eBook The Britannica Guide To Africa: The History of Central and Eastern Africa, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303960
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303960
  • DDC: 967
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 304 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

The abundance of natural resources endemic to central and eastern Africa has been critical in shaping the trajectory of the civilizations that have made the region their home. Like the rest of the continent, however, the areas' riches also made them vulnerable to slave traders and colonizers who left a devastating legacy in their wake. This engrossing selection documents the history of a region that witnessed some of the world's most brutal and destructive conflicts as well as the birth of several groups who continue to fight for justice and peace in the region.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Central Africa.
2: Early Society and Economy.
3: Early Toolmakers.
4: The Agricultural Revolution.
5: The Iron Age.
6: Bantu Languages.
7: Growth of Trade.
8: Central Africa and the Outer World.
9: Development of the Slave Trade.
10: Exploitation of Ivory.
11: Colonialism.
12: Establishment of European Colonies.
13: Congo Free State.
14: Economic Organization.
15: The End of the Colonial Period.
16: Burundi.
17: Precolonial Burundi.
18: Burundi under Colonial Rule.
19: The First and Second Republics.
20: The Third Republic.
21: Civil War.
22: The Path Toward Peace.
23: Central African Republic.
24: Early History.
25: The Colonial Era.
26: Independence.
27: The Struggle for Leadership.
28: Jean-Bédel Bokassa.
29: Authoritarian Rule under Kolingba.
30: Patassé and the Quest for Democracy.
31: The 21st Century.
32: Democratic Republic of the Congo.
33: Precolonial Perspectives.
34: The Congo Free State.
35: Belgian Paternalism and the Politics of Decolonization.
36: Joseph Kasavubu.
37: The Congo Crisis.
38: Mobutu's Regime.
39: The Democratic Republic of the Congo.
40: Republic of the Congo.
41: Early History.
42: The Colonial Era.
43: Denis Sassou-Nguesso.
44: Congo Since Independence.
45: Gabon.
46: Early Colonization.
47: The Fang.
48: French Control.
49: Gabon Since Independence.
50: Rwanda.
51: Pre-Colonial Rwanda.
52: Rwanda under German and Belgian Control.
53: The Hutu and the Tutsi.
54: Independence and the 1960s.
55: The Habyarimana Era.
56: Genocide and Aftermath.
57: Regional Conflict.
58: Moving Forward.
59: Sao Tome and Principe.
60: Portuguese Colonial Rule.
61: After Independence.
62: Eastern Africa.
63: East Africa.
64: The Coast Until 1856.
65: The Interior Before the Colonial Era.
66: Buganda.
67: The Colonial Era.
68: German East Africa.
69: Horn of Africa.
70: Aksum.
71: British East Africa.
72: The Somali.
73: The Solomonids.
74: Rise of the Oromo.
75: Abyssinia.
76: Revival of the Ethiopian Empire.
77: The Oromo.
78: Djibouti.
79: Early History.
80: Independence and the Gouled Presidency.
81: Balancing Ethnic Tensions.
82: Urban Development and Challenges.
83: Multiparty Politics and Civil War.
84: Djibouti under Guelleh.
85: Eritrea.
86: Precolonial Eritrea.
87: Rule from the Highlands.
88: Contesting for the Coastlands and Beyond.
89: Colonial Eritrea.
90: Rule by Italy.
91: Aḥmad Grāñ.
92: From Italian to Ethiopian Rule.
93: Federation with Ethiopia.
94: The War of Independence.
95: Independent Eritrea.
96: Ethiopia.
97: From Prehistory to the Aksumite Kingdom.
98: The Zagwe and Solomonic Dynasties.
99: Challenge, Revival, and Decline.
100: Emergence of Modern Ethiopia.
101: Tewodros II.
102: Yohannes IV.
103: Menilek II.
104: Treaty of Wichale.
105: Iyasu.
106: Ras Tafari.
107: The Rise and Reign of Haile Selassie I.
108: Regent and Heir Apparent.
109: Emperor.
110: Conflict with Italy.
111: Return to Power.
112: Internal Conflicts and the Fall of the Monarchy.
113: Socialist Ethiopia.
114: Land Reform and Famine.
115: Challenges to the Regime.
116: Transition.
117: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
118: Kenya.
119: Early and Precolonial History.
120: Maasai and Kikuyu.
121: Control of the Interior.
122: The British East Africa Company and East Africa Protectorate.
123: Resistance to European Rule and Early Administration.
124: The Uganda Railway and European Settlement.
125: World War I and Its Aftermath.
126: Kenya Colony.
127: Political Movements.
128: World War II to Independence.
129: Mau Mau.
130: The Republic of Kenya.
131: Kenyatta's Rule.
132: Moi's Rule.
133: Kenya in the 21st Century.
134: Somalia.
135: Early Activity on the Coasts.
136: Penetration of the Interior.
137: Before Partition.
138: Peoples of the Coasts and Hinterland.
139: The Somali.
140: The Great Somali Migrations.
141: Somali Clans and Foreign Traders.
142: The Imperial Partition.
143: Competition between the European Powers and Ethiopia.
144: Revolt in British Somaliland.
145: Italian Somaliland.
146: The Somali Republic.
147: Pan-Somalism.
148: The Era of “Scientific Socialism”.
149: Civil War.
150: Attempts at Peace.
151: Tanzania.
152: Tanganyika.
153: Early Exploration.
154: German East Africa.
155: Tanganyika Territory.
156: Julius Nyerere.
157: Independence.
158: Zanzibar.
159: Portuguese and Omani Domination.
160: British Protectorate.
161: Independence.
162: The United Republic.
163: Tanzania under Nyerere.
164: Political and Economic Change.
165: Challenges into the 21st Century.
166: Uganda.
167: Early History.
168: Bunyoro and Buganda.
169: The Uganda Protectorate.
170: Growth of a Peasant Economy.
171: Political and Administrative Development.
172: World War II and Its Aftermath.
173: The Republic of Uganda.
174: Obote's First Presidency.
175: Tyranny under Amin.
176: Idi Amin.
177: Obote's Second Presidency.
178: Museveni in Office.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.