eBook Oxford Companion To Earth, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0191727539
  • ISBN-13: 9780191727535
  • DDC: 550.3
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1184 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2001 | Published/Released September 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2001
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About

Overview

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO THE EARTH is a unique reference work, offering unrivalled coverage of the Earth Sciences, from volcanoes to flood plains, diamonds to meteors, deserts to deep seas. All aspects of geology, including climatology, mineralogy, and oceanography, are covered. In addition, there are many eclectic entries, for example on dinosaur hunters, and fossils and folklore, as well as biographies of the key figures involved.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Preface.
Note to the Reader.
Contents.
Paul Lewis Hancock (1937–1998).
Contributors.
1: Acid Rain.
2: Active Fault.
3: Adsorption.
4: Aeolian Processes.
5: Aeromagnetic Surveying.
6: Aerosols and Climate.
7: Agassiz, Louis (1807–73).
8: Age and Early Evolution of the Earth and Solar System.
9: Aggregates.
10: Agricola, Georgius (1494–1555).
11: Air Pressure.
12: Airy, Sir George Biddell (1801–92).
13: Alluvial Channels.
14: Alluvial Fans and Alluvial Plains.
15: Alpine Orogeny.
16: Alpine Pioneers of Geology.
17: Amateurs in Geology.
18: Amber.
19: Amphibians.
20: Andes of South America.
21: Anning, Mary (1799–1847).
22: Antarctic Climate.
23: Antarctic Ice Cores.
24: Anthropogeomorphology.
25: Anticyclone.
26: Applied Geomorphology.
27: Aquifer.
28: Archaean Eon.
29: Archaeological Geology.
30: Arid-Zone Hydrology.
31: Arroyos.
32: Art and the Earth Sciences.
33: Artesian Well.
34: Arthropods.
35: Asbestos.
36: Aseismic Submarine Ridges and Oceanic Plateaux.
37: Assimilation.
38: Asteroids and Comets.
39: Asthenosphere.
40: Atlantis.
41: Atmospheric Convergence and Divergence.
42: Atmospheric Electricity.
43: Atmospheric High Pressure.
44: Atmospheric Temperature.
45: Avalanches.
46: Bacteria.
47: Bacterial Isotopic Fractionation.
48: Badlands.
49: Bagnold, R. A. (1896–1990).
50: Banded Iron Formations.
51: Barrell, Joseph (1869–1919).
52: Basalt.
53: Base Level.
54: Bauxites.
55: Beaches.
56: Beachrock.
57: Bearing Capacity.
58: Beginnings of Geological Thought.
59: Beloussov, V. V. (1907–90).
60: Benioff H. (1899–1968).
61: Berzelius, Jöns Jacob (1779–1848).
62: Biodegradation.
63: Biogenic Weathering.
64: Biogeochemistry.
65: Biogeomorphology.
66: Biomarkers (Chemical Fossils).
67: Biosphere.
68: Biostratigraphy.
69: Birds.
70: Bivalves.
71: Black Shales.
72: Black Smokers and White Smokers.
73: Blackett, P. M. S. (Baron Blackett of Chelsea) (1897–1974).
74: Blockfields and Blockstreams.
75: Bowen, Norman Levi (1887–1956).
76: Brachiopods.
77: Braided Rivers.
78: Brines.
79: Bryozoans.
80: Buckland, William (1784–1856).
81: Building Stones.
82: Bullard, Sir Edward (Crisp) (1907–80).
83: Burgess Shale Fauna.
84: Calcite, Aragonite, Dolomite.
85: Caledonides.
86: Cambrian.
87: Carbon Cycles.
88: Carbonate Platforms, Reefs, and Carbonate Mounds.
89: Carbonatites.
90: Carboniferous.
91: Catastrophic Geomorphology.
92: Catastrophism and Uniformitarianism.
93: Caves.
94: Cenozoic.
95: Cephalopods.
96: Chalk.
97: Chamberlin, T. C. (1843–1928).
98: Chemical Alteration of Rocks.
99: Chemistry of Geothermal Waters and Hydrothermal Alteration.
100: Chemostratigraphy.
101: China Clay.
102: Chordates.
103: Chromites.
104: Clarke, Frank Wigglesworth (1847–1931).
105: Classical Times and the Earth Sciences.
106: Clastic Dykes.
107: Clays.
108: Cleavage and Other Tectonic Foliations in Rocks.
109: Cleavage in Minerals.
110: Cliffs and Rock Slopes.
111: Climap Project.
112: Climate Change and Deep Water Formation.
113: Climate Change and Lake Levels.
114: Climate Change and Laminated Sediments.
115: Climate Change and Palaeovolcanism.
116: Climate Models.
117: Cloos, Hans (1885–1951).
118: Clouds.
119: Coal.
120: Coastal Dunes.
121: Coastal Management.
122: Coasts and Coastal Processes.
123: COHMAP Project.
124: Collisional Orogeny.
125: Compaction and Consolidation of Soil.
126: Conodonts.
127: Contact Metamorphism (Thermal Metamorphism).
128: Containment Walls in Environmental Management.
129: Contaminant Transport.
130: Continental Drift.
131: Continental Flood Basalts.
132: Continental Margins.
133: Continental Rifts.
134: Continental Shelf Geology.
135: Controlled-Source Electromagnetic Mapping.
136: Controlled-Source Seismology.
137: Convergent Plate Margins.
138: Cope, Edward Drinker (1840–97).
139: Coral Reefs.
140: Coral Terraces.
141: Corals and Related Fossils.
142: Coriolis Effect or Coriolis Force.
143: Cosmochemistry.
144: Cratons.
145: Creationism.
146: Cretaceous.
147: Croll, James (1821–90).
148: Cross-Sections.
149: Crustaceans.
150: Crustal Composition and Recycling.
151: Crustal Movements and Deformation Styles.
152: Crystallographic Systematics.
153: Crystals and Crystal Growth.
154: Curie Temperature (Curie Isotherm).
155: Cuvier, Georges (Baron) (1769–1832).
156: Cyclicity.
157: Cyclone.
158: Daly, Reginald Aldworth (1871–1957).
159: Dams.
160: Dana, James Dwight (1813–95).
161: Darwin, Charles (1809–82).
162: Dating Rocks Absolutely.
163: Davis, W. M. (1850–1934) and Landscape Evolution.
164: Debris Flows.
165: Deep-Sea Geomorphology.
166: Deep-Sea Trenches.
167: Deep Seismic Reflection Profiling.
168: Deep-Water Sediments.
169: Deforestation and Landscape.
170: Deformation.
171: Deformation of Rocks.
172: De la Beche, H. T. (1796–1855).
173: Deltaic Sedimentary Deposits.
174: Deltas.
175: Dendroclimatology.
176: Density Distribution Within the Earth.
177: Desert Dunes.
178: Desert Pavement.
179: Desert Sedimentary Deposits.
180: Desertification.
181: Deserts.
182: Devonian.
183: Diachronism.
184: Diagenesis.
185: Diagenesis in Deep-Sea Sediments.
186: Diamonds.
187: Diapirs and Diapirism.
188: Dietz, Robert Sinclair (1914–95).
189: Diffusion and Dispersion in Groundwater Flow.
190: Dinosaur Hunters.
191: Dinosaurs.
192: Divergent Plate Margins.