eBook An Encyclopedia of American Women at War: From the Home Front to the Battlefields, 1st Edition

  • Lisa Tendrich Frank
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 159884444X
  • ISBN-13: 9781598844443
  • DDC: 355.0092
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 792 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released March 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This comprehensive resource reviews the role of women within the American military from the colonial period to the present day.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Introduction.
1: Abzug, Bella (1920–1998).
2: Addams, Jane (1860–1935).
3: Afghanistan.
4: African American Women.
5: Air Force Nurse Corps (AFNC).
6: Albright, Madeleine Korbel [Marie Jana Korbelová] (1937–).
7: Allen (Billings), Eliza [George Mead] (1826–n.d.).
8: All-Volunteer Force (AVF).
9: American Red Cross.
10: American Revolution (1775–1783).
11: American Women’s Voluntary Services (AWVS).
12: Anderson, Elda Emma “Andy” (1899–1961).
13: Andrews, Orianna Moon (1834–1883).
14: Army-Navy Nurses Act of 1947 (Public Law 36-80C).
15: Army Nurse Corps (ANC).
16: Army Reorganization Act (1920).
17: Army Signal Corps.
18: Asian American Women.
19: Ayres, Clara Edith Work (1880–1917).
20: Bache, Sarah “Sally” Franklin (1743–1808).
21: Bailey, Anne Hennis Trotter “Mad Anne” (1742–1825).
22: Bailey, Margaret E. (1915–).
23: Bailey, Mildred “Inez” Caroon (1919–2009).
24: Baker (Steffen), Cecilia Genevieve “Lucille” (1900–1968) and Baker (French), Genevieve Cecilia (1900–1999).
25: Baker, E. H. (n.d.–n.d).
26: Baker, Josephine (1906–1975).
27: Balch, Emily Green (1867–1961).
28: Baldenecker, Donna-Mae (1920–2010).
29: Barnwell, Barbara Olive (1928–).
30: Barton, Clara Harlowe (1821–1912).
31: Bates, Ann (1748–1801).
32: Battle, Mary Frances “Fannie” (1842–1924).
33: Benjamin, Anna Northend (1874–1902).
34: Bentley, Elizabeth Terrill (1908–1963).
35: Bethune, Mary McLeod (1875–1955).
36: Bickerdyke, Mary Ann Ball “Mother” (1817–1901).
37: Blackwell, Elizabeth (1821–1910).
38: Blair, Lorinda Anna [Annie Etheridge Hooks] (ca. 1840–1913).
39: Blake, Esther McGowin (1897–1979).
40: Blalock, Sarah Malinda [Samuel Blalock] (1839–1903).
41: Blatch, Harriot Eaton Stanton (1856–1940).
42: Blodgett, Katharine Burr (1898–1979).
43: Bolton, Frances Payne Bingham (1885–1977).
44: Borginis, Sarah [Sarah A. Bowman] (1812–1886).
45: Bosin, (Margaret) Sidonie Sansom (ca. 1960–).
46: Bourke-White, Margaret (1904–1971).
47: Bowser, Mary Elizabeth (ca. 1839–n.d.).
48: Boyd, Marie Isabella “Belle” (1844–1900).
49: Bradley, Amy Morris (1823–1904).
50: Brant, Mary “Molly” (ca. 1735–1796).
51: Bratton, Martha Robertson [Robinson] (ca. 1749/1750–1816).
52: Breckinridge, Margaret E. (1832–1864).
53: Brewer, Lucy [Louisa Baker, George Baker, Lucy West, Eliza Bowen] (ca. 1793–n.d.).
54: Brewer, Margaret A. (1930–).
55: Brion, Irene (1920–).
56: Brown, Monica Lin (1988–).
57: Brownell, Kady (1842–1915).
58: Burgin, Elizabeth (n.d.–n.d.).
59: Cadet Nurse Corps.
60: Cadoria, Sherian Grace (1940–).
61: Cammermeyer, Margarethe (1942–).
62: Campbell, Kim Reed (1975–).
63: Camp Followers.
64: Caracristi, Ann Zeilinger (1921–).
65: Carroll, Anna Ella (1815–1894).
66: Cary, Mary Ann Shadd (1823–1893).
67: Cazneau, Jane McManus Storms [Cora Montgomery] (1807–1878).
68: Champion, Deborah (1753–n.d.).
69: Charette, Holly A. (1983–2005).
70: Child, Julia McWilliams (1912–2004).
71: Civil Air Patrol (CAP).
72: Civil War (1861–1865).
73: Clalin, Frances Louisa [Francis Clayton] (n.d.–n.d.).
74: Clark, Regina Renee (1962–2005).
75: Clarke, Mary E. (1924–).
76: Cochran, Jacqueline (ca. 1910–1980).
77: Cold War (ca. 1947–1991).
78: Cole, Mary Ann (n.d.–n.d.).
79: Collins, Eileen Marie (1956–).
80: Cook, Cordelia Elizabeth “Betty” (n.d.–n.d.).
81: Corbin, Margaret Cochran (1751–ca. 1800).
82: Cornum, Rhonda (1954–).
83: Crawford v. Cushman (1976).
84: Crea, Vivien S. (1952–).
85: Cubero, Linda Garcia (1958–).
86: Culper Spy Ring.
87: Curtis, Namahyoke Sockum (1861–1935).
88: Cushman, Pauline [Harriet Wood] (1833–1893).
89: Darragh, Lydia Barrington (ca. 1728–ca. 1790).
90: Daughters of Liberty.
91: Davis, Ann Simpson (1764–1851).
92: Davis, Wilma Zimmerman (1912–2001).
93: Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS).
94: Delano, Jane Arminda (1862–1919).
95: Dietrich, Marlene (1901–1992).
96: Divers, Bridget (ca. 1840–n.d.).
97: Dix, Dorothea Lynde (1802–1887).
98: Driscoll, Agnes Meyer (1889–1971).
99: Duerk, Alene Bertha (1920–).
100: Dulinsky, Barbara J. (n.d.–n.d.).
101: Dunwoody, Ann E. (1953–).
102: Duston, Hannah (1657–1730).
103: Earley, Charity Adams (1918–2002).
104: Edmonds (Seelye), Sarah Emma [Franklin Thompson] (1841–1898).
105: Edmondson, Isabella “Belle” Buchanan (1840–1873).
106: Espionage.
107: Executive Order 9981 (July 26, 1948).
108: Faulkner, Shannon Richey (1975–).
109: Feinstein, Genevieve Grotjan (1912–2006).
110: Fields, Evelyn Juanita (1949–).
111: Finch, Florence Ebersole Smith (1915–).
112: Fleming, Margaret Zane (1917–1997).
113: Flinn, Kelly (1970–).
114: Fonda, Jane [Lady Jayne Seymour Fonda] (1937–).
115: Foote, Evelyn Patricia “Pat” (1930–).
116: Ford (Willard), Antonia (1838–1871).
117: Fox, Annie G. (1893–1987).
118: Friedman, (Clara) Elizebeth Smith (1892–1980).
119: Frontiero v. Richardson (1973).
120: Fulton, Sarah Bradlee (1740–1835).
121: Galloway, Irene O. (1908–1963).
122: Gang, Jeanne Hamby (1921–2006).
123: Gay, Samuel [Ann Bailey] (n.d.–n.d.).
124: Gellhorn, Martha (1908–1998).
125: Glaspie, April Catherine (1942–).
126: Gold Star Mothers’ Pilgrimages (1930s).
127: Goodrich, Annie Warburton (1866–1954).
128: Government Girls.
129: Gray Lady Corps.
130: Greenhow, Rose O’Neal (ca. 1814–1864).
131: Greenwood, Edith Ellen (1920–).
132: Gulf War (1991).
133: Gulovich, Maria (1921–2009).
134: Hall (Goillot), Virginia (1906–1982).
135: Hall, Florence Louise (1888–1983).
136: Hallaren, Mary (1907–2005).
137: Hancock, Joy Bright (1898–1986).
138: Harris, Marcelite Jordan (1943–).
139: Hart, Nancy (ca. 1843–1902).
140: Hart, Nancy Morgan (ca. 1735–1830).
141: Hasson, Esther Voorhees (1867–1942).
142: Hays, Anna Mae McCabe (1920–).
143: Heavren, Rose (1870–1968).
144: “Hello Girls”.
145: Herz, Alice (1883–1965).
146: Hester, Leigh Ann (1982–).
147: Higgins (Hall), Marguerite (1920–1966).
148: Hispanic American Women.
149: Hitt, Genevieve Young (1885–1963).
150: Hobby, Oveta Culp (1905–1995).
151: Hodgers, Jennie [Albert D. J. Cashier] (1844–1915).
152: Hoefly, E. Ann (1919–2003).
153: Hoisington, Elizabeth P. (1918–2007).
154: Holm, Jeanne M. (1921–2010).
155: Hopper, Grace Murray (1906–1992).
156: Howard, Michelle (1960–).
157: Hunton, Addie Waites (1866–1943).
158: Indian Wars.
159: Iraq War (2003–2011).
160: Jackson, Gilda A. (1950–).
161: Jemison, Mary (ca. 1742–1833).
162: Johnsen, Heather Lynn (1973–).
163: Johnson, Opha Mae (1900–1976).
164: Johnson, Shoshana Nyree (1973–).
165: Johnson, Susannah (ca. 1730–1810).
166: Johnson-Brown, Hazel Winifred (1927–2011).
167: Keichline, Anna Wagner (1889–1943).
168: Kennedy, Claudia J. (1947–).
169: Keys (Evans), Sarah Louise (1929–).
170: Kinney, Dita Hopkins (1855–1921).
171: Korean War (1950–1953).
172: Ladies’ Association.
173: Lamarr, Hedy (1914–2000).
174: Lane, Anna Maria (n.d.–1810).
175: Latin American Military Interventions.
176: Lauwers, Barbara (1914–2009).
177: Lee, Hazel Ying (1912–1944).
178: Leftenant Colon, Nancy (1921–).
179: Love, Nancy Harkness (1914–1976).
180: Lovelace’s Woman in Space Program (WISP).
181: Ludington, Sybil (1761–1839).
182: Lynch, Jessica (1983–).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Maass, Clara Louise (1876–1901).
2: Mammy Kate (n.d.–n.d.).
3: Mariner, Rosemary Bryant (1953–).
4: Martin, Grace Waring (n.d.–n.d.), and Martin, Rachel Clay (n.d.–n.d.).
5: May, Geraldine Pratt (1895–1997).
6: McAfee (Horton), Mildred Helen (1900–1994).
7: McClelland, Helen Grace (1887–1984).
8: McGee, Anita Newcomb (1864–1940).
9: McGrath, Kathleen (1952–2002).
10: McGuire, Colleen L. (n.d.–n.d.).
11: McIntosh, Elizabeth P. MacDonald (1915–).
12: McKee, Fran (1926–2002).
13: Meyer, Marie Anne (1897–1969).
14: Military Air Transport Service (MATS).
15: Military Police.
16: Military Sea Transport Service (MSTS).
17: Milligan (Rasmuson), Mary Louise (1911–).
18: “Miss Jenny” (ca. 1760–n.d.).
19: Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH).
20: Monroe, Rose Leigh Abbott Will (1920–1997).
21: Moody, Juanita Morris (ca. 1934–).
22: Moon, Charlotte “Lottie” (1829–1895).
23: Moon, Virginia “Ginnie” (1844–1925).
24: Motte, Rebecca Brewton (1737–1815).
25: Mountain Charley [Elsa Jane Guerin A.K.A. Charles Hatfield] (n.d.–n.d.).
26: Mutter, Carol Ann Schneider (1945–).
27: “Nancy Harts”.
28: Native American Women.
29: Navy Nurse Corps.
30: Nelson, Yzetta L. (1923–2011).
31: Newcom, Elizabeth [William “Bill” Newcom] (ca. 1825–n.d.).
32: Nonhelema (Grenadier Squaw) (ca. 1720–ca. 1786).
33: North American Colonial Wars (17TH–18TH Centuries).
34: Nursing.
35: Office of Civilian Defense (OCD).
36: Ott, Elsie S. (1913–2006).
37: Owens v. Brown (1978).
38: Parker, Cynthia Ann (ca. 1824–ca. 1870).
39: Perkins (Wilson), Frances (1882–1965).
40: Phipps, Anita Evans (1886–1953).
41: Piestewa, Lori (1979–2003).
42: Pigott, Emeline Jamison (1836–1919).
43: Pitcher, Molly (n.d.–n.d.).
44: Prather, Mary Louise (1913–1996).
45: Prisoners of War.
46: Public Law 448 (July 2, 1925).
47: Public Law 90-130 (1967).
48: Ratcliffe, Laura (1836–1923).
49: Rathbun-Nealy (Coleman), Melissa (1970–).
50: Raye, Martha (1916–1994).
51: Red Cross Volunteer Nurse’s Aide Corps.
52: Reed, Esther de Berdt (1746–1780).
53: Republic of Texas.
54: Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC).
55: Reynolds, Arabella “Belle” (1843–1930).
56: Rinker, Molly “Old Mom” (n.d.–n.d.).
57: Rodgers, Marie Louise (1926–).
58: Rogers, Edith Nourse (1881–1960).
59: Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884–1962).
60: Rosenberg, Ethel Greenglass (1915–1953).
61: Rosie the Riveter.
62: Ross, Elizabeth “Betsy” Griscom (1752–1836).
63: Rossi, Marie Therese (1959–1991).
64: Roundtree, Dovey Mae Johnson (1914–).
65: Rowlandson, Mary White (ca. 1635–1711).
66: Saar, Lisa (1966–).
67: Sacagawea (ca. 1787–1812).
68: Salter, Fannie Mae (1884–1966).
69: Salvation Army.
70: Samson [Sampson] (Gannett), Deborah [Robert Shurtliff] (1760–1827).
71: Sears, Mary (1905–1997).
72: Seoul City Sue (Anna Wallace Suhr) (1898–n.d.).
73: Shattuck, Sarah Hartwell (ca. 1737/1738–1798).
74: Sheehan, Cindy Lee Miller (1957–).
75: Smith, Genevieve M. (1905–1950).
76: Spanish-American War (1898).
77: Spanish Influenza (Influenza Pandemic).
78: Stimson, Julia Catherine (1881–1948).
79: Stratton, Dorothy Constance (1899–2006).
80: Streeter, Ruth Cheney (1895–1990).
81: Strong, Anna “Nancy” Smith (1740–1812).
82: Swantek, Elizabeth (n.d.–n.d.).
83: Ten Percenters.
84: Thorpe (Pack), Amy Elizabeth “Betty” (1910–1963).
85: “355” (n.d.–n.d.).
86: Tompkins, Sally Louisa (1833–1916).
87: Tower, Ellen May (1868–1898).
88: Towle, Katherine A. (1898–1986).
89: Tracey, Patricia Ann (1950–).
90: Tubman, Harriet [Araminta Ross] (ca. 1820–1913).
91: Turchin, Nadine [Nedezhda] Lvova (1826–1904).
92: Tyonajanegen (n.d.–ca. 1820).
93: United Service Organizations (USO).
94: United States Coast Guard Women’s Reserve (SPAR).
95: United States Sanitary Commission (USSC).
96: United States v. Virginia (1996).
97: Urdang, Constance (1922–1996).
98: USS Benevolence.
99: USS Red Rover.
100: USS Relief.
101: USS Sanctuary.
102: Valdez, Ramona M. (1984–2005).
103: Van Devanter (Buckley), Lynda Margaret (1947–2002).
104: Van Lew, Elizabeth (1818–1900).
105: Vaught, Wilma L. (1930–).
106: Vega, Sarah (1981–).
107: Velazquez, Loreta Janeta [Harry T. Buford] (1842–1897).
108: Victory Gardens.
109: Vietnam War (1965–1973).
110: Vivandieres.
111: Wakeman, Sarah Rosetta [Lyons Wakeman] (1843–1864).
112: Walker, Anna Nancy Slaughter (n.d.–n.d).
113: Walker, Mary Edwards (1832–1919).
114: Walsh, Loretta Perfectus (1896–1925).
115: War of 1812 (1812–1815).
116: War on Terror (2001–).
117: Ward, Nancy (ca. 1738–ca. 1824).
118: Warner, Jemima (n.d.–1775).
119: Watkins, Kathleen Blake [Kit Coleman] (1856–1915).
120: Weiss, Cora Rubin (1934–).
121: Widnall, Sheila Evans (1938–).
122: Williams, Cathay [William Cathey] (ca. 1844–n.d.).
123: Wilson, Ruth Willson (n.d.–n.d.).
124: Winema [Tobey Riddle] (ca. 1848–1920).
125: Winnemucca, Sarah [Thocmetony “Shell Flower”] (1844–1891).
126: Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES).
127: Women Air Force Service Pilots (WASP).
128: Women in Military Service for America Memorial.
129: Women in the Air Force (WAF).
130: Women in the Coast Guard Study.
131: Women Marines.
132: Women Strike for Peace (WSP).
133: Women’s Advisory Committee of the War Manpower Commission (1942–1945).
134: Women’s Advisory Council (Coast Guard).
135: Women’s Armed Services Integration Act of 1948 (Public Law 80-625).
136: Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC).
137: Women’s Army Band.
138: Women’s Army Corps (WAC).
139: Women’s Army Corps (WAC) Officer Basic Course.
140: Women’s Army Corps (WAC) Training Center (1948–1954).
141: Women’s Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS).
142: Women’s Flying Training Detachment (WFTD).
143: Women’s Land Army.
144: Women’s Medical Specialist Corps (WMSCP).
145: Women’s Nursing Corps, Army.
146: World War I (1914–1918).
147: World War II (1941–1945).
148: Wright, Prudence Cummings (1740–1823).
149: Wu, Chien-Shiung (1912–1997).
150: Yeoman (F).
151: Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA).
152: Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA).
153: Z-116 (August 7, 1972).
154: Zane, Elizabeth “Betty” (C. 1759–C. 1847).
Chronology.
Bibliography.
Categorical Index.
Index.
Contributors.
About the Editor.