Records of the Office of Chinese Affairs, 1945-1955

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The U.S. State Department’s Office of Chinese Affairs, charged with operational control of American policy toward China, amassed information on virtually all aspects of life there immediately before, during, and after the revolution. Recently declassified by the State Department, the Records of the Office of Chinese Affairs, 1945-1955, provide valuable insight into numerous domestic issues in Communist and Nationalist China, U.S. containment policy as it was extended to Asia, and Sino-American relations during the post-war period.

Records of the Office of Chinese Affairs is organized chronologically under three major categories. The Political Files relate primarily to political conditions in Communist China and Taiwan, including statements on U.S. policy toward the new regime, the internal structure of the Communist government, and U.S. military aid to Nationalist China. The Economic Files contain weekly and monthly summaries of economic conditions and reports on the Economic Cooperation Administration programs in China and Taiwan. Finally, the Top Secret Files cover both Communist and Nationalist China with reports, correspondence, and intelligence pertaining to U.S. policy, UN sanctions against Communist China, Sino-Japanese bilateral treaty negotiations, and Soviet policy toward the Chinese Communist regime.

Number of rolls: 41