eBook Energy: Past, Present, and Future: Renewable and Alternative Energy, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615305386
  • ISBN-13: 9781615305384
  • DDC: 621.042
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 114 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

With growing populations across the world consuming Earth's limited oil and natural gas reserves, the environmental and economic toll of energy dependence becomes an increasingly global concern. The development of renewable forms of energy—solar, wind, water, and geothermal, to name a few—offers alternatives to fossil fuels. Consumers are embracing these new modes of energy delivery and use. This extensive volume examines the possibility of a cleaner and more energy efficient future by detailing the historic and emerging technologies behind some the most promising alternative resources.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Catching Rays: Solar Energy.
2: Solar Heating.
3: Solar Power.
4: Solar Cells and Solar Panels.
5: The Photovoltaic Effect.
6: Solar Cell Structure and Operation.
7: Solar Panel Design.
8: Development of Solar Cells.
9: Chasing the Wind: Wind Energy.
10: Wind Power.
11: The History of Windmills.
12: Wind Turbines.
13: Horizontal-Axis Machines.
14: Vertical-Axis Machines.
15: Harnessing Water: Hydropower.
16: Hydroelectric Power.
17: The Three Gorges Dam.
18: Tidal Power and Wave Power.
19: Waterwheels.
20: Water Turbines.
21: Impulse Turbines.
22: Reaction Turbines.
23: Output and Speed Control.
24: Cavitation.
25: Turbine Selection on the Basis of Specific Speed.
26: Turbine Model Testing.
27: Tapping the Earth: Geothermal Energy.
28: Hot Springs.
29: Hot Springs, Arkansas.
30: Geysers.
31: Geothermal Power.
32: Steam Turbines.
33: Principal Components.
34: Blading Design.
35: Turbine Staging.
36: Power Development.
37: Converting Biomass: Biofuels.
38: Types of Biofuels.
39: The Manufacture of Ethanol.
40: Economic and Environmental Considerations.
41: New Findings on Biofuels.
42: Splitting the Atom: Nuclear Energy.
43: Nuclear Fission.
44: Chain Reaction and Criticality.
45: Reactor Control.
46: Fissile and Fertile Materials.
47: Heat Removal.
48: Shielding.
49: Critical Concentration and Size.
50: Thermal, Intermediate, and Fast Reactors.
51: The International Atomic Energy Agency.
52: Nuclear Reactor Design and Components.
53: Core.
54: Fuel Types.
55: Coolants and Moderators.
56: Reflector.
57: Reactor Control Elements.
58: Structural Components.
59: Coolant System.
60: Containment System.
61: Types of Reactors.
62: Light-Water Reactor.
63: High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor.
64: Liquid-Metal Reactors.
65: CANDU Reactor.
66: Advanced Gas-Cooled Reactor.
67: Other Power Reactor Types.
68: Fuel Cells.
69: Principles of Operation.
70: The Electrochemical System.
71: Designing Fuel Cell Systems.
72: Types of Fuel Cells.
73: Alkaline Fuel Cells.
74: Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells.
75: Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells.
76: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.
77: Solid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells.
78: Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell.
79: Development of Fuel Cells.
80: Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.