eBook The Britannica Guide to Ethics: Thinkers and Theories in Ethics, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615304150
  • ISBN-13: 9781615304158
  • DDC: 170
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 208 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Perspectives on moral behavior and ethical action are wide-ranging, and often involve divergent standards and approaches that produce ambiguous conclusions—yet we still arrive at universals. Echoes of Enlightenment and ancient Greek thinking resonate through the present day, and various thinkers have adapted the same ideas to respond to emerging social, cultural, political, and technological developments and new moral dilemmas. This volume surveys the major theories that form the basis of ethical thought. Sidebars and detailed images shed light on the vacillating world of ethics, and highlight the individuals whose seminal works confront some of our most fundamental human concerns.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Normative Ethics: Eudaemonism and Consequentialism.
2: Eudaemonism.
3: The Ethics of Plato.
4: The Ethics of Aristotle.
5: Soul.
6: Stoicism.
7: Logos.
8: Consequentialism.
9: Epicureanism.
10: Utilitarianism.
11: Normative Ethics: Contractualism, Deontology, Feminism, and Egoism.
12: Contractualism.
13: Thomas Hobbes.
14: John Locke.
15: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
16: John Rawls.
17: Deontology.
18: The Ethics of Immanuel Kant.
19: Natural-Rights Theory.
20: Divine Right of Kings.
21: Libertarianism.
22: Feminism.
23: The Nature and Scope of Philosophical Feminism.
24: Feminist Ethics.
25: Moral Psychology.
26: Feminist Social and Political Philosophy.
27: Ethical Egoism.
28: Egoist Doctrines.
29: Ayn Rand.
30: Metaethics.
31: Moral Realism and Antirealism.
32: Ethical Relativism.
33: Arguments for Ethical Relativism.
34: Cultural Anthropology.
35: Ethical Relativism and Postmodernism.
36: Criticisms of Ethical Relativism.
37: The Problem of Moral Responsibility.
38: Freedom and Responsibility.
39: Determinism.
40: Libertarianism.
41: Compatibilism.
42: Continuity and Change.
43: Evolutionary Ethics.
44: Social Darwinism.
45: Applied Ethics.
46: Bioethics.
47: Definition and Development.
48: Issues in Bioethics.
49: Approaches.
50: The Significance of Public Attitudes.
51: Policy Making.
52: Global Bioethics.
53: Animal Rights.
54: Historical Background: Vegetarianism from Antiquity to the Present.
55: Philosophical Background.
56: Animals and the Law.
57: The Modern Animal Rights Movement.
58: Speciesism.
59: Environmental Ethics.
60: Anthropocentric Schools of Thought.
61: Biocentric Schools of Thought.
62: Pacifism.
63: Early Religious and Philosophical Movements.
64: Political Influences.
65: Arguments for and Against Pacifism.
66: Types of Pacifism.
67: Conscientious Objector.
68: Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.