eBook Physics Explained: The Britannica Guide to Electricity and Magnetism, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303790
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303793
  • DDC: 537
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 293 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

From our television sets to the magnets that dot our refrigerators, electricity and magnetism are ever-present in our everyday lives. Even aside from our modern technology, electrical charges can be found throughout nature—the most significant example being Earth's magnetic field. This incisive volume includes extensive discussions of electrical and magnetic fields, as well as biographies of the physicists whose work has led to our greater understanding of them.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: An Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism.
2: Historical Background.
3: Early Observations and Applications.
4: Emergence of the Modern Sciences of Electricity and Magnetism.
5: Pioneering Efforts.
6: Invention of the Leyden Jar.
7: Formulation of the Quantitative Laws of Electrostatics and Magnetostatics.
8: Foundations of Electrochemistry and Electrodynamics.
9: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Electromagnetic Phenomena.
10: Discovery of the Electron and Its Ramifications.
11: Special Theory of Relativity.
12: Development of Electromagnetic Technology.
13: Electricity.
14: Electrostatics.
15: Electric Charge.
16: Static Electricity.
17: Capacitance.
18: Dielectric Constants of Some Materials (At Room Temperature).
19: Direct Electric Current.
20: Electric Resistivities (At Room Temperature).
21: Conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors.
22: Electromotive Force.
23: Direct-Current Circuits.
24: Resistors in Series and Parallel.
25: Kirchhoff's Laws of Electric Circuits.
26: Alternating Electric Currents.
27: Transient Response.
28: Alternating-Current Circuits.
29: Reactance.
30: Electrical Units.
31: Ampere.
32: Coulomb.
33: Electron Volt.
34: Faraday.
35: Henry.
36: Ohm.
37: Siemens.
38: Volt.
39: Watt.
40: Weber.
41: Electric Properties of Matter.
42: Piezoelectricity.
43: Electro-Optic Phenomena.
44: Thermoelectricity.
45: Thermionic Emission.
46: Secondary Electron Emission.
47: Photoelectric Conductivity.
48: Electroluminescence.
49: Bioelectric Effects.
50: Pyroelectricity.
51: Superconductivity.
52: Discovery.
53: Thermal Properties of Superconductors.
54: Magnetic and Electromagnetic Properties of Superconductors.
55: Higher-Temperature Superconductivity.
56: Magnetism.
57: Fundamentals.
58: Typical Magnetic Fields.
59: Magnetic Field of Steady Currents.
60: Magnetic Forces.
61: Lorentz Force.
62: Repulsion or Attraction between Two Magnetic Dipoles.
63: Magnetization Effects in Matter.
64: Magnetohydrodynamics.
65: Magnetic Properties of Matter.
66: Induced and Permanent Atomic Magnetic Dipoles.
67: Diamagnetism.
68: Paramagnetism.
69: Ferromagnetism.
70: Curie Temperatures for Some Ferromagnetic Substances.
71: Antiferromagnetism.
72: Néel Temperature of Antiferromagnetic Substances.
73: Ferrimagnetism.
74: Magnets.
75: Magnetization Process.
76: Powder Magnets.
77: High Anisotropy and Alnico Alloys.
78: Rare-Earth.
79: Barium Ferrites.
80: Permeable Materials.
81: Magnetic Units.
82: Gauss.
83: Oersted.
84: Tesla.
85: The Fundamentals of Electromagnetism.
86: Coulomb's Law.
87: Principle of Charge Conservation.
88: Electric Fields and Forces.
89: Magnetic Fields and Forces.
90: Interaction of a Magnetic Field with a Charge.
91: Effects of Varying Magnetic Fields.
92: Faraday's Law of Induction.
93: Self-Inductance and Mutual Inductance.
94: Effects of Varying Electric Fields.
95: Electromagnets.
96: Solenoids.
97: Relays.
98: Design of Large Electromagnets.
99: Principal Applications.
100: Conclusion.
101: Biographies.
102: André-Marie Ampère.
103: François Arago.
104: Jean-Baptiste Biot.
105: Charles-Augustin de Coulomb.
106: Michael Earaday.
107: Luigi Galvani.
108: William Gilbert.
109: Joseph Henry.
110: Fleeming Jenkin.
111: Gustav Robert Kirchhoff.
112: James Clerk Maxwell.
113: Louis-Eugène-Félix Néel.
114: Georg Simon Ohm.
115: Hans Christian Ørsted.
116: Jean-Charles-Athanase Peltier.
117: Peter Peregrinus of Maricourt.
118: John Henry Poynting.
119: William Sturgeon.
120: Alessandro Volta.
121: Wilhelm Eduard Weber.
122: Sir Charles Wheatstone.
Other Concepts.
Ammeter.
Barkhausen Effect.
Displacement Current.
Electric Displacement.
Electron Optics.
Ferrite.
Ferroelectricity.
Galvanometer.
Gauss's Law.
Gunn Effect.
Magnetic Mirror.
Magnetic Monopole.
Magnetic Pole.
Magnon.
Pinch Effect.
Polaron.
Seebeck Effect.
Skin Effect.
Space Charge.
Thomson Effect.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.