eBook The Human Body II: The Endocrine System, 2nd Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615307311
  • ISBN-13: 9781615307319
  • DDC: 612.4
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 232 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

The endocrine system, comprised of a number of hormone-secreting glands, is vital to the functioning of the human body. In addition to its role in reproductive activity, the endocrine system regulates tissue growth, responses to injury and stress, and helps maintain necessary levels of chemicals throughout the body. This detailed volume carefully examines the major glands of the endocrine system as well as the consequences of its dysfunction and disorder.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Function and Regulation of the Human Endocrine System.
2: The Nature of Endocrine Regulation.
3: The Endocrine System and the Human System.
4: Maintenance of Homeostasis.
5: Growth and Differentiation.
6: Adaptive Responses to Stress.
7: Parenting Behaviour.
8: Integrative Functions.
9: Synthesis and Transport of Hormones.
10: Hormone Synthesis.
11: Modes of Hormone Transport.
12: Biorhythms.
13: Feedback Regulation Mechanisms of Endocrine Signaling.
14: Growth and Development.
15: Major Endocrine Hormones and Evaluation of Endocrine Function.
16: Major Endocrine Hormones of Growth and Metabolism.
17: Adrenocorticotropic Hormone.
18: Calcitonin.
19: Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone.
20: Cortisol.
21: Gonadotropin.
22: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone.
23: Growth Hormone.
24: Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone.
25: Insulin-Like Growth Factor.
26: Melatonin.
27: Oxytocin.
28: Parathormone.
29: Somatostatin.
30: Thyrotropin.
31: Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone.
32: Thyroxine.
33: Vasopressin.
34: Select Tests for the Evaluation of Endocrine Function.
35: Epinephrine Tolerance Test.
36: Glucose Tolerance Test.
37: Thyroid Function Test.
38: Major Glands of the Endocrine System.
39: Anatomical Considerations.
40: Glands and Hormones of the Human Endocrine System.
41: Adrenal Gland.
42: Adrenal Medulla.
43: Adrenal Cortex.
44: Regulation of Adrenal Hormone Secretion.
45: Hypothalamus.
46: Anatomy of the Hypothalamus.
47: Hypothalamic Regulation of Hormone Secretion.
48: Islets of Langerhans.
49: Ovaries.
50: Parathyroid Gland.
51: Anatomy of the Parathyroid Glands.
52: Functions of the Parathyroid Glands.
53: Pineal Gland.
54: Anatomy of the Pineal Gland.
55: Endocrine Function of the Pineal Gland.
56: Pituitary Gland.
57: Anatomy of the Pituitary Gland.
58: The Anterior Pituitary.
59: Structure and Function of Anterior Pituitary Hormones.
60: Regulation of Anterior Pituitary Hormones.
61: Neurohypophyseal System.
62: Testes.
63: Thyroid Gland.
64: Anatomy of the Thyroid Gland.
65: Biochemistry of Thyroid Hormone.
66: Actions of Thyroid Hormone.
67: Regulation of Thyroid Hormone Secretion.
68: The Thyroid Gland and Calcitonin.
69: The Nature of Endocrine Dysfunction.
70: Endocrine Hypofunction and Receptor Defects.
71: Acquired and Congenital Endocrine Hypofunction.
72: Autoimmune Endocrine Hypofunction.
73: Secondary Endocrine Hypofunction.
74: Other Causes of Endocrine Hypofunction.
75: Endocrine Hyperfunction.
76: Endocrine-Related Developmental Disorders.
77: Hermaphroditism.
78: Hypogonadism.
79: Klinefelter Syndrome.
80: Turner Syndrome.
81: Ectopic Hormone and Polyglandular Disorders.
82: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia.
83: Pheochromocytoma.
84: Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome.
85: Endocrine Changes with Aging.
86: Menopause.
87: Testicular Changes.
88: Changes in Thyroid and Adrenal Function.
89: Fluctuations in Growth Hormone Secretion.
90: Changes in Parathormone Secretion and Bone.
91: Changes in Vasopressin Concentrations.
92: Fluctuations in Glucose and Insulin Metabolism.
93: Diseases and Disorders of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands.
94: Diseases and Disorders of the Thyroid Gland.
95: Goitre.
96: Granulomatous Thyroiditis.
97: Graves Disease.
98: Hashimoto Disease.
99: Hypercalcitoninemia.
100: Hyperthyroidism.
101: Hypothyroidism.
102: Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma.
103: Myxedema.
104: Plummer Disease.
105: Riedel Thyroiditis.
106: Sheehan Syndrome.
107: Thyroid Tumour.
108: Diseases of the Parathyroid Glands.
109: Hyperparathyroidism.
110: Hypoparathyroidism.
111: Endocrine-Related Disorders of the Hypothalamus and Adrenal, Pituitary, and Pineal Glands.
112: Endocrine Disorders of the Adrenal Gland.
113: Addison Disease.
114: Bartter Syndrome.
115: Cushing Syndrome.
116: Hyperaldosteronism.
117: Hypoaldosteronism.
118: Disorders of the Hypothalamus Affecting Endocrine Function.
119: Adipsia.
120: Fröhlich Syndrome.
121: Diseases of the Pituitary Gland.
122: Growth Hormone Deficiency.
123: Growth Hormone Excess.
124: Hypopituitarism.
125: Pituitary Tumour.
126: Pineal Tumour.
127: Diseases and Disorders of the Endocrine Pancreas.
128: Abnormalities in Glucose Metabolism.
129: Diabetes Mellitus.
130: Causes and Types.
131: Diagnosis and Treatment.
132: Pancreatic Cancer.
133: Symptoms and Causes.
134: Islet-Cell Tumours.
135: Diagnosis and Prognosis.
136: Treatment and Prevention.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.