eBook Brazil Today: An Encyclopedia Of Life In Republic, 1st Edition

  • John J Crocitti
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313346739
  • ISBN-13: 9780313346736
  • DDC: 981
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 800 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released February 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This comprehensive set on contemporary Brazil is useful to students, business people, government officials, artists, and tourists -- in short, anyone traveling to or wishing to know more about this South American nation. Brazil, one of the world’s largest and most populous countries, features a dynamic economy and a rich culture that increasingly fascinates people throughout the world. What makes this vital and vibrant nation tick? How do its institutions function? How do its people work and play? The two-volume BRAZIL TODAY: AN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE IN THE REPUBLIC is an introductory work intended for those in search of basic information about Brazilian institutions, businesses, social issues, and culture. At the same time, it is a work that reflects the nation’s geographic, demographic, economic, and cultural diversity. The wide-reaching encyclopedia offers an entry for each Brazilian state with information about the land, climate, economy, and culture. It also offers extensive coverage of the country’s political parties and leaders, its governmental and non-governmental organizations, and the environmental issues and social problems that shape Brazilian politics today. In addition, the work pays considerable attention to the economy and business through entries on industry, agriculture, commerce, banking, and economic policies. Finally, there are entries that illuminate various aspects of Brazil’s culture, including the nation’s social movements, religion, education, music, cuisine, and literature, as well as personalities from sports and entertainment.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Topic Finder.
Preface and Observations on Contemporary Brazil.
Introduction to Brazil's Geography.
Chronology of Brazilian History.
1: Acre.
2: Administrative Structure of Government/Federalism.
3: Affirmative Action (Positive Discrimination).
4: Afro-Brazilian Religions.
5: Agrarian Reform.
6: Agriculture.
7: Alagoas.
8: Alckmin Filho, Geraldo José Rodrigues (1952–).
9: Alencar, Marcello Nunes de (1925–).
10: Amado de Faria, Jorge (1912–2001).
11: Amapá.
12: Amazon River.
13: Amazon as.
14: Amazonian Rainforest.
15: Amazon Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância da Amazônia) (SIVAM).
16: Amorim, Celso Luiz Nunes (1942–).
17: Apprenticeship Programs.
18: Aráujo Costa, José Sarney de (José Sarney) (1930–).
19: Art and Architecture.
20: Atomic Energy.
21: Auto Racing.
22: Automotive Industry.
23: Babenco, Héctor Eduardo (1946–).
24: Bahia.
25: Banking Industry.
26: Belém.
27: Belo Horizonte.
28: Black Movement (Movimento Negro).
29: Bossa Nova.
30: Braga, Ana Maria (1949–).
31: Braga, Sônia Maria Campos (1950–).
32: Brasília.
33: Brasília Declaration.
34: Brazilian Airlines.
35: Brazilian Central Bank (Banco Central do Brasil) (BCB).
36: Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro) (PMDB).
37: Brazilian Funk and Hip-Hop.
38: Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis) (IBAMA).
39: Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística) (IBGE).
40: Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Opinião Pública e Estatística) (IBOPE).
41: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
42: Brazilian Military (Forças Armadas Brasileiras).
43: Brazilian Popular Music (Música Popular Brasileira) (MPB).
44: Brazilian Soccer Confederation (Confederação Brasileira de Futebol) (CBF).
45: Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) (PSDB).
46: Buarque, Chico (1944–).
47: Cabral Santos Filho, Sérgio de Oliveira (Sérgio Cabral Filho) (1963–).
48: Cachaça.
49: Capital Goods Industry.
50: Capoeira.
51: Cardoso, Fernando Henrique (1931–).
52: Carnival.
53: Ceará.
54: Cerrado.
55: Christian Base Communities (Comunidades Eclesiais de Base) (CEBs).
56: Churrasco (Rodízio).
57: Cinema.
58: Cinema Novo (New Cinema).
59: Coelho, Paulo (1947–).
60: Collor de Mello, Fernando Affonso (1949–).
61: Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (VALE).
62: Congress.
63: Consolidation of Labor Laws (Consolidação das Leis do Trabalho) (CLT).
64: Constitution of 1988.
65: Contemporary Writers.
66: Corruption.
67: Criminal Gangs.
68: Curitiba.
69: Democrats (Democratas) (DEM).
70: Diegues, Carlos (Cacá Diegues) (1940–).
71: Dirceu, José de Oliveira e Silva (José Dirceu) (1946–).
72: Doha Development Round.
73: Drought.
74: Economic (Macroeconomic) Stabilization.
75: Educational System.
76: Embraer (Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A.).
77: Emigration.
78: Environmental Movement.
79: Espírito Santo.
80: Ethanol.
81: Exports.
82: Family.
83: Family Stipend Program (Programa Bolsa Família).
84: Fantástico, O Show da Vida.
85: Favelas (Slums).
86: Federal University System.
87: Feijoada.
88: Figueiredo, João Baptista de Oliveira (1918–1999).
89: Foreign Debt.
90: Forró.
91: Fortaleza.
92: Franco, Gustavo Henrique de Barroso (1956–).
93: Franco, Itamar Augusto Cautiero (1931–2011).
94: Freire, Paulo (1921–1997).
95: Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transsexual Movement (GLBT).
96: General Confederation of Workers (CGT).
97: Getúlio Vargas Foundation (Fundação Getúlio Vargas) (FGV).
98: Gil Moreira, Gilberto Passos (Gilberto Gil) (1942–).
99: Gilberto, Astrud (1940–).
100: Gilberto, João (1931–).
101: Goiás.
102: Gomes, Ciro Ferreira (1957–).
103: Governmental/Fiscal Reforms.
104: Gracie, Royce (1966–).
105: Highways.
106: HIV/AIDS.
107: Homeless Workers' Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Teto) (MTST).
108: Hydroelectric Power.
109: Iguaçu Falls (Foz de Iguaçu).
110: Illegal Drugs.
111: Illiteracy.
112: Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI).
113: Indigenous Peoples.
114: Informal Labor Market.
115: Jereissati, Tasso Ribeiro (1948–).
116: Judicial System.
117: Kuerten, Gustavo (Guga) (1976–).
118: Labor Movement.
119: Landless Rural Workers' Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra) (MST).
120: Lerner, Jaime (1937–).
121: Liberation Theology.
122: Lima, Ronaldo Luís Nazário de (Ronaldo) (1976–).
123: Lins, Paulo (1958–).
124: Literature.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Magalhães, Antônio Carlos Peixoto de (1927–2007).
2: Maia, César Epitácio (1945–).
3: Malan, Pedro Sampaio (1943–).
4: Maluf, Paulo Salim (1931–).
5: Manaus.
6: Mantega, Guido (1949–).
7: Maranhão.
8: Massa, Carlos Roberto (Ratinho) (1956–).
9: Mato Grosso.
10: Mato Grosso do Sul.
11: Mello, Sérgio Vieira de (1948–2003).
12: Melo Neto, João Cabral de (João Cabral) (1920–1999).
13: Mendes Filho, Francisco Alves (Chico Mendes) (1944–1988).
14: Meneghel, Maria da Graça (Xuxa) (1963–).
15: Mercosul (Mercosur).
16: Military Dictatorship.
17: Minas Gerais.
18: Minimum Wage (Salário Mínimo).
19: Mining.
20: Moqueca.
21: Moraes Carvalho, Heloísa Helena Lima de (Heloísa Helena) (1962–).
22: Moreira, Ronaldo de Assís (Ronaldinho; Ronaldinho Gaúcho) (1980–).
23: Municipal Government.
24: Music Industry.
25: Nascimento, Abdias do (1914–2011).
26: Nascimento, Edison Arantes do (Pelé) (1940–).
27: Nascimento, Milton (1942–).
28: National Bank of Economic and Social Development (Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social) (BNDES).
29: National Confederation of Agricultural Workers (Confederação Nacional dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura) (CONTAG).
30: National Confederation of Metalworkers (Confederação Nacional dos Metalúrgicos) (CNM).
31: National Foundation for the Welfare of Minors (Fundação Nacional do Bem-Estar do Menor) (FUNABEM).
32: National Foundation of Art (Fundação Nacional de Arte) (FUNARTE).
33: National Indian Foundation (Fundação Nacional do Índio) (FUNAI).
34: National Institute for Agrarian Reform and Settlement (Instituto Nacional de Colonização e Reforma Agrária) (INCRA).
35: National Steel Company (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional) (CSN).
36: Neves, Tancredo de Almeida (1910–1985).
37: Newspapers and Magazines.
38: Niemeyer Soares, Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida de (1907–).
39: Oliveira, Anthony William Matheus de (Garotinho) (1960–).
40: Oswaldo Cruz Institute (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz) (FIOCRUZ).
41: Ouro Preto.
42: Pagode.
43: Palmares Cultural Foundation (Fundação Cultural Palmares).
44: Palocci Filho, Antônio (1960–).
45: Pantanal.
46: Pará.
47: Paraíba.
48: Paraná.
49: Paraná River.
50: Pastoral Land Commission (Comissão Pastoral da Terra) (CPT).
51: Penal System.
52: Pentecostalism.
53: Pernambuco.
54: Petrobras (Petróleo Brasileiro S.A.).
55: Piauí.
56: Police.
57: Political Parties.
58: Pontifícia Universidade Católica (PUC).
59: Pôrto Alegre.
60: Presidency.
61: Privatization.
62: Prostitution.
63: Protestantism.
64: Public Firms.
65: Raça Brasil.
66: Race Relations.
67: Railroads.
68: Real Plan (Plano Real).
69: Recife.
70: Rede Globo.
71: Rede Record.
72: Religion.
73: Ribeiro, Darcy (1922–1997).
74: Rio De Janeiro (City).
75: Rio de Janeiro (State).
76: Rio Grande do Norte.
77: Rio Grande Do Sul.
78: Roman Catholic Church.
79: Rondônia.
80: Roraima.
81: Rousseff, Dilma Vana (1947–).
82: Rural Democratic Union (UDR).
83: Salvador da Bahia.
84: Samba.
85: Samba Schools.
86: Santa Catarina.
87: São Francisco River (Ribeira de São Francisco).
88: São Paulo (City).
89: São Paulo (State).
90: São Paulo Federation of Industries (Federação das Industrias do Estado de São Paulo) (FIESP).
91: São Paulo Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores, Mercadorias e Futuros de São Paulo).
92: Sarney Murad, Roseana (Roseana Sarney) (1953–).
93: School Stipend Program (Programa Bolsa Escola).
94: Science and Technology.
95: Sergipe.
96: Senna da Silva, Ayrton (Ayrton Senna) (1960–1994).
97: Serra, José (1942–).
98: Silva, Fausto Corrêa da (Fausto Silva) (Faustão) (1950–).
99: Silva, Luiz Inácio da (Lula) (1945–).
100: Silva Sampaio, Benedita Souza da (Benedita da Silva) (1942–).
101: Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão (Brazilian Television System) (SBT).
102: Slavery and Coerced Labor.
103: Soap Operas (Telenovelas).
104: Soares, Jô (1938–).
105: Soccer (Futebol).
106: Space Program.
107: State Government.
108: Steel Industry.
109: Street Children.
110: Suplicy, Eduardo Matarazzo (1961–).
111: Suplicy, Marta (Teresa Smith de Vasconcellos) (1945–).
112: Sustainable Development.
113: Tax Policy.
114: Telebras.
115: Theater.
116: Tocantins.
117: Tourism.
118: Trade Liberalization.
119: Transportation.
120: Trio Elétrico.
121: Tropicalism (Tropicália).
122: Unified Confederation of Workers (CUT).
123: Unified Health System (SUS).
124: UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (Rio Earth Summit 1992).
125: UN Mission.
126: Union Power (Força Sindical) (FS).
127: University of São Paulo (Universidade de São Paulo) (USP).
128: Utilities.
129: VEJA.
130: Veloso, Caetano Emanuel Viana Teles (1942–).
131: Violent Crime.
132: Weapons Industry.
133: Women's Rights Movement.
134: Workers’ Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores) (PT).
135: World Social Forum.
136: Zero Hunger Program (Programa Fome Zero).
About the Editors.
List of Contributors.
Index.