Chemistry, 7th Edition

  • Steven S. Zumdahl University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • Susan A. Zumdahl University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • ISBN-10: 061852844X  |  ISBN-13: 9780618528448
  • 1168 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2006, 2003, 2000
  • © 2007 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $263.25 
  • Newer Edition Available
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    About

    Overview

    Authors Steven and Susan Zumdahl offer all the elements instructors need for their general chemistry course. They bring a conceptual approach to chemistry and integrate problem-solving skills throughout, helping students transition from theory to practice. A strong emphasis on models, real-world applications, and visual learning prevails throughout the text. The Seventh Edition seamlessly integrates the strengths of the Zumdahl approach through a comprehensive and interwoven print and technology program. Enhanced Sample Exercises, online homework problems, and Classroom Response System content help instructors assess conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills, while new animations and images support visual learning. In addition, Houghton Mifflin offers implementation services through our TeamUP program to help instructors and students get the most out of the text and its supplements.


    Additional Product Information

    Features/Benefits

    • Reality Checks at the end of selected Sample Exercises prompt students to ensure that their answers are reasonable.
    • The art program includes electrostatic potential maps in Chapter 8, "Bonding" that illustrate bond and molecular polarity.
    • The For Review section includes bulleted key concepts for the chapter, as well as review questions, of which approximately 50% are new.
    • Integrative Problems in the end-of-chapter material assess students' cumulative understanding of multiple concepts and skills presented in previous chapters. End-of-chapter questions also include collaborative Active Learning Question (formerly In-Class Discussion Questions), Exercises organized by topic, Additional Exercises not keyed by topic, integrative Challenge Problems, and comprehensive Marathon Problems.
    • Algorithmically-generated Test Questions as well as Conceptual Questions are available in CL Testing, all coded by level of difficulty to allow instructors to more easily choose appropriate test items.
    • Animations with assignable exercises appear on the Online Study Center and Student CD.
    • HM ClassPresent v.3 includes new animations and videos as well as enhanced search functionality.
    • Eduspace Online Learning Tool features two kinds of problems: ChemWork interactive online homework and end-of-chapter algorithmic questions with links to corresponding textbook pages and media for student reference at point of learning.

    Table of Contents

    Note: Each chapter concludes with For Review, Key Terms, and Questions and Exercises.
    1. Chemical Foundations
    1.1 Chemistry: An Overview
    1.2 The Scientific Method
    1.3 Units of Measurement
    1.4 Uncertainty in Measurement
    1.5 Significant Figures and Calculations
    1.6 Dimensional Analysis
    1.7 Temperature
    1.8 Density
    1.9 Classification of Matter
    2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions
    2.1 The Early History of Chemistry
    2.2 Fundamental Chemical Laws
    2.3 Dalton's Atomic Theory
    2.4 Early Experiments to Characterize the Atom
    2.5 The Modern View of Atomic Structure: An Introduction
    2.6 Molecules and Ions
    2.7 An Introduction to the Periodic Table
    2.8 Naming Simple Compounds
    3. Stoichiometry
    3.1 Counting by Weighing
    3.2 Atomic Masses
    3.3 The Mole
    3.4 Molar Mass
    3.5 Percent Composition of Compounds
    3.6 Determining the Formula of a Compound
    3.7 Chemical Equations
    3.8 Balancing Chemical Equations
    3.9 Stoichiometric Calculations: Amounts of Reactants and Products
    3.10 Calculations Involving a Limiting Reactant
    4. Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry
    4.1 Water, the Common Solvent
    4.2 The Nature of Aqueous Solutions: Strong and Weak Electrolytes
    4.3 The Composition of Solutions
    4.4 Types of Chemical Reactions
    4.5 Precipitation Reactions
    4.6 Describing Reactions in Solution
    4.7 Stoichiometry of Precipitation Reactions
    4.8 Acid-Base Reactions
    4.9 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions
    4.10 Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Equations
    5. Gases
    5.1 Pressure
    5.2 The Gas Laws of Boyle, Charles, and Avogadro
    5.3 The Ideal Gas Law
    5.4 Gas Stoichiometry
    5.5 Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
    5.6 The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases
    5.7 Effusion and Diffusion
    5.8 Real Gases
    5.9 Characteristics of Several Real Gases
    5.10 Chemistry in the Atmosphere
    6. Thermochemistry
    6.1 The Nature of Energy
    6.2 Enthalpy and Calorimetry
    6.3 Hess's Law
    6.4 Standard Enthalpies of Formation
    6.5 Present Sources of Energy
    6.6 New Energy Sources
    7. Atomic Structure and Periodicity
    7.1 Electromagnetic Radiation
    7.2 The Nature of Matter
    7.3 The Atomic Spectrum of Hydrogen
    7.4 The Bohr Model
    7.5 The Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom
    7.6 Quantum Numbers
    7.7 Orbital Shapes and Energies
    7.8 Electron Spin and the Pauli Principle
    7.9 Polyelectronic Atoms
    7.10 The History of the Periodic Table
    7.11 The Aufbau Principle and the Periodic Table
    7.12 Periodic Trends in Atomic Properties
    7.13 The Properties of a Group: The Alkali Metals
    8. Bonding: General Concepts
    8.1 Types of Chemical Bonds
    8.2 Electronegativity
    8.3 Bond Polarity and Dipole Moments
    8.4 Ions: Electron Configurations and Sizes
    8.5 Energy Effects in Binary Ionic Compounds
    8.6 Partial Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds
    8.7 The Covalent Chemical Bond: A Model
    8.8 Covalent Bond Energies and Chemical Reactions
    8.9 The Localized Electron Bonding Model
    8.10 Lewis Structures
    8.11 Exceptions to the Octet Rule
    8.12 Resonance
    8.13 Molecular Structure: The VSEPR Model
    9. Covalent Bonding: Orbitals
    9.1 Hybridization and the Localized Electron Model
    9.2 The Molecular Orbital Model
    9.3 Bonding in Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules
    9.4 Bonding in Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules
    9.5 Combining the Localized Electron and Molecular Orbital Models
    10. Liquids and Solids
    10.1 Intermolecular Forces
    10.2 The Liquid State
    10.3 An Introduction to Structures and Types of Solids
    10.4 Structure and Bonding in Metals
    10.5 Carbon and Silicon: Network Atomic Solids
    10.6 Molecular Solids
    10.7 Ionic Solids
    10.8 Vapor Pressure and Changes of State
    10.9 Phase Diagrams
    11. Properties of Solutions
    11.1 Solution Composition
    11.2 The Energies of Solution Formation
    11.3 Factors Affecting Solubility
    11.4 The Vapor Pressures of Solutions
    11.5 Boiling-Point Elevation and Freezing-Point Depression
    11.6 Osmotic Pressure
    11.7 Colligative Properties of Electrolyte Solutions
    11.8 Colloids
    12. Chemical Kinetics
    12.1 Reaction Rates
    12.2 Rate Laws: An Introduction
    12.3 Determining the Form of the Rate Law
    12.4 The Integrated Rate Law
    12.5 Rate Laws: A Summary
    12.6 Reaction Mechanisms
    12.7 A Model for Chemical Kinetics
    12.8 Catalysis
    13. Chemical Equilibrium
    13.1 The Equilibrium Condition
    13.2 The Equilibrium Constant
    13.3 Equilibrium Expressions Involving Pressures
    13.4 Heterogeneous Equilibria
    13.5 Applications of the Equilibrium Constant
    13.6 Solving Equilibrium Problems
    13.7 Le Ch√Ętelier's Principle
    14. Acids and Bases
    14.1 The Nature of Acids and Bases
    14.2 Acid Strength
    14.3 The pH Scale
    14.4 Calculating the pH of Strong Acid Solutions
    14.5 Calculating the pH of Weak Acid Solutions
    14.6 Bases
    14.7 Polyprotic Acids
    14.8 Acid-Base Properties of Salts
    14.9 The Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties
    14.10 Acid-Base Properties of Oxides
    14.11 The Lewis Acid-Base Model
    14.12 Strategy for Solving Acid-Base Problems: A Summary
    15. Applications of Aqueous Equilibria
    Acid-Base Equilibria
    15.1 Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion
    15.2 Buffered Solutions
    15.3 Buffer Capacity
    15.4 Titrations and pH Curves
    15.5 Acid-Base Indicators
    Solubility Equilibria
    15.6 Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility Product
    15.7 Precipitation and Qualitative Analysis
    Complex Ion Equilibria
    15.8 Equilibria Involving Complex Ions
    16. Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy
    16.1 Spontaneous Processes and Entropy
    16.2 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    16.3 The Effect of Temperature on Spontaneity
    16.4 Free Energy
    16.5 Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions
    16.6 Free Energy and Chemical Reactions
    16.7 The Dependence of Free Energy on Pressure
    16.8 Free Energy and Equilibrium
    16.9 Free Energy and Work
    17. Electrochemistry
    17.1 Galvanic Cells
    17.2 Standard Reduction Potentials
    17.3 Cell Potential, Electrical Work, and Free Energy
    17.4 Dependence of Cell Potential on Concentration
    17.5 Batteries
    17.6 Corrosion
    17.7 Electrolysis
    17.8 Commercial Electrolytic Processes
    18. The Nucleus: A Chemist's View
    18.1 Nuclear Stability and Radioactive Decay
    18.2 The Kinetics of Radioactive Decay
    18.3 Nuclear Transformations
    18.4 Detection and Uses of Radioactivity
    18.5 Thermodynamic Stability of the Nucleus
    18.6 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion
    18.7 Effects of Radiation
    19. The Representative Elements: Groups 1A Through 4A
    19.1 A Survey of the Representative Elements
    19.2 The Group 1A Elements
    19.3 Hydrogen
    19.4 The Group 2A Elements
    19.5 The Group 3A Elements
    19.6 The Group 4A Elements
    20. The Representative Elements: Groups 5A Through 8A
    20.1 The Group 5A Elements
    20.2 The Chemistry of Nitrogen
    20.3 The Chemistry of Phosphorus
    20.4 The Group 6A Elements
    20.5 The Chemistry of Oxygen
    20.6 The Chemistry of Sulfur
    20.7 The Group 7A Elements
    20.8 The Group 8A Elements
    21. Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry
    21.1 The Transition Metals: A Survey
    21.2 The First-Row Transition Metals
    21.3 Coordination Compounds
    21.4 Isomerism
    21.5 Bonding in Complex Ions: The Localized Electron Model
    21.6 The Crystal Field Model
    21.7 The Biologic Importance of Coordination Complexes
    21.8 Metallurgy and Iron and Steel Production
    22. Organic and Biological Molecules
    22.1 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons
    22.2 Alkenes and Alkynes
    22.3 Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    22.4 Hydrocarbon Derivatives
    22.5 Polymers
    22.6 Natural Polymers
    Appendix 1: Mathematical Procedures
    A1.1. Exponential Notation
    A1.2 Logarithms
    A1.3 Graphing Functions
    A1.4 Solving Quadratic Equations
    A1.5 Uncertainties in Measurements
    Appendix 2: The Quantitative Kinetic Molecular Model
    Appendix 3: Spectral Analysis
    Appendix 4: Selected Thermodynamic Data
    Appendix 5: Equilibrium Constants and Reduction Potentials
    A5.1 Values of Ka for Some Common Monoprotic Acids
    A5.2 Stepwise Dissociation Constants for Several Common Polyprotic Acids
    A5.3 Values of Kb for Some Common Weak Bases
    A5.4 Ksp Values at 25 degrees Celsius for Common Ionic Solids
    A5.5 Standard Reduction Potentials at 25 degrees Celsius (298K) for Many Common Half-Reactions
    Appendix 6: SI Units and Conversion Factors

    Supplements

    Instructor Supplements

    Instructor Supplements

    All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About the Solution" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition. For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

    HM Testing with ClassPrep  (ISBN-10: 061852858X | ISBN-13: 9780618528585)


    HM Class Present 2006: General Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 0618528601 | ISBN-13: 9780618528608)

    HM ClassPresent Chemistry provides a library of high-quality, scaleable animations covering core chemistry concepts arranged by chapter and topic. Instructors can export the animations and videos to their own computer as PowerPoints or as media files, and they can also project them directly from the CD. Each animation and video is also included within its own PowerPoint slide on the CD. Full transcripts accompany all audio commentary to reinforce visual presentations and to cater to different learning styles.


    Active Learning Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528474 | ISBN-13: 9780618528479)

    Presents React questions and activities that can be used as teaching tools in lectures or recitation, requiring the student to complete the activities in the guide. The approach stresses active learning, thereby underscoring one of the traditional strengths of the text--the book's conceptual approach to problem solving. For the instructor, PowerPoint slides are available on the HM ClassPrep CD and on the Online Teaching Center containing the questions from the Active Learning Guide as well as relevant figures from the text and animations. Answers to the React questions are in the Instructor's Resource Guide.

    List Price = $43.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $32.75


    Lab Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618528482 | ISBN-13: 9780618528486)

    Provides 48 text-related experiments, and includes pre-laboratory questions and questions regarding results and observations. Many experiments offer procedural options, and safety is strongly emphasized throughout.

    List Price = $92.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $68.75


    Study Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528490 | ISBN-13: 9780618528493)

    Reflects the unique problem-solving approach of the book. Includes alternate problem solving strategies, supplemental explanations, summaries of chapter sections, 400 worked examples, 800 self-practice tests, and answers to the exercises and self-tests--all designed to help students master the text material.

    List Price = $116.95  | CengageBrain Price = $116.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $86.50


    Instructor's Solution Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618528520 | ISBN-13: 9780618528523)

    List Price = $22.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $17.00


    Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618528504 | ISBN-13: 9780618528509)

    Provides carefully worked out, complete solutions for all odd-numbered questions and exercises in the text. Uses the same solutions methods as examples in the text.

    List Price = $123.95  | CengageBrain Price = $123.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $91.50


    Media Guide/Class Present/HM Testing/ClassPrep  (ISBN-10: 0618730826 | ISBN-13: 9780618730827)


    Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 0618528512 | ISBN-13: 9780618528516)


    Instructor's Resource Manual (Print)  (ISBN-10: 0618715819 | ISBN-13: 9780618715817)


    Fast Track to 5, 2006/2007 Update  (ISBN-10: 0618882898 | ISBN-13: 9780618882892)

    List Price = $51.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $38.25


    Online Instructor's Resource Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618730133 | ISBN-13: 9780618730131)

    List Price = $12.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $9.75


    Cartridge - Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 0618528598 | ISBN-13: 9780618528592)

    Online content is available in the form of a Blackboard/WebCT course cartridge. Resources include a wealth of student visualization, practice, and tutorial tools as well as instructor preparation, presentation, and testing materials. Includes all the resources from the Instructor and Student Websites along with the HM Testing content.

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    Media Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528466 | ISBN-13: 9780618528462)

    Includes the passkeys for both the Online Study Center and for SMARTHINKING. The guide is available for sale separately.

    List Price = $52.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $39.50


    Eduspace  (ISBN-10: 0618528563 | ISBN-13: 9780618528561)

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    Transparencies  (ISBN-10: 0618528539 | ISBN-13: 9780618528530)

    Include about 250 full-color transparency acetates of figures from the text for use on overhead projectors.


    Student CD-ROM  (ISBN-10: 0618528571 | ISBN-13: 9780618528578)

    List Price = $32.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $24.50


    List Price = $12.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $9.75


    Eduspace Essential Passkey  (ISBN-10: 0618752870 | ISBN-13: 9780618752874)

    Your Eduspace Essential Student Passkey will be sent to you digitally via your online purchase receipt and also sent via email.Your passkey is needed in order to access an Eduspace Essential course. Individual passkeys must be purchased for each course enrollment.Eduspace is Houghton Mifflin's online learning tool. It may be required by your instructor to complete online homework and assignments. Eduspace also offers powerful tools and text-specific content that will help you get a better grade.Eduspace Essential courses contain:

    List Price = $41.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $31.00


    Annotated Instructor's Edition  (ISBN-10: 0618528458 | ISBN-13: 9780618528455)


    Annotated Instructor's Edition Downloadable PDF eBook  (ISBN-10: 061875024X | ISBN-13: 9780618750245)

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    ePack: Text + OWL General Chemistry - 2 Semester Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495759740 | ISBN-13: 9780495759744)

    List Price = $368.95  | CengageBrain Price = $294.99  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $273.00


    Student Supplements

    Student Supplements

    All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About the Solution" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition. For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

    Active Learning Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528474 | ISBN-13: 9780618528479)

    Presents React questions and activities that can be used as teaching tools in lectures or recitation, requiring the student to complete the activities in the guide. The approach stresses active learning, thereby underscoring one of the traditional strengths of the text--the book's conceptual approach to problem solving. For the instructor, PowerPoint slides are available on the HM ClassPrep CD and on the Online Teaching Center containing the questions from the Active Learning Guide as well as relevant figures from the text and animations. Answers to the React questions are in the Instructor's Resource Guide.

    List Price = $43.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $32.75


    Lab Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618528482 | ISBN-13: 9780618528486)

    Provides 48 text-related experiments, and includes pre-laboratory questions and questions regarding results and observations. Many experiments offer procedural options, and safety is strongly emphasized throughout.

    List Price = $92.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $68.75


    Study Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528490 | ISBN-13: 9780618528493)

    Reflects the unique problem-solving approach of the book. Includes alternate problem solving strategies, supplemental explanations, summaries of chapter sections, 400 worked examples, 800 self-practice tests, and answers to the exercises and self-tests--all designed to help students master the text material.

    List Price = $116.95  | CengageBrain Price = $116.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $86.50


    Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0618528504 | ISBN-13: 9780618528509)

    Provides carefully worked out, complete solutions for all odd-numbered questions and exercises in the text. Uses the same solutions methods as examples in the text.

    List Price = $123.95  | CengageBrain Price = $123.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $91.50


    Fast Track to 5, 2006/2007 Update  (ISBN-10: 0618882898 | ISBN-13: 9780618882892)

    List Price = $51.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $38.25


    Cartridge - Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 0618528598 | ISBN-13: 9780618528592)

    Online content is available in the form of a Blackboard/WebCT course cartridge. Resources include a wealth of student visualization, practice, and tutorial tools as well as instructor preparation, presentation, and testing materials. Includes all the resources from the Instructor and Student Websites along with the HM Testing content.

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    Media Guide  (ISBN-10: 0618528466 | ISBN-13: 9780618528462)

    Includes the passkeys for both the Online Study Center and for SMARTHINKING. The guide is available for sale separately.

    List Price = $52.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $39.50


    Eduspace  (ISBN-10: 0618528563 | ISBN-13: 9780618528561)

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    Student CD-ROM  (ISBN-10: 0618528571 | ISBN-13: 9780618528578)

    List Price = $32.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $24.50


    Eduspace Essential Passkey  (ISBN-10: 0618752870 | ISBN-13: 9780618752874)

    Your Eduspace Essential Student Passkey will be sent to you digitally via your online purchase receipt and also sent via email.Your passkey is needed in order to access an Eduspace Essential course. Individual passkeys must be purchased for each course enrollment.Eduspace is Houghton Mifflin's online learning tool. It may be required by your instructor to complete online homework and assignments. Eduspace also offers powerful tools and text-specific content that will help you get a better grade.Eduspace Essential courses contain:

    List Price = $41.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $31.00


    Annotated Instructor's Edition Downloadable PDF eBook  (ISBN-10: 061875024X | ISBN-13: 9780618750245)

    List Price = $.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $.00


    ePack: Text + OWL General Chemistry - 2 Semester Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495759740 | ISBN-13: 9780495759744)

    List Price = $368.95  | CengageBrain Price = $294.99  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $273.00


    Meet the Author

    About the Author

    Steven S. Zumdahl

    Steve Zumdahl is the author of market-leading textbooks in introductory chemistry, general chemistry, honors-level chemistry, and high school chemistry. Recently retired from his long-time position as Director of Undergraduate Programs at the University of Illinois, he has received numerous awards for his contributions to chemical education. These include the National Catalyst Award in recognition of his contribution to chemical education, the University of Illinois Teaching Award, the UIUC Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Award, and the School of Chemical Sciences Teaching Award (five times). He earned his B.S. in Chemistry from Wheaton College (IL), and his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois.

    Susan A. Zumdahl

    Susan A. Zumdahl earned a B.S. and M.A. in Chemistry at California State University--Fullerton. She has taught science and mathematics at all levels, including middle school, high school, community college, and university. She is past director of the Merit Program for Emerging Scholars in Chemistry at the University of Illinois. In addition, she spearheaded the development of a sophisticated web-based electronic homework system for chemistry and is co-author on several chemistry textbooks.