Front Cover.

Half Title Page.

Title Page.

Copyright Page.

Contents.

Publisher's Note.

About the Editors.

Introduction.

List of Articles.

Topic Finder.

List of Contributors.

1: Accident Reconstruction.

2: Accounting.

3: Acrostics, Word Squares, and Crosswords.

4: Addition and Subtraction.

5: Advertising.

6: Africa, Central.

7: Africa, Eastern.

8: Africa, North.

9: Africa, Southern.

10: Africa, West.

11: African Mathematics.

12: Aircraft Design.

13: Airplanes/Flight.

14: Algebra and Algebra Education.

15: Algebra in Society.

16: Anesthesia.

17: Animals.

18: Animation and CGI.

19: Apgar Scores.

20: Arabic/Islamic Mathematics.

21: Archery.

22: Archimedes.

23: Arenas, Sports.

24: Artillery.

25: Asia, Central and Northern.

26: Asia, Eastern.

27: Asia, Southeastern.

28: Asia, Southern.

29: Asia, Western.

30: Astronomy.

31: Atomic Bomb (Manhattan Project).

32: Auto Racing.

33: Axiomatic Systems.

34: Babylonian Mathematics.

35: Ballet.

36: Ballroom Dancing.

37: Bankruptcy, Business.

38: Bankruptcy, Personal.

39: Bar Codes.

40: Baseball.

41: Basketball.

42: Basketry.

43: Bees.

44: Betting and Fairness.

45: Bicycles.

46: Billiards.

47: Binomial Theorem.

48: Birthday Problem.

49: Black Holes.

50: Blackmun, Harry A..

51: Blackwell, David.

52: Board Games.

53: Body Mass Index.

54: Brain.

55: Bridges.

56: Budgeting.

57: Burns, Ursula.

58: Bus Scheduling.

59: Calculators in Classrooms.

60: Calculators in Society.

61: Calculus and Calculus Education.

62: Calculus in Society.

63: Calendars.

64: Canals.

65: Carbon Dating.

66: Carbon Footprint.

67: Careers.

68: Caribbean America.

69: Carpentry.

70: Castillo-Chávez, Carlos.

71: Castles.

72: Caves and Caverns.

73: Cell Phone Networks.

74: Census.

75: Central America.

76: Cerf, Vinton.

77: Cheerleading.

78: Chemotherapy.

79: Chinese Mathematics.

80: City Planning.

81: Civil War, U.S..

82: Climate Change.

83: Climbing.

84: Clocks.

85: Closed-Box Collecting.

86: Clouds.

87: Clubs and Honor Societies.

88: Cochlear Implants.

89: Cocktail Party Problem.

90: Coding and Encryption.

91: Cold War.

92: Comic Strips.

93: Communication in Society.

94: Comparison Shopping.

95: Competitions and Contests.

96: Composing.

97: Congressional Representation.

98: Conic Sections.

99: Connections in Society.

100: Contra and Square Dancing.

101: Cooking.

102: Coordinate Geometry.

103: Coral Reefs.

104: Coupons and Rebates.

105: Credit Cards.

106: Crime Scene Investigation.

107: Crochet and Knitting.

108: Crystallography.

109: Cubes and Cube Roots.

110: Currency Exchange.

111: Curricula, International.

112: Curriculum, College.

113: Curriculum, K–12.

114: Curves.

115: Dams.

116: Data Analysis and Probability in Society.

117: Data Mining.

118: Daubechies, Ingrid.

119: Deep Submergence Vehicles.

120: Deforestation.

121: Deming, W. Edwards.

122: Diagnostic Testing.

123: Dice Games.

124: Digital Book Readers.

125: Digital Cameras.

126: Digital Images.

127: Digital Storage.

128: Disease Survival Rates.

129: Diseases, Tracking Infectious.

130: Domes.

131: Doppler Radar.

132: Drug Dosing.

133: DVR Devices.

134: Earthquakes.

135: Educational Manipulatives.

136: Educational Testing.

137: EEG/EKG.

138: Egyptian Mathematics.

139: Einstein, Albert.

140: Elections.

141: Electricity.

142: Elementary Particles.

143: Elevation.

144: Elevators.

145: Energy.

146: Engineering Design.

147: Equations, Polar.

148: Escher, M.C..

149: Ethics.

150: Europe, Eastern.

151: Europe, Northern.

152: Europe, Southern.

153: Europe, Western.

154: Expected Values.

155: Exponentials and Logarithms.

156: Extinction.

157: Extreme Sports.

Half Title Page.

Title Page.

1: Fantasy Sports Leagues.

2: Farming.

3: Fax Machines.

4: Fertility.

5: FICO Score.

6: File Downloading and Sharing.

7: Fingerprints.

8: Firearms.

9: Fireworks.

10: Fishing.

11: Floods.

12: Football.

13: Forecasting.

14: Forest Fires.

15: Fuel Consumption.

16: Function Rate of Change.

17: Functions.

18: Functions, Recursive.

19: Game Theory.

20: Garfield, Richard.

21: Genealogy.

22: Genetics.

23: Geometry and Geometry Education.

24: Geometry in Society.

25: Geometry of Music.

26: Geometry of the Universe.

27: Geothermal Energy.

28: Gerrymandering.

29: Golden Ratio.

30: Government and State Legislation.

31: GPS.

32: Graham, Fan Chung.

33: Graphs.

34: Gravity.

35: Greek Mathematics.

36: Green Design.

37: Green Mathematics.

38: Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

39: Growth Charts.

40: Gymnastics.

41: Harmonics.

42: Hawking, Stephen.

43: Helicopters.

44: Highways.

45: Hitting a Home Run.

46: HIV/AIDS.

47: Hockey.

48: Home Buying.

49: Houses of Worship.

50: HOV Lane Management.

51: Hunt, Fern.

52: Hurricanes and Tornadoes.

53: Incan and Mayan Mathematics.

54: Income Tax.

55: Industrial Revolution.

56: Infantry (Aerial and Ground Movements).

57: Infinity.

58: Insurance.

59: Intelligence and Counterintelligence.

60: Intelligence Quotients.

61: Interior Design.

62: Internet.

63: Interplanetary Travel.

64: Inventory Models.

65: Jackson, Shirley Ann.

66: Joints.

67: Kicking a Field Goal.

68: Knots.

69: Landscape Design.

70: LD50/Median Lethal Dose.

71: Learning Exceptionalities.

72: Learning Models and Trajectories.

73: Levers.

74: Life Expectancy.

75: Light.

76: Light Bulbs.

77: Lightning.

78: Limits and Continuity.

79: Linear Concepts.

80: Literature.

81: Loans.

82: Lotteries.

83: Lovelace, Ada.

84: Magic.

85: Mapping Coastlines.

86: Maps.

87: Marine Navigation.

88: Market Research.

89: Marriage.

90: Martial Arts.

91: Math Gene.

92: Mathematical Certainty.

93: Mathematical Friendships and Romances.

94: Mathematical Modeling.

95: Mathematical Puzzles.

96: Mathematician Defined.

97: Mathematicians, Amateur.

98: Mathematicians, Religious.

99: Mathematics, Applied.

100: Mathematics, Defined.

101: Mathematics, Elegant.

102: Mathematics, Theoretical.

103: Mathematics, Utility of.

104: Mathematics: Discovery or Invention.

105: Mathematics and Religion.

106: Mathematics Genealogy Project.

107: Mathematics Literacy and Civil Rights.

108: Mathematics Research, Interdisciplinary.

109: Matrices.

110: Mattresses.

111: Measurement, Systems of.

112: Measurement in Society.

113: Measurements, Area.

114: Measurements, Length.

115: Measurements, Volume.

116: Measures of Center.

117: Measuring Time.

118: Measuring Tools.

119: Medical Imaging.

120: Medical Simulations.

121: Microwave Ovens.

122: Middle Ages.

123: Military Draft.

124: Minorities.

125: Missiles.

126: Molecular Structure.

127: Money.

128: Moon.

129: Movies, Making of.

130: Movies, Mathematics in.

131: MP3 Players.

132: Multiplication and Division.

133: Musical Theater.

134: Mutual Funds.

135: Nanotechnology.

136: National Debt.

137: Native American Mathematics.

138: Nervous System.

139: Neural Networks.

140: Newman, Ryan.

141: Nielsen Ratings.

142: Normal Distribution.

143: North America.

144: Number and Operations.

145: Number and Operations in Society.

146: Number Theory.

147: Numbers, Complex.

148: Numbers, Rational and Irrational.

149: Numbers, Real.

150: Numbers and God.

151: Nutrition.

152: Oceania, Australia and New Zealand.

153: Oceania, Pacific Islands.

154: Optical Illusions.

155: Origami.

Half Title Page.

Title Page.

1: Pacemakers.

2: Packing Problems.

3: Painting.

4: Parallel Postulate.

5: Parallel Processing.

6: Payroll.

7: Pearl Harbor, Attack on.

8: Pensions, IRAs, and Social Security.

9: Percussion Instruments.

10: Perimeter and Circumference.

11: Permutations and Combinations.

12: Perry, William J..

13: Personal Computers.

14: Pi.

15: Planetary Orbits.

16: Plate Tectonics.

17: Plays.

18: Poetry.

19: Polygons.

20: Polyhedra.

21: Polynomials.

22: Popular Music.

23: Predator–Prey Models.

24: Predicting Attacks.

25: Predicting Divorce.

26: Predicting Preferences.

27: Pregnancy.

28: Prehistory.

29: Probability.

30: Problem Solving in Society.

31: Professional Associations.

32: Proof.

33: Psychological Testing.

34: Pulleys.

35: Puzzles.

36: Pythagorean and Fibonacci Tuning.

37: Pythagorean School.

38: Pythagorean Theorem.

39: Quality Control.

40: Quilting.

41: Racquet Games.

42: Radiation.

43: Radio.

44: Raghavan, Prabhakar.

45: Randomness.

46: Rankings.

47: Reasoning and Proof in Society.

48: Recycling.

49: Relativity.

50: Religious Symbolism.

51: Religious Writings.

52: Renaissance.

53: Representations in Society.

54: Revolutionary War, U.S..

55: Ride, Sally.

56: Risk Management.

57: Robots.

58: Roller Coasters.

59: Roman Mathematics.

60: Ross, Mary G..

61: Ruler and Compass Constructions.

62: Sacred Geometry.

63: Sales Tax and Shipping Fees.

64: Sample Surveys.

65: Satellites.

66: Scales.

67: Scatterplots.

68: Scheduling.

69: Schools.

70: Science Fiction.

71: Sculpture.

72: Search Engines.

73: Segway.

74: Sequences and Series.

75: Servers.

76: Shipping.

77: Similarity.

78: Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon.

79: Skating, Figure.

80: Skydiving.

81: Skyscrapers.

82: SMART Board.

83: Smart Cars.

84: Soccer.

85: Social Networks.

86: Software, Mathematics.

87: Solar Panels.

88: South America.

89: Spaceships.

90: Spam Filters.

91: Sport Handicapping.

92: Squares and Square Roots.

93: Stalactites and Stalagmites.

94: Statistics Education.

95: Step and Tap Dancing.

96: Stethoscopes.

97: Stock Market Indices.

98: Strategy and Tactics.

99: Street Maintenance.

100: String Instruments.

101: Stylometry.

102: Succeeding in Mathematics.

103: Sudoku.

104: Sunspots.

105: Surfaces.

106: Surgery.

107: Swimming.

108: Symmetry.

109: Synchrony and Spontaneous Order.

110: Tao, Terence.

111: Telephones.

112: Telescopes.

113: Television, Mathematics in.

114: Televisions.

115: Temperature.

116: Textiles.

117: Thermostat.

118: Tic-Tac-Toe.

119: Tides and Waves.

120: Time Signatures.

121: Toilets.

122: Tournaments.

123: Traffic.

124: Trains.

125: Transformations.

126: Transplantation.

127: Travel Planning.

128: Traveling Salesman Problem.

129: Trigonometry.

130: Tunnels.

131: Ultrasound.

132: Unemployment, Estimating.

133: Units of Area.

134: Units of Length.

135: Units of Mass.

136: Units of Volume.

137: Universal Constants.

138: Universal Language.

139: Vectors.

140: Vedic Mathematics.

141: Vending Machines.

142: Video Games.

143: Vietnam War.

144: Viruses.

145: Vision Correction.

146: Visualization.

147: Volcanoes.

148: Volleyball.

149: Voting Methods.

150: Water Distribution.

151: Water Quality.

152: Weather Forecasting.

153: Weather Scales.

154: Weightless Flight.

155: Wheel.

156: Wiles, Andrew.

157: Wind and Wind Power.

158: Wind Instruments.

159: Windmills.

160: Wireless Communication.

161: Women.

162: World War I.

163: World War II.

164: Wright, Frank Lloyd.

165: Writers, Producers, and Actors.

166: Zero.

Chronology of Mathematics.

Resource Guide.

Glossary.

Index.

Photo Credits.