eBook The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations: Ancient Greece: From the Archaic Period to the Death of Alexander the Great, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615302093
  • ISBN-13: 9781615302093
  • DDC: 938
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 224 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

From Archaic times to the reign of Alexander the Great, Greek unity was tenuous, yet Ancient Greece was a place where culture flourished and intellectual achievement knew no bounds. Ancient Greek ideas on philosophy, politics, science, and the arts anticipate many of our own, and in some ways, remain unparalleled today. This book recounts the events that were instrumental to the development of this storied civilization and the indelible legacies it has left behind. A detailed appendix supplements the narrative with in-depth discussion on the Pre-Greek societies that fueled the imagination and gave birth to an enduring body of Greek mythology.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Archaic Period.
2: The Post-Mycenaean Period and Lefkandi.
3: “Colonization” and City-State Formation.
4: Olympic Games.
5: Overseas Projects.
6: The Beginnings of the Polis.
7: Early Archaic Greek Civilization.
8: The Sources.
9: Bacchiadae and Eupatridae.
10: Symposia and Gymnasia.
11: Formal Relationships.
12: The Lelantine War.
13: The Later Archaic Period.
14: The Decline of the Aristocracy.
15: Changes in Warfare.
16: The Early Tyrannies.
17: Sparta.
18: The Rhetra.
19: The Helot Factor.
20: The Peloponnesian League.
21: Athens.
22: Theseus.
23: Solon.
24: The Peisistratid Tyranny.
25: The Reforms of Cleisthenes.
26: The World of the Tyrants.
27: Intermarriage between the Great Houses.
28: Poetry and Art.
29: Alcaeus.
30: International Influences.
31: Classical Greek Civilization: The Persian Wars.
32: The Ionian Revolt.
33: Causes of the Persian Wars.
34: Economic Factors.
35: Political Factors.
36: Athenian Support of Ionia.
37: Sparta's Foreign Relations.
38: The Role of Cleomenes.
39: Battle of Marathon.
40: Aftermath of the Battle of Marathon.
41: The System of Ostracism.
42: Greek Preparations for War.
43: Greek Alliances.
44: The Last Persian Wars.
45: Thermopylae.
46: Salamis.
47: Plataea.
48: Classical Greek Civilization: The Athenian Empire.
49: The Fortification of Athens.
50: The Ambition of Pausanias.
51: Delian League.
52: Paying Tribute to Athens.
53: Strains on Greek Unity and Mounting Athenian Aggression.
54: Cimon's Actions.
55: Athens's Moves Against Other Greeks.
56: Athens's Moves Northward.
57: Sparta's Responses.
58: The Ephialtic Reforms.
59: Legal Reforms.
60: Political Reforms.
61: The Rejection of Cimon.
62: Athenian Expansion.
63: Friction between Athens and Corinth.
64: The Subjugation of Aegina.
65: The Scale of Athenian Ambition.
66: Sparta's Resistance.
67: Peace with Persia.
68: Revolts of Athens's Tributary States.
69: Economic Sources of Resentment.
70: Political and Legal Sources of Resentment.
71: The Euboean Revolt.
72: Greek Communities in Italy and Sicily.
73: Classical Greek Civilization: The Peloponnesian War.
74: Causes.
75: The Initial Phase, 431–425.
76: Pericles.
77: Sparta's Role.
78: Continuing Strife.
79: Mytilene and Plataea.
80: Speculation and Unease.
81: The Years 425–421.
82: Spartan Calls for Peace.
83: Cleon's Influence.
84: Spartan Recovery.
85: Athenian Aggression Outside the Peloponnese.
86: Entanglement with Persia.
87: Harsh Treatment of Melos.
88: The Sicilian Disaster.
89: The Second Phase of the War, 413–404.
90: Thirty Tyrants.
91: Greek Civilization in the Fifth Century BC.
92: Intellectual Achievements.
93: The Effect of the Persian Wars on Philosophy.
94: The Rise of Democracy.
95: Hippocrates and the Fluidity of Genres.
96: Hippocratic Oath.
97: Greek Drama.
98: Greek Tragedy.
99: Greek Comedy.
100: The Liturgy System.
101: The Roles of Women and Slaves.
102: Women.
103: Slaves.
104: The Acropolis.
105: Military Technology.
106: Greece in the Fourth Century BC.
107: Dionysius I of Syracuse.
108: The Corinthian War.
109: The King's Peace.
110: From 386 BC to the Decline of Sparta.
111: Spartan Adventures.
112: The Second Athenian Confederacy.
113: Theban Expansion.
114: Athens and Thebes.
115: The Rise of Macedon.
116: Macedonian Supremacy in Greece.
117: Alexander the Great.
118: Alexander and the Greeks.
119: Alexander in Egypt.
120: To the Persian Gates.
121: The Conquest of Bactria and the Indus Valley.
122: The Final Phase.
123: Greek Civilization in the Fourth Century.
124: Historical Writings.
125: Architecture and Sculpture.
126: Mausoleum of Halicarnassus.
127: Social and Commercial Exchanges.
128: Organized Settlements.
129: Conclusion.
Pre-Greek Aegean Civilizations.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.