eBook Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Asia, and Africa, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452218455
  • ISBN-13: 9781452218458
  • DDC: 306.09
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1976 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
About the Volume Editor.
Introduction.
Reader's Guide.
List of Articles.
List of Contributors.
Chronology.
1: The Middle East.
2: Prehistory to 1250.
3: Abbasids.
4: Abraham, Hagar, and Ishmael.
5: Agriculture.
6: Al-Farabi, Abu Nasr.
7: Al-Ghazali.
8: Ali.
9: Alphabet Origins.
10: Al-Rashid, Harun.
11: Archaeology.
12: Architecture.
13: Art.
14: Assassins.
15: Byzantines and Sassanians.
16: Byzantium.
17: Christianity.
18: Cities and Urban Culture.
19: Conquest and Expansion.
20: Crusades.
21: Cuneiform and Origins of Writing.
22: Dhimmi and Minority Religions.
23: Economy.
24: Egypt.
25: Entertainment.
26: Family Life and Structure.
27: Firdawsi.
28: Food.
29: Genghis Khan.
30: Ibn Rushd (Averroes).
31: Ibn Sina (Avicenna).
32: Iran (Persia).
33: Islamic Government (Caliphate).
34: Judaism.
35: Khadija, Aishah, and Fatimah.
36: Koran.
37: Languages.
38: Learning.
39: Literature.
40: Madrasa.
41: Mathematics.
42: Medicine.
43: Mesopotamian Civilizations.
44: Muhammad.
45: Music.
46: North Africa.
47: Pastoral Nomadism.
48: Philosophy.
49: Race and Color.
50: Rashidun.
51: Saladin.
52: Sassanians.
53: Science.
54: Seljuk Domination.
55: Sharia.
56: Slavery.
57: Spain, Muslim.
58: Sufism.
59: Syria.
60: Tribal Society.
61: Turkish Slaves and Power.
62: Ulama.
63: Umar.
64: Umayyads.
65: Women.
66: Zoroastrianism.
67: 1250 to 1920.
68: Abduh, Muhammad.
69: Agriculture and Pastoralism.
70: Al-Din al-Afghani, Jamal.
71: Arab Revolt.
72: Arabi Pasha.
73: Architecture.
74: Art.
75: Baghdad, Fall of to Mongols.
76: Colonialism and Mandates.
77: Constitutionalism.
78: European Economic Impact.
79: Family Life and Structure.
80: Fatimids.
81: Food.
82: Health.
83: Ibn Khaldun.
84: Imperialism.
85: Literature.
86: Mamluk Dynasty.
87: Mathematics.
88: Minority Religions.
89: Mongols and Il-Khans.
90: Muhammad ‘Ali.
91: Music.
92: Nationalism.
93: Oil.
94: Ottoman Asian Conquests.
95: Ottoman Balkan Conquests.
96: Ottoman Decline and Fragmentation.
97: Ottoman Empire (Summary).
98: Ottoman Institutions, Capitulations.
99: Ottoman Institutions, Devshirme.
100: Ottoman Institutions, Millet System.
101: Ottoman Origins.
102: Ottoman Society.
103: Ottoman Tanzimat Reforms.
104: Philosophy.
105: Qajar Dynasty.
106: Race and Color.
107: Rumi.
108: Safavid and Shi'i Iran.
109: Saudis.
110: Science.
111: Shah ‘Abbas.
112: Sharia.
113: Shia.
114: Slavery.
115: Suez Canal.
116: Sufism.
117: Süleyman the Magnificent.
118: Sunni.
119: Tamerlane.
120: Turkish and Mongol Impact.
121: Wahhabis.
122: Women.
123: World War I.
124: Young Turks.
125: 1920 to Present.
126: Al-Assad, Hafez.
127: Al-Banna, Hassan.
128: Arab Monarchies.
129: Arab Republics.
130: Arab Spring.
131: Architecture.
132: Art.
133: Ataturk, Mustafa Kemal.
134: Colonialism and Mandates.
135: Corruption.
136: Economies, New.
137: Educational Reform.
138: Family Life and Structure.
139: Film.
140: Food.
141: Genocide.
142: Hadid, Zaha.
143: Hashemite Dynasty.
144: Health.
145: Hussein, Saddam.
146: Internet.
147: Iran (Pre-1979).
148: Iraq.
149: Iraq War (2003).
150: Islamic Radicalism.
151: Islamic Republic of Iran.
152: Israel.
153: Israeli–Arab Wars.
154: Jordan.
155: Khomeini, Ayatollah.
156: Kulthum, Umm.
157: Kuwait.
158: Languages.
159: Lebanon.
160: Literature.
161: Mahfouz, Naguib.
162: Minority Religions.
163: Modernity.
164: Mubarak, Hosni.
165: Multiculturalism.
166: Music.
167: Nasser, Gamal Abdel.
168: Nationalism.
169: Oil.
170: Oman.
171: Palestine.
172: Persian Gulf War (Desert Storm).
173: Popular Culture.
174: Qatar.
175: Qutb, Sayyid.
176: Race and Color.
177: Radio.
178: Sadat, Anwar.
179: Saudi Arabia.
180: Saudi Dynasty.
181: School.
182: Science.
183: Sexuality.
184: Shaarawi, Hoda.
185: Sharia.
186: Shia.
187: Slavery.
188: Sufism.
189: Sunni.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
About the Volume Editor.
Introduction.
Reader's Guide.
List of Articles.
Chronology.
1: Africa.
2: Prehistory to 1400.
3: Aesop.
4: Agriculture.
5: Archaeology.
6: Architecture.
7: Art.
8: Bantu Expansion.
9: Berbers.
10: Camels.
11: Christianity, Coptic.
12: Christianity in North Africa, Pre-Islam.
13: Cities and Urban Culture.
14: Crafts and Industries.
15: Diseases, Endemic.
16: Dunama Dibbalemi (Kanem).
17: Education.
18: Egypt.
19: Egyptian Culture as African.
20: Empires, Early.
21: Entertainment.
22: Eratosthenes.
23: Ethnic Migration Patterns.
24: Family Life and Structure.
25: Fatimids.
26: Food.
27: Ghana Empire.
28: Gold.
29: Health.
30: Human Origins.
31: Hunter-Gatherers.
32: Ibn Battuta.
33: Iron and Textiles.
34: Islam in North Africa.
35: Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa.
36: Islamic Conquests.
37: Kanem Empire.
38: Lactantius.
39: Languages.
40: Literature, Oral.
41: Mali Empire.
42: Mansa Musa (Mali).
43: Mossi Wars and Raiding.
44: Music.
45: Pastoral Nomadism.
46: Pharaonic Dynasties of Egypt.
47: Philosophy.
48: Religion, Traditional.
49: Saint Augustine of Hippo.
50: Science.
51: Slavery.
52: Songhay, Ghana.
53: Tenkamenin.
54: Trade, Trans-Saharan.
55: Tribal Society.
56: Tsetse Fly Limitation (Horse).
57: Tuareg.
58: Women.
59: Writing Systems, African.
60: 1400 to 1900.
61: Agriculture and Pastoralism.
62: Arabs in Africa.
63: Architecture.
64: Art.
65: Ashanti Empire.
66: Asians (South) in Africa.
67: Askia Mohammed (Songhay).
68: Bambara.
69: Benin.
70: Blyden, Edward Wilmot.
71: Boer Wars.
72: Brass Works.
73: British Punitive Expedition (1897).
74: Children's Lives.
75: Christianity.
76: City-States.
77: Currency (Cowry Shells).
78: Dahomey.
79: Dance.
80: Delaney, Martin.
81: Diseases, Endemic.
82: Empires, Precolonial.
83: Entertainment.
84: Equiano, Olaudah.
85: European Economic Impact.
86: European Imperialism.
87: Family Life and Structure.
88: Fashoda Incident (1898).
89: Firearms.
90: Folklore and Proverbs.
91: Fulani Empire.
92: Gold and Salt.
93: Griots.
94: Health.
95: Islam.
96: Italo–Ethiopian War.
97: Jihad.
98: Judaism.
99: Khartoum.
100: Kinship Systems.
101: Kongo Kingdom.
102: Law, Traditional.
103: Leo Africanus.
104: Liberia.
105: Malaria and Europeans.
106: Market Economies (Pre-European).
107: Minority Religions.
108: Music.
109: Mythology.
110: Pasha, Judar (Morocco).
111: Philosophy.
112: Polygamy.
113: Racism.
114: Religion, Traditional.
115: Rhodes, Cecil.
116: Rif War.
117: School Day (Mission Schools).
118: Science.
119: Shaka Zulu.
120: Sierra Leone.
121: Slave Trade (Indian Ocean).
122: Slave Trade Wars.
123: Songhay Empire.
124: Spain and North Africa.
125: Textiles.
126: Timbuktu.
127: Trade, Trans-Saharan.
128: Triangular and Slave Trade.
129: Underdevelopment.
130: Urban Centers (Pre-European).
131: Witchcraft and Sorcery.
132: Women.
133: Wood Sculpture and Masks.
134: Yoruba Empire.
135: 1900 to Present.
136: African National Congress.
137: African Studies.
138: AIDS and AIDS Programs.
139: Al Qaeda in Sudan.
140: Ali Farka Toure.
141: Amin, Idi.
142: Anti-Apartheid Movement.
143: Apartheid.
144: Architecture.
145: Art.
146: Autocratic Governments.
147: Biafran War.
148: Children's Lives.
149: Christianity.
150: Colonialism and Mandates.
151: Congo/Katanga Civil War.
152: Corruption.
153: Coups and Revolts.
154: Cubans in Africa.
155: Cults.
156: Democracy.
157: Du Bois, W. E. B..
158: Economies, New.
159: Education, Islamic.
160: Educational Reform.
161: Elections.
162: Eritrea–Ethiopian War.
163: Ethnic and Tribal Conflicts.
164: Falasha Judaism.
165: Family Life and Structure.
166: Female Circumcision.
167: Film.
168: Food.
169: Food Crises.
170: Foreign Aid.
171: Foreign Aid Controversy.
172: Gender and Work.
173: Genocide.
174: Globalization.
175: Health.
176: Herero–German War.
177: Human Rights.
178: Hutu and Tutsi Genocide in Rwanda.
179: Industry in South Africa.
180: Informal Economy.
181: Internet.
182: Islam.
183: Italo–Ethiopian War.
184: Italo–Ottoman War (Libya).
185: Judaism.
186: Kenyatta, Jomo.
187: Languages.
188: Literature.
189: Makeba, Miriam.
190: Malaria.
191: Mandela, Nelson.
192: Maternal Mortality.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
About the Volume Editor.
Introduction.
Reader's Guide.
List of Articles.
Chronology.
1: East and Southeast Asia.
2: Prehistory to 1200.
3: Agriculture.
4: Archaeology.
5: Architecture.
6: Art.
7: Buddhism, Early.
8: Bureaucracy.
9: Calligraphy.
10: Chinese Medicine, Early.
11: Cities and Urban Culture.
12: Clans (Japan): Soga, Fujiwara, and Taira.
13: Confucius.
14: Conquest and Expansion.
15: Dance.
16: Economy.
17: Entertainment.
18: Ethnicity.
19: Family Life and Structure.
20: Feudalism, Asian.
21: Food.
22: Forced Labor/Corvée.
23: Han, Eastern.
24: Han, Western.
25: Health.
26: Imperial Rule.
27: Korea, Early Wars.
28: Korean Dynasties.
29: Languages.
30: Literature.
31: Mandarins.
32: Mencius.
33: Music.
34: Mythology.
35: Pastoral Nomadism.
36: Peasants.
37: Philosophy.
38: Qin Dynasty.
39: Science.
40: Shang Dynasty.
41: Slavery.
42: Song Dynasties, North and South.
43: Sui Dynasty.
44: Tang Dynasty.
45: Three Sovereigns/Five Emperors.
46: Trade, Seaborne.
47: Women.
48: Writing Systems, Chinese.
49: Writing Systems, Japanese.
50: Writing Systems, Southeast Asian.
51: Xia Dynasty.
52: Xin Dynasty.
53: Zhou, Eastern.
54: Zhou, Western.
55: 1200 to 1900.
56: Agriculture and Pastoralism.
57: Ancestor Worship.
58: Architecture.
59: Art.
60: Buddhism.
61: Chinese Overseas.
62: Christian Missionary Impact.
63: Entertainment.
64: Ethnicity.
65: European Economic Impact.
66: Family Life and Structure.
67: Food.
68: Genghis Khan.
69: Imperial Government (China).
70: Imperialism.
71: Japanese Contacts with Europe.
72: Japanese Cult of Emperor.
73: Japanese Emperors and Shoguns.
74: Japanese Invasions of Korea (1592–1598).
75: Japanese Tea Ceremony.
76: Jin Dynasty (1115–1234).
77: Joseon Dynasty (Korea 1392–1910).
78: Korean Alphabet (Hangul).
79: Literature.
80: Medicine.
81: Meiji Restoration.
82: Ming Dynasty (1368–1644).
83: Minority Religions.
84: Mongol Wars.
85: Music.
86: Mythology.
87: Nationalism.
88: Philosophy.
89: Plantations, British.
90: Plantations, Dutch.
91: Plantations, French.
92: Qing Dynasty (1644–1911).
93: Samurai.
94: Science.
95: Shinto (Japan).
96: Shogunate Government.
97: Sino–Japanese War.
98: Social Change and New Classes.
99: Taoism.
100: Tonghak Rebellion (Korea).
101: Treaty of Shimonoseki.
102: Westernization.
103: Women.
104: Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).
105: 1900 to Present.
106: Anticolonialism.
107: Architecture.
108: Art.
109: Asian Values Debate.
110: Birth Control in China.
111: Brunei.
112: Burma (Myanmar).
113: Cambodia.
114: Censorship.
115: Chiang Kai-Shek.
116: Children's Lives.
117: China.
118: China (1937–1945).
119: China, Economic Power.
120: Chinese Diaspora.
121: Chou En-lai.
122: Christian Missions.
123: Civil War in China.
124: Clan/Kinship.
125: Coffee (Indonesia).
126: Cold War.
127: Colonialism and Mandates.
128: Communism and Maoism.
129: Communism and State Capitalism.
130: Corruption.
131: Cultural Revolution.
132: Democracy and Human Rights.
133: Economies, New.
134: Educational Reform.
135: Ethnicity.
136: Falun Gong (Falun Dafa).
137: Family Life and Structure.
138: Food.
139: Genocide.
140: Globalization.
141: Higher Education.
142: Hirohito, Emperor.
143: Ho Chi Minh.
144: Hong Kong (Britain/China).
145: Indonesia.
146: Internal Migration.
147: Internet.
148: Islam in China.
149: Japan.
150: Japanese Co-Prosperity Sphere.
151: Japanese Zaibatsu.
152: Kim Regime (North Korea).
153: Korea (ROK and PRK).
154: Korea, Japanese Annexation of.
155: Korean Chaebols.
156: Korean War (1950–1953).
157: Laos.
158: Literature.
159: Macau (Portugal).
160: Malaysia.
161: Manchuria.
162: Manufacturing.
163: Mao Zedong.
164: Maternal Mortality.
165: Minority Religions.
166: Modernity.
167: Mongolia.
168: Multiculturalism.
169: Music.
170: Nationalism.
171: Nixon in China.
172: Oil.
173: Philippines.
174: Popular Culture.
175: Poverty.
176: Propaganda.
177: Radio.
178: Religion.
179: Rubber (Malaysia).
180: Russo–Japanese War.
181: Science.
182: Sexuality.
183: Singapore.
184: Social Change and New Classes.
185: Sports.
186: Sukarno (Indonesia).
187: Sun Yat-sen.
188: Taiwan.
189: Taiwan, Exile of Nationalists.
190: Television.
191: Thailand.
192: Theater and Film.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
About the Volume Editor.
Introduction.
Reader's Guide.
List of Articles.
Chronology.
1: South, Central, and West Asia.
2: Prehistory to 1200.
3: Agriculture.
4: Alexander the Great.
5: Archaeology.
6: Architecture.
7: Art.
8: Bhagavad Gita.
9: Caste.
10: Chalukya Dynasties.
11: Children's Lives.
12: Chola Dynasties.
13: Cities and Urban Culture.
14: Economy.
15: Family Life and Structure.
16: Food.
17: Gautama (Buddha).
18: Greek Period.
19: Gupta Dynasty.
20: Health.
21: Indus Valley Civilization.
22: Islam Via Kerala.
23: Krishna.
24: Languages.
25: Literature.
26: Maurya Empire.
27: Music.
28: Mythology.
29: Pallava Dynasty.
30: Pandyan Empires.
31: Pastoral Nomadism.
32: Peasants.
33: Persian Achaemenid Empire.
34: Philosophy, Indian.
35: Silk Road.
36: Slavery.
37: Tribal Society.
38: Vedic Period.
39: Women.
40: Writing Systems, Central Asian.
41: Writing Systems, South Asian.
42: 1200 to 1900.
43: Afghan–Maratha War.
44: Agriculture and Pastoralism.
45: Anglo–Afghan Wars.
46: Architecture.
47: Art.
48: Babur Invasion.
49: Battle of Plassey.
50: British East India Company Governance.
51: British Influence.
52: Buddhism.
53: Christianity.
54: Dance.
55: Deobandi Sect.
56: Economic Impact, European.
57: Entertainment.
58: Family Life and Structure.
59: Famine.
60: Folklore.
61: Food (Cuisine).
62: French Enclaves.
63: Imperialism.
64: Indian Rebellion (Mutiny of 1857).
65: Islam in India.
66: Jainism.
67: Landlords.
68: Literature.
69: Madrassa.
70: Medicine.
71: Mongol Invasions.
72: Monsoon.
73: Mughal Empire.
74: Music.
75: Peasants.
76: Philosophy.
77: Plague in India.
78: Portuguese Enclaves.
79: Princely States and Kingdoms.
80: Science.
81: Sikhism.
82: Slavery.
83: Turkish and Mongol Impact.
84: Women.
85: Work Life.
86: 1900 to Present.
87: Afghan War.
88: Afghanistan.
89: Afghanistan, Soviet Occupation.
90: AIDS (HIV/AIDS).
91: Architecture.
92: Art.
93: Ashram Life.
94: Assam Secession Movement.
95: Bangalore.
96: Bangladesh.
97: Bangladesh Secession.
98: Bhutan.
99: Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali.
100: Bin Laden, Osama.
101: Bollywood.
102: Buddhism.
103: Children's Lives.
104: Christianity.
105: Cold War Diplomacy.
106: Colonialism and Mandates.
107: Corruption.
108: Democratization.
109: Drug Trafficking.
110: Economies, New.
111: Educational Reform.
112: Environment.
113: Ethnic and Communal Conflicts.
114: Family Life and Structure.
115: Food.
116: Gandhi, Mohandas.
117: Gandhian Economics.
118: Gender Discrimination in Work.
119: Genocide.
120: Green Revolution.
121: Health.
122: Hinduism.
123: Human Trafficking.
124: India.
125: India, Partition of.
126: India–Pakistan Wars.
127: Internet.
128: Islam, Shia.
129: Islam, Sunni.
130: Islam, Wahhabi.
131: Karzai, Hamid.
132: Kashmir Conflict.
133: Kazakhstan.
134: Khan, Mohammad Ayub.
135: Kyrgyzstan.
136: Literature.
137: Madrassas.
138: Maternal Mortality.
139: Military Coups.
140: Modernity.
141: Monarchies.
142: Multiculturalism.
143: Musharraf, Pervez.
144: Music.
145: Nationalism.
146: Nehru, Jawaharlal.
147: Nepal.
148: Nuclear Weapons.
149: Oil.
150: Pakistan.
151: Popular Culture.
152: Population Growth.
153: Poverty.
154: Prostitution.
155: Radio.
156: Russia.
157: Satyagraha Tactic.
158: Science.
159: Sen, Amartya.
160: Sikhism.
161: Sikkim.
162: Social Change and New Classes.
163: Soviet Union in Central Asia.
164: Sports.
165: Sri Lanka.
166: Tagore, Rabindranath.
167: Tajikistan.
168: Taliban and Al Qaeda.
169: Taliban Regime.
170: Tamil Insurgency in Sri Lanka.
171: Television.
172: Terrorism.
173: Theater and Film.
174: Turkmenistan.
175: Urbanization.
176: Uzbekistan.
177: Women.
178: Work Life.
179: World War I.
180: World War II.
181: Zardari, Asif Ali.
182: Zia, Mohammad.
Glossary.
Resource Guide.
Country Statistics.
Master Index.
Photo Credits.