eBook The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization, 4 Volume Set, 1st Edition

  • George Thomas Kurian
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0470670606
  • ISBN-13: 9780470670606
  • DDC: 270.03
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2790 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released June 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization is a comprehensive reference work on the history and impact of Christianity. Over 1,400 entries provide an in-depth and dynamic look at Christianity both through its history and the way it has shaped societies around the world. Through a clear and attractive format, a series of interlocking major themes is explored, including: key theological ideas; global and regional history; worship; society and Christianity; literature; music; art; architecture; education; politics; law, and scholarship. Uniting these themes is an understanding of Christianity as a truly global phenomenon with strong denominational and regional identities. The entries are written by a team of over 350 scholars and teachers from over 24 countries. Together they present a wealth of current research in a clear, concise, and attractive format. The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization is an essential reference for students, researchers, academics, and practitioners.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Thematic List of Entries.
List of Illustrations.
List of Maps.
List of Boxes.
About the Editor and Editorial Board.
Notes on Contributors.
Preface.
Introductory Maps.
Introduction: Overview of the Christian World.
1: Abbey of Saint Victor.
2: Abelard, Peter (1079–1142).
3: Abolitionist Movement.
4: Abortion.
5: Adams, Jay Edward (b. 1929).
6: Adiaphora.
7: Adoptionism.
8: Adventist Church.
9: Aesthetics, Pentecostals and.
10: African American Theology.
11: African Church Fathers.
12: African Independent Churches.
13: African Prophet Movement.
14: African-American Megachurches.
15: AIDS, Christian Responses to.
16: Aladura.
17: Albanian Christianity.
18: Albert the Great, Saint (c.1200–1280).
19: Alberti, Leon Battista (1404–1472).
20: alcohol.
21: Alcuinus, Flaccus Albinus (c.735–804).
22: Alexander of Neva (1220?–1263).
23: Alexandria.
24: Alexandrian Theology.
25: Algardi, Alessandro (1598–1654).
26: All Saints.
27: Allen, Roland (1868–1947).
28: Alopen (c.600?–after 650).
29: Altarpiece.
30: Altizer, Thomas J. J. (b. 1927).
31: Ambrose (c.338–397).
32: American Baptist Charismatic Renewal Movement.
33: American Christianity.
34: American Revolution, Christianity and.
35: Amish.
36: Anabaptists.
37: Anaphora.
38: Anderson, Rufus (1796–1880).
39: Angelico, Fra (c.1395–1455).
40: Angels.
41: Anglicanism.
42: Anglo-Saxon Art and Architecture.
43: Annunciation.
44: Anointing of the Sick.
45: Anselm of Canterbury (1033–1109).
46: Anthem.
47: Anthony, Saint (c.250–356).
48: Anthony of Padua, Saint (c.1195–1231).
49: Anthropology, Christian.
50: Antichrist.
51: Antilegomena.
52: Antioch.
53: Antiochene Theology.
54: Anti-Semitism.
55: Aphrahat (fl. 337–345).
56: Apocalypticism.
57: Apocrypha, The.
58: Apollinarianism.
59: Apologetic Worldviews.
60: Apologetics.
61: Apologetics, Classical.
62: Apologetics, Cumulative Case.
63: Apologetics, Evidential.
64: Apologetics, Presuppositional.
65: Apologists.
66: Apophatic Theology.
67: Apostasy.
68: Apostle.
69: Apostolic Fathers.
70: Aquinas, Thomas.
71: Aramaic.
72: Architecture.
73: Areopagus Speech.
74: Argentine Christianity.
75: Arius (c.256–336).
76: Armenian Alphabet.
77: Armenian Apostolic Church.
78: Armenian Christianity.
79: Armenian Genocide, The.
80: Armenian Monasticism.
81: Arminianism.
82: Art (Painting).
83: Art (Sculpture).
84: Asbury, Francis (1745–1816).
85: Ascension Day.
86: Ascetical Theology.
87: Asian Christianity to 1500 CE.
88: Asian Church Music.
89: Assemblies of God.
90: Assumption.
91: Assurance.
92: Assyrian Apostolic Church of the East.
93: Athenagoras.
94: Athos, Mount.
95: Atonement, Theories of.
96: Augsburg Confession.
97: Augustine, Saint (354–430).
98: Australian Christianity.
99: Austrian Christianity.
100: Authority.
101: Authority of the Believer.
102: Babai the Great (c.551–628).
103: Babalola, Joseph Ayodele (Apostle) (1904–1959).
104: Babylon as Metaphor.
105: Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685–1750).
106: Bacon, Francis (1561–1626).
107: Bacon, Roger (c.1214–1292).
108: Badarak (Patarag).
109: Balthasar, Hans Urs von (1905–1988).
110: Baptism.
111: Baptist Theology.
112: Bar Salibi, Dionysius (d. 1171).
113: Baradeus, Jacob (c.500–578).
114: Bardaisan (152–222).
115: Bar-Hebraeus, Gregory (1226–1286).
116: Barnhouse, Donald Grey (1895–1960).
117: Baroque.
118: Barth, Karl (1886–1968).
119: Basel Mission.
120: Basil the Great (330–379).
121: Baxter, Richard (1615–1691).
122: Bea, Augustin Cardinal (1881–1968).
123: Beauty.
124: Bede, Saint (672/673–735).
125: Beguines.
126: Beliefs, Christian.
127: Bell, George Kennedy Allen (1883–1958), Bishop of Chichester, 1929–1958.
128: Bellarmine, Robert (1542–1621).
129: Bellini, Giovanni (1430–1516).
130: Benedict XVI, Pope (b. 1927).
131: Benedict of Nursia (c.480–c.547).
132: Benedictine Rule.
133: Benedictines.
134: Bennett, Dennis (1917–1991).
135: Berdyaev, Nikolai Alexandrovich (1874–1948).
136: Berkeley, George (1685–1753).
137: Berlioz, Hector (1803–1869).
138: Bernard of Clairvaux (1090/1091–1153).
139: Bernini, Gianlorenzo (1598–1680).
140: Bible.
141: Bible, Armenian Version.
142: Bible Translations.
143: Biblical Archaeology.
144: Biblical Criticism.
145: Biblical Theology.
146: Bioethics and Christianity.
147: Black Christianity.
148: Black Christianity in Europe.
149: Blake, William (1757–1827).
150: Blasphemy.
151: Bloesch, Donald G. (b. 1928).
152: Blood of Christ.
153: Boardman, William Edwin (1810–1886).
154: Body of Christ.
155: Boethius (c.480–524/526).
156: Boff, Leonardo (b. 1938).
157: Bogomilism.
158: Böhme, Jakob (1575–1624).
159: Bolivian Christianity.
160: Bollandists.
161: Bonaventure, Saint (1217–1274).
162: Bonhoeffer, Dietrich (1906–1945).
163: Boniface of Mainz, St. (671–754).
164: Bonner, Bishop William Lee (b. 1921).
165: Book of Hours.
166: Book of Kells.
167: Booth, William (1829–1912).
168: Born Again.
169: Borromini, Francesco (1599–1667).
170: Bosch, Hieronymus (c.1450–1516).
171: Botticelli, Sandro (1444/1445–1510).
172: Braaten, Carl E. (b. 1929).
173: Brahms, Johannes (1833–1897).
174: Bramante, Donato (1444–1514).
175: Brazilian Christianity.
176: Brethren.
177: Brethren of the Common Life.
178: Bright, Bill (1921–2003).
179: Britten, Benjamin (1913–1976).
180: Broadus, John Albert (1827–1895).
181: Bruce, Frederick Fyvie (1910–1990).
182: Bruckner, Josef Anton (1824–1896).
183: Brunelleschi, Filippo (1377–1446).
184: Brunner, Emil (1889–1966).
185: Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925).
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Early Christian Beliefs and Traditions.
2: Early Church Art and Architecture.
3: East African Christianity.
4: Easter.
5: Eastern Catholic Churches.
6: Eastern Orthodox Church.
7: Ebionites.
8: Ecclesiology.
9: Eckhart, Meister (c.1260–1327).
10: Economic Ideas.
11: Economics and Christianity.
12: Ecuadorian Christianity.
13: Ecumenism.
14: Education and Training.
15: Edwards, Jonathan (1703–1758).
16: Egyptian Christianity.
17: Eighteenth Century Christianity.
18: Eighth Century Christianity.
19: El Greco (1541–1614).
20: Election.
21: Eleventh Century Christianity.
22: Eliot, John (1604–1690).
23: Eliot, T. S. (1888–1965).
24: Elizondo, Virgilio (b. 1935).
25: Ellul, Jacques (1912–1994).
26: Emerging Church.
27: Emerging Global Church.
28: English Christianity.
29: Environmental Crisis.
30: Environmental Ethics.
31: Ephesus, Council of (431).
32: Ephrem the Syrian, Saint (c.306–c.373).
33: Epiphany.
34: Episcopacy.
35: Erasmus, Desiderius (c.1468–1536).
36: Eriugena, John Scottus (c.815–877).
37: Eschatological Movements.
38: Eschatology.
39: Etchmiadzin.
40: Eternal Security.
41: Eternity.
42: Ethics.
43: Ethiopian Art.
44: Ethiopian Christianity.
45: Ethiopian Orthodox Church.
46: Eucharist.
47: Eucharistic Theology.
48: Eusebius Pamphili (c.265–c.339).
49: Euthanasia.
50: Evangelical Poverty.
51: Evangelical Wealth.
52: Evangelicalism.
53: Evangelism.
54: Evil.
55: Evil, Problem of.
56: Evolution.
57: Exclusivism.
58: Excommunication.
59: Existentialism, Christian.
60: Existential Theology.
61: Exorcism.
62: Faith.
63: Faith and Reason.
64: Faith-Based Organizations.
65: False Doctrines.
66: Fasting.
67: Fatherhood of God.
68: Faustina, Maria (1905–1938).
69: Fellowship.
70: Feminist Biblical Interpretation.
71: Feminist Theology.
72: Fénelon, François (1651–1715).
73: Fifteenth Century Christianity.
74: Fifth Century Christianity.
75: Figourovsky, Innocent (1863–1931).
76: Filioque.
77: Filipino Christianity.
78: Finney, Charles Grandison (1792–1875).
79: Finnish Christianity.
80: First Century Christianity.
81: Fischer, Johann Michael (1692–1766).
82: Fischer von Erlach, Johann Bernhard (1656–1723).
83: Flagellation.
84: Florensky, Pavel Alexandrovich (1882–1937).
85: Florovsky, Georges (1893–1979).
86: Folk Christianity.
87: Forgiveness.
88: Forgiveness of Sins.
89: Fosdick, Harry Emerson (1878–1969).
90: Foster, Richard J. (b. 1942).
91: Fourteenth Century Christianity.
92: Fourth Century Christianity.
93: Fox, George (1624–1691).
94: Francis of Assisi, St. (1181/2–1226).
95: Franciscans.
96: Frederick the Wise (1463–1525).
97: Free Will.
98: Freedom.
99: Freeman, Thomas Birch (1809–1890).
100: Frei, Hans (1922–1988).
101: French Christianity.
102: Frescobaldi, Girolamo (1583–1643).
103: Fruit of the Spirit.
104: Fry, Elizabeth (1780–1845).
105: Fuller, Andrew (1754–1815).
106: Fuller, Charles Edward (1887–1968).
107: Fundamental Theology.
108: Gabrieli, Giovanni (1556–1612).
109: Gadamer, Hans-Georg (1900–2002).
110: Gaelic Hymnody.
111: Geographical Exploration and Christianity.
112: George of Cappadocia (d. 361).
113: Georgian Orthodox Church.
114: German Christianity.
115: Gerson, Jean de Charlier de (1363–1429).
116: Gertrude of Helfta, Saint (1256–c.1301/1302).
117: Ghiberti, Lorenzo (1378–1455).
118: Gibbons, Orlando (1583–1625).
119: Gifts of the Spirit.
120: Gill, John C. (1697–1771).
121: Gilson, Étienne (1884–1978).
122: Giotto (1267–1337).
123: Gladstone, William (1809–1898).
124: Global Christianity.
125: Glossolalia.
126: Gloukharev, Macarius (1792–1847).
127: Gnosticism.
128: Goes, Hugo van der (c.1440–1482).
129: Gonzalez, Justo Luis (b. 1937).
130: Good Friday.
131: Gordon, George Angier (1853–1929).
132: Gospel Music.
133: Gospels.
134: Gothic Church Architecture.
135: Grace.
136: Graham, Billy (b. 1918).
137: Great Awakening.
138: Great Commission.
139: Greek.
140: Greek Christianity.
141: Greene, Graham (1904–1991).
142: Gregorian Chant.
143: Gregorian/Julian calendar.
144: Gregory I (Gregory the Great) (c.540–604; Pontificate from 590).
145: Gregory the Illuminator (257–325).
146: Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint (329–389).
147: Gregory of Nyssa (331/340–c.395).
148: Gregory Palamas, Saint (1296–1359).
149: Grief and Mourning.
150: Groote, Gerard (1340–1384).
151: Grotius, Hugo (1583–1645).
152: Grünewald, Mathis (1470/75–1528).
153: Guarini, Guarino (1624–1683).
154: Guilt.
155: Gunton, Colin (1941–2003).
156: Gutiérrez Merino, Gustavo (b. 1928).
157: Guyon, Madame (1648–1717).
158: Hadewijch (mid 13th century).
159: Hagia Sophia.
160: Hagiographa.
161: Hagiography.
162: Hahn, Scott Walker (b. 1957).
163: Ham, Mordecai Fowler, Jr. (1877–1961).
164: Hamartiology.
165: Handel, George Frederick (1685–1759).
166: Harnack, Adolf von (1851–1930).
167: Hauerwas, Stanley (b. 1940).
168: Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732–1809).
169: Haydn, Johann Michael (1737–1806).
170: Haywood, Garfield T. (1880–1931).
171: Healing.
172: Healing and Prosperity.
173: Heaven.
174: Hebrew.
175: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich (1770–1831).
176: Heidegger, Martin (1889–1976).
177: Hell.
178: Henry VIII, King (1491–1547).
179: Henry, Carl F. H. (1913–2003).
180: Herbert, George (1593–1633).
181: Heresies.
182: Herman of Alaska (1756–1837).
183: Hermeneutical Theology.
184: Hermeneutics.
185: Hesychasm.
186: Hilarion, Saint (c.291–371).
187: Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179).
188: Hilton, Walter (d. 1396).
189: Historical Jesus.
190: Historiography, Christian.
191: Hodge, Charles (1797–1878).
192: Hoffman (or Hoffmann), Melchior (1495?–1543).
193: Holbein, Hans (1497–1543).
194: Holiness.
195: Holiness Movement.
196: Holy See.
197: Holy Spirit.
198: Holy Week.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: MacDonald, George (1824–1905).
2: Macedonian Christianity.
3: Machaut, Guillaume de (c.1300–1377).
4: Machen, John Gresham (1881–1937).
5: Macquarrie, John (1919–2007).
6: Magisterium.
7: Majority World Missions.
8: Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church.
9: Mandaeans.
10: Mandylion.
11: Manichaeism.
12: Mantegna, Andrea (1431–1506).
13: Mar Thoma Church.
14: Marcion of Sinope (Early 2nd Century).
15: Marcionism.
16: Maritain, Jacques (1882–1973).
17: Maronites.
18: Marshall, Peter (1902–1949).
19: Martin of Tours (c.316–397).
20: Martini, Simone (1284–1344).
21: Martyrdom.
22: Martyrs and Martyrology.
23: Marulus, Marcus (1450–1524).
24: Masaccio (1401–1428).
25: Mason, C. H. (1866–1961).
26: Mason, Lowell (1792–1872).
27: Mass.
28: Mass Evangelism.
29: Material Belief.
30: Material Elements of the Sacraments.
31: Mather, Cotton (1663–1728).
32: Matrimony.
33: Maundy Thursday.
34: Mauriac, François Charles (1885–1970).
35: Maximus the Confessor (580–662).
36: McClendon, James William, Jr. (1924–2000).
37: McGavran, Donald Anderson (1897–1990).
38: McPherson, Aimee Semple (1890–1944).
39: Mechthild of Hackeborn (1241–c.1298).
40: Mechthild of Magdeburg, Saint (c.1207–c.1282).
41: Media and Communications, Christian.
42: Mediator, Christ as.
43: Medieval Christian Legends.
44: Medieval Church, The.
45: Megachurches.
46: Melanchthon, Philipp (1497–1560).
47: Mendel, Gregor (1822–1884).
48: Mendelssohn, Felix (1809–1847).
49: Mennonite Churches.
50: Mercersburg Theology.
51: Mercy.
52: Merton, Thomas (1915–1968).
53: Mesopotamian Christianity.
54: Messiaen, Olivier (1908–1992).
55: Messiah.
56: Messianic Judaism.
57: Methodism.
58: Methodist Churches.
59: Metzger, Bruce (1914–2007).
60: Mexican Christianity.
61: Meyendorff, John (1926–1992).
62: Miaphysitism.
63: Michelangelo (1475–1564).
64: Migration, Diaspora, and Identity.
65: Milan.
66: Millenarianism.
67: Miller, William (1782–1849).
68: Milton, John (1608–1674).
69: Mingdao, Wang (1900–1991).
70: Ministry, Five-Fold.
71: Ministry to the Persecuted.
72: Miracles.
73: Missiology.
74: Missional Church.
75: Missionary Aviation.
76: Missionary Call.
77: Modalism.
78: Moffat, Robert (1795–1883).
79: Möhler, Johann Adam (1796–1838).
80: Moltmann, Jürgen (b. 1926).
81: Monarchianism.
82: Monasteries.
83: Monastic Orders.
84: Monasticism and Asceticism.
85: Monergism.
86: Monogamy.
87: Monophysitism.
88: Monotheism.
89: Montanism.
90: Montanus (c.85–c.170).
91: Montfort, Saint Louis de (1673–1716).
92: Moody, Dwight Lyman (1837–1899).
93: Moral Theology.
94: Morales, Luis de (1509/19–1585/86).
95: Moravian Brethren.
96: Moravian Church.
97: More, Hannah (1745–1833).
98: More, Thomas (1478–1535).
99: Mormonism.
100: Morrison, Robert (1782–1834).
101: Motet.
102: Motherhood of God.
103: Mott, John R. (1865–1955).
104: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–1791).
105: Muggeridge, Malcolm (1903–1990).
106: Mühlen, Heribert (1927–2006).
107: Muhlenberg, Henry Melchior (1711–1787).
108: Mullins, E. Y. (1860–1928).
109: Müntzer, Thomas (1488/89–1525).
110: Murillo, Bartolomé Esteban (1617–1682).
111: Murray, John Courtney (1904–1967).
112: Music.
113: Music, Early and Medieval.
114: Mystery Plays.
115: Mystery of Suffering.
116: Mystical Theology.
117: Mystical Tradition.
118: Mysticism.
119: Nag Hammadi.
120: Narrative Theology.
121: Narsai (c.399–c.502).
122: Nationalism and Ethnicity.
123: Natural Law.
124: Natural Theology.
125: Nature, Early Christian Attitudes Toward.
126: Neale, John Mason (1818–1866).
127: Nee, Watchman (1903–1972).
128: Negro Spirituals.
129: Neo-Orthodox Theology.
130: Nestorian Missionary Enterprise in Asia.
131: Nestorius (c.380–451).
132: New Apostolic Church.
133: New Church (General Church of the New Jerusalem).
134: New Religious Movements, Nineteenth Century.
135: New Technology and Christianity.
136: New Zealand Christianity.
137: Newbigin, Lesslie (1909–1998).
138: Newman, Cardinal John Henry (1801–1890).
139: Newton, Isaac (1642–1727).
140: Niagara Bible Conferences.
141: Nicaea, Council of.
142: Nicholas of Cusa (1401–1464).
143: Nicholas of Myra (end of the 3rd Century–345 or 352).
144: Nicodemus of the Holy Mountain (1749–1809).
145: Niebuhr, H. Richard (1884–1962).
146: Niebuhr, Reinhold (1892–1971).
147: Nigerian Christianity.
148: Nightingale, Florence (1820–1910).
149: Nineteenth Century Christianity.
150: Ninety-Five Theses.
151: Ninth Century Christianity.
152: Norris, John Franklyn (1877–1952).
153: North African Christianity.
154: Northern Baptist Convention.
155: Norwegian Christianity.
156: Nouvelle Théologie, La.
157: Nouwen, Henri (1932–1996).
158: Obedience.
159: Oberammergau.
160: Oceania.
161: Ockeghem, Johannes (c.1410–1497).
162: O'Connor, Flannery (1925–1964).
163: Oecolampadius, Johannes (c.1482–1531).
164: Offices of Christ.
165: Old Believers in Russia.
166: Old Catholics.
167: Ontology of the Church.
168: Openness Theology.
169: Opus Dei.
170: Orality and Literacy.
171: Oratorio.
172: Ordination.
173: Origen (c.185–c.253).
174: Original Sin.
175: Orthodoxy.
176: Owen, John (1616–1683).
177: Oxford Movement.
178: Pachelbel, Johann (1653–1706).
179: Pachomius (c.290–346).
180: Packer, James Innell (b. 1926).
181: Palestine and Israel.
182: Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da (1525–1594).
183: Palladio, Andrea (1508–1580).
184: Palmer, Phoebe (1807–1874).
185: Pannenberg, Wolfhart (b. 1928).
186: Pantheism and Panentheism.
187: Papacy, The.
188: Paraguayan Christianity.
189: Parmigianino, Francesco (1503–1540).
190: Parthians.
191: Pascal, Blaise (1623–1662).
192: Passion.
193: Passion of Christ.
194: Pastoral Care and Counseling.
195: Pastorius, Francis Daniel.
196: Paton, John (1824–1907).
197: Patrick, Saint (c.387–460/461 or 493).
198: Patristics.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
1: Sabas (439–532).
2: Sabbath.
3: Sabellianism.
4: Sacramental Theology.
5: Sacraments, Sacramentals, and Rituals.
6: Sacrifice.
7: Saints.
8: Salieri, Antonio (1750–1825).
9: Salvation.
10: Salvation Army.
11: Sanctification.
12: Sanctification of Intuition, Pentecostals and.
13: Satan.
14: Satisfaction.
15: Sava, Saint (1173–1236).
16: Savonarola, Girolamo (1452–1498).
17: Sayers, Dorothy L. (1893–1957).
18: Scarlatti, Alessandro (1660–1725).
19: Schaeffer, Francis August IV (1912–1984).
20: Schaff, Philip (1819–1893).
21: Scheidt, Samuel (1587–1654).
22: Schillebeeckx, Edward Cornelis Florent Alfons (1914–2009).
23: Schism.
24: Schlatter, Adolf (1852–1938).
25: Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (1768–1834).
26: Schmemann, Alexander (1921–1983).
27: Scholasticism.
28: Schools and Schooling.
29: Schubert, Franz Peter (1797–1828).
30: Schuetz (Schutz), Heinrich (1585–1672).
31: Schütz-Marsauche, Roger-Louis (1915–2005) and Taizé.
32: Schwärmerei.
33: Schweitzer, Albert (1875–1965).
34: Schwenckfeld, Caspar (1489–1561).
35: Science and Christianity.
36: Scofield, Cyrus Ingerson (1843–1921).
37: Scott, Sir George Gilbert (1811–1878).
38: Scottish Christianity.
39: Scribal Practices, Early Christian.
40: Second Century Christianity.
41: Second Coming.
42: Secularism and Secularization.
43: Secularization of European Society.
44: Segundo, Juan Luis (1925–1996).
45: Selbständige Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche (SELK).
46: Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon (1707–1791).
47: Senses and Sanctification, The.
48: Separation of Church and State.
49: Seraphim of Sarov, Saint (1759–1833).
50: Serbian Christianity.
51: Serbian Orthodox Church.
52: Sergius, Saint (1314–1392).
53: Serra, Junípero (1713–1784).
54: Seventeenth Century Christianity.
55: Seventh Century Christianity.
56: Seventh-Day Adventism.
57: Seventh Day Baptists.
58: Shahapivan, Council of.
59: Shakarian, Demos (1913–1993).
60: Shakers.
61: Shenute of Atripe.
62: Shepherd of Hermas.
63: Shepherding Movement.
64: Shroud of Turin.
65: Signs and Wonders.
66: Simons, Menno (1496–1561).
67: Simpson, A. B. (1843–1919).
68: Sin.
69: Singh, Sadhu Sundar (1889–c.1929).
70: Sistine Chapel.
71: Sixteenth Century Christianity.
72: Sixth Century Christianity.
73: Slain in the Spirit.
74: Slavery, Abolition of.
75: Smith, Charles Ward “Chuck” (b. 1927).
76: Smith, Joseph (1805–1844).
77: Smyth, John (c.1570–1612).
78: Snake Handling.
79: Sobornost.
80: Sobrino, Jon (b. 1938).
81: Social Gospel.
82: Social Justice.
83: Socinianism.
84: Sociology of Religion.
85: Soga, Tiyo (1829–1871).
86: Soloviev, Vladimir (1853–1900).
87: Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr (1918–2008).
88: Sophia, Sophiology.
89: Sorsky, Nil (d. 1508).
90: Soteriology.
91: Soul.
92: Southeast Asian Christianity.
93: Southern Africa.
94: Southern Baptist Convention.
95: Southernization of Christianity.
96: Spanish Christianity.
97: Speer, Robert Elliott (1867–1947).
98: Spener, Philip Jacob (1635–1705).
99: Spiritual Formation.
100: Spirituality.
101: Spurgeon, Charles Haddon (1834–1892).
102: Stained Glass.
103: Stanford, Charles Villiers (1852–1924).
104: State of Nature.
105: Stations of the Cross.
106: Stave Church.
107: Stein, Edith (1891–1942).
108: Stephan of Perm (1340–1396).
109: Stewart, James Stuart (1896–1990).
110: Stigmata.
111: Stott, John R. W. (1921–2011).
112: Stravinsky, Igor (1882–1971).
113: Strong, A. H. (1836–1921).
114: Strong, Josiah (1847–1916).
115: Stylites, Symeon (c.390–459).
116: Suárez, Francisco (1548–1617).
117: Subordinationism.
118: Substitutionary Sacrifice.
119: Suffering.
120: Suffering Church, The.
121: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
122: Sunday, Billy.
123: Sunday Schools.
124: Sung, John (1901–1944).
125: Swedenborg, Emanuel (1688–1772).
126: Swedish Christianity.
127: Swinburne, Richard Granville (b. 1934).
128: Swiss Christianity.
129: Symbols.
130: Symeon the New Theologian (949–1022).
131: Synergism.
132: Syriac.
133: Syriac Orthodox Church.
134: Syriac Versions of the Bible.
135: Systematic Theology.
136: Taizé Community.
137: Tallis, Thomas (1505–1585).
138: Tatian.
139: Taylor, James Hudson (1832–1905).
140: Taylor, William (1821–1902).
141: Teilhard de Chardin (1881–1955).
142: Telemann, Georg Philipp (1681–1767).
143: Teleology.
144: Televangelism.
145: Television Ministries.
146: Temperance and Prohibition.
147: Temple, William (1881–1944).
148: Tenth Century Christianity.
149: Teresa, Mother (1910–1997).
150: Teresa of Ávila (1515–1582).
151: Tertium Quid.
152: Tertullian of Carthage (c.155–c.225).
153: Testimonia.
154: Textus Receptus.
155: Theodicy.
156: Theodore (Tadrus) Abu Qurrah (d. 825).
157: Theodosius I (346/347–395).
158: Theological Aesthetics.
159: Theological Education.
160: theology of the body.
161: Theology of the Cross.
162: Theology and Faith.
163: Theology of the Heart.
164: Theology of History.
165: Theology of Religions.
166: Theonomy.
167: Theophilus of Antioch (d. c.188).
168: Theosis.
169: Third Century Christianity.
170: Third Wave.
171: Thirteenth Century Christianity.
172: Thomas (Didymus).
173: Thomas à Kempis (c.1380–1471).
174: Tiepolo, Giambattista (1696–1770).
175: Tikhon, Patriarch (1865–1925).
176: Tillich, Paul (1886–1965).
177: Timothy of Baghdad (727–823).
178: Tintoretto, Jacopo (1519–1594).
179: Tischendorf, Constantin von (1815–1874).
180: Tithe.
181: Titian (1485–1576).
182: Titles of Christ.
183: Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892–1973).
184: Tolstoy, Leo Nikolaevitch (1828–1910).
185: Tomkins, Thomas (1572–1656).
186: Tongues in Pentecostal Experience.
187: Torrey, Reuben Archer (1856–1928).
188: Townsend, William Cameron (1896–1982).
189: Tozer, A. W. (1897–1963).
190: Tracy, David (b. 1939).
191: Tradition.
192: Traherne, Thomas (1637–1674).
193: Transubstantiation.
194: Trent, Council of (1545–1563).
195: Trinity and Trinitarianism.
196: Troeltsch, Ernst (1865–1923).
197: Truett, George Washington (1867–1944).
198: Truth.