eBook An Explorer's Guide to the Universe Series: The Universe: A Historical Survey of Beliefs, Theories, and Laws, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615300554
  • ISBN-13: 9781615300556
  • DDC: 523.1
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 219 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010
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About

Overview

The universe has been both a subject of study and supplier of fresh mysteries. This book tackles a topic that is infinitely broad with extreme precision and careful organization, bringing the far reaches of the universe squarely into the hands and minds of readers.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: In the Beginning.
2: Earliest Conceptions of the Universe.
3: Astronomical Theories of the Ancient Greeks.
4: The Ptolemaic System.
5: The System of Aristotle and Its Impact on Medieval Thought.
6: The Copernican Revolution.
7: Galileo.
8: The Heliocentric System.
9: The Infinite Universe.
10: Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion.
11: Johannes Kepler.
12: Tychonic System.
13: Tycho Brahe.
14: Newton's Impact and 19th-Century Advancements.
15: Newton's Law of Gravitation.
16: Contributions of Edmond Halley.
17: Halley and Newton.
18: Principia.
19: Tracking Comets and Stars.
20: Halley's Comet.
21: The Discoveries of William Herschel.
22: Caroline Herschel.
23: The Herschel Legacy.
24: Taking Astronomy to a New Level.
25: Geodesy.
26: Bessel Functions.
27: Newcomb's Tables and Constants.
28: Perceptions of the 20th Century.
29: Henrietta Swan Leavitt.
30: Shapley's Contributions.
31: The Doppler Effect.
32: Relativistic Cosmologies.
33: Gravitation and the Geometry of Space-Time.
34: Einstein's Model.
35: De Sitter's Model.
36: Friedmann-Lemaître Models.
37: Georges Lemaître.
38: Aleksandr Friedmann.
39: The Einstein–de Sitter Universe.
40: Bound and Unbound Universes and the Closure Density.
41: Hubble's Research on Extragalactic Systems.
42: The Hubble Law.
43: Edwin Hubble.
44: Henry Norris Russell.
45: Sir Arthur Eddington.
46: Expanding Study of the Universe.
47: The Nature of Space and Time.
48: The Hot Big Bang.
49: The Cosmic Microwave Background.
50: Arno Penzias.
51: Robert Woodrow Wilson.
52: Primordial Nucleosynthesis.
53: The Deuterium Abundance.
54: The Very Early Universe.
55: Inhomogeneous Nucleosynthesis.
56: The Cosmic Neutrino Background.
57: Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry.
58: Superunification and the Planck Era.
59: Inflation.
60: Steady State Theory and Other Alternative Cosmologies.
61: Sir Fred Hoyle.
62: Dark Matter and Dark Energy.
63: Dark Matter.
64: Dark Energy.
65: Ancient and Early Astronomers.
66: Ancient Times.
67: Anaximander.
68: Aristarchus of Samos.
69: Eratosthenes of Cyrene.
70: Heracleides Ponticus.
71: Hipparchus.
72: Kidinnu.
73: Ptolemy.
74: Medieval.
75: Al-Battānī.
76: Al-Bīrūnī.
77: Renaissance.
78: Georg Rheticus.
79: 17th Century.
80: Johann Bayer.
81: Gian Domenico Cassini.
82: John Flamsteed.
83: Johannes Hevelius.
84: Jeremiah Horrocks.
85: Simon Marius.
86: Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.
87: Jean Picard.
88: Jean Richer.
89: Ole Rømer.
90: 18th Century.
91: Jean-Sylvain Bailly.
92: Jean-Baptiste-Gaspard Bochart de Saron.
93: Johann Bode.
94: Pierre Bouguer.
95: Jacques Cassini.
96: Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Delambre.
97: Joseph-Nicolas Delisle.
98: John Goodricke.
99: Nicolas de Lacaille.
100: Jérôme Lalande.
101: Johann Mayer.
102: Charles Messier.
103: David Rittenhouse.
104: Johann Titius.
105: Notable Astronomers of the 19th Century.
106: John Couch Adams.
107: Sir George Airy.
108: Friedrich Argelander.
109: Edward Emerson Barnard.
110: William Cranch Bond.
111: Lewis Boss.
112: William Wallace Campbell.
113: James Challis.
114: Heinrich d'Arrest.
115: Sir George Darwin.
116: William Rutter Dawes.
117: Charles-Eugène Delaunay.
118: Johan Dreyer.
119: Johann Franz Encke.
120: Williamina Paton Stevens Fleming.
121: Joseph von Fraunhofer.
122: Johann Galle.
123: Sir David Gill.
124: James Gilliss.
125: Benjamin Gould.
126: Johann Hagen.
127: George Hill.
128: Sir William Huggins.
129: Pierre Janssen.
130: James Keeler.
131: Johann von Lamont.
132: Jonathan Lane.
133: William Lassell.
134: Urbain-Jean-Joseph Le Verrier.
135: Sir Joseph Lockyer.
136: Percival Lowell.
137: Johann von Mädler.
138: Maria Mitchell.
139: Wilhelm Olbers.
140: Edward Pickering.
141: William Pickering.
142: Lewis Rutherfurd.
143: Sir Edward Sabine.
144: Giovanni Schiaparelli.
145: Angelo Secchi.
146: Friedrich von Struve.
147: Hermann Vogel.
148: Max Wolf.
149: Rudolf Wolf.
150: 20th-Century Astronomers.
151: Charles Abbot.
152: Viktor Ambartsumian.
153: Halton Arp.
154: Patrick Blackett.
155: Bart Bok.
156: Sir Hermann Bondi.
157: I.S. Bowen.
158: Dirk Brouwer.
159: Margaret Burbidge.
160: Annie Jump Cannon.
161: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar.
162: Robert Dicke.
163: Sir Frank Dyson.
164: William Fowler.
165: Vitaly Ginzburg.
166: Thomas Gold.
167: Stephen W. Hawking.
168: Otto Heckmann.
169: Ejnar Hertzsprung.
170: Victor Francis Hess.
171: Antony Hewish.
172: Russell Hulse.
173: Sir James Jeans.
174: Sir Harold Spencer Jones.
175: Jacobus Kapteyn.
176: Roy P. Kerr.
177: Nikolay Aleksandrovich Kozyrev.
178: Gerard Kuiper.
179: Bertil Lindblad.
180: Malcolm Longair.
181: Edward Milne.
182: Marcel Minnaert.
183: William W. Morgan.
184: Jan Oort.
185: Ernest Öpik.
186: Sir Roger Penrose.
187: Sir Martin Ryle.
188: Carl Sagan.
189: Meghnad N. Saha.
190: Allan Sandage.
191: Frank Schlesinger.
192: Maarten Schmidt.
193: Karl Schwarzschild.
194: Harlow Shapley.