eBook Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks: Rocks, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615305416
  • ISBN-13: 9781615305414
  • DDC: 552
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 296 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Often concealing millennia worth of Earth's history, rocks seem to project an impression of durability and permanence that belies their transformation over time. Seen in all shapes and sizes and found in many of the planet's ecosystems, rocks have been subject to various natural forces that have affected such attributes as their elasticity, strength, and ductility (that is, their ability to be fashioned into a new form). The general properties as well as the three major categories of rock—igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic—are all examined in depth in this penetrating volume.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: A World of Rock.
2: General Considerations.
3: Lava.
4: Texture.
5: Classification by Grain or Crystal Size.
6: Crystalline Rock.
7: Porosity.
8: Physical Properties.
9: Density.
10: Mechanical Properties.
11: Thermal Properties.
12: Intrusive and Extrusive Rocks.
13: Continental Drift.
14: Electrical Properties.
15: Magnetic Properties.
16: Magnetic Survey.
17: Igneous Rock.
18: Composition.
19: Chemical Components.
20: Felsic and Mafic Rocks.
21: Mineralogical Components.
22: Textural Features.
23: Crystallinity.
24: Granularity.
25: Structural Features.
26: Small-Scale Structural Features.
27: Large-Scale Structural Features.
28: Classification of Igneous Rocks.
29: Classification of Plutonic Rocks.
30: Granite.
31: Classification of Volcanic and Hypabyssal Rocks.
32: Alkaline Rock.
33: Origin and Distribution.
34: Origin of Magmas.
35: Nature of Magmas.
36: Crystallization from Magmas.
37: Volatile Constituents and Late Magmatic Processes.
38: Forms of Occurrence.
39: Extrusive Igneous Rocks.
40: Obsidian.
41: Intrusive Igneous Rocks.
42: Distribution of Igneous Rocks on Earth's Surface.
43: Sedimentary Rock.
44: Banded-Iron Formation (BIF).
45: Classification Systems.
46: Terrigenous Clastic Rocks.
47: Carbonate Rocks: Limestones and Dolomites.
48: Noncarbonate Chemical Sedimentary Rocks.
49: Texture.
50: Grain Size.
51: Particle Shape.
52: Fabric.
53: Mineralogical and Geochemical Composition.
54: Sedimentary Structures.
55: External Stratification.
56: Bedding Types and Bedding-Plane Features.
57: Deformation Structures.
58: Sedimentary Environments.
59: Sedimentary Facies.
60: Sedimentary Rock Types.
61: Conglomerates and Breccias.
62: Sandstones.
63: Uluru and the Olgas.
64: Mudrocks.
65: Limestones and Dolomites.
66: Biogenic Ooze.
67: Siliceous Rocks.
68: Phosphorites.
69: Evaporites.
70: Iron-Rich Sedimentary Rocks.
71: Organic-Rich Sedimentary Deposits.
72: Fossil Fuels.
73: Secular Trends in the Sedimentary Rock Record.
74: Metamorphic Rock.
75: Metamorphic Variables.
76: Temperature.
77: Pressure.
78: Rock Composition.
79: Metamorphic Reactions.
80: Reactions in a Kaolinite-Quartz System.
81: Reactions of Other Mineral Systems.
82: Isograds.
83: Principal Types.
84: Retrograde Metamorphism.
85: Textural Features.
86: Major Features.
87: Lamination.
88: Structural Features.
89: Metamorphic Facies.
90: Facies Series.
91: Pressure-Temperature-Time Paths.
92: Origin of Metamorphic Rocks: Types of Metamorphism.
93: Metamorphism.
94: Hydrothermal Metamorphism.
95: Dynamic Metamorphism.
96: Contact Metamorphism.
97: Skarn.
98: Regional Metamorphism.
99: Distribution of Metamorphic Rocks.
100: Classification of Metamorphic Rocks.
101: Schist.
102: Slate.
103: Gneisses.
104: Hornfels.
105: Marble.
106: Mylonites and Cataclastites.
107: Other Classes.
108: Quartzite.
109: Conclusion.
Geologic Time Scale.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.