Triggered by its invasion of Kuwait, Iraq was pitted against a 32-nation coalition of forces commanded by Gen. Norman
Schwarzkopf, whose air attacks led the way for a ground war that
met with success in less than four days. Although the coalition
was victorious, Saddam Hussein held on as president of Iraq.
War in the Persian Gulf: Almanac covers the pre-war events; Operation Desert
Shield, the U.S. effort to prevent an
Iraqi invasion of Saudi Arabia; and
Operation Desert Storm, the conflict
that ended in the Iraqi defeat and
the liberation of Kuwait.