eBook Encyclopedia of Transportation: Social Science and Policy, 1st Edition

  • Mark Garrett
  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 148334651X
  • ISBN-13: 9781483346519
  • DDC: 388.03
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2200 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released October 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Viewing transportation through the lens of current social, economic, and policy aspects, this four-volume reference work explores the topic of transportation across multiple disciplines within the social sciences and related areas, including geography, public policy, business, and economics. The book’s articles, all written by experts in the field, seek to answer such questions as: What has been the legacy, not just economically but politically and socially as well, of President Eisenhower’s modern interstate highway system in America? With that system and the infrastructure that supports it now in a state of decline and decay, what’s the best path for the future at a time of enormous fiscal constraints? Should California politicians plunge ahead with plans for a high-speed rail that every expert says—despite the allure—will go largely unused and will never pay back the massive investment while at this very moment potholes go unfilled all across the state? What path is best for emerging countries to keep pace with dramatic economic growth for their part? What are the social and financial costs of gridlock in our cities?

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Articles.
Reader’s Guide.
About the Editor.
List of Contributors.
Introduction.
Chronology.
1: Access Roads.
2: Accessibility and Mobility.
3: Activity-Based Models.
4: Adopt-a-Highway Program.
5: Advanced Traveler Information Systems.
6: Aerial Tramways.
7: Aeronautical Decision Making.
8: Aeronautics.
9: Air Cargo Carriers.
10: Air Passenger Carriers.
11: Air Pollution, Automobiles.
12: Air Pollution/Air Quality.
13: Air Taxis.
14: Air Traffic Control.
15: Air Traffic Controller Training.
16: Air Traffic Flow Management.
17: Air Travel.
18: Air Travel Regulations, History of.
19: Aircraft, New Large.
20: Aircraft, Regional Jet.
21: Aircraft, Very Light Jet.
22: Aircraft Design.
23: Aircraft Engine Emissions.
24: Aircraft Inspection and Maintenance.
25: Aircraft Maintenance Training Programs.
26: Aircraft Manufacturing.
27: Aircraft Propulsion, New Technologies of.
28: Airline Deregulation Act of 1978.
29: Airline Fares.
30: Airline Flight Reservation and Ticketing Systems.
31: Airline Flight Scheduling.
32: Airline Industry.
33: Airline Marketing.
34: Airline Passengers.
35: Airline Pilots and Crews, Labor Issues of.
36: Airline Service Quality Modeling.
37: Airplane Disasters.
38: Airplane Navigation Systems.
39: Airplane Pilot Licensing.
40: Airplane Pilot Training.
41: Airport Administration.
42: Airport Gate Assignment Problems.
43: Airport Hubs.
44: Airport Operations and Marketing.
45: Airport Parking and Ground Transportation.
46: Airport Passenger Terminals.
47: Airport Planning.
48: Airport Security.
49: Airport Transit Connections.
50: Airports, Environmental Issues and.
51: Alternative Automotive Fuels.
52: Alternative Fuels.
53: Alternative Motor Fuels Act of 1988.
54: American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials.
55: American Public Transportation Association.
56: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
57: Automated Guideway Transit.
58: Automated Landing Systems, Airplane.
59: Automated Passenger Counters.
60: Automated Road-Pricing and Toll-Collection Systems.
61: Automated Traffic Control Systems.
62: Automated Traffic Enforcement.
63: Automated Transit Systems.
64: Automated Vehicle Guidance Systems.
65: Automated Vehicle Location Systems.
66: Automated Vehicle Monitoring Systems.
67: Automatic Terminal Information Systems.
68: Automobile Access Programs.
69: Automobile Accident Avoidance Systems.
70: Automobile Accidents and Prevention.
71: Automobile Culture.
72: Automobile Design.
73: Automobile Driver Warning Systems.
74: Automobile Drivers, Disabled.
75: Automobile Drivers, Elderly.
76: Automobile Emissions Controls.
77: Automobile Engines.
78: Automobile Financing.
79: Automobile Industry, Economics of.
80: Automobile Insurance.
81: Automobile Manufacturing and Sales.
82: Automobile Operating Costs.
83: Automobile Safety Inspections and Registration.
84: Automobile Safety Systems.
85: Automobile Tires, Nitrogen Inflation and.
86: Automobile Travel Patterns.
87: Automobile Trips.
88: Automobiles, Passenger.
89: Aviation, Commercial/Business.
90: Aviation, Private.
91: Aviation, Ultralight.
92: Aviation Safety, Dangerous Goods Transport and.
93: Aviation Safety, Wildlife Strikes and.
94: Benefit–Cost Analysis of Transportation.
95: Bicycle Commuting.
96: Bicycle Facilities.
97: Bicycle Safety.
98: Bicycle Sharing.
99: Bicycles.
100: Bicycles, Electric.
101: Bicycle–Transit Linkages.
102: Bicycling, Health and Recreational Aspects of.
103: Bikeways/Bike Lanes, Road Design Issues of.
104: Biodiesel.
105: Biofuels.
106: Bridge Design.
107: Bridge Maintenance, Repair, and Replacement.
108: Bridges, Condition of.
109: Bureau of Budget Circular A-95.
110: Bureau of Public Roads.
111: Bus Capacity.
112: Bus Design.
113: Bus Design for Accessibility.
114: Bus Engines.
115: Bus Information Systems.
116: Bus Priority Lanes, Exclusive Right of Way.
117: Bus Rapid Transit, Design and Engineering of.
118: Bus Routes.
119: Bus Scheduling.
120: Bus Stops/Shelters.
121: Bus Systems, Interurban.
122: Bus Systems, Local and Express.
123: Bus Systems, Rural.
124: Buses.
125: Business Travel.
126: Busways and Reversible Bus Lanes.
127: Cable Cars.
128: Canals and Locks.
129: Car Sharing.
130: Carbon Dioxide Emissions.
131: Carbon Monoxide Emissions.
132: Carpool Programs, Ridesharing and.
133: Carpooling.
134: Carpooling, Casual.
135: Chicago Area Transportation Study.
136: Civil Rights and Transportation.
137: Clean Air Act and Amendments.
138: Climate Change, Transportation Adaption to.
139: Climate Change, Transportation Impacts from.
140: Collector Streets.
141: Collision Avoidance Systems, Airplane.
142: Collision Avoidance Systems, Automobile.
143: Commuter Buses.
144: Commuter Paradox.
145: Commuter Rail.
146: Commuter Rail Systems.
147: Commuting.
148: Complete Streets.
149: Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program.
150: Consolidated Rail Corporation.
151: Construction Management.
152: Construction Management, Public Relations and.
153: Container Terminals.
154: Containerization/Container Shipping.
155: Cordon Travel.
156: Demand-Responsive Transit, Evaluation Studies of.
157: Department of Transportation Act of 1966.
158: Deregulation.
159: Derived Demand.
160: Destination Choice Models.
161: Dial-a-Ride.
162: Diesel Engines.
163: Diesel Fuel Vehicles.
164: Disabled Driving and Vehicle Modifications.
165: Distracted Driving.
166: Dredging.
167: Driver Licensing.
168: Driver Licensing, Commercial.
169: Driver Licensing Rates.
Half Title Page.
1: Economic Development.
2: Economics of Air Travel.
3: Economics of On-Street Parking.
4: Elderly and Disabled Travelers.
5: Elderly Driver Safety Issues.
6: Electric Diesel Locomotive.
7: Electric Vehicle Recharging Stations.
8: Electric Vehicles.
9: Electronic Route Guidance Systems.
10: Emergency Response Systems.
11: Emergency Transportation Planning and Operations.
12: Emergency Vehicles.
13: Emerging Technologies.
14: Emissions Modeling.
15: Emissions Trading Schemes.
16: Employment Location.
17: Energy Costs.
18: Energy Policy Act of 1992.
19: Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975.
20: Environmental Impacts.
21: Environmental Justice.
22: Environmental Protection Agency.
23: Environmental Quality Improvement Act of 1970.
24: Equilibrium Modeling.
25: E-Shopping.
26: Ethanol.
27: Ethical Issues.
28: Evacuation Planning.
29: Executive Order 12898.
30: Federal Aid Highway Program.
31: Federal Aid Road Act of 1916.
32: Federal Automobile Safety Standards.
33: Federal Aviation Administration.
34: Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Act of 2009.
35: Federal Highway Act of 1921.
36: Federal Highway Administration.
37: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
38: Federal Railroad Administration.
39: Federal Transit Administration.
40: Federal Transportation Policy.
41: Ferries.
42: Fiscal Politics.
43: FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program.
44: Freight Handling.
45: Freight Rates/Tariffs.
46: Freight Terminals.
47: Freight Transport, Intermodal and Multimodal.
48: Freight Transport, Security Issues.
49: Freight Transport Models.
50: Full-Feedback Modeling.
51: Funicular Railways.
52: Gasoline, Reformulated.
53: Gasoline Engines.
54: Geographic Information Systems in Transportation.
55: Global Economic Centers.
56: Globalization.
57: GPS.
58: GPS, Automobile.
59: Gravity Models.
60: Green Fuels.
61: Green Transportation.
62: Greenhouse Gases.
63: Greenways.
64: Handicapped Access.
65: Harbor and Port Planning.
66: Harbor and Port Security.
67: Harbors, Design and Engineering of.
68: Harbors, Environmental Issues of.
69: Harbors and Ports, Administration and Operations of.
70: Hazardous Materials Transport.
71: Health Issues.
72: Heavy Rail Transit.
73: Helicopters.
74: Helicopters, Emergency Response and Law Enforcement.
75: High Occupancy Toll Lanes.
76: High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes.
77: High Speed Highways.
78: High Speed Rail, Design and Technology of.
79: High Speed Rail, Policy and Planning of.
80: High Speed Rail, Safety Issues of.
81: High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001.
82: Highway Aesthetics.
83: Highway and Road Safety.
84: Highway Construction and Maintenance.
85: Highway Design and Engineering.
86: Highway Finance.
87: Highway Interchange and Ramp Design.
88: Highway Interchanges.
89: Highway Landscaping.
90: Highway Planning.
91: Highway Removal.
92: Highway Safety Barriers and Traffic Barriers.
93: Highway Trust Fund.
94: Highway Tunnels.
95: Highway/Road Capacity.
96: Highways, Rural and Low-Volume.
97: Highways, Social and Economic Impacts of.
98: Historic Transportation Facilities.
99: Hitchhiking.
100: Hybrid Automobiles/Hybrid Electric Vehicles.
101: Hydrogen Fuel.
102: Hydrogen Fuel Cells.
103: Hypersonic Flight.
104: ICT, Social Impacts of.
105: Impaired Driving.
106: Incident Detection Systems, Airplane.
107: Incident Detection Systems, Automobile.
108: Induced Travel.
109: Information Technologies and Transportation.
110: Inland Waterways, Freight Traffic and.
111: Inland Waterways, Operations and Management.
112: Inland Waterways, Passenger Traffic and.
113: Inland Waterways, Planning and.
114: Inland Waterways, Traffic Management and.
115: Institute of Traffic Engineers.
116: Integrated Transportation and Urban Land Use Planning Models.
117: Intelligent Transportation Systems.
118: Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems.
119: Interchanges, Modal.
120: Intermodal Freight Transport, Technology and.
121: Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act.
122: International Air Passenger Transport.
123: International Customs and Duties.
124: International Rail Transit.
125: International Travel.
126: International Waters.
127: Intersections.
128: Interstate Commerce Commission.
129: Interstate Highway System.
130: In-Vehicle Computers.
131: Jitneys.
132: Job Access and Reverse Commuting Program.
133: Jobs–Housing Balance/Spatial Mismatch.
134: Just-in-Time Systems.
135: Latent Travel Demand.
136: Lead Pollution.
137: Levels of Service.
138: Light Electric Vehicles.
139: Light Pollution.
140: Light Rail Transit.
141: Light-Duty and Pickup Trucks.
142: Liquefied and Compressed Natural Gas.
143: Livable Streets.
144: Low-Emission Vehicles.
145: Maglev Systems.
146: Marine Transportation System.
147: Maritime Administration.
148: Maritime Industry.
149: Metropolitan Planning Organizations.
150: Microsimulation Models.
151: Mixed-Mode Transit Systems.
152: Mobile Emissions.
153: Mode Choice Models.
154: Mode Share/Mode Choice.
155: Monorails.
156: Motor Carrier Act of 1980.
157: Motor Fuel Taxes.
158: Motorcycle Safety.
159: Motorcycles.
160: Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act.
161: Multiple Criteria Decision Making/Aiding.
Half Title Page.
1: National Airspace System.
2: National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
3: National Energy Act of 1978.
4: National Environmental Policy Act.
5: National Highway System Designation Act of 1995.
6: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
7: National Household Travel Survey.
8: National Mass Transportation Assistance Legislation.
9: National Railroad Passenger Corporation/Amtrak.
10: National Transportation Safety Board.
11: Neighborhood Disruption from Highway and Transit Construction and Operations.
12: Neighborhood Electric Vehicles.
13: Neotraditional Neighborhoods and Transportation Impacts.
14: Network Modeling.
15: Next Generation Airports, Federal.
16: Nitrogen Oxides.
17: Noise Pollution and Airplanes.
18: Noise Pollution and Cars.
19: Noncommuter Travel.
20: Nonmotorized Transportation.
21: Nonmotorized Vehicles, Safety Issues of.
22: Ocean Cruise Industry.
23: Ocean Passenger Travel.
24: Origin–Destination Models.
25: Paratransit in Developing Countries.
26: Park-and-Ride/Kiss-and-Ride Lots.
27: Parking Cash-Out Systems.
28: Parking Demand.
29: Parking Design Requirements.
30: Parking Finance.
31: Parking Generation Rates.
32: Parking Lots.
33: Parking Planning and Management.
34: Parking Regulation and Enforcement.
35: Parking Revenue and Collection.
36: Parking Structures.
37: Particulate Matter.
38: Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles.
39: Passenger Van Safety.
40: Pavement Management Systems.
41: Pedestrian Malls and Skywalks.
42: Pedestrian Safety.
43: Pedestrian Safety, Blind and Elderly.
44: Pedestrian Travel.
45: Pedestrian-Friendly Design.
46: People Movers.
47: Personal Rapid Transit.
48: Personal Transportation Systems.
49: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.
50: Planning, Programming, and Budgeting Systems.
51: Pneumatic Tube Transportation.
52: Port Facilities.
53: Port Inspections.
54: Privately Owned Vehicles.
55: Privatization of Public Transit.
56: Public Participation in Transportation Planning.
57: Public Transit Employees and Labor Issues.
58: Queuing and Shockwave Measurement.
59: Rail Corridor Congestion.
60: Rail Transit Planning, U.S..
61: Rail Transit Planning, Worldwide.
62: Railroad Automation Technology.
63: Railroad Grade Crossings.
64: Railroad Industry, Economics of.
65: Railroads, Freight.
66: Railroads, Passenger.
67: Rails-to-Trails Programs.
68: Recreational Travel.
69: Recreational Vehicles.
70: Regional Transit Agencies.
71: Regional Transportation Planning.
72: Regional Transportation Planning Organizations.
73: Regional Transportation Plans.
74: Residential Location Models.
75: Reverse Commuting.
76: Risk Analysis/Assessment.
77: Road Diets.
78: Road Ecology.
79: Road Inventory.
80: Road Pricing Schemes, U.S. and International.
81: Road Rage.
82: Road Signage.
83: Road Surface Marking and Markers.
84: Roadside Assistance Programs.
85: Roundabouts and Traffic Circles.
86: Route Assignment Models.
87: Rural Transportation Mobility.
88: Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users.
89: Scenic Roads and Parkways.
90: School Bus Safety.
91: School Buses.
92: School Transportation.
93: Section 504 Regulations on Accessibility.
94: Security, Transportation.
95: Shared Taxis.
96: Ships.
97: Sidewalks.
98: Single-Occupant Vehicle Trips.
99: Smart Cars.
100: Smart Growth.
101: Smart Highways.
102: Smog.
103: Social Equity and Discrimination in Transportation.
104: Space Travel, Commercial.
105: Spatial Equity Analysis.
106: Speed Laws and Enforcement.
107: Sport Utility Vehicles.
108: State Highway Planning and Finance.
109: State Implementation Plans.
110: State Transportation Planning.
111: Street Design/Patterns.
112: Streetcars/Trolleys.
113: Student Transport.
114: Subway Systems.
115: Subways/Elevated Trains.
116: Sulfur Dioxide.
117: Supernetworks.
118: Supply-Chain Management.
119: Surface Transportation Assistance Acts of 1978 and 1982.
120: Surface Transportation Board.
121: Surface Transportation Policy Project.
122: Surface Transportation Program.
123: Sustainable Transportation.
124: Tax Increment Financing Districts.
125: Taxi Drivers and Labor Issues.
126: Taxicab Licensing and Regulation.
127: Taxicabs.
128: Telecommuting and Telecommunications.
129: Telematics.
130: Terrorism, Transportation Systems as Targets of.
131: 3-C Planning Process.
132: Tire Safety.
133: Toll Roads, Private.
134: Tourism.
135: Traffic Calming.
136: Traffic Congestion.
137: Traffic Control Devices.
138: Traffic Demand Management.
139: Traffic Detection Systems.
140: Traffic Detection Technology.
141: Traffic Engineering.
142: Traffic Flow.
143: Traffic Forecasts.
144: Traffic Impact Assessments.
145: Traffic Incident Management.
146: Traffic Information and Control Systems.
147: Traffic Laws and Enforcement.
148: Traffic Management Systems.
149: Traffic Mitigation Programs.
150: Traffic Monitoring.
151: Traffic Noise Abatement.
152: Traffic Psychology.
153: Traffic Safety and Risk Assessment.
154: Traffic Signal Priority.
155: Traffic Signals.
156: Traffic Simulation.
157: Traffic Studies and Surveys.
158: Traffic Variables.
159: Train Stations, Economics of.
160: Trains.
161: Tramways.
162: Transit Centers.
163: Transit Corridor Planning.
164: Transit Cost Allocation Models.
165: Transit Demographics.
166: Transit Dependence.
167: Transit Fares.
168: Transit Fares, Elasticity of Demand of.
Half Title Page.
1: Transit Fares, Media and Collection Systems and.
2: Transit Finance.
3: Transit Industry, Economics of.
4: Transit Information Systems.
5: Transit Lines/Networks.
6: Transit Management and Operations.
7: Transit Performance Monitoring and Evaluation.
8: Transit Planning, International.
9: Transit Priority Measures.
10: Transit Ridership.
11: Transit Safety.
12: Transit System Technology.
13: Transit Systems.
14: Transit Systems, Marketing Research and Public Relations for.
15: Transit Systems, Service Quality of.
16: Transit Systems Analysis.
17: Transit Tunnels, Design and Construction of.
18: Transit Vehicle Capacities, Loading Criteria and.
19: Transit-Oriented Development.
20: Transitways.
21: Transportation, Economics of.
22: Transportation and the Disadvantaged.
23: Transportation Control Measures.
24: Transportation Cooperative Research Program.
25: Transportation Equity Act for the Twenty-First Century.
26: Transportation Impact Analysis.
27: Transportation Impacts on Land Use.
28: Transportation Improvement Programs.
29: Transportation Modeling and Planning Software.
30: Transportation Plan Implementation, Monitoring, and Evaluation.
31: Transportation Planning.
32: Transportation Planning and Politics.
33: Transportation Policies, African.
34: Transportation Policies, Asian.
35: Transportation Policies, European.
36: Transportation Policies, North American.
37: Transportation Policies, South and Central American.
38: Transportation Policy, U.S..
39: Transportation Research Board.
40: Transportation Statistics and Databases.
41: Transportation Studies.
42: Transportation Surveys.
43: Travel by Households.
44: Travel by Mode.
45: Travel by Persons.
46: Travel Choice.
47: Travel Demand.
48: Travel Demand Forecasting.
49: Travel Destinations.
50: Travel Diaries.
51: Travel Model Calibration and Validation.
52: Travel Model Improvement Program.
53: Travel Modeling.
54: Travel Patterns by Income.
55: Travel Patterns by Race/Ethnicity.
56: Travel Patterns of the Elderly.
57: Travel Patterns of Women.
58: Travel Pricing.
59: Travel Speed Models.
60: Travel Surveys.
61: Trip Chaining.
62: Trip Distribution Models.
63: Trip Generation Rates and Models.
64: Trip Reduction Programs.
65: Triple Convergence.
66: Trolleybuses.
67: Truck Drivers, Labor Issues of.
68: Truck Inspections and Vehicle Licensing.
69: Trucking, Computer Monitoring Systems and.
70: Trucking, Owner-Operators and.
71: Trucking Industry.
72: Trucking Industry, Economics of.
73: Trucks.
74: Trucks, Safety Issues and.
75: Tunnels, Safety and Security Issues in.
76: University Transportation Centers.
77: Unmanned Aircraft.
78: Unsignalized Intersections.
79: Upstream Signalized Crossovers.
80: Urban Mass Transit Act of 1964.
81: Urban Mass Transportation Assistance Act of 1970.
82: Urban Sprawl Versus Compact Development.
83: Urban Trail Systems.
84: Urban Transportation Modeling System.
85: Urban Transportation Planning Process.
86: Urban Walkways.
87: U.S. Department of Transportation.
88: Value Increment Tax.
89: Value Pricing.
90: Vans.
91: Vehicle Emissions Standards.
92: Vehicle Fleet Emissions.
93: Vehicle Miles Taxation and Fees.
94: Vehicle Miles Traveled.
95: Vehicle Ownership Models.
96: Visual Pollution.
97: Volatile Organic Compounds.
98: Walking.
99: Water Pollution.
100: Welfare Reform.
101: Wildlife Crossings and Barriers.
102: Women in Transportation.
103: Women’s Issues/Gender Issues.
104: Work Zone Traffic Control.
105: World Container Ports.
106: Zero-Emission Vehicles.
Glossary of Terms and Acronyms.
Resource Guide.
Appendix.
Appendix A: Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook Country Comparisons: Transportation.
Appendix B: U.S. Department of Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Freight Transportataion: Global Highlights, 2010.
Appendix C: U.S. Department of Energy, Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, October 2013.
Index.
Photo Credits.