Higher Education

Essentials of Physical Anthropology, 9th Edition

  • Robert Jurmain Professor Emeritus, San Jose State University
  • Lynn Kilgore University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Wenda Trevathan New Mexico State University
  • ISBN-10: 111183718X  |  ISBN-13: 9781111837181
  • 448 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2011, 2009, 2006
  • © 2013 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $131.25
  • Newer Edition Available
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About

Overview

Best-selling ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition, presents a concise and authoritative introduction to physical anthropology with the goal of helping students understand why it is important to know about human evolution by showing how humans are biologically connected to all other life. These biological connections link our species with our ancient ancestors, our contemporary primate cousins, and show how closely modern human populations are related to each other. The text has been reframed to emphasize this theme of biological connections as well as the connections between chapters in the material presented. This new framework will better help students grasp the big picture of human evolution and better navigate the material. Supported by new chapter opening Learning Objectives, new visual diagrams (see Chapter One)and other summation pedagogy such as "What's Important" boxes that put key chapter concepts into perspective for students, this text continues to help students master basic biological principles of physical anthropology and so be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition integrates coverage of the latest finds with relevant technologies to be the most up-to-date text available.

Features and Benefits

  • This text provides concise, balanced coverage of heredity and evolution, primates, hominin evolution, and contemporary human evolution. Its exceptionally accessible, student-friendly presentation of complex concepts is complemented by many powerful, in-text study tools, including a newly drawn art and map program, as well as many new photographs. The text's highly integrated art and pedagogical program makes the book more easily comprehensible no matter what you background is in science.
  • The book's art program includes illustrations, maps, and hundreds of photos directly related to text material, achieving the highest level of pedagogical usefulness, quality, and consistency. Photos of specimens supplement illustrations to lend a more lifelike appearance.
  • The authors don't just describe the fossils, they interpret them. The text presents fossils in chronological order and connects the different fossil finds to human evolution, so students are better able to understand the big picture of human evolution -- not just the data.
  • Numerous charts and diagrams summarize key information throughout the text, helping students understand complex scientific material using a visually simple format. Proven pedagogical aids, including intermittent Quick Reviews, a running glossary, a chapter-ending "Why it Matters" box, What's Important tables in the fossil chapters, and chapter-ending critical-thinking questions, help students grasp course material and complex concepts.
  • Designed to help students understand the importance of knowing about human evolution, the text highlights "big picture" evolutionary changes, such as trends, characteristics, and patterns, and relates material dealing with genetics, disease, and environmental and cultural issues to students' lives. The book's highly visual graphic reviews of fossil finds identify each major fossil group, the region where it was found, and its evolutionary significance. Also, vivid timelines on the tables highlight chronology.
  • The text's innovative electronic supplements include CourseMate, which offers a wealth of interactive resources such as video activities, map exercises, and quizzing. Additionally, the package includes Online Virtual Labs, a hands-on computer component for completing lab assignments at school or at home; students can actively participate in 12 labs using video clips, 3-D animations, sound, and digital images.
  • The "Why It Matters" chapter review features offer quick summaries with bulleted lists for easy review. These unique reviews discuss how the chapter's material adds to our understanding of human evolution.
  • The chapters on fossils and evolution emphasize the overall story of human connections and evolution. Chapter organization and coverage focuses more on chronology than geography. (When provided, place information is limited to general geographic location.) Discussions spotlight what each major fossil group tells us about human evolution.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction to Physical Anthropology.
2. The Development of Evolutionary Theory.
3. The Biological Basis of Life.
4. Heredity and Evolution.
5. Processes of Macroevolution.
6. An Overview of the Primates.
7. Primate Behavior.
8. Primate and Hominin Origins.
9. The First Dispersal of the Genus Homo: Homo erectus and Contemporaries.
10. Pre-modern Humans.
11. The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans.
12. Human Variation and Adaptation.
13. The Anthropological Perspective on the Human Life Course.
14. Lessons from the Past, Lessons for the Future.

What's New

  • NEW The text now features a 'connections framework' that emphasizes the big-picture theme of how humans are connected to all other life, from distant ancestors to contemporary primates, to the close connections between modern human populations.
  • NEW Chapter opening diagrams emphasize the 'connections' framework, providing students with a visual guide of the material that came before and the material to follow a chapter, helping students to better grasp the big picture of human evolution and better navigate the material from one chapter to another.
  • NEW In order to clarify material and make it easier to read and review, subheadings have been added throughout each chapter to clarify content and highlight the 'connections' framework; in addition, densely detailed sections have been clarified and the text further streamlined, overall.
  • NEW The entire art and map programs have been redrawn for consistency and many new photographs have been added and/or replace photos that were difficult to see.
  • NEW Student learning objectives have been added to the Instructor's Manual for all chapters.
  • NEW Chapter 1 has been rewritten to re-emphasize that the book focuses on the human story and why it is so important today to understand human evolution. The authors have also incorporated more thought-provoking questions and other material designed to draw students into anthropology and help them see its applicability to their lives.
  • NEW To add interest and acquaint students with the contributions of historical scientists, Chapter 2 now includes an illustration that presents, in timeline format, past evolutionists & their contributions to the study of physical and biological anthropology.
  • NEW Chapter 3 now makes the connection between biological processes and the study of natural selection & human evolution more explicit and discusses new material on the Neandertal genome and the creation of synthetic bacterial DNA announced in 2010.
  • NEW Chapter 5 has an increased focus on the 'human connection' theme and provides more clarity in headings along with a reduction in detail.
  • NEW Chapters 6 and 7 feature many changes to the art and photo programs, as well as an updated section on endangered primates (6) and a new section on the evolution of language (7).
  • NEW There is a greater emphasis on the 'connections' theme within the text and headings of Chapter 8, and the first part of the chapter has been significantly reorganized to provide better flow and greater clarity of the major topics presented. New material on A. Sediba has been added, and there is a revised discussion on the earliest appearance of the genus Homo.
  • NEW In Chapter 9, recalibrations of crucial dating for Homo erectus. Finds from Dmanaisi, Koobi Fora, and Ceprano are discussed, as well as the latest research at the Ngandong site, Java.
  • NEW Chapters 10, 11, and 12 all have major changes, deriving primarily from new molecular evidence, but also from new fossil and archaeological evidence (11 & 12). New molecular data reinforce origins of modern humans in Africa (12), the earlier dispersal of Neandertals and the interbreeding of Neandertals and modern humans (11), and better explain the worldwide genetic patterning of our species still seen today (12). New fossil evidence from Siberia is discussed in Chapter 10, as well as new archaeological data that show sophisticated use of pigment and modified shells by Neandertals (most likely for personal adornment), and DNA data from several Neandertals at the El Sidron site in N. Spain (published January 2011), show that this group was closely related and might well have had a patrilocal social organization.
  • NEW Chapter 13 has been re-focused on the mismatch between evolved human biology (adapted for ancestral environments) and contemporary diets, cultures, and lifestyles, and the concern that this mismatch is resulting in challenges to health. New concepts introduced or further elaborated upon include epigenetics, food intolerances, obesity and over-nutrition, fetal origins research, reproductive hormones, and the effects of new technologies on the brain. There is a reduced emphasis on the fundamentals of growth and development.
  • NEW Chapter 14 features a refreshed focus on the legacies of human evolutionary history and its effects on the individual and the world.

Alternate Formats

Choose the format that best fits your student's budget and course goals

To customize your learning solution, contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

  • Looseleaf Edition

    ISBN-10: 111183816X | ISBN-13: 9781111838164

    List Price = $110.95  | CengageBrain Price = $110.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $83.25

Learning Resource Bundles

Choose the textbook packaged with the resources that best meet your course and student needs. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

Printed Text + Anthropology CourseMate with eBook Instant Access Code

ISBN-10: 1133797830  | ISBN-13: 9781133797838

List Price = $187.95  | CengageBrain Price = $187.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $141.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • Essentials of Physical Anthropology
    List Price = $174.95  | CengageBrain Price = $174.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $131.25
  • CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $122.00  | CengageBrain Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00


Bundle: Text + Anthropology CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1133797822  | ISBN-13:  9781133797821

List Price = $187.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $141.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • Essentials of Physical Anthropology
    List Price = $174.95  | CengageBrain Price = $174.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $131.25
  • CourseMate Printed Access Card
    List Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $91.00


Bundle: Essentials of Physical Anthropology, 9th + National Geographic Learning Reader: Biological Anthropology (with Printed Access Card)

ISBN-10:  1285157907 | ISBN-13:  9781285157900

List Price = $180.95  | CengageBrain Price = $180.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $136.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • National Geographic Learning Reader: Biological Anthropology
    List Price = $27.95  | CengageBrain Price = $27.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $20.75
  • Essentials of Physical Anthropology
    List Price = $174.95  | CengageBrain Price = $174.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $131.25


Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Essentials of Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 111183816X | ISBN-13: 9781111838164)

Best-selling ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition, presents a concise and authoritative introduction to physical anthropology with the goal of helping students understand why it is important to know about human evolution by showing how humans are biologically connected to all other life. These biological connections link our species with our ancient ancestors, our contemporary primate cousins, and show how closely modern human populations are related to each other. The text has been reframed to emphasize this theme of biological connections as well as the connections between chapters in the material presented. This new framework will better help students grasp the big picture of human evolution and better navigate the material. Supported by new chapter opening Learning Objectives, new visual diagrams (see Chapter One)and other summation pedagogy such as "What's Important" boxes that put key chapter concepts into perspective for students, this text continues to help students master basic biological principles of physical anthropology and so be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition integrates coverage of the latest finds with relevant technologies to be the most up-to-date text available.

List Price = $110.95  | CengageBrain Price = $110.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $83.25

CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133047874 | ISBN-13: 9781133047872)

Complement your text and course content with study and practice materials. Cengage Learning's Anthropology CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Watch student comprehension soar as your class works with the printed textbook and the textbook-specific website. Anthropology CourseMate goes beyond the book to deliver what you need!

List Price = $122.00  | CengageBrain Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00

WebTutor on Blackboard®, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access with eBook on Gateway  (ISBN-10: 1133047963 | ISBN-13: 9781133047964)

Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. Students gain access to a full array of study tools, including learning objectives, chapter-specific quizzing material, flashcards, and videos. With WebTutor™, instructors can provide virtual office hours, post syllabi, track student progress with the quizzing material, and even customize the content to suit their needs.

List Price = $135.00  | CengageBrain Price = $135.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $135.00

WebTutor on WebCT, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access with eBook on Gateway  (ISBN-10: 113304798X | ISBN-13: 9781133047988)

Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. Students gain access to a full array of study tools, including learning objectives, chapter-specific quizzing material, flashcards, and videos. With WebTutor™, instructors can provide virtual office hours, post syllabi, track student progress with the quizzing material, and even customize the content to suit their needs.

List Price = $135.00  | CengageBrain Price = $135.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $135.00

Online Instructor’s Manual with Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1133102808 | ISBN-13: 9781133102809)

Prepare for your lectures with this helpful supplement that includes learning objectives, a chapter outline, key terms and concepts with page number references, lecture suggestions, and InfoTrac and Internet exercises for each chapter. Customize your exams and quizzes with the test bank, which includes multiple choice and true-false questions with the correct answer, page number reference and a corresponding learning objective for each item. There are also suggested essay questions.

Interactive Quizzing  (ISBN-10: 1133047998 | ISBN-13: 9781133047995)

List Price = $52.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $39.50

Virtual Lab for Physical Anthropology Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 0495096105 | ISBN-13: 9780495096108)

The new edition of this full color, interactive pass code protected, web-based product provides students with a hands-on computer component for completing lab assignments at school or at home. Through the use of video clips, 3-D animations, sound, and digital images, students can actively participate in 12 labs as part of their physical anthropology and archaeology course. The labs and assignments teach students how to formulate and test hypotheses with exercises that include how to measure, plot, interpret, and evaluate a variety of data drawn from osteological, behavioral, and fossil materials. Also available in a CD-ROM format.

List Price = $80.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $80.00

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 0495510149 | ISBN-13: 9780495510147)

This new reader edited by Mark K. Sandford presents students with classic and contemporary articles on key issues dealing with the nature of science, evolution and heredity, primate behavior, human evolution, and modern human variation.

List Price = $45.95  | CengageBrain Price = $45.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $34.50

Virtual Laboratories for Physical Anthropology CD-ROM, Version 4.0  (ISBN-10: 049500992X | ISBN-13: 9780495009924)

Through the use of video segments, interactive exercises, quizzes, 3-D animations, sound, and digital images, students can actively participate in 12 labs on their terms—at home, in the library, or at any time! Recent fossil discoveries are included, as well as exercises in behavior and archaeology, and critical-thinking and problem-solving activities. When you order Virtual Laboratories on the web-based CengageNOW platform, a powerful course management component allows you to reorder the labs, move content within the labs, utilize the pre-lab and post-lab tests for each lab, and track how much time students spend on each lab. Virtual Laboratories includes Web links, outstanding fossil images, exercises, a notebook feature, and a post-lab self-quiz. Virtual Laboratories is also available on CD (with a portion of the features and functionality of the online version).

List Price = $216.95  | CengageBrain Price = $216.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $160.50

AIDS in Africa DVD  (ISBN-10: 0495171832 | ISBN-13: 9780495171836)

Expand your students’ global perspective of HIV/AIDS with this award-winning documentary series focused on controlling HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa. Films focus on caregivers in the faith community; how young people share messages of hope through song and dance; the relationship of HIV/AIDS to gender, poverty, stigma, education, and justice; and the story of two HIV-positive women helping others.

Lab Manual and Workbook for Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 0495810851 | ISBN-13: 9780495810858)

Now in full color, Diane France's lab manual balances the study of human osteology, forensic anthropology, anthropometry, primates, human evolution, and genetics with a new chapter on growth & development, more material on disease and more on the anomalies of the human skeleton caused by disease and mechanical stress. Redundant and complex exercises have been pulled and the art program has been greatly enhanced with color images that include scales and orientation information. Exercises now contain thumbnail images of the related images for easy reference. In addition to providing hands-on lab assignments that help students apply physical anthropology perspectives and techniques to real situations, the Lab Manual provides a wealth of solid information and photographs that support the identification and observation problems that help make the concepts of physical anthropology easier to understand. This edition has been thoroughly reviewed, error-checked, revised and updated for complete accuracy and more balanced coverage of topic material. Diane France brings full color visuals, a new chapter on Growth & Development, a unique chapter on Forensic Anthropology and an online Instructor's Manual that includes answers to the exercises contained in the lab manual, to make this manual even easier to integrate into your course.

List Price = $153.95  | CengageBrain Price = $153.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $115.50

Student Supplements

Essentials of Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 111183816X | ISBN-13: 9781111838164)

Concise, well-balanced, and comprehensive, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition introduces you to physical anthropology with the goal of helping you understand why it is important to know about human evolution. You will learn how humans are biologically connected to all other life, including our ancient ancestors and our contemporary primate cousins, and how closely modern human populations are related to each other. New chapter opening visual diagrams, a completely new art and map program, outstanding visual photographs and Photo Essays, as well as other pedagogy such as "What's Important" boxes at the end of every chapter, will enable you to better grasp the big picture of human evolution. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition, integrates up-to-date coverage of the latest finds and relevant technologies in a format and writing style designed to help all students understand and master human origins and our place in the biological world.

List Price = $110.95  | CengageBrain Price = $110.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $83.25

CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133047874 | ISBN-13: 9781133047872)

The more you study, the better the results. Make the most of your study time by accessing everything you need to succeed in one place. Read your textbook, take notes, review flashcards, watch videos, and take practice quizzes--online with CourseMate.

List Price = $122.00  | CengageBrain Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00

WebTutor on Blackboard®, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access with eBook on Gateway  (ISBN-10: 1133047963 | ISBN-13: 9781133047964)

WebTutor offers real-time access to a full array of study tools, such as glossary flashcards (with audio), practice quizzes, and more.

List Price = $135.00  | CengageBrain Price = $135.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $135.00

WebTutor on WebCT, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access with eBook on Gateway  (ISBN-10: 113304798X | ISBN-13: 9781133047988)

WebTutor offers real-time access to a full array of study tools, such as glossary flashcards (with audio), practice quizzes, and more.

List Price = $135.00  | CengageBrain Price = $135.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $135.00

LMS Integrated for CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285370279 | ISBN-13: 9781285370279)

The more you study, the better the results. Make the most of your study time by accessing everything you need to succeed in your anthropology course in one place. Read your eBook, take notes, review flashcards, view videos, and take practice quizzes—all online with MindLink for CourseMate.

List Price = $122.00  | CengageBrain Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00

Interactive Quizzing  (ISBN-10: 1133047998 | ISBN-13: 9781133047995)

List Price = $52.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $39.50

Blackboard MindLink for CourseMate, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285371399 | ISBN-13: 9781285371399)

The more you study, the better the results. Make the most of your study time by accessing everything you need to succeed in your anthropology course in one place. Read your eBook, take notes, review flashcards, view videos, and take practice quizzes—all online with MindLink for CourseMate on Blackboard.

List Price = $122.00  | CengageBrain Price = $122.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00

Flash Cards Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 128579673X | ISBN-13: 9781285796734)

Flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Interactive flashcards include terms and definitions for each chapter. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

List Price = $4.00  | CengageBrain Price = $4.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $4.00

Virtual Lab for Physical Anthropology Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 0495096105 | ISBN-13: 9780495096108)

This full color, interactive online product provides students with a hands-on computer component for completing lab assignments at school or at home. Through the use of video clips, 3-D animations, sound, and digital images, students can actively participate in 12 labs as part of their physical anthropology and archaeology course. The labs and assignments teach students how to formulate and test hypotheses with exercises that include how to measure, plot, interpret, and evaluate a variety of data drawn from osteological, behavioral, and fossil materials. VIRTUAL LABORATORIES can function as the sole laboratory component in the course, or it can be used to supplement more traditional hands-on teaching by providing a wider range of materials than available in the typical college laboratory. The student can study and review the materials time and again throughout the semester. Access to this online product is available packaged at a discount with a new Wadsworth text upon request or it can be purchased online as a standalone item.

List Price = $80.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $80.00

Quizzing Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285792939 | ISBN-13: 9781285792934)

Interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. True/false and multiple choice questions are included for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

List Price = $6.00  | CengageBrain Price = $6.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $6.00

Quizzing with Flash Cards Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 128578913X | ISBN-13: 9781285789132)

Interactive practice quizzes and flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Flashcards contain terms and definitions for each chapter. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.

List Price = $6.00  | CengageBrain Price = $6.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $6.00

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 0495510149 | ISBN-13: 9780495510147)

This new reader edited by Mark K. Sandford presents classic and contemporary articles on key issues dealing with the nature of science, evolution and heredity, primate behavior, human evolution, and modern human variation.

List Price = $45.95  | CengageBrain Price = $45.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $34.50

Virtual Laboratories for Physical Anthropology CD-ROM, Version 4.0  (ISBN-10: 049500992X | ISBN-13: 9780495009924)

Ever wish you could just do your lab work from home? Now you can. With VIRTUAL LABORATORIES FOR PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY CD-ROM you can do all 12 labs from your room. You'll use video clips, 3-D animation, and data from the latest fossil finds to test your hypotheses or discover new research directions. You can even take notes in the program, and then print them out when it's test time. With in-depth information, interactive labs, and test-prep all included, this is the best lab program available. Log on and start doing anthropology from home today!

List Price = $216.95  | CengageBrain Price = $216.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $160.50

Lab Manual and Workbook for Physical Anthropology  (ISBN-10: 0495810851 | ISBN-13: 9780495810858)

Master the concepts of physical anthropology with LAB MANUAL AND WORKBOOK FOR PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY! With hands-on lab assignments that help you apply physical anthropology perspectives and techniques to real situations, this lab manual help you understand difficult topics such as human osteology, forensic anthropology, anthropometry, primates, human evolution, and genetics. Margin definitions, key terms, helpful hints, exercises, and an index emphasize important topics and make studying easy.

List Price = $153.95  | CengageBrain Price = $153.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $115.50

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Robert Jurmain

Robert Jurmain received an A.B. in Anthropology from UCLA and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from Harvard. He taught at San Jose State University from 1975 to 2004 and is now professor emeritus. During his teaching career, he taught courses in all major branches of physical anthropology, including osteology and human evolution, with the greatest concentration in general education teaching for introductory students. His research interests are skeletal biology of humans and non-human primates, paleopathology, and paleoanthropology. In addition to his three textbooks, which together have appeared in 30 editions, he is the author of STORIES FROM THE SKELETON: BEHAVIORAL RECONSTRUCTION IN HUMAN OSTEOLOGY (1999, Gordon Breach Publishers), as well as numerous articles in research journals.

Lynn Kilgore

Lynn Kilgore earned her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she now holds an affiliate faculty position. Her primary research interests are osteology and paleopathology. She has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in human osteology, primate behavior, human heredity and evolution, and general physical anthropology. Her research focuses on developmental defects as well as on disease and trauma in human and great ape skeletons.

Wenda Trevathan

Wenda Trevathan is regents' professor (emerita) of anthropology at New Mexico State University, where she taught from 1983 to 2009. She is a biological anthropologist whose research focuses on the evolutionary and biocultural factors underlying human reproduction, including childbirth, maternal behavior, sexuality, and menopause. Her primary publications include works on the evolution of childbirth and evolutionary medicine. Her most recent book is ANCIENT BODIES, MODERN LIVES: HOW EVOLUTION HAS SHAPED WOMEN'S HEALTH (2010, Oxford University Press). She has taught courses in physical anthropology, nutritional anthropology, medical anthropology, evolutionary medicine, and anthropology of reproduction.