eBook The Living Earth: Rivers and Streams, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615304118
  • ISBN-13: 9781615304110
  • DDC: 551.48
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 288 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released May 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
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About

Overview

Winding their way through the planet's landscapes and supplying some of its most prosperous cities with fresh water, food, and transportation conduits, rivers and streams have critical ecological and economic significance. As they carve out waterfalls, valleys, canyons, deltas, and a host of other landforms, they also support a diversity of organisms and connect disparate regions. Accompanied by extraordinary color photographs, this volume examines the characteristics of these captivating channels as well as their greatest threats and profiles some of the world's prominent rivers.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Introduction.
1: Rivers.
2: The Importance of Rivers.
3: Significance in Early Human Settlements.
4: Significance to Trade, Agriculture, and Industry.
5: Hydroelectric Power.
6: Drainage Basins.
7: Environmental Problems Attendant on River Use.
8: The Distribution of Rivers in Nature.
9: Principles Governing Distribution and Flow.
10: Runoff.
11: The River System through Time.
12: Drainage Diversion by Stream Capture.
13: Non-Fluvial Invasion and Deposition.
14: The Effects of Climatic Change.
15: Drainage Patterns and Geometry.
16: The Drainage Patterns of Rivers.
17: Horton's Laws of Drainage Composition.
18: Morphometry of Drainage Networks.
19: Streambeds.
20: The Geometry of River Systems.
21: Hydraulic Geometry.
22: River Channel Patterns.
23: Waterfalls.
24: Iguaçu Falls.
25: Streamflow and Sediment Yield.
26: Peak Discharge and Flooding.
27: Sediment Yield and Sediment Load.
28: Measurement of the Load.
29: Sediment Sources and the Nature of Deposition.
30: Alluvium.
31: Factors That Influence Sediment Yield.
32: Short-Term Variations.
33: Long-Term or Average Sediment Yield.
34: Geomorphic Variables.
35: Rivers as Agents of Landscape Evolution: Valleys, Canyons, Floodplains, and River Terraces.
36: Valleys and Canyons.
37: Valley Evolution.
38: Formation of Canyons and Gorges.
39: Floodplains.
40: Floodplain Deposits, Origins, and Features.
41: Time and the Floodplain System.
42: River Terraces.
43: The Origin of River Terraces.
44: Outwash.
45: Terraces and Geomorphic History.
46: Rivers as Agents of Landscape Evolution: Alluvial Fans, Deltas, and Estuaries.
47: Alluvial Fans.
48: Size, Morphology, and Surface Characteristics.
49: Fan Deposits and Depositional Processes.
50: Economic Significance.
51: Deltas.
52: Classification of Deltas.
53: Morphology of Deltas.
54: Deposits and Stratigraphy.
55: Deltas and Time.
56: Estuaries.
57: Origin and Classification.
58: Fjords.
59: Sedimentation in Estuaries.
60: Major Rivers of Africa.
61: The Congo River.
62: Physiography.
63: Hydrology.
64: Climate.
65: Study and Exploration.
66: The Niger River.
67: Physiography.
68: Climate.
69: Hydrology.
70: Study and Exploration.
71: The Nile River.
72: Physiography.
73: Climate and Hydrology.
74: Study and Exploration.
75: Major Rivers of the Americas.
76: The Amazon River.
77: The Length of the Amazon.
78: Landforms and Drainage Patterns.
79: The Physiography of the River Course.
80: Hydrology.
81: Climate.
82: The Paraná River.
83: Soils.
84: Study and Exploration.
85: The Mississippi River.
86: Physiography.
87: Climate.
88: Hydrology.
89: The Missouri River.
90: Major Rivers of Asia and Australia.
91: The Ganges River.
92: Physiography.
93: Climate and Hydrology.
94: The Lena River.
95: Physiography.
96: Climate.
97: Hydrology.
98: Study and Exploration.
99: The Murray River.
100: Physical Features.
101: Economy and Water Management.
102: The Darling River.
103: The Ob River.
104: Physiography.
105: Climate and Hydrology.
106: Study and Exploration.
107: The Irtysh River.
108: The Yangtze River.
109: The Upper Course.
110: The Middle Course.
111: The Lower Course.
112: The Yangtze Delta.
113: Geology.
114: Hydrology.
115: The Yenisey River.
116: Physical Features.
117: Study and Exploration.
118: Major Rivers of Europe.
119: The Danube River.
120: Physiography.
121: Hydrology.
122: The Rhine River.
123: Physiography.
124: Hydrology.
125: The Rhône River.
126: Physiography.
127: Hydrology.
128: Conclusion.
Average Net Primary Production of the Earth's Major Habitats.
World's Longest Rivers and River Systems.
Selected Waterfalls of the World.
Glossary.
Bibliography.
Index.