eBook Profiling and Criminal Justice in America: A Reference Handbook, 2nd Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1610698525
  • ISBN-13: 9781610698528
  • DDC: 363.2
  • Grade Level Range: 12th Grade - College Senior
  • 248 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released March 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015
  • Price:  Sign in for price



In the post-9/11 world, profiling by law enforcement has become "standard operating procedure." Profiling by prosecutors, judges, and corrections officers is pervasive in other criminal justice contexts as well. Is profiling actually effective in preventing crime or identifying likely offenders and therefore justifiable? This accessible, single-volume reference book examines profiling as it pertains to the criminal justice system in the United States, providing non-partisan information that illuminates the full scope of the profiling issue and discusses the possible impact of profiling on all American citizens. Addressing this highly controversial topic holistically, the book considers questions such as whether the criminal justice system in the United States unfairly targets minorities, how the rights of minorities can be protected while enabling law enforcement to use every resource available, and whether justification for profiling techniques exists. This work will serve students at the high school and college level as well as general readers who are interested in criminal justice issues and issues relating to equality and fairness before the bar of justice.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Recent Titles in the Contemporary World Issues Series.
Series Note.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Background and History.
2: Problems, Controversies, and Solutions.
3: Perspectives.
4: On Racial Profiling: Thorvald O. Dahle.
5: Criminal Behavioral Profiling—A Critical Perspective: Penny R. Shtull.
6: Media Influence on Perceived Offender-Victim Relationship: Paige Heinrich.
7: Going Beyond “Flying While Arab”— Islamophobic Profiling in the Era of Homeland Security: Connie M. Koski.
8: Profiling as a Positive Intervention for Managing People with Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System: Pat Nelson.
9: Negative Stereotypes, Discrimination, Poverty, and Anger—the Enduring Factors Leading to African Americans’ Overrepresentation in Prison: Lauren Kientz Anderson.
10: Epidemic Proportions: How Person and Environment Combine in the Overrepresentation of African Americans in the Criminal Justice System: Raphael Travis Jr..
11: Profiles.
12: Personalities.
13: Freda Adler (1933–).
14: Joe Arpaio (1932–).
15: Harry A. Blackmun (1908–1999).
16: Julian Bond (1940–).
17: Henry Brown (1836–1913).
18: Warren E. Burger (1907–1995).
19: William J. Clinton (1946–).
20: Morris Dees (1936–).
21: John Douglas (1947–).
22: W.E.B. Dubois (1868–1963).
23: Franz Gall (1758–1828).
24: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933–).
25: Herman Goldstein (1931–).
26: John M. Harlan (1833–1911).
27: Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679).
28: J. Edgar Hoover (1895–1972).
29: Jesse Jackson (1941–).
30: Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968).
31: Rodney King (1965–2012).
32: John Lewis (1940–).
33: Cesare Lombroso (1835–1909).
34: Thurgood Marshall (1908–1993).
35: Kweisi Mfume (1948–).
36: Rosa Parks (1913–2005).
37: Lewis Powell (1907–1998).
38: William H. Rehnquist (1924–2005).
39: Janet Reno (1938–).
40: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778).
41: Margaret Sanger (1879–1966).
42: Antonin Scalia (1936–).
43: Al Sharpton (1954–).
44: Roger Taney (1777–1864).
45: August Vollmer (1876–1955).
46: Earl Warren (1891–1974).
47: Ida B. Wells (1862–1931).
48: Byron White (1917–2002).
49: Christine Todd Whitman (1947–).
50: James Q. Wilson (1931–2012).
51: O. W. Wilson (1900–1972).
52: Organizations and Agencies.
53: Private Organizations.
54: Federal Government Agencies.
55: State Government Agencies.
56: Data and Documents.
57: Government Documents.
58: Civil Rights Complaints in U.S. District Court: 1990–2006.
59: Confronting Discrimination in the Post-9/11 Era: Challenges and Opportunities Ten Years Later.
60: Contacts Between the Police and the Public, 2008.
61: Correctional Populations in the United States, 2012.
62: End Racial ProfiLing Act of 2013.
63: Guidelines Regarding the Use of Race by Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.
64: Immigration OffEnders in the Federal Justice System, 2010.
65: Police Behavior During Traffic and Street Stops, 2011.
66: Prisoners in 2011.
67: Probation and Parole in the United States, 2011.
68: Protecting Civil Rights: A Leadership Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement.
69: Protecting the Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex Individuals.
70: Protecting Women’s Rights.
71: Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues.
72: Racial Profiling Factsheet.
73: Key Supreme Court Cases.
74: Documents.
75: Resources.
Academic Studies.
About the Author.