eBook Sports around the World: History, Culture, and Practice, 1st Edition

  • John Nauright
  • Charles Parrishs
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 159884301X
  • ISBN-13: 9781598843019
  • DDC: 306.4
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1848 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released November 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This multivolume set is much more than a collection of essays on sports and sporting cultures from around the world: it also details how and why sports are played wherever they exist, and examines key charismatic athletes from around the world who have transcended their sports.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction: The History, Culture, and Practice of Sports around the World.
1: General Topics.
2: Coaching in Sport.
3: Disabled and Sport.
4: Fédération Internationale de Football Association.
5: Globalization and Sport.
6: Imperialism and Sport.
7: International Olympic Committee.
8: International Relations and Sport.
9: Legal Liability in Sport.
10: Media and Sport.
11: Music and Sport.
12: Olympic Movement.
13: Philosophy of Sport.
14: Sexuality and Sports.
15: Sociology of Sport.
16: Sport Labor Migration.
17: Sport Psychology.
18: Sports Medicine.
19: Sports Museums and Heritage Collections.
20: Tourism and Sport.
21: United Nations and Sport.
22: Africa, Sub-Sahara.
23: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa.
24: Accra Sports Stadium Disaster (Ghana).
25: African Games.
26: African Nations Cup, Association Football.
27: Antiapartheid Sports Movement (South Africa).
28: Apartheid and Sports in South Africa.
29: Association Football, Cameroon.
30: Association Football, Ghana.
31: Association Football, Nigeria.
32: Association Football, South Africa.
33: Association Football, Sub-Saharan Africa in General.
34: Association Football, Zambia.
35: Athletics, Kenya.
36: Athletics, Rest of Africa.
37: Athletics, South Africa.
38: Bantu Sports Club (Johannesburg, South Africa).
39: Baseball, South Africa.
40: Boxing, South Africa.
41: Commonwealth Games, African Nations.
42: Comrades Marathon (South Africa).
43: Cricket, Kenya.
44: Cricket, South Africa.
45: Cricket, Zimbabwe.
46: Dakar Rally.
47: Ellis Park Stadium Disaster (South Africa).
48: Field Hockey, South Africa.
49: Field Sports, South Africa.
50: FIFA World Cup of 2010 (South Africa).
51: Golf, Sub-Saharan Africa.
52: Hansie Cronje Match-Fixing Scandal (South Africa).
53: Imperialism and Sport, British Colonial Africa.
54: Jeux de la Francophonie of 2005 (Niger).
55: Jukskei (South Africa).
56: Milla, Roger (1952–).
57: Missionaries and Sport in Africa.
58: Netball, South Africa.
59: Olympic Boycott of 1976 (African Nations).
60: Orkney Stadium Disaster (South Africa).
61: Player, Gary (1935–).
62: Pollock, Graeme (1944–).
63: Rebel Sports Tours, South Africa.
64: Robben Island Sports Club (South Africa).
65: Rugby Union Football, Rest of Africa.
66: Rugby Union Football, South Africa.
67: Rugby World Cup of 1995 (South Africa).
68: Rumble in the Jungle (1974).
69: South Africa and the Olympic Games.
70: Sport and International Development in Africa.
71: Springbok Emblem (South Africa).
72: Stick Fighting, Africa and Caribbean.
73: Sun City (South Africa).
74: Supreme Council for Sport in Africa.
75: Surfing, South Africa.
76: Swimming, Southern Africa.
77: Tennis, Africa.
78: Traditional Sports, Southern Africa.
79: Tutsi High Jumping (Rwanda).
80: Vuvuzela (South Africa).
81: Weah, George (1966–).
82: Zambian National Football Team Disaster (1993).
83: Asia, South and East.
84: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in Asia.
85: Aikido.
86: Asian Beach Games.
87: Asian Football Confederation.
88: Asian Games.
89: Asian Winter Games.
90: Association Football, Central Asia.
91: Association Football, China.
92: Association Football, Japan.
93: Association Football, Korea.
94: Association Football, South Asia.
95: Association Football, Southeast Asia.
96: Athletics, Asia.
97: Auto Racing, Asia.
98: Badminton, Asia.
99: Baseball, Japan.
100: Baseball, Korea.
101: Baseball, Taiwan.
102: Basketball, China.
103: Boxing, Philippines.
104: British Imperialism and Sports in Asia.
105: Commonwealth Games, Asia.
106: Commonwealth Games of 1998 (Kuala Lumpur).
107: Commonwealth Games of 2010 (New Delhi).
108: Cricket, Bangladesh.
109: Cricket, India.
110: Cricket, Pakistan.
111: Cricket, Sri Lanka.
112: Dragon Boat Racing.
113: Far Eastern Championship Games.
114: Field Hockey, Asia.
115: FIFA World Cup of 2002 (Japan and South Korea).
116: Games of the Newly Emerging Forces.
117: Gender and Sport, Asia.
118: Hong Kong Sevens.
119: Iaidō.
120: Judo.
121: Jujitsu.
122: Kabaddi.
123: Karate.
124: Kendo.
125: Khan, Imran (1952–).
126: Kurash.
127: Macau Grand Prix.
128: Media and Sport (Asia).
129: Mountaineering (Himalayas).
130: Muay Thai.
131: Olympic Council of Asia.
132: Olympic Games of 1940 (Tokyo).
133: Olympic Games of 1964 (Tokyo).
134: Olympic Games of 1988 (Seoul, Republic of Korea).
135: Olympic Games of 2008 (Beijing).
136: Olympic Winter Games of 1972 (Sapporo, Japan).
137: Olympic Winter Games of 1998 (Nagano, Japan).
138: Polo, India.
139: Sepak Takraw.
140: Skating, Short-Track Speed (Asia).
141: Southeast Asian Games.
142: Squash, Asia.
143: Sumo.
144: Table Tennis, Asia.
145: Tae Kwon Do.
146: Tai Chi.
147: Tendulkar, Sachin (1973–).
148: Tennis, Asia.
149: Traditional Sports, Asia.
150: Twenty20 Cricket (India).
151: Two Chinas Issue.
152: U.S. Imperialism and Sport in Asia.
153: Volleyball, Asia.
154: Winter Sports, Asia.
155: Wrestling, Mongolian.
156: Wushu.
157: Yao, Ming (1980–).
158: Middle East and North Africa.
159: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in the Middle East and North Africa.
160: Arab Women and the Olympic Games.
161: Association Football, Egypt.
162: Association Football, North Africa.
163: Association Football, Palestine.
164: Association Football, Saudi Arabia.
165: Athletics, Middle East and North Africa.
166: Attouga (1945–).
167: Basketball, Israel.
168: Basketball, Lebanon.
169: Ben M'barek, Larbi (1914–1992).
170: Bourguibism and Sport (Tunisia).
171: Cairo Football Derby: Al-Ahly–Zamalek.
172: Camel Racing.
173: Camus, Albert (1913–1960).
174: Cycling, North Africa.
175: Dubai Sports City.
176: Egypt, Sports and Nasserism.
177: Ethnicity and Sectarianism in Divided Societies in the Middle East.
178: Gender and Sport, Middle East and North Africa.
179: Gulf Cooperation Council Games.
180: Hamia, Cherif (1931–).
181: Handball, North Africa.
182: Iran and Sport Since the Islamic “Revolution”.
183: Iraq, Baath Regime and Sport in.
184: Islamic Solidarity Games of 2005 (Saudi Arabia).
185: Islamism and Sport.
186: L'Équipe FLN (Algeria).
187: Maghrebin Games.
188: Media and Sport in the Arab World.
189: Mediterranean Games of 1975 (Algiers).
190: Mekhloufi, Rachid (1936–).
191: Migrations, Diasporas, and Sports in the Middle East and North Africa.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: British Isles.
2: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in the British Isles.
3: Animal Blood Sports, British Isles.
4: Anti-Apartheid Movement, British Isles.
5: Archery.
6: Army Physical Training Corps (Great Britain).
7: Ascot.
8: Association Football, England and Wales.
9: Association Football, Scotland.
10: Athletics, British Isles.
11: Badminton, British Isles.
12: Badminton House.
13: Bandy.
14: Barmy Army.
15: Basketball, British Isles.
16: Beckham, David (1975–).
17: Best, George (1946–2005).
18: Billiards.
19: Botham, Sir Ian (1955–).
20: Boxing, British Isles.
21: British Imperialism and Sport.
22: British Olympic Association.
23: Camogie (Ireland).
24: Cardiff Arms Park.
25: Central Council for Physical Recreation.
26: Chariots of Fire (1981).
27: Commonwealth Games, England.
28: Commonwealth Games, Northern Ireland.
29: Commonwealth Games, Scotland.
30: Commonwealth Games, Wales.
31: Commonwealth Games of 1958 (Cardiff).
32: Corinthians.
33: Cotswold Games (England).
34: Coursing (British Isles).
35: Cricket, England.
36: Croquet.
37: Curling, Scotland.
38: Darts.
39: Doggett's Coat and Badge (England).
40: Epsom Downs Racecourse (England).
41: Eton Wall Game (England).
42: Fanzines (British Isles).
43: Field Hockey, British Isles.
44: Field Sports, British Isles.
45: FIFA World Cup of 1966 (England).
46: Fives, England.
47: Football, Gaelic.
48: Footballers' Wives.
49: Foxhunting, British Isles.
50: Gaelic Athletic Association.
51: Gender and Sport, British Isles.
52: Gleneagles Agreement.
53: Golf, British Isles.
54: Grace, W. G. (1848–1915).
55: Grand National.
56: Hammond, Wally (1903–1965).
57: Hampden Park.
58: Hampden Park Riot of 1909.
59: Henley Royal Regatta, England.
60: Highland Games, Scotland.
61: Hillsborough Disaster, England.
62: Hobbs, Sir John Berry (1882–1963).
63: Hooliganism, British Isles.
64: Horse Racing, British Isles.
65: Hurling.
66: Ice Hockey, British Isles.
67: Imperial/International Cricket Council.
68: Irish Diaspora and Sport.
69: Isle of Man Motorcycle Races.
70: Knur and Spell, England.
71: Lawn Bowling, British Isles.
72: Literature and Sport, British Isles.
73: London Marathon.
74: Manchester United Munich Air Disaster.
75: Marylebone Cricket Club.
76: Matthews, Sir Stanley (1915–2000).
77: Mountain Climbing, British Isles.
78: Much Wenlock Games, England.
79: Murrayfield Stadium.
80: Muscular Christianity.
81: Netball, British Isles.
82: Newmarket, England.
83: Northern Ireland, Sport and Sectarianism in.
84: The Old Firm: Glasgow Celtic and Glasgow Rangers Football Clubs, Scotland.
85: Olympic Games of 1908 (London).
86: Olympic Games of 1948 (London).
87: Olympic Games of 2012 (London).
88: Open Championship (British Open).
89: Pedestrianism.
90: Polo, Britain.
91: Premier League.
92: Punting, England.
93: Quoits, Great Britain.
94: Race and Sport, British Isles.
95: Racewalking.
96: Ranjitsinhji, K. S. (1872–1933).
97: Real Tennis.
98: Rowing/Sculling, British Isles.
99: Royal and Ancient Golf Club.
100: Rugby League, Great Britain.
101: Rugby Union Football, England.
102: Rugby Union Football, Ireland.
103: Rugby Union Football, Scotland.
104: Rugby Union Football, Wales.
105: Rugby World Cup of 1991 (United Kingdom and France).
106: Rugby World Cup of 1999 (Wales).
107: Six Nations Rugby Championship.
108: Snooker.
109: Speedway.
110: Squash, British Isles.
111: Stoolball.
112: Swimming, England.
113: Tartan Army, Scotland.
114: Taylor Report.
115: Tennis, British Isles.
116: This Sporting Life.
117: Tug-of-War.
118: Twickenham Stadium.
119: Underwater Hockey.
120: Vardon, Harry (1870–1937).
121: “Vitaï Lampada”.
122: Walker Cup.
123: Warner, Sir Pelham (1873–1963).
124: Water Polo.
125: Wembley Stadium.
126: Wightman Cup.
127: Wimbledon.
128: Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.
129: Wolfenden Committee Report (1960).
130: Workers' Sport, British Isles.
131: Europe.
132: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in Europe.
133: Ancient Olympic Games and Greek Sporting Festivals.
134: Ancient Roman Sport.
135: Armand Césari Stadium Disaster.
136: Association Football, France.
137: Association Football, Germany.
138: Association Football, Italy.
139: Association Football, The Netherlands.
140: Association Football, Nordic Countries.
141: Association Football, Portugal.
142: Association Football, Spain.
143: Ballesteros, Severiano (1957–2011).
144: Baseball, Europe.
145: Baseball, Finnish.
146: Basketball, Europe.
147: Basketball, Italy.
148: Basketball, Russia, the Former Soviet Union, and the Baltic Countries.
149: Basketball, Yugoslav Countries.
150: Beckenbauer, Franz (1945–).
151: Becker, Boris (1967–).
152: Blatter, Joseph S. (1936–).
153: Book of the Courtier (Castiglione).
154: Borg, Björn (1956–).
155: Bosman Ruling, 1995.
156: Bullfighting.
157: Bundesliga Match-Fixing Scandal of 2005 (Germany).
158: Camp Nou (Spain).
159: Champions League.
160: Comăneci, Nadia (1961–).
161: Cricket, Netherlands.
162: Cruyff, Johan (1947–).
163: DanceSport.
164: Dassler Family (Adidas and Puma).
165: De Coubertin, Pierre Frédy, Baron (1863–1937).
166: Deutsche Demokratische Republik (East Germany) and Sport.
167: Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund.
168: Diem, Carl (1882–1962).
169: Doping, Tour de France.
170: European Committee for Sports History.
171: European Union and Sport.
172: Fédération Internationale de Natation.
173: Federer, Roger (1981–).
174: Fencing.
175: FIFA World Cup of 1958 (Sweden).
176: FIFA World Cup of 1974 (West Germany).
177: FIFA World Cup of 1982 (Spain).
178: FIFA World Cup of 1990 (Italy).
179: FIFA World Cup of 1998 (France).
180: FIFA World Cup of 2006 (Germany).
181: Fistball.
182: Folk Sports and Traditional Games, Europe.
183: Formula One Auto Racing.
184: French Open Tennis Championships.
185: Gender and Sport, Europe.
186: Golf, Europe.
187: Graf, Stefanie Maria “Steffi” (1969–).
188: Greco-Roman Wrestling.
189: Gymnastics, Czech.
190: Gymnastics, Danish.
191: Gymnastics, German (Turnen).
192: Gymnastics, Romania.
193: Gymnastics, Soviet/Russian.
194: Gymnastics, Swedish.
195: Handball, Team.
196: Henie, Sonja (1912–1969).
197: Heysel Stadium Disaster (Belgium).
198: Hooliganism, European Football (Soccer).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Latin America and the Caribbean.
2: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in Latin America and the Caribbean.
3: Alianza Lima Air Tragedy (Peru).
4: Altitude Ban, FIFA.
5: Andres Escobar Murder (Colombia).
6: Association Football, Argentina.
7: Association Football, Bolivia.
8: Association Football, Brazil.
9: Association Football, Caribbean.
10: Association Football, Central America.
11: Association Football, Mexico.
12: Association Football, Pacific Coast of South America.
13: Association Football, Paraguay.
14: Association Football, Uruguay.
15: Athletics, Caribbean.
16: Auto Racing, Latin America.
17: Azteca Stadium (Mexico).
18: Baseball, Central and South America.
19: Baseball, Cuba.
20: Baseball, Dominican Republic.
21: Baseball, Dutch West Indies.
22: Baseball, Mexico.
23: Baseball, Puerto Rico.
24: Basketball, Latin America.
25: Bolivarian Games.
26: Bolt, Usain (1986–).
27: Boxing, Latin America.
28: Brazilian Soccer Match–Fixing Scandal of 2005.
29: Bueno, Maria (1939–).
30: Capoeira, Brazil.
31: Central American and Caribbean Games.
32: Central American Games.
33: Chávez, Julio César (1962–).
34: Clemente, Roberto (1934–1972).
35: Commonwealth Games of 1966 (Jamaica).
36: Conejo, Luis Gabelo (1960–).
37: Conmebol.
38: Copa América.
39: Copa Libertadores.
40: Cricket, West Indies.
41: Di Stéfano, Alfredo (1926–).
42: Estadio Centenario (Uruguay).
43: Estadio Mateo Flores Disaster of 1996 (Guatemala).
44: Estadio Monumental (Argentina).
45: Estadio Nacional (Chile).
46: Estadio Nacional Disaster of 1964 (Lima, Peru).
47: Fangio, Juan Manuel (1911–1995).
48: Fast Bowling, West Indies (Cricket).
49: Field Hockey, Argentina.
50: FIFA World Cup of 1930 (Uruguay).
51: FIFA World Cup of 1950 (Brazil).
52: FIFA World Cup of 1962 (Chile).
53: FIFA World Cup of 1970 (Mexico).
54: FIFA World Cup of 1978 (Argentina).
55: FIFA World Cup of 1986 (Mexico).
56: FIFA World Cup of 2014 (Brazil).
57: Football War (El Salvador and Honduras).
58: Futsal (Uruguay).
59: Gender and Sport, Latin America and the Caribbean.
60: Golf, Latin America and the Caribbean.
61: Havelange, João (1916–).
62: James, C. L. R. (1901–1989).
63: Linares, Omar “El Niño” (1967–).
64: Luta Livre (Brazil).
65: Maracanã Stadium (Brazil).
66: Maradona, Diego (1960–).
67: Netball, West Indies.
68: Ochoa, Lorena (1981–).
69: Olympic Games of 1968 (Mexico City).
70: Olympic Games of 2016 (Rio de Janeiro).
71: Pan American Games.
72: Pato (Argentina).
73: Pelé (1940–).
74: Polo, Argentina.
75: Porta, Hugo (1951–).
76: Puerta 12 Tragedy (Buenos Aires, Argentina).
77: Rally Argentina.
78: Rugby Union Football, Argentina.
79: Sabatini, Gabriela (1970–).
80: Sánchez, Hugo (1958–).
81: Senna, Ayrton (1960–1994).
82: Sobers, Sir Garfield (1936–).
83: Softball, Latin America.
84: South American Games.
85: Tennis, Latin America.
86: Traditional Sports and Games, Latin America.
87: Vasco da Gama Stadium Disaster of 2000 (Brazil).
88: Vilas, Guillermo (1952–).
89: Volleyball, Brazil.
90: North America.
91: Sports History, Culture, and Practice in North America.
92: Aaron, Hank (1934–).
93: ABC's Wide World of Sports.
94: Aboriginal Mascot Issue, North America.
95: Ali, Muhammad (1942–).
96: All American Girls Professional Baseball League.
97: America's Cup, United States.
98: Arena Football.
99: Armstrong, Lance (1971–).
100: Ashe, Arthur (1943–1993).
101: Association Football, United States and Canada.
102: Athletics, United States (Field Events).
103: Athletics, United States (Track Events).
104: Augusta National Golf Club.
105: Baseball, United States.
106: Baseball Hall of Fame (United States).
107: Basquette.
108: “Battle of the Sexes” (Tennis Match).
109: Beach Volleyball (United States and Canada).
110: Black Sox Scandal (1919).
111: Bodybuilding.
112: Boston Marathon.
113: Broomball.
114: Brundage, Avery (1887–1975).
115: Bryant, Kobe (1978–).
116: Bryant, Paul “Bear” (1913–1983).
117: Camp, Walter (1859–1925).
118: Chamberlain, Wilt (1936–1999).
119: Commonwealth Games, Canada.
120: Curling, North America.
121: Cycling, North America.
122: Davis Cup (Tennis).
123: Dempsey, William Harrison “Jack” (1895–1983).
124: Didrikson, Mildred Ella (1911–1956).
125: DiMaggio, Joe (1914–1999).
126: Disc Golf.
127: Drag Racing.
128: Dubin Inquiry.
129: Ederle, Gertrude (1906–2003).
130: Extreme Sports.
131: Fenway Park.
132: Field of Dreams (1989).
133: Figure Skating, North America.
134: Football, American.
135: Football, Canadian.
136: Foxhunting, North America.
137: Frontier Sports, Canada.
138: Gehrig, Lou (1903–1941).
139: Gender and Sport, Canada.
140: Gender and Sport, United States.
141: Gibson, Althea (1927–2003).
142: Golf, United States and Canada.
143: Grange, Harold (1903–1991).
144: Green Bay Packers.
145: Gretzky, Wayne (1961–).
146: Hamm, Mia (1972–).
147: Handball, United States.
148: Hanlan, Edward (1855–1908).
149: Harlem Globetrotters.
150: Hockey Night in Canada.
151: Horse Racing, United States.
152: Horseshoes (Horseshoe Pitching).
153: Ice Hockey, Canada.
154: Ice Hockey, United States.
155: Iditarod Dogsled Race.
156: IndyCar Auto Racing.
157: Jai Alai.
158: James, LeBron (1984–).
159: Johnson, Ben, Scandal at the 1988 Olympics.
160: Johnson, Jack (1878–1946).
161: Jones, Robert (Bobby) Tyre (1902–1971).
162: Jordan, Michael (1963–).
163: Kahanamoku, Duke (1890–1968).
164: Kentucky Derby.
165: King, Billie Jean (1943–).
166: Knight, Philip Hamson (1938–), and Nike Corporation.
167: Lacrosse.
168: Lombardi, Vince (1918–1970).
169: Louis, Joe (1914–1981).
170: Major League Baseball.
171: Major League Soccer, United States.
172: Man o'War (1917–1947).
173: Mantle, Mickey (1931–1995).
174: Marciano, Rocky (1923–1969).
175: Mays, Willie (1931–).
176: Miniature Golf.
177: “Miracle on Ice” of 1980.
178: Monday Night Football, United States.
179: Namath, Joseph William (1943–).
180: National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing.
181: National Basketball Association.
182: National Collegiate Athletic Association.
183: National Football League.
184: National Football League Championship Game of 1958.
185: National Hockey League.
186: Native American Sports.
187: Negro Baseball Leagues.
188: Nicklaus, Jack (1940–).
189: North American Soccer League.
190: North American Society for Sport History.
191: O'Dea, Pat (1872–1962).
192: Olympic Summer Games of 1904.
193: Olympic Summer Games of 1932.
194: Olympic Summer Games of 1976.
195: Olympic Summer Games of 1984.
196: Olympic Summer Games of 1996.
197: Olympic Winter Games of 1932.
198: Olympic Winter Games of 1980.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Olympic Medalists—Summer Olympics.
2: Archery.
3: Artistic Gymnastics.
4: Athletics.
5: Badminton.
6: Baseball.
7: Basketball.
8: Basque Pelota.
9: Beach Volleyball.
10: Boxing.
11: Canoe/Kayak, Flatwater.
12: Canoe/Kayak Slalom.
13: Cricket.
14: Croquet.
15: Cycling, BMX.
16: Cycling, Road.
17: Cycling, Track.
18: Mountain Bike.
19: Diving.
20: Equestrian.
21: Fencing.
22: Football (Soccer).
23: Golf.
24: Handball.
25: Field Hockey.
26: Jeu de Paume.
27: Judo.
28: Lacrosse.
29: Modern Pentathlon.
30: Polo.
31: Rackets.
32: Rhythmic Gymnastics.
33: Roque.
34: Rowing.
35: Rugby.
36: Sailing.
37: Shooting.
38: Softball.
39: Swimming.
40: Synchronized Swimming.
41: Table Tennis.
42: Taekwondo.
43: Tennis.
44: Trampoline.
45: Triathlon.
46: Tug-of-War.
47: Volleyball.
48: Water Motorsports.
49: Water Polo.
50: Water Skiing.
51: Weightlifting.
52: Freestyle Wrestling.
53: Greco-Roman Wrestling.
54: Olympic Medalists—Winter Olympics.
55: Alpine Skiing.
56: Bobsleigh.
57: Cross-Country Skiing.
58: Curling.
59: Ice Hockey.
60: Figure Skating.
61: Freestyle Skiing.
62: Luge.
63: Nordic Combined.
64: Speed Skating.
65: Skeleton.
66: Ski Jumping.
67: Snowboarding.
68: Short-Track Speed Skating.
69: Biathlon.
70: Speed Skiing.
71: Winners and Champions of Major World Sporting Events.
72: National Football League/American Football League/Super Bowl.
73: National Basketball Association.
74: Women's National Basketball Association Champions.
75: Major League Baseball World Series.
76: National Hockey League.
77: National Collegiate Athletic Association Football.
78: National Collegiate Athletic Association Basketball.
79: FIFA World Cup.
80: International Rugby Board Rugby World Cup.
81: Rugby League World Cup.
82: International Cricket Council Cricket World Cup.
83: Association Football, England (Premier League).
84: Association Football, Germany (Bundesliga).
85: Association Football, Spain (La Liga).
86: Association Football, Italy (Serie A).
87: Association Football, France (Ligue 1).
88: Association Football, Netherlands (Eredivisie).
89: Association Football, Scotland (Premier League).
90: Association Football, Portugal (Primeira Liga).
91: Australian Football League Grand Final.
92: Australia Rugby League Grand Final.
93: Rugby League Challenge Cup Champions (England).
94: Six Nations Rugby Champions (Home Nations, Five Nations, Six Nations).
95: All-Ireland Gaelic Football.
96: All-Ireland Hurling.
97: SANZAR Tri-Nations Rugby Champions.
98: Super Rugby (14, 12, 10).
99: European Rugby Championships.
100: World Ice Hockey Champions.
101: UEFA Champions League and European Cup.
102: UEFA Europa League Champions.
103: CONMEBOL Copa Libertadores.
104: World Soccer Club Champions.
105: Tour de France Winners.
106: Africa Cup of Nations Soccer.
107: Major Champions of Golf.
108: European Order of Merit (Golf).
109: Major Champions of Tennis.
110: Open Era of Tennis Year-End #1 Rankings.
111: Golf Year-End #1 Rankings.
112: NASCAR Cup Champions.
113: Formula One World Champions.
114: Indy Car Series Champions.
115: North American Soccer League and Major League Soccer.
116: Association Football, Argentina (Primera División).
117: Association Football, México (Primera División).
118: Association Football, Brazil.
119: FIBA World Basketball Championships.
120: FIBA European Basketball Championships.
Select Bibliography.
Editors and Contributors.
Index.