eBook The Britannica Guide To Africa: The History of Western Africa, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303995
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303991
  • DDC: 966
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 304 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

From its ancient kingdoms to the independent post-colonial states that make up the region today, western Africa has transformed dramatically over the centuries. Economically lucrative for European slave traders and later for their colonial successors, the territories along Africa's Atlantic coast were forced to overcome great adversity before achieving autonomy. This volume surveys the history of the many nations of western Africa where vestiges of its celebrated past are still visible in cities like Timbuktu and where its diverse peoples continue to navigate a path towards a more stable future.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Early History.
2: Muslims in Western Africa.
3: The Sudan.
4: The States of the Sudan.
5: The Early Kingdoms and Empires of the Western Sudan.
6: The Wider Influence of the Sudanic Kingdoms.
7: Fulani.
8: The Beginnings of European Activity.
9: The Rise of the Atlantic Slave Trade.
10: Anglo-French Competition.
11: Dutch West India Company.
12: The Slave-Trade Era.
13: Pre-European Slave Trading.
14: The Southward Expansion of Oyo.
15: Pre-Colonization Developments: Islamic Revolution and Increasing European Activity.
16: The Islamic Revolution in the Western Sudan.
17: Dominance of the Tuareg and Amazigh.
18: The First Fulani Jihad.
19: The Jihad of Usman Dan Fodio.
20: The Jihad of ‘Umar Tal.
21: The Guinea Coastlands and the Europeans.
22: The Abolition of Slavery.
23: The British Presence in Sierra Leone.
24: The British in the Niger Delta.
25: The Fall of the African Kingdoms.
26: Colonial Era.
27: Colonization.
28: Effect of Local Conditions.
29: French Areas of Interest.
30: British Areas of Interest.
31: Royal Niger Company.
32: Claims of Territorial Boundaries.
33: Problems of Military Control.
34: Initial Difficulty of European Administration.
35: Colonial Rule.
36: French Territories.
37: British Territories.
38: Decolonization and the Regaining of Independence.
39: The Emergence of African Leaders.
40: The Formation of African Independence Movements.
41: Benin.
42: Early History.
43: The Slave Trade.
44: The Kingdom of Dahomey.
45: The French Conquest and Colonial Rule.
46: Decolonization and Independence.
47: Burkina Faso.
48: Early History.
49: European Exploration and Colonization.
50: Bobo.
51: Independence.
52: Lobi.
53: Cameroon.
54: Early History.
55: German Kamerun.
56: British Cameroons and French Cameroun.
57: Moving Toward Independence.
58: Ahidjo Presidency.
59: Cameroon under Biya.
60: Transition.
61: Consolidation and Challenge.
62: Foreign Relations.
63: Cape Verde.
64: Early History.
65: Struggle for Independence.
66: Independence.
67: Chad.
68: Early History.
69: From the 16th to the 19th Century.
70: French Administration.
71: Independence.
72: Civil War.
73: Continuing Conflict.
74: Côte D'ivoire.
75: Early History.
76: Precolonial Kingdoms.
77: Arrival of Europeans.
78: March Toward Independence.
79: Côte D'ivoire Since Independence.
80: Houphouët-Boigny's Rule.
81: Félix Houphouët-Boigny.
82: Political Unrest.
83: Civil War and Its Aftermath.
84: Equatorial Guinea.
85: Early History.
86: British Administration.
87: Fernando Po.
88: Spanish Guinea.
89: Independence.
90: The Gambia.
91: Early History.
92: European Colonization.
93: British Protectorate.
94: Independence.
95: Political Change.
96: Ghana.
97: Early History.
98: Trade Routes of Islam.
99: Migrations.
100: Contact with Europe and Its Effects.
101: Colonial Period.
102: Independence.
103: Kwame Nkrumah.
104: Guinea.
105: Early History.
106: Colonial Era.
107: Independence.
108: Guinea-Bissau.
109: Early History.
110: Colonial Period.
111: Liberation Struggle.
112: Independence.
113: Liberia.
114: Early History.
115: The Early Republic.
116: Outside Intervention.
117: World War II and After.
118: Decades of Strife.
119: Charles Taylor.
120: Return to Peace.
121: Mali.
122: Early History.
123: Timbuktu.
124: The 19th Century.
125: French West Africa.
126: Independent Mali.
127: Political Unrest and Military Intervention.
128: Traoré's Rule.
129: Toward a More Democratic Future.
130: Mauritania.
131: Early History.
132: European Intervention.
133: Struggle for Postindependence Stability.
134: Niger.
135: Early History.
136: Colonial Administration.
137: Independence and Conflict.
138: 2009 Constitutional Crisis.
139: Nigeria.
140: Early History.
141: The Nok Culture.
142: Igbo Ukwu.
143: Kingdoms and Empires of Precolonial Nigeria.
144: Kanem-Borno.
145: Hausaland.
146: Yorubaland and Benin.
147: Igboland and the Delta City-States.
148: The Sokoto Jihad.
149: The Collapse of Oyo.
150: Yoruba.
151: The Arrival of the British.
152: Nigeria as a Colony.
153: Independent Nigeria.
154: The Civil War.
155: The Second Republic.
156: Military Regimes.
157: Return to Civilian Rule.
158: Senegal.
159: Early History.
160: Wolof.
161: The French Period.
162: Léopold Senghor.
163: Independent Senegal.
164: Sierra Leone.
165: Early History.
166: Colony and Protectorate.
167: Independence.
168: Civil War.
169: Diamonds.
170: Post-Civil War.
171: Togo.
172: Early History.
173: German Occupation.
174: League of Nations Mandate.
175: United Nations Trusteeship.
176: Independence.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.