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eBook The Encyclopedia of War, 1st Edition

  • Gordon Martel University of Northern British Columbia
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1444338234
  • ISBN-13: 9781444338232
  • DDC: 355.0203
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 3142 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released July 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This ground-breaking 5-volume reference is a comprehensive print and electronic resource covering the history of warfare from ancient times to the present day, across the entire globe. Arranged in A-Z format, the Encyclopedia provides an overview of the most important events, people, and terms associated with warfare, from the Punic Wars to the Mongol conquest of China  and the War on Terror; from the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to the Soviet Military Commander, Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov, and from the crossbow to chemical warfare. Individual entries range from 1,000 to 6,000 words with the longer, essay-style contributions giving a detailed analysis of key developments and ideas. Drawing on an experienced and internationally diverse editorial board, the Encyclopedia is the first to offer readers at all levels an extensive reference work based on the best and most recent scholarly research. The online platform further provides interactive cross-referencing links and powerful searching and browsing capabilities within the work and across Wiley-Blackwells comprehensive online reference collection.

Awards

  • Booklist - Editor’s Choice 2011

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Titles of Related Interest from Wiley-Blackwell.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Lexicon.
Plates.
Maps.
Notes on the Editors.
Contributors.
Preface.
Other Frontmatter.
1: Abdel Krim (Mohammed ben Abdel Krim el Khattabi) (1883–1962).
2: Adowa (Adwa, Adua), Battle of (1896).
3: Aerial Warfare.
4: Agathocles (361–289 BCE).
5: Aguinaldo, General Emilio (1869–1964).
6: Airborne Units.
7: Albigensian Crusades (1209–1226).
8: Alexander Nevsky, Saint (ca. 1220–1263).
9: Alexander the Great (356–323 BCE).
10: Alfonso I (“The Battler”) (1073–1134).
11: Algerian War of Independence (1954–1962).
12: Allenby, Field Marshal Edmund (1861–1936).
13: American War of Independence (1775–1783).
14: Ammianus Marcellinus (ca. 330–395).
15: Anglo-Afghan Wars (1839–1842, 1878–1881, 1919).
16: Anglo-Asante Wars (1823–1831, 1863–1864, 1873–1874, 1896, 1900).
17: Anglo-Boer Wars (1880–1881, 1899–1902).
18: Anglo-Burmese Wars (1823–1826, 1852–1853, 1885–1886).
19: Anglo-Dutch Wars (1652–1654, 1665–1667, 1672–1674, 1780–1784).
20: Anglo-Iraqi War (1941).
21: Anglo-Norman Invasion of Ireland (1169–1171).
22: Anglo-Scottish Wars (1296–1328, 1332–1357).
23: Anglo-Welsh Wars (1067–1415).
24: Anglo-Zulu War (1879).
25: Angolan Civil Wars (1975–2002).
26: Anne, 1st Duke of Montmorency (1493–1567).
27: Antigonus II Gonatas (ca. 319–239 BCE).
28: Antiochus III (241–187 BCE).
29: ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps).
30: Apache Wars (1850–1886).
31: Arab-Israeli Conflict.
32: Ardant du Picq, Charles Jean Jacques Joseph (1819–1870).
33: Argentine War of Independence (1808–1818).
34: Armée Coloniale.
35: Armée d'Afrique.
36: Armor, Development of.
37: Armor, Development of: Medieval to Modern.
38: Armored Units.
39: Arthashastra.
40: Artillery.
41: Ashikaga Shogunate (1338–1573).
42: Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal (1881–1938).
43: Atlantic, Battle of the (1939–1945).
44: Attila the Hun (406–453).
45: Aughrim, Battle of (1691).
46: Austerlitz, Battle of (1805).
47: Austrian Succession, War of the (1740–1748).
48: Austro-Italian Wars (1859–1866).
49: Austro-Ottoman War (1736–1739).
50: Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA).
51: Aztec Warfare.
52: Balkan Wars (1912–1913).
53: Baltic Crusades (Eleventh–Fifteenth Centuries).
54: Barbarian Invasions of Europe (Fifth Century).
55: Barons' Wars (1215–1217, 1264–1267).
56: Basmachi Revolt (1918–1923).
57: Baybars I (1223–1277).
58: Belisarius, Flavius (ca. 505–565).
59: Biological Warfare: Past, Present, and Future.
60: Bismarck, Otto von (1815–1898).
61: Black and Tans.
62: Black Hawk War (1832).
63: Bloch, Jean de (1836–1902).
64: Blockades.
65: Boeotian War (378–371 BCE).
66: Bolívar, Simón (1783–1830).
67: Bonaparte, Charles-Louis-Napoléon (Napoleon III) (1808–1873).
68: Bonaparte, Napoléon (Napoleon I) (1769–1821).
69: Boucicaut, Jean II le Maingre (ca. 1366–1421).
70: Bouillon, Godfrey de (ca. 1060–1100).
71: Bouvines, Battle of (1214).
72: Boxer Uprising (1899–1901).
73: Boyne, Battle of the (1690).
74: Bradley, General Omar Nelson (1893–1981).
75: Brazilian Naval Revolt (1893–1894).
76: Brazilian Revolution (1930).
77: Breitenfeld, Battle of (1631).
78: Britain, Roman Conquest of (43–96).
79: Bruce Invasion of Ireland (1315–1318).
80: Brusilov, General Aleksei Alekseevich (1853–1926).
81: Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert (1784–1849).
82: Bullard, Eugene “Jacques” (1894–1961).
83: Bushidō.
84: Byzantine Warfare.
85: Cadorna, Luigi (1850–1928).
86: Caesar, Gaius Julius (100–44 BCE).
87: Calleja del Rey, Félix María, 1st Count of Calderón (1753–1828).
88: Cao Cao (155–220).
89: Carter Doctrine.
90: Caste War of Yucatán (1847–1901).
91: Castro, Fidel (b. 1926).
92: Catherine II (“The Great”) (1729–1796).
93: Cavalry.
94: Chaco War (1932–1935).
95: Charlemagne (ca. 747–814; r. 768–814).
96: Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) (1500–1558).
97: Charles X Gustav (1622–1660).
98: Charles XII (1682–1718).
99: Charles the Bold/The Rash of Burgundy (1433–1477).
100: Chechnya Wars (1990s–present).
101: Chemical Warfare.
102: Chichimecas War (1550–1590).
103: China, Invasion of (1931, 1937–1945).
104: Chindits.
105: Chinese Civil War (Modern).
106: Chinese Warfare: Han and the Three Kingdoms (Third Century BCE to Third Century CE).
107: Chivalry.
108: Chosroes/Khusrau II, King of Persia (590–628).
109: Christie, John Walter (1865–1944).
110: Chulalongkorn, King (Rama V) (1853–1910).
111: Churchill, Sir Winston S. (1874–1965).
112: Civilians in War.
113: Clausewitz, Carl Philipp Gottlieb von (1780–1831).
114: Clisson, Olivier V de (1336–1407).
115: Clontarf, Battle of (1014).
116: Clovis I (ca. 466–511).
117: Cold War.
118: Colonial Wars, Dutch Indonesia (Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries).
119: Combat Film.
120: Combined Arms.
121: Commemorating the Dead.
122: Comnenus, Alexius I (ca. 1055–1118).
123: Comnenus, John II (1087–1143).
124: Comnenus, Manuel I (1118–1180).
125: Condé, Louis II of Bourbon, 4th Prince of (“The Great”) (1621–1686).
126: Congo Wars (1960s–2000s).
127: Conquistadors.
128: Conscription.
129: Constantine the Great (ca. 271–337).
130: Constantius II (317–361).
131: Corinthian War (395–387 BCE).
132: Cossacks.
133: Crimean War (1853–1856).
134: Crimes against Humanity.
135: Cristero War (1926–1929).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Cromwell, Oliver (1599–1658).
2: Cromwellian Conquest of Ireland (1649–1653).
3: Crossbow.
4: Crusade, First (1096–1099).
5: Crusade, Second (1147–1149).
6: Crusade, Third (1189–1192).
7: Crusade, Fourth (1202–1204).
8: Crusade, Fifth (1218–1221).
9: Cuban Revolution (1956–1959).
10: Cynoscephalae, Battle of (197 BCE).
11: Darius I (ca. 550–486 BCE).
12: Davout, Louis Nicolas (1770–1823).
13: Dayan, Moshe (1915–1981).
14: Decapitation Strategy.
15: Declarations of War.
16: De Gaulle, Charles (1890–1970).
17: De Valera, Eamon (1882–1975).
18: Diaz de Vivar, Rodrigo (“The Cid”) (d. 1099).
19: Dionysius I (432–367 BCE).
20: Dmitrii Donskoi (1350–1389).
21: Dönitz, Admiral Karl (1891–1980).
22: Douhet, Giulio (1869–1930).
23: Dumouriez, General Charles-François du Périer (1739–1823).
24: Easter Rising of 1916.
25: Economic Warfare.
26: Edward, The Black Prince (1330–1376).
27: Edward III of England (1312–1377).
28: Egyptian Revolution (1952).
29: Einsatzgruppen.
30: Eisenhower, General Dwight D. (1890–1969).
31: Emergency Powers Acts (1920, 1926, 1939–1940, 1964).
32: English Civil War (1642–1651).
33: Enver Pasha (Ismail Enver) (1881–1922).
34: Epameinondas (ca. 418–362 BCE).
35: Epic Literature.
36: Eritrea–Ethiopia Conflict (1998–2000).
37: Ethics of War.
38: Ethiopia–Somalia Conflicts (1960s–2000s).
39: Ethnic Cleansing.
40: Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736).
41: Faidherbe, Louis (1818–1889).
42: Falklands War (1982).
43: Faqir of Ipi (Mirza Ali Khan) (1897–1960).
44: Female Combatants.
45: First Indochina War (1945–1954).
46: First Jewish War (66–73).
47: Fisher, Admiral John Arbuthnot (1841–1920).
48: Flamininus, Titus Quinctius (ca. 228–ca. 174 BCE).
49: Fleurus, Battle of (1794).
50: Foch, Marshal Ferdinand (1851–1929).
51: Former Nine Years' War (1051–1062).
52: Fornovo, Battle of (1495).
53: Fortifications, Development of.
54: Franco, General Francisco (1892–1975).
55: Frederick Barbarossa (1122–1190).
56: Frederick II of Prussia (“The Great”) (1712–1786).
57: Free French.
58: French and Indian War (1754–1763).
59: French Conquest of Algeria (1830–1847).
60: French Foreign Legion.
61: French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802).
62: French Wars of Religion (1562–1598).
63: Froissart, Jean (ca. 1337–1405).
64: Fronde (1648–1653).
65: Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).
66: Frontinus, Sextus Julius (d. 103 or 104).
67: Fuller, Major General John Frederick Charles (1878–1966).
68: Gallic War (58–51 BCE).
69: Galliéni, General Joseph (1849–1916).
70: Gallipoli Campaign (1915–1916).
71: Gamelin, General Maurice (1872–1958).
72: Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand (“Mahatma”) (1869–1948).
73: Garibaldi, Giuseppe (1807–1882).
74: Gaugamela, Battle of (331 BCE).
75: General Staffs.
76: Geneva Conventions and Their Additional Protocols.
77: Genghis Khan (1162–1227).
78: Genocide.
79: German Peasants' War (1525).
80: German Unification, Wars of (1864–1871).
81: Glyn Dŵr, Owain (Owen Glendower) (1359–1416).
82: Goering, Hermann (1893–1946).
83: Golden Spurs, Battle of the (1302).
84: Gordon, General Charles George (1833–1885).
85: Gothic War (376–382).
86: Gotland, Conquest of.
87: Grandson, Otto of (Otton de Grandson) (ca. 1238–1328).
88: Grant, General Ulysses S. (1822–1885).
89: Graziani, General Rodolfo (1882–1955).
90: Great Companies.
91: Great Game in Asia.
92: Great Northern War (1699–1721).
93: Greco-Persian Wars (498–448 BCE).
94: Greco-Turkish War (1897).
95: Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922).
96: Greek Civil War (1944–1949).
97: Greek Independence, War of (1821–1829).
98: Greek warfare (Ancient).
99: Greene, General Nathanael (1742–1786).
100: Grotius, Hugo (1583–1645).
101: Guan Yu (d. 219) and Zhuge Liang (181–234).
102: Guderian, General Heinz (1888–1954).
103: Guerilla Warfare.
104: Guevara, Ernesto (“Che”) (1928–1967).
105: Guibert, Jacques Antoine Hippolyte, Comte de (1743–1790).
106: Gulf Wars (1990–1991, 2003–Present).
107: Gungunhana (Gungunyane) (ca. 1850–1906).
108: Gunpowder.
109: Guomindang (Kuomintang).
110: Gurkhas.
111: Gustavus Adolphus, Gustav II Adolf (1594–1632).
112: Gwynedd, Owain (r. 1137–1170).
113: Haganah.
114: Hague Conventions (1899, 1907).
115: Haig, General Douglas (1861–1928).
116: Hamilcar Barca (ca. 285–229/8 BCE).
117: Hannibal (247–ca. 183 BCE).
118: Harris, Arthur (1892–1984).
119: Hastings, Battle of (1066).
120: Henry II, King (of England) (1133–1189).
121: Henry IV (Henry of Navarre) (1553–1610).
122: Heydrich, Reinhard (1904–1942).
123: Hidalgo y Castillo, Miguel (1753–1811).
124: Himmler, Heinrich (1900–1945).
125: Hitler, Adolf (1889–1945).
126: Hoche, General Louis Lazare (1768–1797).
127: Holy War.
128: Hoplite Warfare (Greece).
129: Howe, Admiral Richard, 1st Earl Howe (1726–1799).
130: Howe, General William, 5th Viscount Howe (1729–1814).
131: Huerta, Victoriano (1850–1916).
132: Humanitarian Action and Intervention.
133: Hundred Years' War (1337–1453).
134: Hussite Crusades (1420–1431).
135: Ibn Saud (Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman Al Saud) (ca. 1880–1953).
136: Imjin War (1592–1598).
137: Imperial War Cabinet (1917–1918).
138: Improvised Explosive Devices.
139: Indian National Army.
140: Indonesi–Malaysia Confrontation (1962–1966).
141: Indo-Pakistani Wars (1947–1948, 1965, 1971).
142: Innocent IV, Pope (ca. 1200–1254).
143: Iphicrates (d. ca. 353 BCE).
144: Iraq-Iran War (1980–1988).
145: Irgun Zvai Leumi (Irgun).
146: Irish Republican Army.
147: Irish Revolution (1912–1923).
148: Iroquois Confederacy.
149: Italo-Abyssinian Wars (1887–1896, 1935–1936).
150: Ivan IV (“The Dread,” “The Terrible”) (1530–1584).
151: Jackson, Andrew (1767–1845).
152: Jackson, General Thomas J. “Stonewall” (1824–1863).
153: Jacobite Rising (1745–1746).
154: James I of Aragon (Jaime, “The Conqueror”) (1208–1276).
155: Janissaries.
156: Jellicoe, Admiral Sir John Rushworth, 1st Earl Jellicoe (1859–1935).
157: Jeune Ecole.
158: Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek) (1887–1975).
159: Jinchuan Campaigns (1747–1776).
160: Jingoism.
161: Joan of Arc (1412–1431).
162: Joffre, Marshal Joseph (1852–1931).
163: John VI Kantakouzenos (ca. 1292–1383).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Johnston, General Joseph E. (1807–1891).
2: Jomini, General Antoine-Henri, Baron de (1779–1869).
3: Just War.
4: Kabalega (Kabarega) of Bunyoro (ca. 1853–1923).
5: Kargil War (1999).
6: Kayala River, Battle of (1185).
7: Kellogg–Briand Pact (1928).
8: Kennan, George F. (1904–2005).
9: Khalkhin Gol, Battle of (1939).
10: King, Admiral Ernest J. (1878–1956).
11: King Philip's War (1675–1678).
12: King William's War (1688–1699).
13: Kitchener, General Horatio Herbert, 1st Earl Kitchener (1850–1916).
14: Korean War (1949–1953).
15: Kuropatkin, General Aleksei Nikolaevich (1848–1925).
16: Kursk, Battle of (1943).
17: Kutuzov, Field Marshal Mikhail (1747–1813).
18: Landwehr.
19: Latter Three Years' War (1083–1087).
20: Lawrence, Thomas Edward (1888–1935).
21: Laws of War.
22: Lay of Igor's Campaign (Twelfth Century).
23: League of Augsburg, War of the (1688–1697).
24: League of Nations.
25: Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990).
26: Lee, General Robert E. (1807–1870).
27: Legnano, Battle of (1176).
28: Lei Feng (1940–1962).
29: LeMay, General Curtis (1906–1990).
30: Lepanto, Battle of (1571).
31: Lettow-Vorbeck, General Paul-Emil von (1870–1964).
32: Leuctra, Battle of (371 BCE).
33: Liddell Hart, Basil H. (1895–1970).
34: Lieber, Francis (1798–1872).
35: Liman von Sanders, General Otto Karl Victor (1855–1929).
36: Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865).
37: Little Big Horn, Battle of (1876).
38: Lloyd George, David (1st Earl Lloyd George) (1863–1945).
39: Llywelyn the Great (ca. 1173–1240).
40: Logistics.
41: London Naval Conferences (1930, 1935–1936).
42: Longbow.
43: Louis XIV of France (1638–1715).
44: Ludendorff, General Erich (1865–1937).
45: Lyautey, Marshal Louis-Hubert (1854–1934).
46: MacArthur, General Douglas (1880–1964).
47: Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469–1527).
48: Mahan, Captain Alfred T. (1840–1914).
49: Mahdia Campaign (1087).
50: Mandist War (1881–1899).
51: Maji Maji Uprising (1905–1907).
52: Malayan Emergency (1948–1960).
53: Mamluks.
54: Mantuan Succession, War of the (1628–1631).
55: Manzikert, Battle of (1071).
56: Maori Wars (1845–1872).
57: Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-Tung) (1893–1976).
58: Marathon, Battle of (490 BCE).
59: Marshall, General George C. (1880–1959).
60: Marxists on War.
61: Matilda of Canossa (1046–1115).
62: Mau Mau Emergency (1952–1960).
63: Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (1567–1625).
64: Maya Warfare.
65: Mercenaries.
66: Mexican-American War (1846–1848).
67: Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821).
68: Mfecane (1815–1840).
69: Military Intelligence.
70: Military Law.
71: Military Necessity.
72: Military Occupation.
73: Military Religious Orders.
74: Military Revolution, The (1560–1660).
75: Military Standards (Roman).
76: Military Uniforms.
77: Militia.
78: Millán Astray, General José (1879–1954).
79: Miltiades the Younger (ca. 550–489 BCE).
80: Minamoto Yoshitsune (1159–1189).
81: Mines (Land and Sea).
82: Miranda y Rodríguez, Sebastián Francisco de (1750–1816).
83: Mitchell, William (“Billy”) (1879–1936).
84: Mohawk–Mahican War (1624–1628).
85: Moltke, Field Marshal Helmuth von, The Elder (1800–1891).
86: Moltke, Helmuth von, The Younger (1848–1916).
87: Mongol Conquest of China.
88: Mongol Invasions of Japan.
89: Mongol Invasions of Russia.
90: Mongols in the Middle East.
91: Montecùccoli, General Raimondo (1609–1680).
92: Montgomery, Field Marshal Bernard Law (1887–1976).
93: Mountbatten, Louis, 1st Earl of Mountbatten (1900–1979).
94: Mtyela Kasanda (“Mirambo”) (d. 1884).
95: Muhammad Ali (Kavalah Mehmet Ali Pasa) (ca. 1769–1849).
96: Muscovy Military Rise of (1460–1730).
97: Mussolini, Benito (1883–1945).
98: Namur, Sieges of (1692 and 1695).
99: Nanbokuchō Wars (1331–1392).
100: Napoleonic Invasion of Russia (1812).
101: Napoleonic Wars (1802–1815).
102: National Liberation, Wars of.
103: Nelson, Horatio, 1st Viscount Nelson (1758–1805).
104: Neutrality.
105: New Model Army.
106: Nigerian Civil War (1967–1970).
107: Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910).
108: Nimitz, Admiral Chester (1885–1966).
109: Nine Years' War (1594–1603).
110: Nixon, Richard M. (1913–1994).
111: Njinga Mbande, Queen of Ndongo and Matamba (ca. 1583–1663).
112: Nogi Maresuke, General (1849–1912).
113: Nomadic Warfare.
114: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
115: North-West Rebellion (1885).
116: North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970).
117: Nuclear Weapons.
118: Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.
119: Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582).
120: Onasander (First Century CE).
121: Operation Barbarossa (1941).
122: Opium Wars (1839–1842, 1856–1860).
123: Ottoman Conquests.
124: Ottoman Military Organization (Up to 1800).
125: Ottoman Military Organization (1800–1918).
126: Pacific, War of the (1879–1883).
127: Pacification.
128: Pacifism.
129: Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Palmach.
2: Paraguayan War (1864–1870).
3: Parma, Alessandro Farnese, Duke of (1545–1592).
4: Patton, General George S. (1885–1945).
5: Peace and Truce of God.
6: Peacekeeping.
7: Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE).
8: People's Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN).
9: Pequot War (1636–1637).
10: Perry, Commodore Oliver Hazard (1785–1819).
11: Pershing, General John J. (1860–1948).
12: Pétain, Marshal Philippe (1856–1951).
13: Peter I of Russia (“The Great”) (1672–1725).
14: Philip II of Macedonia (382–336 BCE).
15: Philip II of Spain (1527–1598).
16: Philip IV of France (“The Fair”) (1268–1314).
17: Philip V of Macedonia (r. 221–179 BCE).
18: Philip VI of France (“The Fortunate”) (1293–1350).
19: Philippi, Battle of (42 BCE).
20: Philippine–American War (1899–1913).
21: Pilsudski, Józef Klemens (1867–1935).
22: Pisan, Christine de (1363–ca. 1434).
23: Pitt, William, 1St Earl of Chatham (1708–1778).
24: Pitt, William (“The Younger”) (1759–1806).
25: Polish Succession, Wars of the (1733–1735).
26: Pontiac (Obwandiyag) (1720–1769).
27: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
28: Praetorian Cohorts.
29: Preemptive War.
30: Prisoners of War, Treatment of.
31: Privateers.
32: Proportionality in war.
33: Psychological Warfare.
34: Punic Wars (264–241, 218–201, 149–146 BCE).
35: Punitive Expeditions.
36: Pydna, Battle of (168 BCE).
37: Queen Anne's War (1702–1713).
38: Raids and raiders.
39: Ransoms.
40: Reagan Doctrine.
41: Reconquista (711–1492).
42: Red Cross.
43: Reparations.
44: Reprisals.
45: Rhys ap Gruffudd (1132–1197).
46: Richard I, King (of England) (1157–1199).
47: Rif Wars (1893, 1909, 1920).
48: Roberts, Field Marshal Frederick, 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar (1832–1914).
49: Rodney, Admiral George Brydges (1719–1792).
50: Roman Legions.
51: Roman—Macedonian Wars (Third—Second Centuries BCE).
52: Roman–Persian Wars (92 BCE–627 CE).
53: Roman Warfare.
54: Rommel, Field Marshal Erwin (1891–1944).
55: Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882–1945).
56: Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919).
57: Root, Elihu (1845–1937).
58: Roses, Wars of the (1455–1487).
59: Rossbach-Leuthen, Battle of (1757).
60: Russian Civil War (1917–1920).
61: Russian Conquests in Central Asia (Nineteenth Century).
62: Russo-Finnish War (1939–1940).
63: Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905).
64: Russo-Polish War (1919–1920).
65: Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878).
66: Russo-Turkish Wars (Pre-1878).
67: Rwandan Genocide.
68: St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572).
69: Sandino, Augusto C. (1895–1934).
70: San Martín, José Francisco de (1778–1850).
71: Santa Anna, Antonio López de (1794–1876).
72: Santa Cruz de Marcenado (1684–1732).
73: Saturation (Carpet) Bombing.
74: Saxe, Hermann Maurice, Comte de (1696–1750).
75: Scharnhorst, General Gerhard von (1755–1813) and Gneisenau, Field Marshal August Neidhart von (1760–1831).
76: Schlieffen, Field Marshal Alfred von (1833–1913).
77: Schutzstaffel (SS).
78: Scipio Africanus (236–183 BCE).
79: Second Macedonian War (200–197 BCE).
80: Seeckt, General Hans von (1866–1936).
81: Sekigahara, Battle of (1600).
82: Self-Defense.
83: Selim I (“The Grim”) (1465–1520).
84: Selim II (1524–1574).
85: Seminole Wars (1817–1818, 1835–1842, 1855–1858).
86: Sepoy Mutiny (1857–1859).
87: Septimius Severus (145–211).
88: Seven Years' War (1756–1763).
89: Shaka kaSenzangakhona Zulu (ca. 1787–1828).
90: Shamyl, Imam (1797–1871).
91: Sherman, General William T. (1820–1891).
92: Siberian Intervention.
93: Sicilian Vespers, War of the (1282–1302).
94: Siege Warfare (Early Modern).
95: Sikhs.
96: Singapore, Fall of (1942).
97: Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895).
98: Sioux Wars (1854–1891).
99: Slim, Field Marshal William, 1st Viscount Slim (1891–1970).
100: Solferino, Battle of (1859).
101: Somalia Civil War (2006).
102: Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
103: Soviet War in Afghanistan (1979–1992).
104: Spanish–American War (1898).
105: Spanish Armada (1588).
106: Spanish Army of Flanders.
107: Spanish Civil War (1936–1939).
108: Spanish Foreign Legion.
109: Spanish Succession, War of the (1701–1714).
110: Spartacus (d. 71 BCE).
111: Special Forces.
112: Special Operations Executive (SOE).
113: Spies and Spying.
114: Sri Lankan Civil War.
115: Stalin, Joseph (1878–1953).
116: Stalingrad, Battle of (1942–1943).
117: Standard, Battle of the (1138).
118: State of War.
119: Stern Gang (Lohamei Herut Yisrael, LEHI).
120: Strategic Bombing.
121: Strategy.
122: Stuart, Charles Edward (“Bonnie Prince Charlie”) (1720–1788).
123: Submarine Warfare.
124: Suchet, Marshal Louis Gabriel, Duke of Albufera (1770–1826).
125: Suez Crisis (1956).
126: Suleiman I (“The Magnificent”) (1494–1566).
127: Sun Zi (Sun Tzu) (ca. Fourth Century BCE).
128: Tactics.
129: Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864).
130: Taira Masakado Insurrection (939).
131: Taira Tadatsune Insurrection (1028–1031).
132: Takeda Shingen (1521–1573).
133: Talat, Mehmed (“Talat Pasha”) (1874–1921).
134: Tanks.
135: Targeted Killing.
136: Terrorism, War against.
137: Teutoburg Forest, Battle of (9 CE).
138: Thermopylae, Battle of (480 BCE).
139: Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).
140: Timur (“The Lame”) (1336–1405).
141: Tirailleurs Sénégalais.
142: Tirpitz, Admiral Alfred von (1849–1930).
143: Tito, Josip Broz (1892–1980).
144: Togo Heihachiro, Admiral (1848–1934).
145: Togo Shigenori (1882–1950).
146: Tojo Hideki, General (1884–1948).
147: Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543–1616).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Tokugawa Shogunate (1603–1868).
2: Tokyo War Crimes Trial.
3: Tondibi, Battle of (1591).
4: Total War.
5: Touré, Samori (ca. 1830–1900).
6: Tours/Poitiers, Battle of (732).
7: Townshend, General Charles (1861–1924).
8: Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536/7–1598).
9: Trenchard, Marshal of the RAF Sir Hugh, 1st Viscount Trenchard (1873–1956).
10: Tribal Warfare.
11: Troupes de Marine.
12: Truceless War, The (241–237 BCE).
13: Tukhachevskii, Marshal Mikhail Nikolaevich (1893–1937).
14: Túpac Amaru II (1742–1781).
15: Túpac Amaru Rebellions (1572, 1780–1782).
16: Turco-Italian War (1911–1912).
17: Turenne, Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de (1611–1675).
18: Uesugi Kenshin (1530–1578).
19: Ulster Volunteer Force.
20: Umkhonto We Sizwe (Spear of the Nation or MK).
21: United Nations.
22: Unlawful Combatants.
23: US Civil War (1861–1865).
24: US Interventions in Latin America (1900–1935).
25: Vattel, Emmerich de (1714–1767).
26: Vauban, Sébastien Le Prestre, Marquis de (1633–1707).
27: Vegetius Renatus, Flavius (ca. Fourth Century).
28: Venezuela Blockade (1902–1903).
29: Veterans.
30: Vietcong and Vietminh.
31: Vietnam War (1959–1975).
32: Vikings.
33: Villa, Pancho (Doroteo Arango) (1878–1923).
34: Vo Nguyen Giap (b. 1911).
35: Wallenstein, Albrecht von (1583–1634).
36: War and Cinema.
37: War and Medicine.
38: War and Music.
39: War and Sexuality.
40: War and Technology.
41: War Correspondents.
42: War Crimes.
43: War of 1812.
44: War Photography.
45: War Poetry.
46: War Propaganda.
47: Warfare by Sea in the Ancient Mediterranean.
48: Warfare in Pre-Colonial Africa.
49: Wars of the East India Company (1748–1849).
50: Washington, George (1732–1799).
51: Washington Naval Conference (1921–1922).
52: Weapons of Mass Destruction.
53: Wellesley, Arthur, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769–1852).
54: White Lotus Rebellion (1796–1805).
55: William I of England (“The Conqueror”) (1027–1087).
56: Wilson, Woodrow (1856–1924).
57: Women and War.
58: World War I: Afro-Asian Theaters.
59: World War I: Eastern Front.
60: World War I: Southern Front.
61: World War I: Western Front.
62: World War II: Battle of Britain.
63: World War II: Eastern Front.
64: World War II: German Invasion of Poland (September 1–October 5, 1939).
65: World War II: Invasion of Normandy to the Surrender of Germany.
66: World War II: Mediterranean Campaign.
67: World War II: The Defeat and Occupation of France.
68: World War II: War in Asia.
69: Yamamoto Isoroku, Admiral (1884–1943).
70: Yamashita Tomoyuki, General (1885–1946).
71: Yi Sunsin (1545–1598).
72: Yugoslav Succession, Wars of (1990–1999).
73: Zeng Guofan (Tseng Kuo-Fan) (1811–1872).
74: Zhang Zuolin (Chang Tso-Lin) (1875–1928).
75: Zhukov, Georgii Konstantinovich (1896–1974).
76: Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA).
77: Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA).
78: Zimbabwe's War of Independence (1965–1980).
Index.