eBook Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs Structure, Form and Process, 1st Edition

  • David Hopley
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 9048126398
  • ISBN-13: 9789048126392
  • DDC: 578.77
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1236 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released November 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Coral reefs are the largest landforms built by plants and animals. Their study therefore incorporates a wide range of disciplines. This encyclopedia approaches coral reefs from an earth science perspective, concentrating especially on modern reefs. Currently coral reefs are under high stress, most prominently from climate change with changes to water temperature, sea level and ocean acidification particularly damaging. Modern reefs have evolved through the massive environmental changes of the Quaternary with long periods of exposure during glacially lowered sea level periods and short periods of interglacial growth. The entries in this encyclopedia condense the large amount of work carried out since Charles Darwin first attempted to understand reef evolution. Leading authorities from many countries have contributed to the entries covering areas of geology, geography and ecology, providing comprehensive access to the most up-to-date research on the structure, form and processes operating on Quaternary coral reefs.

Features and Benefits

  • Presented from a geological rather than an ecological angle.
  • Will be used by a wide range of disciplines as well as earth scientists.
  • Coral reefs are highly topical because of their worldwide decline and the damaging impact of climate change.
  • Will have a multi-national interest because of the geographical extent of coral reefs and the many nationalities of the researchers in the book.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication to Rhodes Fairbridge (21st May 1914 to 8th November 2006).
Contents.
Contributors.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
1: Acanthaster Planci.
2: Accommodation Space.
3: Acropora.
4: Adaptation.
5: Aerial Photography of Coral Reefs.
6: Agassiz, Alexander (1835–1910).
7: Airborne Dust Impacts.
8: Algae, Blue-Green Boring.
9: Algae, Coralline.
10: Algae-Macro.
11: Algae, Turf.
12: Algal Rims.
13: Antecedent Platforms.
14: Aragonite.
15: Atoll Islands (MOTU).
16: Atolls.
17: Auvs (ROVs).
18: Back-Stepping.
19: Bafflestone.
20: Bahamas.
21: Banks Island: Frasnian (Late Devonian) Reefs in Northwestern Arctic Canada.
22: Banks, Joseph (1743–1820).
23: Barbados.
24: Barrier Reef (Ribbon Reef).
25: Bassett Edges.
26: Beach Rock.
27: Belize Barrier and Atoll Reefs.
28: Bermuda.
29: Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands.
30: Binding Organisms.
31: Bindstone.
32: Bioerosion.
33: Bioherms and Biostromes.
34: Bioturbation.
35: Blowholes.
36: Blue Hole.
37: Boat Channel.
38: Boulder Beaches.
39: Boulder Zone/Ramparts.
40: Brazil, Coral Reefs.
41: Bryozoa.
42: Calcite.
43: Calcrete/Caliche.
44: Carbon Fluxes of Coral Reefs.
45: Carbonate Budgets and Reef Framework Accumulation.
46: Carboniferous Reefs.
47: Cay Formation.
48: Chamisso, Adelbert Von (1781–1838).
49: Classification of Carbonates.
50: Climate Change and Coral Reefs.
51: Climate Change: Impact of Sea Level Rise on Reef Flat Zonation and Productivity.
52: Climate Change: Impact on Coral Reef Coasts.
53: Climate Change: Increasing Storm Activity.
54: Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
55: Cold-Water Coral Reefs.
56: Conglomerates.
57: Conservation and Marine Protection Areas.
58: Cook, James (1728–1779).
59: Coral Cay Classification and Evolution.
60: Coral Cays – Geohydrology.
61: Coral Cays, Vegetational Succession.
62: Coral Reef, Definition.
63: Coral Reefs of India.
64: Corals: Biology, Skeletal Deposition, and Reef-Building.
65: Corals: Environmental Controls on Growth.
66: Core Plugs.
67: Daly, Reginald Aldworth (1871–1957).
68: Dana, James Dwight (1813–1895).
69: Darwin Point.
70: Darwin, Charles (1809–1882).
71: David, Tannant Edgeworth (1858–1934).
72: Davis, William Morris (1850–1934).
73: Density and Porosity: Influence on Reef Accretion Rates.
74: Devonian Reef Complexes of the Canning Basin.
75: Diagenesis.
76: Dolomitization.
77: Double and Triple Reef Fronts.
78: Earthquakes and Emergence or Submergence of Coral Reefs.
79: East Indies Triangle of Biodiversity.
80: Eastern Caribbean Coral Reefs.
81: Eastern Indian Ocean – Northern Sector.
82: Eastern Tropical Pacific Coral Reefs.
83: Echinodermata.
84: Eco-Morphodynamics.
85: Ecomorphology.
86: El Niño, La Niña, and ENSO.
87: Electro Mineral Accretion.
88: Electron Spin Resonance Dating (ESR).
89: Emerged Reefs.
90: Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands.
91: Engineering on Coral Reefs with Emphasis on Pacific Reefs.
92: Eolianite.
93: Faroes Reefs.
94: Floatstone.
95: Florida Keys.
96: FORAM Index.
97: Foraminifera.
98: Forereef/Reef Front.
99: Fossil Coralline Algae.
100: Framestone.
101: Fringing Reef Circulation.
102: Fringing Reefs.
103: Funafuti Atoll.
104: Gardiner, John Stanley (1872–1946).
105: General Evolution of Carbonate Reefs.
106: Geomorphic Zonation.
107: Glacial Control Hypothesis.
108: Glacio-Hydro Isostasy.
109: Global Ocean Circulation and Coral Reefs.
110: Great Barrier Reef Committee.
111: Great Barrier Reef: Origin, Evolution, and Modern Development.
112: Halimeda.
113: Halimeda Bioherms.
114: Hawaiian Emperor Volcanic Chain and Coral Reef History.
115: Heavy Metal Accumulation in Scleractinian Corals.
116: Historical Ecology of Coral Reefs.
117: Holocene High Energy Window.
118: Holocene Reefs: Thickness and Characteristics.
119: Huon Peninsula, P.N.G..
120: Hydrodynamics of Coral Reef Systems.
121: Impacts of Sediment on Coral Reefs.
122: Indian Ocean Reefs.
123: Indonesian Reefs.
124: Infrastructure and Reef Islands.
125: Internal Circulation.
126: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Drivers on Coral Reefs.
127: Lagoon Circulation.
128: Lagoons.
129: Last Glacial Interstadials.
130: Last Glacial Lowstand and Shelf Exposure.
131: Last Interglacial and Reef Development.
132: Low Wooded Islands.
133: Lyell, Charles (1797–1875).
134: MacNeil, F. Stearns (1909–1983).
135: Makatea.
136: Maldives.
137: Mangrove Islands.
138: Mangroves.
139: Mariana Islands, Coral Reef Geology.
140: Mass Extinctions, Anoxic Events and Ocean Acidification.
141: Mayor, Alfred Goldsborough (1868–1922).
142: Megablocks.
143: Meltwater Pulses.
144: Micrite.
145: Microatoll.
146: Microbes.
147: Mid Holocene.
148: Midway Atoll (Hawaiian Archipelago).
149: Mining/Quarrying of Coral Reefs.
150: Moating.
151: Moats.
152: Molluscs.
153: Mururoa Atoll.
154: New Caledonia.
155: Notch and Visor.
156: Nutrient Pollution/Eutrophication.
157: Ocean Acidification, Effects on Calcification.
158: Oceanic Hotspots.
159: Octocorallia.
160: Oil and Gas Reservoirs and Coral Reefs.
161: Ooids.
162: Pacific Coral Reefs: An Introduction.
163: Packstone.
164: Palaeosols.
165: Paleoclimate from Corals.
166: Patch Reefs: Lidar Morphometric Analysis.
167: Permian Capitan Reef System.
168: Persian/Arabian Gulf Coral Reefs.
169: Peysonnell, Jean-Andre (1694–1759).
170: Phosphatic Cay Sandstone.
171: Plate Tectonics.
172: Platforms (Cemented).
173: Poleward Extension of Reefs.
174: Porites.
175: Porosity Variability in Limestone Sequences.
176: Postglacial Trangression.
177: Quoy, Jean Rene (1790–1869) and Gaimard, Joseph Paul (1796–1858).
178: Radiocarbon (14C): Dating and Corals.
179: Recent Sea Level Trends.
180: Red Sea and Gulf of Aqaba.
181: Reef Balls.
182: Reef Classification by Fairbridge (1950).
183: Reef Classification by Hopley (1982).
184: Reef Classification by Maxwell (1968).
185: Reef Classification, Response to Sea Level Rise.
186: Reef Drilling.
187: Reef Flats.
188: Reef Front Wave Energy.
189: Reef Interconnectivity/Larval Dispersal.
190: Reef Restoration.