eBook Cultural Sociology of Divorce, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452274436
  • ISBN-13: 9781452274430
  • DDC: 306.89
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1624 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released September 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013
  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

While the formal definition of divorce may be concise and straightforward (legal termination of a marital union, dissolving bonds of matrimony between parties), the effects are anything but, particularly when children are involved. The Americans for Divorce Reform estimates that "40 or possibly even 50 percent of marriages will end in divorce if current trends continue." Outside the U.S., divorce rates have markedly increased across developed countries. Divorce and its effects are a significant social factor in our culture and others. It might be said that a whole "divorce industry" has been constructed, with divorce lawyers and mediators, family counselors, support groups, etc. As King Henry VIII's divorces showed, divorce has not always been easy or accepted. In some countries, divorce is not permitted and even in Europe, countries such as Spain, Italy, Portugal, and the Republic of Ireland legalized divorce only in the latter quarter of the 20th century. This multi-disciplinary encyclopedia covers curricular subjects related to divorce as examined by disciplines ranging from marriage and the family to anthropology, social and legal history, developmental and clinical psychology, and religion, all through a lens of cultural sociology.

Features and Benefits

  • 550 signed entries, A-to-Z, fill 3 volumes (1,500 pages) in print and electronic formats, offering the most detailed reference work available on issues related to divorce, both in the U.S. and globally.
  • Cross-References and Further Readings guide readers to additional resources.
  • A Chronology provides students with context via a historical perspective of divorce.
  • In the electronic version, the comprehensive Index combines with Cross-References and thematic Reader's Guide themes to provide convenient search-and-browse capabilities.
  • For state and nation entries, uniform entry structure combined with an abundance of statistics facilitates comparison between and across states and nations.
  • Appendices provide further annotated sources of data and statistics.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Articles.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
List of Contributors.
Introduction.
Chronology.
1: Abandonment: Children's Fears.
2: Abandonment or Desertion.
3: Abduction and Kidnapping of Children.
4: Absentee Parents.
5: Absolute Divorce.
6: Abuse of Children: Sexual.
7: Abuse of Children: Verbal and Physical.
8: Addiction.
9: Adult Children: Effects of Divorce.
10: Adult Children: Fear of Commitment.
11: Adult Children: Relationships.
12: Adult Children: Relationships With Parents.
13: Adultery and Infidelity.
14: Afghanistan.
15: Africa.
16: African Americans.
17: African Traditional Religions.
18: Age at Marriage.
19: Alabama.
20: Alaska.
21: Albania.
22: Alcoholism.
23: Algeria.
24: Alimony Law, U.S..
25: Alone, Fear of Being.
26: Angola.
27: Annulment.
28: Antigua and Barbuda.
29: Argentina.
30: Arizona.
31: Arkansas.
32: Armenia.
33: Asia.
34: Asian Americans.
35: At-Fault Divorce.
36: Attachment: Parent–Child.
37: Attachment and Loss.
38: Attachment to Former Partner.
39: Australia.
40: Austria.
41: Azerbaijan.
42: Bahá'í Faith.
43: Bahamas.
44: Bahrain.
45: Bangladesh.
46: Barbados.
47: Belarus.
48: Belgium.
49: Belize.
50: Benin.
51: Bhutan.
52: Bigamy.
53: Birdnesting.
54: Blended and Binuclear Families.
55: Bolivia.
56: Bosnia and Herzegovina.
57: Botswana.
58: Brazil.
59: Brunei.
60: Buddhism.
61: Bulgaria.
62: Burkina Faso.
63: Burundi.
64: California.
65: California Family Law Act of 1969.
66: Cambodia.
67: Cameroon.
68: Canada.
69: Catholicism.
70: Celebrity Divorces.
71: Central African Republic.
72: Chad.
73: Child Advocates.
74: Child Custody.
75: Child Support.
76: Child Support: Government Enforcement.
77: Child Support: Social Issues.
78: Childbearing Decisions.
79: Childless Divorce.
80: Children: Benefits of Divorce.
81: Children: Effects of Divorce on Adolescents.
82: Children: Effects of Divorce on Early School-Age.
83: Children: Effects of Divorce on Infants.
84: Children: Effects of Divorce on Late School-Age.
85: Children: Effects of Divorce on Preschoolers.
86: Children: Effects of Divorce on Toddlers.
87: Children: Fear of Conflict.
88: Children: Immediate Effects of Divorce.
89: Children: Long-Term Effects of Divorce.
90: Children: Risk for Early Sexual Activity.
91: Children, Staying Married for.
92: Children as a Risk for Divorce.
93: Children as Caretakers.
94: Children Blaming Themselves for Divorce.
95: Children's Fear of Change.
96: Children's Fear of Divorce.
97: Children's Legal Rights.
98: Chile.
99: China.
100: Chinese Traditional Religions.
101: Cohabitation Before Marriage.
102: Collaborative Divorce.
103: Collectivism.
104: College Financial Support for Children.
105: Colombia.
106: Colonial America.
107: Colorado.
108: Comedy About Divorce.
109: Commitment.
110: Common-Law Marriage.
111: Comoros.
112: Congo, Democratic Republic of the.
113: Congo, Republic of the.
114: Connecticut.
115: Costa Rica.
116: Costs of Divorce.
117: Côte D'Ivoire.
118: Counseling and Education: Divorce.
119: Counseling and Education: Marriage.
120: Counseling and Education: Premarital.
121: Covenant Marriage.
122: Croatia.
123: Cuba.
124: Cultural Sociology of Divorce.
125: Culture of Divorce.
126: Custody: Children's Voices.
127: Custody: Schedules.
128: Custody: Shared and Joint.
129: Custody: Sole.
130: Custody: U.S. Law.
131: Cyprus.
132: Czech Republic.
133: “Deadbeat” Parents.
134: Death of a Child.
135: Debt Division.
136: Delaware.
137: Denmark.
138: Depression in Children of Divorce.
139: Depression in Divorced Adults.
140: Disability and Illness.
141: Divorce Rates Versus Crime Rates.
142: Djibouti.
143: Domestic Violence.
144: Dominica.
145: Dominican Republic.
146: Eastern Orthodox Church.
147: Ecuador.
148: Education Level and Divorce Risk.
149: Egypt.
150: El Salvador.
151: Electronic Divorce.
152: Empty-Shell Marriages.
153: Equatorial Guinea.
154: Eritrea.
155: Estonia.
156: Ethiopia.
157: Ethnicity and Race in the United States.
158: Europe.
159: Families: Effects of Divorce.
160: Families: Extended.
161: Family Systems Theory.
162: Fault and Child Custody.
163: Fault and Property Division.
164: Fault and Spousal Support.
165: Fiji.
166: Finances.
167: Financial Hardships.
168: Finland.
169: Florida.
170: France.
171: Friends, Loss of.
Half Title.
Title Page.
Contents.
1: Gabon.
2: Gambia.
3: Gender and Divorce.
4: Gender and Divorce Law.
5: Georgia (Nation).
6: Georgia (State).
7: Germany.
8: Ghana.
9: Glamorization of Divorce.
10: Grandparents' Legal Rights.
11: Greece.
12: Grenada.
13: Grief and Grieving.
14: Grounds for Divorce, U.S..
15: Growing Apart.
16: Guatemala.
17: Guinea.
18: Guinea-Bissau.
19: Guyana.
20: Haiti.
21: Hawai'i.
22: Health: Adults' Physical.
23: Health: Children's Physical.
24: Hinduism.
25: Hispanic and Latino Americans.
26: Historical Figures and Divorce.
27: Honduras.
28: Hungary.
29: Iceland.
30: Idaho.
31: Illinois.
32: India.
33: Indiana.
34: Individualism.
35: Indonesia.
36: Infertility.
37: Informal Divorce.
38: Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce.
39: International Divorce.
40: Internet as a Cause of Divorce.
41: Iowa.
42: Iran.
43: Iraq.
44: Ireland.
45: Irreconcilable Differences.
46: Islam.
47: Israel.
48: Italy.
49: Jamaica.
50: Japan.
51: Job Performance.
52: Jordan.
53: Judaism.
54: Judges: Family Law.
55: Juvenile Delinquency.
56: Kansas.
57: Kazakhstan.
58: Kentucky.
59: Kenya.
60: Kinship and Foster Care.
61: Kiribati.
62: Korea, North.
63: Korea, South.
64: Kuwait.
65: Kyrgyzstan.
66: Laos.
67: Late-Life Divorce.
68: Latvia.
69: Law: Asian Traditions.
70: Law: Comparative Perspectives.
71: Law: Hispanic Traditions.
72: Law: Islamic Traditions.
73: Law: Negotiating Tactics.
74: Law: United Kingdom.
75: Law: United States.
76: Lawyers.
77: Lebanon.
78: Length of Marriage: Divorce Law.
79: Length of Marriage: Risk of Divorce.
80: Lesotho.
81: LGBT Divorce.
82: LGBT Marriage.
83: Liberia.
84: Libya.
85: Life Expectancy.
86: Literature: Adult.
87: Literature: Children's.
88: Lithuania.
89: Loneliness.
90: Louisiana.
91: Low Income: Risk of Divorce.
92: Luxembourg.
93: Macedonia.
94: Madagascar.
95: Maine.
96: Malawi.
97: Malaysia.
98: Maldives.
99: Mali.
100: Malta.
101: Marriage: Avoidance.
102: Marriage: History.
103: Marriage: Multicultural.
104: Marriage: Multiracial.
105: Marriage: Religious Sacrament Versus Civil Contract.
106: Marriage: Sexual Problems.
107: Marshall Islands.
108: Maryland.
109: Massachusetts.
110: Maternal Employment: Effects on Children.
111: Maternal Employment: Risk of Divorce.
112: Mauritania.
113: Mauritius.
114: Mediated Divorce.
115: Mediators.
116: Men as Initiators of Divorce.
117: Mental Cruelty.
118: Mental Health.
119: Mexico.
120: Michigan.
121: Micronesia.
122: Middle Ages.
123: Midlife Crisis.
124: Military Service.
125: Minnesota.
126: Mississippi.
127: Missouri.
128: Moldova.
129: Monaco.
130: Mongolia.
131: Monogamy.
132: Montana.
133: Mormonism.
134: Morocco.
135: Mozambique.
136: Music.
137: Myanmar.
138: Namibia.
139: Native Americans.
140: Nauru.
141: Nebraska.
142: Nepal.
143: Netherlands.
144: Nevada.
145: New Hampshire.
146: New Jersey.
147: New Mexico.
148: New York.
149: New Zealand.
150: Nicaragua.
151: Niger.
152: Nigeria.
153: No-Fault Divorce.
154: No-Fault Divorce Versus Divorce Rates.
155: North Carolina.
156: North Dakota.
157: Norway.
158: Nuclear Family.
159: Ohio.
160: Oklahoma.
161: Oman.
162: Oregon.
163: Origins of Divorce.
164: Pain Versus Pathology.
165: Pakistan.
166: Palau.
167: Palestine.
168: Palimony.
169: Panama.
170: Papua New Guinea.
171: Paraguay.
172: Parental Alienation.
173: Parental Dating.
174: Parenting Adolescents.
175: Parenting Coordinators.
176: Parenting Early School-Age Children.
177: Parenting Infants.
178: Parenting Late School-Age Children.
179: Parenting Preschoolers.
180: Parenting Toddlers.
181: Pennsylvania.
182: Peru.
183: Philippines.
184: Poland.
185: Politicians and Divorce.
186: Polyamory.
187: Polygamy.
188: Portugal.
189: Poverty.
190: Prenuptial Agreements.
191: Pro Se Divorce.
192: Property: Marital.
193: Property Distribution.
194: Property Division Law, U.S..
195: Protestantism.
196: Psychotherapy for Adults.
197: Psychotherapy for Children.
Half Title.
Title Page.
Contents.
1: Qatar.
2: Relationships.
3: Religion: Finding or Losing.
4: Religion: Lack of or Different Faiths.
5: Relocation Effects on Children.
6: Rhode Island.
7: Risk Factors.
8: Roman Empire.
9: Romania.
10: Russia.
11: Rwanda.
12: Sacred Loss.
13: Saint Lucia.
14: Samoa.
15: São Tomé and Príncipe.
16: Saudi Arabia.
17: Scholars of Divorce.
18: School Performance of Children of Divorce.
19: Second Marriages.
20: Senegal.
21: Separation: Legal.
22: Separation: Trial.
23: Serbia.
24: Sexual Orientation.
25: Seychelles.
26: Shinto.
27: Sierra Leone.
28: Simplified Divorce.
29: Singapore.
30: Single and Custodial Fathers.
31: Single and Custodial Mothers.
32: Slovakia.
33: Slovenia.
34: Social Change.
35: Social Networks.
36: Social Problem, Divorce as a.
37: Social Stigma.
38: Solomon Islands.
39: Somalia.
40: South Africa.
41: South Carolina.
42: South Dakota.
43: Spain.
44: Spousal Support and Alimony.
45: Sri Lanka.
46: Stepparent–Child Relationships.
47: Stepparenting.
48: Stepparents After a Second Divorce.
49: Stepparents' Custody Rights.
50: Stepsibling Relationships.
51: Substance Abuse in Children of Divorce.
52: Sudan.
53: Suicide Risk.
54: Support Groups.
55: Suriname.
56: Swaziland.
57: Sweden.
58: Switzerland.
59: Syria.
60: Tajikistan.
61: Tanzania.
62: Television Shows.
63: Tennessee.
64: Texas.
65: Thailand.
66: Theater and Film.
67: Therapeutic Divorce.
68: Togo.
69: Tonga.
70: Trinidad and Tobago.
71: Tunisia.
72: Turkey.
73: Turkmenistan.
74: Tuvalu.
75: Typologies of Divorce.
76: Uganda.
77: Ukraine.
78: Uncontested Versus Contested Divorce.
79: Uniform Marital Property Act.
80: Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act.
81: United Arab Emirates.
82: United Kingdom.
83: United States: 1800 to 1850.
84: United States: 1851 to 1900.
85: United States: 1901 to 1950.
86: United States: 1951 to 2012.
87: Uruguay.
88: Utah.
89: Uzbekistan.
90: Vanuatu.
91: Venezuela.
92: Vermont.
93: Vietnam.
94: Virginia.
95: Visitation Rights.
96: Waiting Period.
97: Washington State.
98: West Virginia.
99: Wisconsin.
100: Women as Initiators of Divorce.
101: Workaholism.
102: Wyoming.
103: Yemen.
104: Zambia.
105: Zimbabwe.
Glossary.
Resource Guide.
Appendix A Court Cases.
Abandonment: Withholding Sexual Relations.
Tax Law: Alimony Versus Child Support.
Tax Law: Transfer of Property.
Community Property: Comingling Separate and Community Assets.
Child Custody: Father Versus Grandparents.
Court Costs of Divorce: Inability to Pay.
Cost of Education for Children: Court Ordered.
Alimony Award: Wife's Diminished Earning Capacity.
Marital Property: Equitable Distribution.
Separation Agreements: Fraud and Coercion.
Interstate Child Custody: Court Jurisdiction.
Shared Personal Property: Implied Agreements.
Property Division: Professional Degrees.
Spousal Support: Payment to Wives but Not Husbands.
Prenuptial Agreements: Subject to Fair Disclosure Rules.
Child Custody: Parent's Homosexuality.
Abortion: Wife Must Notify Husband.
Palimony: Enforceable Contracts.
Terminating Parental Rights: Evidence.
Appendix B Overview of Marriage and Divorce Rates in the United States and Abroad.
Index.
Photo Credits.