eBook The Encyclopedia of the Mexican-American War: A Political, Social, and Military History, 1st Edition

  • Spencer C. Tucker Texas Christian University
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851098542
  • ISBN-13: 9781851098545
  • DDC: 973.6
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1056 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released May 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This user-friendly encyclopedia comprises a wide array of accessible yet detailed entries that address the military, social, political, cultural, and economic aspects of the Mexican-American War.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
About the Editors.
Mexican-American War Editorial Advisory Board.
ABC-CLIO Military History Advisory Board Members.
Contents.
List of Entries.
List of Maps.
List of Tables.
Foreword.
Preface.
General Maps.
Overview.
1: Abolitionism.
2: Adams, John Quincy.
3: Adams-Onís Treaty.
4: African Americans.
5: Agriculture, United States and Mexico.
6: Agua Fria, Skirmish at.
7: Agua Nueva.
8: Aguascalientes, Plan of.
9: Alamán y Escalada, Lucas Ignacio.
10: Alamo, Battle of the.
11: Alcorta, Lino José.
12: Alexander, Edmund Brooke.
13: Alleye (de Billon) de Cyprey, Isidore Elisabeth Jean Baptiste, Baron.
14: All of Mexico Movement.
15: Almonte, Juan Nepomuceno.
16: Alvarado Expeditions.
17: Álvarez, Juan.
18: Alvarez, Manuel.
19: American Peace Society.
20: Ampudia, Pedro de.
21: Anaya, Pedro María de.
22: Anderson, Robert.
23: Andrade, Juan José.
24: Andrade, Manuel.
25: Anglo-American Press in Mexico.
26: Antiwar Sentiment.
27: Antón Lizardo.
28: Apache Canyon.
29: Apaches.
30: Archuleta, Diego.
31: Arista, Mariano.
32: Arizona.
33: Armijo, Manuel.
34: Armistead, Lewis Addison.
35: Army Life, Mexican and U.S..
36: Army of the West, United States.
37: Arroyo Colorado.
38: Arroyo Hondo, Skirmish at.
39: Art.
40: Artillery.
41: Ashmun Amendment.
42: Associated Press.
43: Atlixco, Skirmish at.
44: Atocha, Alexander José.
45: Atrocities.
46: Austin, Stephen Fuller.
47: Ayutla Revolution.
48: Aztec Club.
49: Backus, Electus, Jr..
50: Baja California.
51: Baker, Edward Dickinson.
52: Balbontin, Manuel.
53: Balderas, Lucas.
54: Bancroft, George.
55: Bandini, Juan.
56: Banditry.
57: Bankhead, Charles.
58: Barbour, Philip Norbourne.
59: Bartlett, John Russell.
60: Bartlett-Conde Agreement.
61: Baz y Palafox, Juan José.
62: Beach, Moses Yale.
63: Beale, Edward Fitzgerald.
64: Bear Flag Revolt.
65: Beaubien, Carlos (Charles).
66: Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant.
67: Bee, Barnard Elliot.
68: Belknap, William Goldsmith.
69: Bell, Peter Hansbrough.
70: Bent, Charles.
71: Bent, William.
72: Benton, Thomas Hart.
73: Benton-Brown Compromise.
74: Bent’s Old Fort.
75: Bermúdez de Castro, Salvador.
76: Béhar, Siege of.
77: Biddle, James.
78: Billings, Eliza Allen.
79: Bishop’s Palace, Monterrey, Action at.
80: Bissell, William Henry.
81: Black, John.
82: Black Bean Episode.
83: Blake, Jacob Edmund.
84: Blanco, Santiago.
85: Bliss, William Wallace Smith.
86: Blockade, Naval.
87: Bocachicacampo, Skirmish at.
88: Bocanegra, José María de.
89: Bomb Brig.
90: Bonham, Milledge Luke.
91: Borden, Gail, Jr..
92: Border Culture.
93: Borderlands.
94: Borginnis, Sarah.
95: Borland, Solon.
96: Boundary Commissions.
97: Boundary Disputes, U.S. and Mexican.
98: Bowie, James.
99: Bowles, William Augustus.
100: Boyd, Linn.
101: Bradburn, Juan Davis.
102: Bragg, Braxton.
103: Bravo Rueda, Nicolás.
104: Brazito, Battle of.
105: Breese, Samuel Livingston.
106: Brevet Rank.
107: Brooke, George Mercer.
108: Brooks, William Thomas Harbaugh.
109: Brown, Jacob.
110: Buchanan, James.
111: Buchanan, Robert Christie.
112: Buckner, Simon Bolivar.
113: Buena Vista, Battle of.
114: Burleson, Edward.
115: Burnett, Ward B..
116: Bustamante, Carlos Maria de.
117: Bustamante y Oseguera, Anastasio.
118: Butler, Anthony Wayne.
119: Butler, Pierce Mason.
120: Butler, William Orlando.
121: Cabinet, U.S..
122: Caddos.
123: Cadwalader, George.
124: Cahuenga, Treaty of.
125: Calhoun, John Caldwell.
126: California.
127: California Battalion.
128: California Theater of War, Overview.
129: Californios.
130: Camargo.
131: Cameron, Ewen.
132: Campbell, William Bowen.
133: Camp Followers, Mexican and U.S..
134: Campuzano, Antonio.
135: Canales Rosillo, Antonio.
136: Canalizo, Valentín.
137: Cañoncito, Battle of.
138: Carbajal, Francisco.
139: Carmen.
140: Carson, Christopher Houston “Kit”.
141: Cartography.
142: Carvajal, José María de Jesús.
143: Casey, Silas.
144: Castes.
145: Castro, José María.
146: Casualties, Mexico.
147: Casualties, United States.
148: Catana, Massacre at.
149: Catholic Church, Mexico.
150: Cattle.
151: Cattle Hide Industry.
152: Causes of the War.
153: Cavalry and Dragoons.
154: Cazneau, Jane McManus Storms.
155: Cerralvo.
156: Cerro Gordo, Battle of.
157: Chapultepec, Battle of.
158: Chase, Anna McClarmonde.
159: Chaves, Manuel Antonio.
160: Cherokees.
161: Chihuahua, State of.
162: Childs, Thomas.
163: Churubusco, Battle of.
164: Citadel, Monterrey.
165: Claims and Damages, U.S. and Mexican.
166: Clark, Meriwether Lewis.
167: Clay, Cassius Marcellus.
168: Clay, Henry.
169: Clay, Henry, Jr..
170: Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
171: Clifford, Nathan.
172: Coahuila y Texas.
173: Cochori, Skirmish at.
174: Coleto Creek, Battle of.
175: Collaboration, Mexican.
176: Collado Beach.
177: Colorado.
178: Colt, Samuel.
179: Comanches.
180: Communications.
181: Compromise of 1850.
182: Concepción, Battle of.
183: Congress, Mexican.
184: Congress, Texan.
185: Congress, U.S..
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
List of Maps.
List of Tables.
1: Mackenzie, Alexander Slidell.
2: Magoffin, James Wiley.
3: Magoffin, Susan Shelby.
4: Magruder, John Bankhead.
5: Manifest Destiny.
6: Mansfield, Joseph King Fenno.
7: Marcy, William Learned.
8: Marshall, Thomas.
9: Martínez, Antonio José.
10: Mason, John Young.
11: Mason, Richard Barnes.
12: Matamoros.
13: Maverick, Samuel Augustus.
14: May, Charles Augustus.
15: Mazatlán.
16: McClane-Ocampo Treaty.
17: McClellan, George Brinton.
18: McCleod, Hugh.
19: McCulloch, Ben.
20: McCulloch’s Spy Company.
21: McElroy, John.
22: Meade, George Gordon.
23: Medina, Battle of.
24: Mejía, Francisco.
25: Mervine, William.
26: Mesilla Valley.
27: Mestizos.
28: Mexía, José Antonio.
29: Mexican Cession.
30: Mexican Military Academy (Colegio Militar).
31: Mexican Spy Company.
32: Mexican War for Independence.
33: Mexico.
34: Mexico, Army.
35: Mexico, 1821–1854.
36: Mexico, Geography, Topography, Hydrography, and Climate.
37: Mexico, Navy.
38: Mexico, Occupation of.
39: Mexico City.
40: Mexico City, Battle for.
41: Mexico City Campaign.
42: Micheltorena, Manuel.
43: Mier Expedition.
44: Mier y Terán, José Manuel Rafael Simeón de.
45: Military Contractors, U.S..
46: Military Medicine.
47: Military Tactics, Mexican.
48: Military Tactics, U.S..
49: Militia, Mexican.
50: Miñón, José Vicente.
51: Missions.
52: Mississippi Rifle.
53: Missouri Compromise.
54: Moderados.
55: Monclova.
56: Monroe Doctrine.
57: Monterey, California.
58: Monterrey, Armistice of.
59: Monterrey, Battle of.
60: Montgomery, John Berrien.
61: Monuments and Memorials.
62: Moore, Edwin Ward.
63: Mora, José María Luis.
64: Mora, Skirmish at.
65: Morales, Juan.
66: Mora y Villamil, Ignacio.
67: Mormon Battalion.
68: Mormonism (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints).
69: Morse, Samuel Finley Breese.
70: Mounted Rifles, U.S..
71: Mule Hill.
72: Mulejé, Skirmish at.
73: Munroe, John.
74: Museums and Archives.
75: Music.
76: Muskets.
77: National Road.
78: Native Americans.
79: Navajos.
80: Naval Ordnance.
81: Navarro, José Antonio.
82: Nevada.
83: New England.
84: New Mexico.
85: New Orleans.
86: Northern Mexico Theater of War, Overview.
87: Nueces River.
88: O’Brien, John Paul Jones.
89: Ocampo, Melchor.
90: O’Hara, Theodore.
91: Ojo Oso (Bear Spring).
92: Olompali Rancho, Skirmish at.
93: Onís y González-Vara, Luis de.
94: Opposition to the Mexican-American War, U.S..
95: Oregon Boundary Dispute.
96: Oregon Territory.
97: Oregon Trail.
98: Oregon Treaty.
99: Ortega, José María.
100: Ortiz, Tomás.
101: Ortiz de Ayala, Simón Tadeo.
102: Ostend Manifesto.
103: Otero, Mariano.
104: Oury, William Sanders.
105: Pakenham, Richard.
106: Palo Alto, Battle of.
107: Pánuco.
108: Paredes y Arrillaga, Mariano.
109: Parker, Theodore.
110: Parras de la Fuente.
111: Parrodi, Anastasio.
112: Parrott, William S..
113: Pastry War.
114: Patria Chica.
115: Patterson, Robert.
116: Pedregal.
117: Peña y Barragán, Matías de la.
118: Peña y Peña, Manuel de la.
119: Penny Press.
120: Peonage.
121: Pérez, Francisco.
122: Perote Castle.
123: Perry, Matthew Calbraith.
124: Petrita, U.S. Navy Steamer.
125: Photography.
126: Pico, Andrés.
127: Pico, Pío de Jesús.
128: Pierce, Franklin.
129: Pike, Albert.
130: Pillow, Gideon Johnson.
131: Poinsett, Joel Roberts.
132: Point Isabel.
133: Politics, Mexican.
134: Politics, Texan.
135: Politics, U.S..
136: Polk, James Knox.
137: Polkos Revolt.
138: Polk-Scott Feud.
139: Popular Sovereignty.
140: Porter, Caroline.
141: Posada y Garduño, Manuel.
142: Prescott, William Hickling.
143: Presidios.
144: Price, Sterling.
145: Prisoners of War, Mexican.
146: Prisoners of War, U.S..
147: Privateering.
148: Public Opinion and the War, Mexican.
149: Public Opinion and the War, U.S..
150: Puebla.
151: Puebla, Siege of.
152: Pueblo de Taos, Skirmish at.
153: Pueblos.
154: Puros.
155: Quartermaster Services, U.S. and Mexican.
156: Quijano, Benito.
157: Quitman, John Anthony.
158: Racism.
159: Railroads.
160: Ramos.
161: Ramos Arizpe, Miguel.
162: Rancheros.
163: Rancho Davis.
164: Rancho Dominguez, Skirmish at.
165: Rangel, Joaquín.
166: Rea, Joaquín.
167: Recruitment.
168: Refugio, Battle of.
169: Rejón, Manuel Crescencio.
170: Religion.
171: Reno, Jesse Lee.
172: Republican Party.
173: Resaca de la Palma, Battle of.
174: Revolvers.
175: Rey, Anthony.
176: Reynolds, John Fulton.
177: Reynosa.
178: Ridgely, Randolph.
179: Rifles.
180: Riley, Bennett.
181: Riley, John Patrick.
182: Rincón, Manuel E..
183: Ringgold, Samuel.
184: Río Calaboso, Skirmish at.
185: Río Colorado.
186: Rio Grande.
187: Rio Grande, Republic of the.
188: Rio Grande Campaign.
189: Río Sacramento, Battle of.
190: Robertson, Sterling Clack.
191: Robidoux, Antoine.
192: Rockets.
193: Romanticism.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Documents.
1: Documents.
2: Treaty with Spain Ceding Florida (February 22, 1819).
3: Monroe Doctrine (December 2, 1823).
4: Joel Poinsett: Observations of Mexico (1824).
5: Green Dewitt: Empresario Petition and Land Grant (April 15, 1825; 1830).
6: Convention of San Felipe de Austin: Memorial to the Mexican Government (October 1832).
7: American Anti-Slavery Society: Declaration of Sentiments (December 6, 1833).
8: Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America (1835).
9: Ralph Waldo Emerson: Nature (1836).
10: William B. Travis: Appeal for Reinforcements to the Alamo (February 23–24, 1836).
11: Texas Declaration of Independence (March 2, 1836).
12: Antonio López de Santa Anna: Alamo Attack Order (March 5, 1836).
13: Juan Seguín: Burial Oration for Alamo Defenders (April 4, 1837).
14: John C. Calhoun: Slavery a Positive Good (February 6, 1837).
15: Catharine Beecher and Angelina Grimké: Opinions about the Abolitionist Movement (1837–1838).
16: Theodore Weld: American Slavery as It is (1839).
17: Pedro de Ampudia: Report on Battle of Mier (December 29, 1842).
18: Liberty Party Platform (1844).
19: William H. Prescott: Excerpt from History of the Conquest of Mexico (1843).
20: Josiah Gregg: Excerpt from Commerce of the Prairies (1844).
21: John Tyler: President’s Annual Message (December 3, 1844).
22: George Bancroft: Letter to Zachary Taylor (1845).
23: Lansford Hastings: Excerpt from The Emigrant’s Guide to Oregon and California (1845).
24: Harriet Farley: Editorial on the Ten-Hour Movement (1845).
25: Texas Annexation Act (March 1, 1845).
26: James K. Polk: Inaugural Address (March 4, 1845).
27: José Joaquín de Herrera: Proclamation Denouncing Annexation (June 4, 1845).
28: John O’Sullivan: Manifest Destiny (July 1845).
29: William Learned Marcy: Letter to Zachary Taylor (July 30, 1845).
30: Pedro María Anaya: Memorandum on Mexican Military Preparedness (December 2, 1845).
31: James K. Polk: Speech Reaffirming Monroe Doctrine (December 2, 1845).
32: Manuel de la Peña y Peña: Letter to John Slidell (December 20, 1845).
33: John Slidell: Letter to Manuel de la Peña y Peña (December 24, 1845).
34: Henry W. Halleck: Lecture on Military Education (1846).
35: Ulysses S. Grant: Excerpt from Memoir.
36: Francisco Mejía: Proclamation at Matamoros (March 18, 1846).
37: Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga: Proclamation on the Defense of Mexico (March 21, 1846).
38: Pedro de Ampudia: Letter to Zachary Taylor (April 22, 1846).
39: Zachary Taylor: Letter to Pedro de Ampudia (April 22, 1846).
40: Mariano Paredes de Arrillaga: Proclamation Announcing a State of War (April 23, 1846).
41: Ephraim Kirby Smith: Letter Excerpts Describing Battles (May 13 and 19, 1846).
42: Ulysses S. Grant: Excerpt from Memoir, Battle Description.
43: James K. Polk: War Message (May 11, 1846).
44: Horace Greeley: Editorial in the New York Tribune (May 12, 1846).
45: James K. Polk: Letter Arranging Purchase of Slaves (May 16, 1846).
46: Varina Davis: Book Excerpt about Jefferson Davis.
47: Ralph Waldo Emerson: Journal Excerpt (May 1846).
48: Zachary Taylor: Letter about Deserters (May 30, 1846).
49: William Seaton Henry: Book Excerpt on U.S. Soldiers’ Patriotism.
50: George Ruxton: British Book Excerpt on Mexican Character.
51: James Russell Lowell: Excerpt from The Biglow Papers.
52: Louis McLane: Letter Excerpt, British Reaction to War (June 3, 1846).
53: William Learned Marcy: Proclamation to the People of Mexico (June 4, 1846).
54: George Gordon Meade: Excerpt from Critical Letter (June 12, 1846).
55: George Wilkins Kendall: War Reporter’s Dispatches from Mexico (June 12, 1846).
56: Oregon Treaty (June 15, 1846).
57: Satirical Song: Battle Hymn (1846).
58: George Wilkins Kendall: War Reporter’s Dispatches on Indian Raids (July 27–28, 1846).
59: George Ruxton: Book Excerpt on Return of Santa Anna to Mexico.
60: Jesse C. Little: Letter to James K. Polk Asking Aid for Mormons (June 1, 1846).
61: James Allen: Circular to Mormons (July 1, 1846).
62: John D. Sloat: Proclamation to the Inhabitants of California (July 7, 1846).
63: John D. Sloat, José Castro: Correspondence Regarding California (July 7 and 9, 1846).
64: George Bancroft: Orders Regarding California (July 12 and August 13, 1846).
65: Pío Pico: Excerpt from Memoirs.
66: Robert F. Stockton: Letter to James K. Polk (August 26, 1846).
67: Mary Compton: Letter to Her Husband (August 26, 1846).
68: Richard B. Mason: Letter Praising the Mormon Battalion (September 18, 1847).
69: Stephen W. Kearny: Report on the Occupation of New Mexico (July 31, August 22 and 24, 1846).
70: Stephen W. Kearny: New Mexico Bill of Rights (September 22, 1846).
71: W. H. Emory: Excerpt from Survey of New Mexico and California (1846).
72: David Wilmot: Wilmot Proviso (August 8, 1846).
73: Armistice of Monterrey (September 24, 1846).
74: George Wilkins Kendall: War Reporter’s Dispatch on Battle of Monterrey (November 19, 1846).
75: John Porter: Excerpt from Surgeon’s Memoir (1847).
76: Zachary Taylor: Letter of Protest (October 15, 1846).
77: Zachary Taylor: Orders Regarding Looting by U.S. Troops (November 27 and December 2, 1846).
78: George B. McClellan: Diary Excerpt (December 5, 1846).
79: Zachary Taylor: Excerpt from Personal Letter (December 10, 1846).
80: Gustavus Woodson Smith: Book Excerpt on Army Engineering Work (December 1846–January 1847).
81: Corydon Donnavan: Book Excerpt on U.S. Prisoner of War.
82: Susan Shelby Magoffin: Book Excerpts by Wife of Santa Fe Trader (September 1846–May 1847).
83: Frank S. Edwards: Book Excerpt on the Battle of Bracito.
84: Frank S. Edwards: Book Excerpt on the Texas Rangers.
85: William Cullen Bryant: Article Lionizing Doniphan (1847).
86: Charles Sumner: Speech Opposing War (1847).
87: Antonio López de Santa Anna: Message to the Troops (January 27, 1847).
88: George Gordon Meade: Letter about Effect of Antiwar Sentiment (February 8, 1847).
89: Thomas Corwin: Antiwar Speech (February 11, 1847).
90: Daniel Webster: Speech on War Appropriations Bill (March 1, 1847).
91: Jefferson Davis: Report on Battle of Buena Vista (March 2, 1847).
92: John Greenleaf Whittier: “The Angels of Buena Vista” (1847).
93: Antonio López de Santa Anna: Book Excerpt Recounting the Battle of Buena Vista.
94: James K. Polk: Diary Excerpts (November 1846–March 1847).
95: Josiah Gregg: Diary Excerpt on Medical Care in Mexico (March 1847).
96: Josiah Gregg: Diary Excerpt, Botanical Observations (April 1847).
97: Josiah Gregg: Diary Excerpt on Mexican Atrocities and Reprisal (May–June 1847).
98: Edward Zane Carroll Judson: Magdalena, the Beautiful Mexican Maid (1847).
99: Samuel E. Chamberlain: Book Excerpt, Texas Rangers in Mexico.
100: Herman Melville: Excerpt from “Authentic Anecdotes of Old Zack” (1847).
101: George Ruxton: British Book Excerpt on Attitude Toward the War (1848).
102: George Ruxton: British Book Excerpt, Description of Veracruz (1848).
103: Winfield Scott: Letter to Zachary Taylor (November 25, 1846).
104: Winfield Scott: Excerpt from His Memoir.
105: Raphael Semmes: Book Excerpt, Naval Service at Veracruz.
106: William Harwar Parker: Book Excerpt, Account of Landing at and Siege of Veracruz.
107: George B. McClellan: Diary Excerpt on the Siege of Veracruz (March 23–25, 1847).
108: Raphael Semmes: Book Excerpt Describing Yellow Fever.
109: Raphael Semmes: Book Excerpt, Account of Special Mission.
110: José Mariana Salas: Proclamation for Recruiting Guerrillas (April 21, 1847).
111: José Maria Roa Bárcena: Excerpt, Mexican Account of Americans Executing Guerrillas.
112: Book Excerpt: Mexican Account of Guerrilla Organization.
113: George Wilkins Kendall: U.S. War Reporter’s Account of Cerro Gordo (April 18, 1847).
114: Book Excerpt: Mexican Description of U.S. Troops.
115: Winfield Scott and Nicholas Trist: Correspondence (May 1847).
116: Frederick Zeh: Excerpts from Immigrant U.S. Soldier’s Battle Accounts.
117: Zachary Taylor: Excerpt from Letter to the Secretary of State (August 29, 1847).
118: George Wilkins Kendall: War Reporter’s Excerpts Describing Life in Mexico (August 1847).
119: James Buchanan, George Bancroft: Correspondence Regarding British Aid to Mexican General (September–November 1847).
120: Book Excerpt: Mexican Account of Chapultepec.
121: Winfield Scott: Account of Capture of Mexico City.
122: Antonio López de Santa Anna: Book Excerpt, Account of Capture of Mexico City.
123: Winfield Scott: Orders Regarding Occupation of Mexico City (September 17, 1847).
124: James K. Polk: Diary Excerpts Regarding Treaty Negotiations (April 1847–February 1848).
125: Henry Clay: Advice to His Countrymen (November 13, 1847).
126: Albert Gallatin: Excerpt of Pamphlet Peace with Mexico (1847).
127: Mariano Otero: Excerpt from Essay on the Situation in Mexico (1847).
128: John C. Calhoun: The Conquest of Mexico Speech (January 4, 1848).
129: Abraham Lincoln: War on Mexico Speech (January 12, 1848).
130: James K. Polk: Refusal to Turn Over Documents to Congress (January 13, 1848).
131: Henry Bigler: Diary Excerpt Recounting Discovery of Gold in California (January–June 1848).
132: Winfield Scott: Letter and Comments on Court of Inquiry and Treaty.
133: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848).
134: Julia Webster Appleton: Letter Regarding the Death of Her Brother in the War (February 23, 1848).
135: Frederick Douglass: Antiwar Editorial (March 17, 1848).
136: Manuel Crescencio Rejón: Mexican Argument against the Peace Treaty (April 17, 1848).
137: Manuel de la Peña y Peña: Mexican Argument Supporting the Peace Treaty (May 7, 1848).
138: Robert E. Lee: Letter Deploring the Treatment of General Scott (May 1848).
139: James K. Polk: Transmittal of Treaty to Congress (July 22, 1848).
140: James Russell Lowell: Excerpt from Antiwar Satire (1848).
141: Henry David Thoreau: “Civil Disobedience” (1849).
142: Fugitive Slave Act (September 18, 1850).
143: Gadsden Purchase Treaty (December 30, 1853).
144: Kansas-Nebraska Act (May 30, 1854).
145: Ostend Manifesto (October 18, 1854).
146: Thomas Hart Benton: Excerpt of Memoir about the War Years (1856).
147: Robert E. Lee: Letter to Winfield Scott (April 20, 1861).
Appendix 1: Medals, Decorations, and Military Honors.
Appendix 2: Military Ranks.
Glossary.
Chronology.
Bibliography.
List of Editors and Contributors.
Categorical Index.
Index.