eBook The Britannica Guide to War: Weapons of Mass Destruction, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615307516
  • ISBN-13: 9781615307517
  • DDC: 358.3
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 168 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

With their potential to wreak massive or total devastation, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons have dramatically escalated the stakes of war. As stockpiles of such weapons continue to grow around the world, especially in the years since the Second World War, countries have recognized the need to check their powers. This detailed volume examines various weapons of mass destruction and the science behind them, their effects on conflict, and the various arms control treaties and agreements that have been introduced to help curb the possibility of overwhelming loss.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Nuclear Weapons: Their Principles and Effects.
2: Principles of Atomic (Fission) Weapons.
3: The Fission Process.
4: Critical Mass and the Fissile Core.
5: Gun Assembly, Implosion, and Boosting.
6: Principles of Thermonuclear (Fusion) Weapons.
7: The Fusion Process.
8: Basic Two-Stage Design.
9: Enhanced Designs.
10: The Effects of Nuclear Weapons.
11: Blast.
12: Thermal Radiation.
13: Initial Radiation.
14: Residual Radiation and Fallout.
15: Nuclear Winter.
16: Electromagnetic Pulse.
17: The United States: The First Nuclear Power.
18: The First Atomic Bombs.
19: Discovery of Nuclear Fission.
20: Producing a Controlled Chain Reaction.
21: Founding the Manhattan Project.
22: Robert Oppenheimer.
23: Selecting a Weapon Design.
24: Racing to Build the Bombs.
25: The Weapons Are Used.
26: The First Hydrogen Bombs.
27: Origins of the “Super”.
28: Edward Teller.
29: Policy Differences, Technical Problems.
30: The Teller-Ulam Configuration.
31: The Weapons Are Tested.
32: Bikini Atoll.
33: Further Refinements.
34: The Other Nuclear Powers.
35: The United Kingdom.
36: Atomic Weapons.
37: Thermonuclear Weapons.
38: The British Deterrent Force.
39: The Soviet Union.
40: Atomic Weapons.
41: Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
42: Thermonuclear Weapons.
43: Andrey Sakharov.
44: France.
45: China.
46: India.
47: Pakistan.
48: A.Q. Khan.
49: Israel.
50: South Africa.
51: North Korea.
52: Other Countries.
53: Taiwan.
54: Argentina and Brazil.
55: Libya.
56: Iraq.
57: Iran.
58: Nuclear Strategy During the Cold War.
59: The Atomic Bomb and American Strategic Thought.
60: Massive Retaliation.
61: John Foster Dulles.
62: First and Second Strikes.
63: Mutual Assured Destruction.
64: Alternatives to Assured Destruction.
65: Flexible Response.
66: Nuclear Strategy through the End of the Cold War.
67: Limited Nuclear War.
68: Henry Kissinger.
69: Conventional Strategy.
70: After the Cold War.
71: Biological Weapons.
72: Biological Warfare Agents.
73: Anthrax.
74: Defense Against Biological Weapons.
75: Military Defense.
76: Civil Defense.
77: Biological Weapons in History.
78: Pre-20th-Century Use of Biological Weapons.
79: Biological Weapons in the World Wars.
80: Biological Weapons in the Cold War.
81: Yellow Rain.
82: Biological Weapons Proliferation.
83: Biological Terrorism.
84: Chemical Weapons.
85: Types of Chemical Weapons.
86: Chemical Agents.
87: Agent Orange.
88: Properties of Chemical Weapons.
89: Defense Against Chemical Weapons.
90: On the Battlefield.
91: In Civilian Defense.
92: Chemical Weapons in History.
93: Antiquity.
94: As Weapons of Mass Destruction.
95: Banning Chemical Weapons.
96: Proliferation and Detection of Chemical Weapons Programs.
97: Chemical Weapons Proliferation.
98: Detection of Clandestine Programs.
99: Chemical Weapons and Terrorism.
100: Arms Control and Disarmament.
101: Early Efforts.
102: Arms-Control Agreements During the Cold War.
103: The Cuban Missile Crisis.
104: After the Cold War.
105: Major Arms-Control Treaties.
106: The Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty.
107: The Outer Space Treaty.
108: The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
109: The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
110: The ABM Treaty.
111: The INF Treaty.
112: The Strategic Arms Reduction Talks.
113: The Biological Weapons Convention.
114: The Chemical Weapons Convention.
Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.