Cells-Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Direct Methanol Fuel Cell: Overview Performance and Operational Conditions.
38: Fuel Cells-Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells.
39: Fuel Cells-Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells: Catalysts.
40: Fuel Cells – Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Direct Ethylene Glycol Fuel Cells.
41: Fuel Cells – Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: New Materials.
42: Fuel Cells – Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Experimental Systems.
43: Fuel Cells – Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Modeling.
44: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Overview..
45: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Anodes.
46: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Cathodes.
47: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Cells and Stacks.
48: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Systems.
49: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Materials and Life Considerations.
50: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Full-Scale Prototypes.
51: Fuel Cells – Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells: Modeling.
52: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Overview.
53: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Anodes.
54: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Cathodes.
55: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Electrolytes.
56: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Cells and Stacks.
57: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Systems.
58: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Performance and Operational Conditions.
59: Fuel Cells – Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells: Life-Limiting Considerations.
60: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Anodes with Reformate.
61: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Cathodes.
62: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Catalysts: Life-Limiting Considerations.
63: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Catalysts: Non Platinum.
64: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes.
65: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Ambient Temperature.
66: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Advanced Fluorinated.
67: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Non-Fluorinated.
68: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Composites.
69: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Elevated Temperature.
70: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Polybenzimidazole.
71: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Design and Characterization.
72: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membrane: Life-Limiting Considerations.
73: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes: Modeling.
74: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membranes.
75: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Membrane–Electrode Assemblies.
76: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Gas Diffusion Layers.
77: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Bipolar Plates.
78: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Cells.
79: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Water Management.
80: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Life-Limiting Considerations.
81: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Modeling.
82: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Stacks.
83: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Systems.
84: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Overview Performance and Operational Conditions.
85: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Dynamic Operational Conditions.
86: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Freeze Operational Conditions.
87: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: Impurities in Fuels and Air.
88: Fuel Cells – Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells: High Temperature PEMFCS.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contributors.
Contents.
Preface.
Foreword.
1: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Overview.
2: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Anodes.
3: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Cathodes.
4: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Membranes.
5: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Cells and Stacks.
6: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Cell Interconnection.
7: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Gas Distribution.
8: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Internal and External Reformation.
9: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Systems.
10: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Life-Limiting Considerations.
11: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Modeling.
12: Fuel Cells – Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Micro Cells.
13: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Direct Carbon Fuel Cells.
14: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Formic Acid Fuel Cells.
15: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Hydrogen-Bromine Fuel Cells.
16: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Sodium Borohydride Fuel Cells.
17: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Microbial Fuel Cells.
18: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Micro-Fuel Cells.
19: Fuel Cells – Exploratory Fuel Cells: Regenerative Fuel Cells.
20: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Autothermal Reforming.
21: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Absorption Enhanced Reforming.
22: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Biomass: Thermochemical Processes.
23: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Biomass: Fermentation.
24: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Coal Gasification.
25: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Natural Gas: Conventional Steam-Reforming.
26: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Natural Gas: Solar-Thermal Steam Reforming.
27: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Gas Cleaning: Barrier Filters.
28: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Gas Cleaning: Membrane Separators.
29: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Gas Cleaning: Pressure Swing Adsorption.
30: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Photothermally and Thermally-Assisted Photovoltaic.
31: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Photoelectrolysis.
32: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Thermochemical Cycles.
33: Fuels – Hydrogen Production: Water Electrolysis.
34: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Compressed.
35: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Liquid.
36: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Hydrides.
37: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: High Temperature Hydrides.
38: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Complex Hydrides.
39: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Carbon Materials.
40: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Glass Microspheres.
41: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Metal-Organic Frameworks.
42: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Zeolites.
43: Fuels – Hydrogen Storage: Chemical Carriers.
44: Fuels – Safety: Hydrogen: Overview.
45: Fuels – Safety: Hydrogen: Transportation.
46: History: Electrochemistry.
47: History: Primary Batteries.
48: History: Secondary Batteries.
49: History: Fuel Cells.
50: History: Electrochemical Capacitors.
51: Materials: Nanofibers.
52: Materials: Sol-Gel Synthesis.
53: Materials: Etching.
54: Measurement Methods: Electrochemical: Impedance Spectroscopy.
55: Measurement Methods: Electrochemical: Linear Sweep and Cyclic Voltammetry.
56: Measurement Methods: Electrochemical: Potential and Current Steps.
57: Measurement Methods: Electrochemical: Quartz Microbalance.
58: Measurement Methods: Electronic and Chemical Properties: X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy.
59: Measurement Methods: Structural Properties: Atomic Force Microscopy.
60: Measurement Methods: Structural Properties: X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction.
61: Measurement Methods: Structural Properties: Neutron and Synchrotron Imaging, in-Situ for Water Visualization.
62: Measurement Methods: Structural and Chemical Properties: Scanning Electron Microscopy.
63: Measurement Methods: Structural and Chemical Properties: Transmission Electron Microscopy.
64: Measurement Methods: Structural Plus Electronic and Chemical Properties: X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy.
65: Measurement Methods: Vibrational Properties: Raman and Infra Red.
66: Measurement Methods: In-Situ Characterization of Battery Materials.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contributors.
Contents.
Preface.
Foreword.
1: Photoelectrochemical Cells: Overview.
2: Photoelectrochemical Cells: Dye-Sensitized Cells.
3: Primary Batteries: Overview.
4: Primary Batteries – Aqueous System: Alkaline Manganese–Zinc.
5: Primary Batteries – Aqueous System: Leclanché and Zinc–Carbon.
6: Primary Batteries – Aqueous Systems: Zinc–Air.
7: Primary Batteries – Aqueous Systems: Zinc–Mercury.
8: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium Primary: Overview.
9: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium–Iodine-Polyvinylpyridine.
10: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium–Manganese Dioxide.
11: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium–Polycarbon Monofluoride.
12: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium–Vanadium/Silver Oxides.
13: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Lithium–Sulfur/Chlorine.
14: Primary Batteries – Nonaqueous Systems: Solid-State: Silver–Iodine.
15: Thermally Activated Batteries: Overview.
16: Primary Batteries – Reserve Systems: Thermally Activated Batteries: Calcium.
17: Primary Batteries – Reserve Systems: Thermally Activated Batteries: Lithium.
18: Primary Batteries – Reserve Systems: Seawater Activated Batteries: Magnesium.
19: Recycling: Lead–Acid Batteries: Overview.
20: Recycling: Lead–Acid Batteries: Electrochemical.
21: Recycling: Lithium and Nickel–Metal Hydride Batteries.
22: Recycling: Nickel–Metal Hydride Batteries.
23: Recycling: Noble Metal Recycling.
24: Safety: Cell Reversal.
25: Safety: High Voltage.
26: Safety: Materials Toxicity.
27: Safety: Thermal Runaway.
28: Secondary Batteries: Overview.
29: Secondary Batteries: Super-Iron Batteries.
30: Secondary Batteries: Magnesium Batteries (Secondary and Primary).
31: Secondary Batteries – High Temperature Systems: Sodium–Sulfur.
32: Secondary Batteries – High Temperature Systems: Sodium–Nickel Chloride.
33: Secondary Batteries – High Temperature Systems: Safety.
34: Secondary Batteries – High Temperature Systems: Alkali Metal Thermal to Electric Energy Converter.
35: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Overview (Secondary and Primary).
36: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Bifunctional Oxygen Electrodes.
37: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Iron–Air (Secondary and Primary).
38: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Lithium–Air.
39: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Zinc–Air: Electrical Recharge.
40: Secondary Batteries – Metal-Air Systems: Zinc–Air: Hydraulic Recharge.
41: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Electrodes: Nickel.
42: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Electrodes: Cadmium.
43: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Electrodes: Iron.
44: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Alkaline Battery Separators.
45: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Cadmium: Overview.
46: Secondary batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Cadmium: Sealed.
47: Secondary batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Hydrogen.
48: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Metal Hydride: Overview.
49: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Metal Hydride: Metal Hydrides.
50: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Iron.
51: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Nickel–Zinc.
52: Secondary Batteries – Nickel Systems: Memory Effect.
53: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Overview.
54: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Negative Electrode.
55: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Positive Electrode.
56: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Electrode Design.
57: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Electrolyte.
58: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Separators.
59: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Phosphoric Acid Influence.
60: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Carbon Additives.
61: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Lead Alloys.
62: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Grid Production.
63: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Curing and Formation.
64: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Flooded Batteries.
65: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Performance.
66: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Valve–Regulated Batteries: Oxygen Cycle.
67: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Valve–Regulated Batteries: Absorptive Glass Mat.
68: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Valve-Regulated Batteries: Gel.
69: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Catalytic Valves.
70: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Flow Batteries.
71: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Bipolar Batteries.
72: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Supercap Hybrid (UltrabatteryTM).
73: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Charging.
74: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Coup De Fouet.
75: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: State-of-Charge/Health.
76: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Lifetime Determining Processes.
77: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Modeling.
78: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Automotive Batteries: Conventional.
79: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Automotive Batteries: New Developments.
80: Secondary Batteries – Lead–Acid Systems: Stationary Batteries.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contributors.
Contents.
Preface.
Foreword.
1: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Overview.
2: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Negative Electrodes: Lithium Metal.
3: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Positive Electrodes: Vanadium Oxides.
4: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Overview.
5: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Nonaqueous.
6: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Ionic Liquids.
7: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Additives.
8: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Single Lithium Ion.
9: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Solid Sulfide.
10: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Electrolytes: Glass.
11: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Lithium–Iron sulfide.
12: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Lithium–Organic Sulfur.
13: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Lithium–Sulfur.
14: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: All-Solid State Battery.
15: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Lithium Polymer Batteries.
16: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems: Hazards and Protection Circuits.
17: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Overview.
18: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Negative Electrodes: Carbon.
19: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Negative Electrodes: Graphite.
20: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Negative Electrode: Spinel-Type Titanium Oxides.
21: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Negative Electrode: Titanium-Based Materials.
22: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Negative Electrodes: Lithium Alloys.
23: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: High-Voltage Materials.
24: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Layered Metal Oxides.
25: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Layered Mixed Metal Oxides.
26: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Lithium Cobalt Oxide.
27: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Lithium Iron Phosphate.
28: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Lithium Nickel Oxide.
29: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Manganese Oxides.
30: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Manganese Spinel Oxides.
31: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Electrolytes: Solid Oxide.
32: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Positive Electrode: Nanostructured Transition Metal Oxides.
33: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Separators.
34: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Lithium Vanadium Oxide/Niobium Oxide Batteries.
35: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Lithium-Ion Polymer Batteries.
36: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Inorganic Electrolyte Batteries.
37: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Aging Mechanisms.
38: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Overcharge Protection Shuttles.
39: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Thermal Runaway.
40: Secondary Batteries – Lithium Rechargeable Systems – Lithium-Ion: Lifetime Prediction.
41: Secondary Batteries – Flow Systems: Overview.
42: Secondary Batteries – Flow Systems: Vanadium Redox-Flow Batteries.
43: Secondary Batteries – Zinc Systems: Zinc Electrodes: Overview.
44: Secondary Batteries – Zinc Systems: Zinc Electrodes: Solar Thermal Production.
45: Secondary Batteries – Zinc Systems: Zinc–Bromine.
46: Secondary Batteries – Zinc Systems: Zinc–Manganese.
47: Secondary Batteries – Zinc Systems: Zinc–Silver.
Index.
Conversion Tables.
Glossary.
Authors.