eBook Encyclopedia of Crisis Management, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452275963
  • ISBN-13: 9781452275963
  • DDC: 363.34
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1176 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released August 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Although now a growing and respectable research field, crisis management--as a formal area of study--is relatively young, having emerged since the 1980s following a succession of such calamities as the Bhopal gas leak, Chernobyl nuclear accident, Space Shuttle Challenger loss, and Exxon Valdez oil spill. Analysis of organizational failures that caused such events helped drive the emerging field of crisis management. Simultaneously, the world has experienced a number of devastating natural disasters: Hurricane Katrina, the Japanese earthquake and tsunami, etc. From such crises, both human-induced and natural, we have learned our modern, tightly interconnected and interdependent society is simply more vulnerable to disruption than in the past. This interconnectedness is made possible in part by crisis management and increases our reliance upon it. As such, crisis management is as beneficial and crucial today as information technology has become over the last few decades.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Pag.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Articles.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editors.
List of Contributors.
Introduction.
1: Agency Notification and Mobilization.
2: Air Traffic Control.
3: Air Travel.
4: All-Hazards.
5: Alternate Site, Corporate.
6: American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS) SPC.1-2009.
7: Arms Control.
8: Auditing.
9: Avalanches and Landslides.
10: Backup Facility.
11: Backup Media.
12: Backup Strategy.
13: Bankruptcy, Corporate.
14: Biological Engineering Risk.
15: Biological Weapons.
16: Blame, Politics of.
17: Blizzards.
18: Border Disputes.
19: Bounded Rationality.
20: Brain Drain.
21: Bridges.
22: BS 25999.
23: Budget Crisis.
24: Buildings.
25: Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UN (UNDP–BCPR).
26: Bureaucracy.
27: Business Continuity Management.
28: Business Continuity Planning.
29: Business Continuity Planning Life Cycle.
30: Business Impact Analysis.
31: Business Resumption Planning.
32: Cabinet Office, Uk.
33: Carrying Capacity.
34: Cascading Crisis.
35: Catastrophe, Definition of.
36: Catholic Relief Services.
37: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
38: Chaos Theory.
39: Chemical Risk.
40: Chemical Weapons.
41: Chief Security Officer.
42: Cholera.
43: Civil Protection.
44: Civil War.
45: Civilian Protection, Post-Conflict.
46: Classification of Systems.
47: Climate Change Adaptation.
48: Cluster.
49: Cognitive Novelty, Engaging in.
50: Cold Site.
51: Collaboration.
52: Command and Control.
53: Commodity Shortages.
54: Contingency Planning.
55: Contingent Coordination.
56: Continual Improvement.
57: Continuity of Government.
58: Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere (CARE).
59: Coordination.
60: Coping Capacity and Response Capability.
61: Cosmology Episode.
62: Coupling.
63: Credibility.
64: Crisis, Definition of.
65: Crisis Communications.
66: Crisis Information Management Systems.
67: Crisis Management, Emerging Trends in.
68: Crisis Simulations.
69: Critical Applications.
70: Critical Business Functions.
71: Critical Infrastructure.
72: Criticality Assessment.
73: Cyber Crime.
74: Cyber Security.
75: Cyber Warfare.
76: Damage Assessment.
77: Damage Containment.
78: Dams, Levees, and Seawalls.
79: Data Mirroring.
80: Data Recovery.
81: Debriefing.
82: Debris Management.
83: Debt Crisis.
84: Decision Making.
85: Decision Making, Theories of.
86: Decision Making under Stress.
87: Decision Stream.
88: Decision Support Tools.
89: Dedicated Site.
90: Deforestation.
91: Denial-of-Service Attack.
92: Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
93: Disaster, Definition of.
94: Disaster Assessment.
95: Disaster Declaration.
96: Disaster Declaration Officer.
97: Disaster Drills.
98: Disaster Recovery.
99: Disaster Recovery Life Cycle.
100: Disaster Recovery Plan Test Cycle.
101: Disaster Risk Reduction.
102: Disruption of Organizations.
103: Doctors without Borders.
104: Documentation.
105: Downtime.
106: Drought.
107: Drug Resistance.
108: Early Warning Systems.
109: Earthquakes.
110: Ebola Virus.
111: Electronic Media.
112: Electronic Vaulting.
113: Electronics Waste.
114: Em-Dat.
115: Emergency, Definition of.
116: Emergency Alert Systems.
117: Emergency Management, Principles of.
118: Emergency Management Agencies, City and County.
119: Emergency Management System.
120: Emergency Manager.
121: Emergency Medical Care.
122: Emergency Medicine.
123: Emergency Operations Center.
124: Emergency Public Information.
125: Emergency Responders.
126: Emergency Support Functions.
127: Environment Programme, UN (UNEP).
128: Environmental Contamination.
129: Epidemics.
130: Ethnic Cleansing.
131: Evacuation.
132: Exercises.
133: Failed States.
134: Failover.
135: Famine.
136: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
137: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
138: Financial Risk Management in Higher Education.
139: Fink's Crisis Life Cycle.
140: Fires.
141: Floods.
142: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
143: Food Security.
144: Foreign Policy Crises.
145: Fraud.
146: Freshwater Demands and Shortages.
147: Fusion Center.
148: Global Food Crisis.
149: Global Warming.
150: Groupthink.
151: Hazard, Definition of.
152: Hazard Mitigation.
153: Hazard Vulnerability Analysis.
154: Hazardous Materials.
155: Hazardous Waste Disposal.
156: Health and Medical Response Scenarios.
157: Heat Waves.
158: High Reliability Organization Theory.
159: Hijackings.
160: Historical Analogies, Use of.
161: HIV/AIDS Epidemic.
162: Hospital Emergency Room.
163: Hostage Taking and Negotiation.
164: Human Trafficking.
165: Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Cyclones.
166: Immigration.
167: Impact, Definition of.
168: Impact Analysis.
169: Improvised Explosive Devices.
170: Improvising.
171: Incident Action Plans.
172: Incident Management.
173: Incident Response.
174: Incidents Versus Crises.
175: Income Inequality and Labor Unrest.
176: Infectious Disease.
177: Infestations, Parasite.
178: Influenza.
179: Information Asymmetry.
180: Information Vacuums.
181: Insurance.
182: Interdependence.
183: International Children's Fund, UN (UNICEF).
184: International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 31000.
185: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, UN (UNISDR).
186: Interoperability.
187: Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, UN (UNICRI).
188: Interstate War.
189: Invasive Species.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
1: Journaling.
2: Land Mines.
3: Legal Liability.
4: Living Modified Organisms.
5: Logistics.
6: Looting.
7: Losses, Quantitative Versus Qualitative.
8: Malaria.
9: Manufacturing Risks.
10: Marine Shipping.
11: Marine Travel.
12: Mass Care.
13: Mass Fatality Management.
14: Mass Media.
15: Maximum Acceptable Outage.
16: Measles.
17: Mental Illness.
18: Mental Models.
19: Methods, Qualitative.
20: Methods, Quantitative.
21: Minimum Business Continuity Objective.
22: Mining.
23: Mirroring.
24: Missiles.
25: Mitroff's Five Stages of Crisis Management.
26: Mobile Recovery Site.
27: Multiple Disaster Problem.
28: Mutual Aid and Assistance.
29: Nanotechnology.
30: NatCatSERVICE (Munich Re).
31: National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1600, 2007, and 2010.
32: National Incident Management System (NIMS).
33: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
34: National Preparedness Goal.
35: National Response Framework.
36: Network for Good.
37: News Media.
38: Noncommunicable Diseases.
39: Nongovernmental Organizations.
40: Nonlinearity.
41: Normal Accident Theory.
42: Normalization of Deviance.
43: Nuclear and Radiological Weapons.
44: Nuclear Proliferation.
45: Nuclear Risk.
46: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), UN.
47: Operational Plans.
48: Operational Readiness.
49: Organizational Failure.
50: Overfishing.
51: Overgrazing.
52: Overpopulation.
53: Ozone Layer Depletion.
54: Pandemics.
55: Panic, Nature and Conditions of.
56: Paradigm Blindness.
57: Paul G. Allen Foundation Emergency Relief Program.
58: Peacekeeping.
59: Perimeter Control.
60: Petrochemical Risk.
61: Policy Setting.
62: Political and Organizational Leadership.
63: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
64: Poverty.
65: Practical Drift.
66: Pre-Crisis Training and Planning.
67: Pre-Impact Planning Process.
68: Preparedness.
69: Prevention.
70: Product Defects and Recalls.
71: Product Tampering.
72: Protection.
73: Protest.
74: Public Awareness and Education.
75: Public Health Surveillance.
76: Public Image.
77: Public Relations.
78: Public Safety Canada.
79: Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 200.
80: Quarantine.
81: Reciprocal Agreement.
82: Reciprocal Site.
83: Recovery.
84: Recovery Time Objective.
85: Red Cross and Red Crescent.
86: Red Tide.
87: Refugees and Forced Migration.
88: Reinsurance.
89: Religious Violence.
90: Reputational Risk.
91: Residual Risk.
92: Resiliency.
93: Resource Collapse.
94: Resource Management.
95: Response.
96: Response Team.
97: Revolution.
98: Riots.
99: Risk Analysis.
100: Risk Assessment.
101: Risk Society.
102: Risk Treatment.
103: Routine Emergencies Versus True Crises.
104: Sabotage.
105: Safety Policies.
106: Salvation Army.
107: Scapegoating.
108: Scenario Planning.
109: Search and Rescue.
110: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).
111: Sewage Spill.
112: Shelter-in-Place.
113: Sigma (Swiss Re).
114: Simulations.
115: Situational Analysis.
116: Smallpox.
117: Smog.
118: Social Distancing.
119: Social Media.
120: Spaceflight.
121: Spokesperson, Designating and Utilizing.
122: Stafford Act.
123: Stakeholders.
124: State Emergency Management Agencies.
125: Stock Market Crises.
126: Strategic Plans.
127: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) Analysis.
128: Strikes.
129: Structural Secrecy.
130: Suicide Bombings.
131: Supply Chain.
132: Surge Capacity, Hospitals.
133: Sustainability.
134: Terrorism.
135: Threat Detection.
136: Tornadoes and Severe Thunderstorms.
137: Training.
138: Transportation Security.
139: Transportation Systems, Vulnerability.
140: Trauma.
141: Triage.
142: Trigger Events.
143: Tsunamis.
144: Tuberculosis.
145: Uncertainty.
146: United Way.
147: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
148: Vaccinations.
149: Vital Records.
150: Volcanic Eruptions.
151: Volunteer Coordination.
152: Vulnerability.
153: Vulnerable Populations.
154: War Crimes.
155: Warm Site.
156: Warning.
157: Weapons Trafficking.
158: Whistle Blowers.
159: Wildfire.
160: Worker Error.
161: World Health Organization (WHO), UN.
162: World Water Relief.
163: Y2K Bug.
Appendix.
Foreword by Helen Clark.
Introduction by Jordan Ryan.
Achievements in Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery.
Achievements in Early Recovery.
Achievements in Conflict Prevention and Recovery.
Achievements in Gender Equality in Crisis Prevention and Recovery.
Global Partnerships.
Conclusion.
List of Acronyms.
Glossary.
Resource Guide.
Index.
Photo Credits.