eBook Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks: Geological Sciences, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615305440
  • ISBN-13: 9781615305445
  • DDC: 550
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 224 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

Described as craggy, rocky, or glacial, among a host of other descriptors, the Earth's geosphere—that is, its solid foundation—is subject to incredible variation. It is these permutations that inform the study of the geological sciences. This field involves not only the study of rocks, minerals, and landforms, but also that of glaciers, fossils, volcanoes, and other aspects of the Earth's surface. This sweeping volume examines the various branches of the geological sciences, as well as the methods and instruments used by geologists to obtain accurate records of the planet's geological history. Profiles of seminal earth scientists are also included.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Evolution of the Geologic Sciences.
2: The Division of Earth Sciences.
3: Origins in Prehistoric Times.
4: Antiquity.
5: Knowledge of Earth Composition and Structure.
6: Knowledge of Earth History.
7: Fossils.
8: Knowledge of Landforms and of Land-Sea Relations.
9: The 16th–18th Centuries.
10: Ore Deposits and Mineralogy.
11: Paleontology and Stratigraphy.
12: Earth History According to Werner and James Hutton.
13: Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism.
14: The 19th Century.
15: Crystallography and the Classification of Minerals and Rocks.
16: William Smith and Faunal Succession.
17: Charles Lyell and Uniformitarianism.
18: Louis Agassiz and the Ice Age.
19: Erratics.
20: Geologic Time and the Age of Earth.
21: Concepts of Landform Evolution.
22: Gravity, Isostasy, and Earth's Figure.
23: The 20th Century.
24: Isostasy.
25: Radiometric Dating.
26: Experimental Study of Rocks.
27: Crystallography.
28: The Chemical Analysis of Rocks and Minerals.
29: Micropaleontology.
30: Seismology and the Structure of Earth.
31: The Theory of Plate Tectonics.
32: Seismology.
33: Remanent Magnetism.
34: Geology.
35: Study of Earth's Composition.
36: Mineralogy.
37: Petrology.
38: Economic Geology.
39: Geochemistry.
40: Study of Earth's Structure.
41: Geodesy.
42: Geophysics.
43: Structural Geology.
44: Tectonics.
45: Volcanology.
46: Study of Earth's Surface Features and Processes.
47: Geomorphology.
48: Glacial Geology.
49: GIS.
50: Earth History.
51: Historical Geology and Stratigraphy.
52: Paleontology.
53: Geologic Time.
54: Astrogeology.
55: Practical Applications.
56: Exploration for Energy and Mineral Sources.
57: Earthquake Prediction and Control.
58: Other Areas of Application.
59: Earth Exploration.
60: Primary Objectives and Accomplishments.
61: Methodology and Instrumentation.
62: Remote Sensing.
63: Landsat.
64: Magnetic Methods.
65: Magnetometer.
66: Gravity Methods.
67: Seismic Refraction Methods.
68: Seismic Wave.
69: Seismic Reflection Methods.
70: Electrical and Electromagnetic Methods.
71: Radioactive Methods.
72: Geothermal Methods.
73: Geochemical Methods.
74: Excavation, Boring, and Sampling.
75: Deep Earth.
76: Conclusion.
77: Notable Earth Scientists.
78: (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe) Agassiz.
79: Early Life.
80: Activities in the United States.
81: Agassiz and Darwin.
82: Georgius Agricola.
83: Life.
84: Chief Works.
85: Jöns Jacob Berzelius.
86: Education and Career.
87: Electrochemical Dualism.
88: Stoichiometry.
89: Atomism and Nomenclature.
90: Mineralogy.
91: Organic Chemistry.
92: A Man of Influence.
93: Norman L. Bowen.
94: James Dwight Dana.
95: Clarence Edward Dutton.
96: James Hall.
97: René-Just Haüy.
98: Robert Hooke.
99: James Hutton.
100: Sir Charles Lyell.
101: Life.
102: Career.
103: New Approach to Geology.
104: Scientific Eminence.
105: Assessment.
106: John Milne.
107: John Playfair.
108: John Wesley Powell.
109: William Smith.
110: Nicolaus Steno.
111: Strabo.
112: William Thomson, Baron Kelvin.
113: Early Life.
114: Later Life.
115: Alfred Lothar Wegener.
116: Abraham Gottlob Werner.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.