eBook Geology: Landforms, Minerals, and Rocks: Minerals, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615305823
  • ISBN-13: 9781615305827
  • DDC: 549
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 360 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
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About

Overview

Anyone who has marveled at the glimmer of a perfectly cut diamond, tended a garden, or consumed a nutritious meal has appreciated some of the many roles that minerals play in our lives. Present in many natural substances, minerals are highly structured entities, each with a unique chemical composition and set of properties. Accompanied by detailed tables, diagrams, and sidebars, this informative volume examines the various types of minerals and their structures and classifications, as well as the physical and chemical attributes that separate one mineral from another.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: The Nature of Minerals.
2: Nomenclature.
3: Occurrence and Formation.
4: Mineral Structure.
5: Primary and Accessory Minerals.
6: Morphology.
7: Internal Structure.
8: Polymorphism.
9: Chemical Composition.
10: Mineral Formulas.
11: Compositional Variation.
12: Chemical Bonding.
13: Physical Properties.
14: Mineral Classification and Associations.
15: Classification of Minerals.
16: Native Elements.
17: What Is a Native Element?.
18: Metallic Substances.
19: Sulfides.
20: Sulfosalts.
21: Oxides and Hydroxides.
22: Halides.
23: Carbonates.
24: Nitrates.
25: Borates.
26: Sulfates.
27: Phosphates.
28: Silicates.
29: Mineral Associations and Phase Equilibrium.
30: Assemblage and the Phase Rule.
31: Phase Diagrams.
32: Eh–Ph Diagrams.
33: Mineral Deposits.
34: Geochemically Abundant and Scarce Metals.
35: Ore Minerals.
36: Native Metals.
37: Sulfides.
38: Oxides and Hydroxides.
39: Carbonates and Silicates.
40: Formation of Mineral Deposits.
41: Magmatic Concentration.
42: Hydrothermal Solution.
43: Metasomatic Replacement.
44: Groundwater.
45: Seawater or Lake Water.
46: Rainwater.
47: Flowing Surface Water.
48: Alluvial Placers.
49: Placer Deposits.
50: Beach Placers.
51: Metallogenic Provinces and Epochs.
52: The Silicates.
53: Amphiboles.
54: Chemical Composition.
55: Crystal Structure.
56: Physical Properties.
57: Origin and Occurrence.
58: Feldspars.
59: Chemical Composition.
60: Crystal Structure.
61: Alkali Feldspars.
62: Physical Properties.
63: Origin and Occurrence.
64: Uses.
65: Feldspathoids.
66: Chemical Composition and Crystal Structure.
67: Physical Properties.
68: Origin and Occurrence.
69: Uses.
70: Garnets.
71: Chemical Composition.
72: Crystal Structure.
73: Physical Properties.
74: Origin and Occurence.
75: Uses.
76: Jade.
77: Olivines.
78: Chemical Composition.
79: Crystal Structure.
80: Physical Properties.
81: Crystal Habit and Form.
82: Origin and Occurrence.
83: Pyroxenes.
84: Chemical Composition.
85: Orthopyroxenes.
86: Crystal Structure.
87: Physical Properties.
88: Origin and Occurrence.
89: Zeolites.
90: Micas and Clay Minerals.
91: Micas.
92: Muscovite.
93: Chemical Composition.
94: Crystal Structure.
95: Physical Properties.
96: Origin and Occurrence.
97: Uses.
98: Clay Minerals.
99: Structure.
100: Clay.
101: Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA).
102: Chemical and Physical Properties.
103: Occurrence.
104: Origin.
105: Industrial Uses.
106: Silica Minerals.
107: Physical and Chemical Properties.
108: Origin and Occurrence.
109: Solubility of Silica Minerals.
110: The Silica Phase Diagram.
111: Uses.
112: Individual Silica Minerals.
113: Quartz.
114: Sard and Sardonyx.
115: Chalcedony.
116: Jasper, Chert, and Flint.
117: High Quartz (β-Quartz).
118: Tridymite.
119: Cristobalite.
120: Opal.
121: Vitreous Silica.
122: Melanophlogite.
123: Keatite.
124: Coesite and Stishovite.
125: Carbonates and Other Minerals.
126: The Carbonates.
127: Aragonite.
128: Calcite.
129: Dolomite.
130: Other Common Rock-Forming Minerals.
131: Magnetite and Chromite.
132: Magnesite.
133: Halite, Gypsum, and Anhydrite.
134: Epidote.
135: Hematite.
136: Limonite.
137: Other Mineral Groups.
138: Arsenate Minerals.
139: Halide Minerals.
140: Nitrate and Iodate Minerals.
141: Oxide Minerals.
142: Chromate Minerals.
143: Phosphate Minerals.
144: Sulfate Minerals.
145: Vanadate Minerals.
146: Sulfide Minerals.
147: Sulfosalts.
148: Molybdate and Tungstate Minerals.
149: Conclusion.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.