Half Title Page.
How to Use the Encyclopedia.
Table of Contents.
1: Acetylcholine Neurotransmission in CNS.
3: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors and Alzheimer’s Disease.
4: Actin Cytoskeleton in Growth Cones, Nerve Terminals, and Dendritic Spines.
5: Action Potential Initiation and Conduction in Axons.
6: Active Perception.
7: Active Zone.
8: Activity in Visual Development.
9: Activity-Dependent Metabolism in Glia and Neurons.
10: Activity-Dependent Regulation of Glucose Transporters.
11: Activity-Dependent Remodeling of Presynaptic Boutons.
12: Addiction: Neurobiological Mechanism.
14: Adenosine Receptor Mediated Functions.
15: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).
16: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) as a Neurotransmitter.
17: Adolescent Brain Development and the Risk of Psychiatric Disorders.
18: Adrenal Steroids: Biphasic Effects on Neurons.
19: Adrenergic Receptors.
20: Adult Cortical Plasticity.
21: Aggression: Hormonal Basis.
22: Aggression: Neurochemical and Molecular Mechanisms.
23: Aging and Memory in Animals.
24: Aging and Memory in Humans.
25: Aging of the Brain.
26: Aging of the Brain and Alzheimer’s Disease.
27: Aging: Brain Potential Measures and Reaction Time Studies.
28: Aging: Extracellular Space.
29: Aging: Invertebrate Models of Normal Brain Aging.
31: Agonistic and Affiliative Signals: Resolutions of Conflict.
35: Allometric Analysis of Brain Size.
36: Alternative Splicing in the Nervous System.
38: Alzheimer’s Disease: An Overview.
39: Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Genetics.
40: Alzheimer’s Disease: Mri Studies.
41: Alzheimer’s Disease: Neurodegeneration.
42: Alzheimer’s Disease: Transgenic Mouse Models.
43: Amnesia: Declarative and Nondeclarative Memory.
44: Ampa Receptor Cell Biology/Trafficking.
45: Ampa Receptors: Disease.
46: AMPA Receptors: Molecular Biology and Pharmacology.
48: Amphibian Peptides.
49: Amygdala: Contributions to Fear.
50: Amygdala: Structure and Circuitry in Primates.
51: Amygdala: Structure and Circuitry in Rodents and Felines.
52: Amyloid: Vascular and Parenchymal.
53: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).
54: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): Disease Mechanisms.
55: Angelman Syndrome.
56: Angiotensin Actions on and Within Brain.
57: Angiotensin II.
58: Animal Communication: Honesty and Deception.
59: Animal Intelligence: The Search for Animal Intelligence.
60: Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease.
61: Animal Models of Amnesia.
62: Animal Models of Huntington’s Disease.
63: Animal Models of Inherited Retinal Degenerations.
64: Animal Models of Motor and Sensory Neuron Disease.
65: Animal Models of Parkinson’s Disease.
66: Animal Models of Stroke.
67: Animals and the Biology of Music.
68: Anterior–Posterior Spinal Cord Patterning of the Motor Pool.
69: Antipsychotic Drugs.
70: Anxiety Disorders.
71: Anxiety: Drug Therapy.
73: Aphasia: Sudden and Progressive.
74: Apoptosis in Nervous System Injury.
75: Apoptosis in Neurodegenerative Disease.
76: Appetitive Systems: Amygdala and Striatum.
77: Apraxia: Disease.
78: Apraxia: Sensory System.
79: Artificial Intelligence.
80: Astrocyte: Calcium Signaling.
81: Astrocyte: Identification Methods.
82: Astrocyte: Neurotransmitter and Hormone Receptors.
83: Astrocyte: Response to Injury.
84: Atomic Force Microscopy Methodologies.
85: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide: Fluid/Mineral Balance.
86: Attention and Eye Movements.
87: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
88: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd): Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and Dopamine.
89: Attention: Models.
90: Attentional Functions in Learning and Memory.
91: Attentional Mechanisms in Ventral Pathway.
92: Attentional Networks.
93: Attentional Networks in the Parietal Cortex.
94: Attractor Network Models.
95: Audiovocal Communication in Bats.
96: Auditory/Somatosensory Interactions.
97: Auditory Cortex Structure and Circuitry.
98: Auditory Cortex: Models.
99: Auditory Evoked Potentials.
100: Auditory Localization.
101: Auditory Scene Analysis.
102: Auditory System: Central Pathway Plasticity.
103: Auditory System: Central Pathways.
104: Auditory System: Efferent Systems to the Auditory Periphery.
105: Auditory System: Giant Synaptic Terminals, Endbulbs, and Calyces.
106: Auditory Systems in Insects.
108: Autoimmune Autonomic Neuropathy.
109: Autonomic and Enteric Nervous System: Apoptosis and Trophic Support During Development.
110: Autonomic Disorders.
111: Autonomic Dysfunction: Drug-Induced.
112: Autonomic Dysregulation During Rem Sleep.
113: Autonomic Failure.
114: Autonomic Nervous System.
115: Autonomic Nervous System Development.
116: Autonomic Nervous System: Cardiovascular Control.
117: Autonomic Nervous System: Carotid Body and Chemoception.
118: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Cardiovascular Control.
119: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Control of the Gastrointestinal Tract.
120: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Respiratory Control.
121: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Thermoregulatory Control.
122: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Urogenital Control.
123: Autonomic Nervous System: Clinical Testing.
124: Autonomic Nervous System: Gastrointestinal Control.
125: Autonomic Nervous System: General Overview.
126: Autonomic Nervous System: Metabolic Function.
127: Autonomic Nervous System: Neuroanatomy.
128: Autonomic Nervous System: Ophthalmic Control.
129: Autonomic Nervous System: Respiratory Control.
130: Autonomic Nervous System: Urogenital Control.
131: Autonomic Neuroeffector Junction.
132: Autonomic Neuroimmunology.
133: Autonomic Neuroplasticity and Aging.
134: Autonomic Neuroplasticity and Regeneration.
135: Autonomic Neuroplasticity: Development.
136: Autophagy and Neuronal Death.
137: Aversive Emotions: Genetic Mechanisms of Serotonin.
138: Aversive Emotions: Molecular Basis of Unconditioned Fear.
139: Awareness: Functional Imaging.
140: Axon Guidance by Glia.
141: Axon Guidance: Building Pathways with Molecular Cues in Vertebrate Sensory Systems.
142: Axon Guidance: Guidance Cues and Guidepost Cells.
143: Axon Guidance: Morphogens as Chemoattractants and Chemorepellants.
144: Axonal and Dendritic Identity and Structure: Control of.
145: Axonal and Dendritic Transport by Dyneins and Kinesins in Neurons.
146: Axonal Injury in Demyelinating Disease and CNS Injury.
147: Axonal Injury: Neuronal Responses.
148: Axonal mRNA Transport and Functions.
149: Axonal Pathfinding.
150: Axonal Pathfinding: Extracellular Matrix Role.
151: Axonal Pathfinding: Guidance Activities of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh).
152: Axonal Pathfinding: Netrins.
153: Axonal Regeneration: Role of Growth and Guidance Cues.
154: Axonal Regeneration: Role of the Extracellular Matrix and the Glial Scar.
155: Axonal Transport and ALS.
156: Axonal Transport and Alzheimer’s Disease.
157: Axonal Transport and Huntington’s Disease.
158: Axonal Transport and Neurodegenerative Diseases.
159: Axonal Transport Disorders.
160: Axonal Transport Tracers.
Half Title Page.
Table of Contents.
1: Babinski’s Reflex/Sign.
2: BAC Transgenesis: Cell-Type Specific Expression in the Nervous System.
3: BAC Use in the Study of the CNS.
4: Balance and Posture Control.
5: Balance and Posture Control: Human.
6: Balint Syndrome.
7: Barrel Cortex Circuits.
8: Basal Forebrain and Memory.
9: Basal Ganglia and Oculomotor Control.
10: Basal Ganglia: Acetylcholine Interactions and Behavior.
11: Basal Ganglia: Evolution.
12: Basal Ganglia: Functional Models of Normal and Disease States.
13: Basal Ganglia: Habit.
14: Basal Ganglia: Internal Organization.
15: Basal Ganglia: Motor Functions.
16: Basal Ganglia: Physiological Circuits.
17: Bayesian Cortical Models.
18: Bayesian Models of Motor Control.
19: BDNF in Synaptic Plasticity and Memory.
20: Behavioral Hierarchies.
21: Bell’s Palsy.
22: Bergmann Glial Cells.
24: Binocular Rivalry.
25: Biomechanics: Hydroskeletal.
26: Bipolar Disorder.
27: Bird Brain: Evolution.
28: Bird Song Systems: Evolution.
29: Birdsong Learning.
30: Birdsong Learning: Evolutionary, Behavioral, and Hormonal Issues.
31: Birdsong: The Neurobiology of Avian Vocal Learning.
32: Blindsight: Residual Vision.
33: Blood Pressure: Baroreceptors.
34: Blood–Brain Barrier and Neurovascular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration and Injury.
35: Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) Signaling in the Neuroectoderm.
36: Borderline Personality Disorder.
37: Botulinum and Tetanus Toxins.
38: Brain Adrenergic Neurons.
39: Brain Asymmetry: Evolution.
40: Brain Composition: Age-Related Changes.
41: Brain Connectivity and Brain Size.
42: Brain Damage: Functional Reorganization.
43: Brain Development: The Generation of Large Brains.
44: Brain Evolution: Developmental Constraints and Relative Developmental Growth.
45: Brain Evolution: The Radiator Theory.
46: Brain Fossils: Endocasts.
47: Brain Glucose Metabolism: Age, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Apoe Allele Effects.
48: Brain Injury: Functional Recovery After.
49: Brain Injury: Magnetic Resonance Studies of Metabolic Aspects.
50: Brain Modules: Mosaic Evolution.
51: Brain Na,K-ATPase.
52: Brain Scaling Laws.
53: Brain Trauma.
54: Brain Volume: Age-Related Changes.
55: Brain–Computer Interface.
56: Brains of Primitive Chordates.
57: Brainstem and Cranial Nerves.
58: Brainstem Control of Eye Movements.
59: Brainstem Respiratory Circuits.
60: Broca’s Area: Evolution.
61: Brodmann’s Areas.
62: Cadasil (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy).
63: Cadherins and Synapse Organization.
64: Cajal’s Place in the History of Neuroscience.
65: Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) and Receptors.
66: Calcium and Signal Transduction.
67: Calcium Channel and Calcium-Activated Potassium Channel Coupling.
68: Calcium Channel Subtypes Involved in Neurotransmitter Release.
69: Calcium Channels.
70: Calcium Channels and Snare Proteins.
71: Calcium Homeostasis in Glia.
72: Calcium Waves in Glia.
73: Calcium Waves: Purinergic Regulation.
74: Calcium-Calmodulin Kinase Ii (CaMKII) in Learning and Memory.
75: Canal–Otolith Interactions.
76: Cardiovascular Function: Central Nervous System Control.
78: CCK/Gastrin and Receptors.
79: Cell Adhesion Molecules at Synapses.
80: Cell Culture: Autonomic and Enteric Neurons.
81: Cell Culture: Primary Neural Cells.
82: Cell Replacement Therapy for Huntington’s Disease.
83: Cell Replacement Therapy: Mechanisms of Functional Recovery.
84: Cell Replacement Therapy: Parkinson’s Disease.
85: Cell–Cell Communication Through the Extracellular Space.
86: Cells: 5-Hydroxytryptamine Receptors.
87: Cellular Dynamics Revealed by Digital Holographic Microscopy.
88: Central Gustatory System and Ingestive Behavior.
89: Central Pattern Generators.
90: Central Pattern Generators: Sensory Feedback.
91: Cerebellar Deep Nuclei.
92: Cerebellar Lesions and Effects on Posture, Locomotion and Limb Movement.
93: Cerebellar Microcircuitry.
94: Cerebellum and Oculomotor Control.
95: Cerebellum: Clinical Pathology.
96: Cerebellum: Evolution and Comparative Anatomy.
97: Cerebellum: Models.
98: Cerebral Cortex.
99: Cerebral Cortex: Inhibitory Cells.
100: Cerebral Cortex: Symmetric vs. Asymmetric Cell Division.
101: Cerebral Fissure Patterns.
102: Cerebrovascular Disease.
103: Cetacean Brains.
104: Chemical Senses: Overview.
105: Chemical Senses: Protozoa.
106: Chemoaffinity Hypothesis: Development of Topographic Axonal Projections.
107: Cholinergic Neurotransmission in the Autonomic and Somatic Motor Nervous System.
108: Cholinergic Pathways in CNS.
109: Cholinergic System.
110: Cholinergic System Imaging in the Healthy Aging Process and Alzheimer Disease.
111: Chromaffin Cells: Model Cells for Neuronal Cell Biology.
112: Chronic (Repeated) Stress: Consequences, Adaptations.
113: Cingulate Cortex.
114: Circadian Function and Therapeutic Potential of Melatonin in Humans.
115: Circadian Gene Expression in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
116: Circadian Genes and the Sleep–Wake Cycle.
117: Circadian Metabolic Rhythms Regulated by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
118: Circadian Organization.
119: Circadian Organization in Non-Mammalian Vertebrates.
120: Circadian Oscillations in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
121: Circadian Regulation by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
122: Circadian Regulation in Invertebrates.
123: Circadian Rhythm Models.
124: Circadian Rhythms in Sleepiness, Alertness, and Performance.
125: Circadian Rhythms: Influence of Light in Humans.
126: Circadian Systems: Evolution.
127: Circumventricular Organs.
128: Circumventricular Organs in Neuroendocrine Control.
130: Clathrin and Clathrin-Adaptors.
131: Clock Gene Regulation of Endocrine Function.
132: Clock Genes and Metabolic Regulation.
133: Cochlear Development.
134: Cochlear Mechanics.
135: Cochlear Prosthesis.
136: Cognition in Aging and Age-Related Disease.
137: Cognition: An Overview of Neuroimaging Techniques.
138: Cognition: Basal Ganglia Role.
139: Cognition: Cerebellum Role.
140: Cognition: Neuropharmacology.
141: Cognitive Control and Development.
142: Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia.
143: Cognitive Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders.
144: Cognitive Neuroscience: An Overview.
145: Color Vision.
147: Coma and Other Pathological Disorders of Consciousness.
148: Command Systems.
149: Communication in Frogs and Toads.
150: Communication in Terrestrial Animals.
151: Communication in the Honeybee.
152: Communication Networks and Eavesdropping in Animals.
153: Comparative Biology of Invertebrate Neuromuscular Junctions.
154: Comparative Neurobiology: History.
Half Title Page.
Table of Contents.
2: Computational Approaches to Motor Control.
3: Computational Methods.
4: Computational Neuroethology.
5: Conditioned Reflex.
6: Conditioned Taste Aversion.
7: Conditioning: Simple Neural Circuits in the Honeybee.
8: Conditioning: Theories.
9: Cone Photopigment Evolution.
10: Congenital Muscular Dystrophy.
11: Connectionist Models.
12: Connectionist Models of Language Processing.
13: Connectivity of Primate Reward Centers.
14: Consciousness: Neural Basis of Conscious Experience.
15: Consciousness: Neurophysiology and Visual Awareness in.
16: Consciousness: Philosophy.
17: Consciousness: Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience.
18: Consciousness: Theories and Models.
19: Contextual Interactions in Visual Perception.
20: Contextual Interactions in Visual Processing.
21: Cornelia De Lange Syndrome.
22: Corpus Callosum: Agenesis.
23: Cortical Control of Eye Movements.
24: Cortical Plasticity and Learning: Mechanisms and Models.
25: Cortical Processing of the Reward Value of Food.
26: Corticomotoneuronal System.
27: Corticospinal Development.
28: Corticothalamic Connections: Structure and Function.
29: Corticothalamic Connections: Ultrastructure.
30: Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone and Urocortins: Binding Proteins and Receptors.
31: Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone: Integration of Adaptive Responses to Stress.
33: Cranial–Cervical Dystonia.
34: Cross-Modal Interactions Between Vision and Touch.
35: Cyclic AMP (cAMP) Role in Learning and Memory.
36: Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated and Hyperpolarization-Activated Channels.
37: Cysteine-String Proteins (CSPs).
38: Cysticercosis: Cerebral.
39: Cytokine Receptors in Glia.
40: Cytoskeletal Interactions in the Neuron.
41: Cytoskeleton in Plasticity.
43: Decision-Making and Neuroeconomics.
44: Decision-Making and Vision.
45: Decision-Making in Financial Markets.
46: Declarative Memory System: Anatomy.
47: Decoding Neuron Transcriptome by Sage.
48: Deep Brain Stimulation.
49: Deep Brain Stimulation and Movement Disorder Treatment.
50: Deep Brain Stimulation and Parkinson’s Disease.
51: Delayed Reinforcement: Economics.
52: Delayed Reinforcement: Neuroscience.
54: Dementia and Language.
55: Demyelinating Diseases.
56: Demyelination and Demyelinating Antibodies.
57: Dendrite Development, Synapse Formation and Elimination.
58: Dendrites: Localized Translation.
59: Dendritic Rna Transport: Dynamic Spatio-Temporal Control of Neuronal Gene Expression.
60: Dendritic Signal Integration.
61: Dendritic Spine History.
62: Depression and the Brain.
63: Development of Behavior.
64: Development of Drosophila Neuromuscular Junctions.
65: Developmental Disability and Fragile X Syndrome: Clinical Overview.
66: Developmental Synaptic Plasticity: LTP, LTD, and Synapse Formation and Elimination.
67: Diabetes Type 2 and Stress: Impact on Memory and the Hippocampus.
68: Diabetic Neuropathy.
69: Dichotic Listening Studies of Brain Asymmetry.
70: Differentiation: The Cell Cycle Instead.
71: Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI).
73: Dopamine – CNS Pathways and Neurophysiology.
74: Dopamine Control of Arousal.
75: Dopamine in Perspective.
76: Dopamine Neurons: Reward and Uncertainty.
77: Dopamine Receptors and Antipsychotic Drugs in Health and Disease.
78: Dopamine: Cellular Actions.
79: Dopaminergic Agonists and L-DOPA.
80: Dopaminergic Differentiation.
81: Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons.
82: Double Cortex.
83: Down Syndrome.
84: Down Syndrome: A Disorder of Histogenesis.
85: Dream Function.
86: Dreams and Dreaming: Incorporation of Waking Events.
87: Dreams and Nightmares in PTSD.
88: Dreams, Dreaming Theories and Correlates of Nightmares.
89: Drosophila Apterous Neurons: From Stem Cell to Unique Neuron.
90: Drug Addiction: Behavioral Neurophysiology.
91: Drug Addiction: Behavioral Pharmacology of Drug Addiction in Rats.
92: Drug Addiction: Cellular Mechanisms.
93: Drug Addiction: Neuroimaging.
94: Drugs Addiction: Actions.
95: D-Serine: From Its Synthesis in Glial Cell to Its Action on Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity.
97: Dysautonomia: Familial.
98: Dyslexia: Neurodevelopmental Basis.
99: Dystonia: Classification, Genetics and Therapeutics.
100: Dystonia: Myoclonus–Dystonia.
101: Dystrophin, Associated Proteins, and Muscular Dystrophy.
102: Eating Disorders.
103: Echolocation I: Behavior.
104: Echolocation II: Neurophysiology.
105: Electrical Perception and Communication.
106: Electrical Self-Stimulation.
108: Electroencephalography (EEG).
110: Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Studies.
111: Electronic Nose.
112: Electrophysiology: EEG and ERP Analysis.
114: Emotion and Vigilance.
115: Emotion in Speech.
116: Emotion Systems and the Brain.
117: Emotion: Computational Modeling.
118: Emotion: Neuroimaging.
119: Emotional Control of the Autonomic Nervous System.
120: Emotional Disorders: Treatment.
121: Emotional Hormones and Memory Modulation.
122: Emotional Influences on Memory and Attention.
123: Emotional Learning in Humans.
125: Endocannabinoid Role in Synaptic Plasticity and Learning.
126: Endocrine Function During Sleep and Sleep Deprivation.
127: Endocrinology of Animal Communication: Behavioral.
128: Endocytic Traffic in Spines.
129: Endocytosis and Presynaptic Scaffolds.
130: Endocytosis: Kiss and Run.
131: Energy Homeostasis: Adiposity Signals.
132: Energy Homeostasis: Endocannabinoid System.
133: Energy Homeostasis: Hypothalamic Development.
134: Energy Homeostasis: Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN) System.
135: Energy Homeostasis: Thermoregulation.
136: Energy Homeostasis: Visceral Control.
137: Engineering Viruses for CNS studies.
138: Enteric Nervous System Development.
139: Enteric Nervous System: Disorders.
140: Enteric Nervous System: Glial Cells and Interstitial Cells of Cajal.
141: Enteric Nervous System: Neural Circuits and Chemical Coding.
142: Enteric Nervous System: Neurotrophic Factors.
143: Enteric Nervous System: Physiology.
144: Enteric Nervous System: Sensory Pathways.
145: Entorhinal Cortex.
146: Entrainment of Circadian Rhythms by Light.
147: Ependymal Cells.
148: Eph Receptor Signaling and Spine Morphology.
150: Epilepsy: Channelopathies.
151: Epilepsy: Neuronal Death.
152: Episodic Memory.
153: Episodic Memory: Assessment in Animals.
154: Erectile Dysfunction.
Half Title Page.
1: Estrus and Menstrual Cycles: Neuroendocrine Control.
2: Event-Related Potentials (ERPs).
3: Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) and Cognitive Processing.
4: Evoked Potentials: Clinical.
5: Evoked Potentials: Recording Methods.
6: Evolution of Sensory Receptor Specializations in the Glabrous Skin.
7: Evolution of the Limbic System.
8: Evolution of Vertebrate Brains.
9: Evolution of Vertebrate Respiratory Control.
10: Excitotoxicity in Neurodegenerative Disease.
11: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Assessment in Animals.
12: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Computational Models.
13: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Definition and Neural Substrates.
14: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: EEG Studies.
15: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Neuroimaging.
16: Executive Functions: Eye Movements and Neuropsychiatric Disorders.
17: Exercise in Neurodegenerative Disease and Stroke.
18: Exercise: Optimizing Function and Survival at the Cellular Level.
19: Exocytosis: Ca2+-Sensitivity.
20: Extinction: Anatomy.
21: Extracellular Matrix Molecules: Synaptic Plasticity and Learning.
22: Eye and Head Movements.
23: Eye Movement Disorders.
24: Eye Tracking and Mental Illness.
25: Eyeblink Conditioning.
26: Facial Expression in Primate Communication.
28: Fear Conditioning and Synaptic Plasticity.
29: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
30: Finger Movements: Control.
31: Flavor Physiology.
32: Floor Plate Patterning of Ventral Cell Types: Ventral Patterning.
33: Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis: Clinical Disease.
34: Fluorescence Microscopy in the Neurosciences.
35: Fluorescent Biomarkers in Neurons.
36: fMRI: Bold Contrast.
37: Folate Deficiency States.
38: Food and Water Intake: Regulation.
39: Forebrain Development: Holoprosencephaly (HPE).
40: Forebrain Development: Prosomere Model.
41: Forebrain: Early Development.
42: Fovea: Primate.
43: Fragile X Associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome.
44: Fragile X Syndrome.
45: Free Radicals in Autonomic Functions.
46: Friedreich Ataxia.
47: Frontal Cortex Evolution in Primates.
48: Frontal Eye Fields.
49: Frontal Lobe Syndrome.
50: Functional Amnesia.
51: Functional Connectivity.
52: Functional Electrical Stimulation.
53: Functional Imaging of the Motor System.
54: Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Aging.
55: Fusion Pore.
56: GABA Synthesis and Metabolism.
57: GABAA Receptor Synaptic Functions.
58: GABAA Receptors and Disease.
59: GABAA Receptors: Developmental Roles.
60: GABAA Receptors: Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Pharmacology.
61: GABAB Receptor Function.
62: GABAB Receptors: Molecular Biology and Pharmacology.
63: Gain Modulation.
64: Galanin and Receptors.
65: Game Theory and the Economics of Animal Communication.
66: Games in Monkeys: Neurophysiology and Motor Decision-Making.
67: Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA).
68: Gap Junction Abnormalities and Disorders of the Nervous System.
69: Gap Junction Communication.
70: Gap Junctions and Electrical Synapses.
71: Gap Junctions and Hemichannels in Glia.
72: Gap Junctions and Neuronal Oscillations.
73: Gap Junctions: Metabolic Exchanges.
74: Gastrointestinal Signals: Satiety.
75: Gastrointestinal Signals: Stimulation.
76: Gastrointestinal Tract Role in Neural Control of Metabolism, Food Intake and Body Weight: A Summary.
77: Gene Expression Dysregulation in CNS Pathophysiology.
78: Gene Expression in Normal Aging Brain.
79: Gene Expression in the Evolution of the Human Brain.
80: Gene Expression Regulation: Activity-Dependent.
81: Gene Expression Regulation: Chromatin Modification in the CNS.
82: Gene Expression Regulation: Steroid Hormone Effects.
83: Gene Therapy and Protection from Stress-Induced Brain Damage.
84: Gene Therapy: Direct Viral Delivery.
85: Gene Therapy: Genetically Modified Cells.
86: Genetic Influence on CNS Gene Expression: Impact on Behavior.
87: Genetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythms in Drosophila.
88: Genetics of Circadian Disorders in Humans.
89: Genetics of Human Anxiety and Its Disorders.
90: Genomic Disorder and Gene Expression in the Developing Cns.
91: Genomics of Brain Aging: Apolipoprotein E.
92: Genomics of Brain Aging: Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genomes.
93: Genomics of Brain Aging: Twin Studies.
94: GFL Neurotrophic Factors: Physiology and Pharmacology.
95: Glia and Stroke.
96: Glia and Synapse Formation: An Overview.
97: Glia Control of Blood Flow.
98: Glial Cells: Astrocytes and Oligodendrocytes During Normal Brain Aging.
99: Glial Cells: Invertebrate.
100: Glial Cells: Microglia During Normal Brain Aging.
101: Glial Cells: T Cell Interactions.
102: Glial Energy Metabolism: A NMR Spectroscopy Perspective.
103: Glial Energy Metabolism: Overview.
104: Glial Glutamate and Gaba Metabolism.
105: Glial Glutamate Transporters.
106: Glial Glutamate Transporters: Electrophysiology.
107: Glial Glycogen Metabolism.
108: Glial Growth Factors.
109: Glial Influence on Synaptic Transmission.
110: Glial Ion Homeostasis: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach.
111: Glial Plasticity and Neuroendocrine Regulation.
112: Glial Responses to Injury.
113: Glial Responses to Virus Infection.
114: Glial Steroid Metabolism.
117: Glutamate Receptor Clusters: Narp, EphB2 Receptor, Stargazin.
118: Glutamate Receptor Organization: Ultrastructural Insights.
119: Glutamate Regulation of Dendritic Spine Form and Function.
120: Glutamatergic and Gabaergic Systems.
121: Glycine Receptors: Molecular and Cell Biology.
122: Glycogen Metabolism in CNS White Matter.
123: Glycosylation: General Overview.
124: Goal-Directed Behavior Theories.
125: Gonadal Steroid Actions on Brain.
126: Gonadotropin, Neural and Hormonal Control.
127: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: GnRH-1 System.
128: Gravitational Effects on Brain and Behavior.
129: Growth Cones.
130: Growth Factors: Neuronal Atrophy.
131: Growth Hormone.
132: Hair Cell Differentiation.
133: Hair Cell Regeneration.
134: Hair Cells: Sensory Transduction.
136: Hearing and Echolocation in Dolphins.
137: Heart Rate Variability: A Neurovisceral Integration Model.
138: Hebbian Plasticity.
139: Helix–Loop–Helix (bHLH) Proteins: Hes Family.
140: Helix–Loop–Helix (bHLH) Proteins: Proneural.
141: Hemiplegic Migraine and Channel Disorders.
142: Hemispheric Specialization and Cognition.
143: Hepatic Encephalopathy.
144: Herbal Products and Gaba Receptors.
145: Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia.
146: Heritable Microgyrias.
149: Hippocampus and Neural Representations.
150: Hippocampus: Computational Models.
151: Hippocampus: Molecular Anatomy.
152: Histamine Receptors and Their Ligands: Mechanisms and Applications.
153: History of Neuroscience: Early Neuroscience.
154: Hodgkin–Huxley Models.
156: Homeostasis at Multiple Spatial and Temporal Scales.
157: Homology and Homoplasy.
158: Hormonal Signaling to the Brain for the Control of Feeding/Energy Balance.
159: Hormones and Behavior.
160: Hormones and Memory.
161: Hox Genes Expression.
Half Title Page.
1: Human Depth Electrodes.
2: Human Haptics.
3: Human Methods: Psychophysics.
5: Huntington’s Disease.
6: Huntington’s Disease: Neurodegeneration.
8: Hypocretin/Orexin and MCH and Receptors.
9: Hypothalamic Structure–Function Relationships.
10: Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal (HPA) Axis.
11: Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Thyroid Axis: Organization, Neural/Endocrine Control of TRH.
12: Ideal Observer Theory.
13: Imaging Studies Using Reporter-Gene Transgenic Rats.
14: Immune Function During Sleep and Sleep Deprivation.
15: Immune System–Neuroendocrine Interactions.
16: Induced Seizures as Therapy in Man.
17: Infectious Agents in Neurodegenerative Disease.
18: Inflammation in Neurodegenerative Disease and Injury.
19: Information Coding.
20: Inherited Macular Degenerations: Animal Models.
21: Inhibitory Control Over Action and Memory.
22: Insulin-Like Growth Factor Signaling and Actions in Brain.
23: Intermediate Filaments.
24: Interstitial Axon Branching/Collateral Elimination.
25: Intracellular Calcium and Neuronal Death.
26: Invertebrate Models to Study Learning and Memory: Lymnaea.
27: Invertebrate Neurohormone GPCRs.
28: Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels.
29: Ion Channel Localization in Cell Bodies and Dendrites.
30: Ion Channel Localization in Axons.
31: Ionic Channels in Glia.
32: Joubert Syndrome.
33: Kainate Receptor Functions.
34: Kainate Receptors: Molecular and Cell Biology.
35: Kinematics and Dynamics.
36: Kinship Signals in Animals.
37: Kisspeptins and Their Receptors.
38: Lamina-Specific Neuronal Connections.
39: Landau Kleffner Syndrome.
40: Language Development.
41: Language Evolution.
42: Language Following Congenital Disorders (not SLI).
43: Language in Aged Persons.
44: Language: Aphasia.
45: Language: Auditory Processes.
46: Language: Cortical Processes.
47: Language: Learning Impairments.
48: Language: Nonhuman Animals.
49: Large Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels.
50: Large Dense Core Vesicles (LDCVs).
52: Learned Flavor Aversions and Preferences.
53: Learning and Memory in Invertebrate Models: Tritonia.
54: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Aplysia.
55: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: C. Elegans.
56: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Drosophila.
57: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Hermissenda.
58: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Honey Bee.
59: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Limax.
60: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Mollusks.
61: Learning, Action, Inference and Neuromodulation.
62: Lexical Impairments Following Brain Injury.
63: Lim Kinase and Actin Regulation of Spines.
64: Lipids and Membranes in Brain Aging.
65: Lipofuscin and Lipofuscinosis.
66: Liprins, ELKS, and RIM-BP Proteins.
68: Lissencephaly Type I and Periventricular Heterotopia.
69: Localizing Signal Sources.
70: Long-Term Depression (LTD): Endocannabinoids and Cerebellar LTD.
71: Long-Term Depression (LTD): Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor (mGLuR) and NMDAR-Dependent Forms.
72: Long-Term Depression: Cerebellum.
73: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP).
74: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP): Mossy Fiber Camp-Dependent Presynaptic LTP.
75: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP): NMDA Receptor Role.
76: Long-Term Potentiation and Long-Term Depression in Experience-Dependent Plasticity.
77: Lysosomal System.
78: Lysosome and Endosome Organization and Transport in Neurons.
79: Machine Haptics.
80: Macroglial Lineages.
81: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
82: Magnetic Sense in Animal Navigation.
84: Magnocellular Neurosecretory System: Organization, Plasticity, Model Peptidergic Neurons.
85: Mammalian Neuropeptide Families.
86: Mammalian Sleep and Circadian Rhythms: Flies.
87: Map Kinase Signaling in Learning and Memory.
88: Map Plasticity and Recovery from Stroke.
89: Marsupial Neocortex.
90: Mass Spectroscopy of Proteins.
92: Mechanosensory Transduction.
94: Melanocortins: Brain Effects.
95: Melatonin Regulation of Circadian Rhythmicity in Vert