Math is a critical element of pharmaceutical care and a sound knowledge of math concepts is key to succeeding as a pharmacy technician. The second edition of PHARMACEUTICAL CALCULATIONS FOR PHARMACY TECHNICIANS: A WORKTEXT provides an effective, hands-on guide to essential math skills, from simple addition and subtraction to formulas used in dosage calculations and basic business math. This highly practical reference helps students develop strong math skills to perform accurate calculations with confidence and prevent medication errors. In addition to informative content, the text includes abundant examples of medication labels, medical forms, and other images to help students apply professional skills in real-life situations. Now thoroughly updated, this edition is more useful than ever, providing an invaluable resource for students and professional pharmacy technicians alike.
Table of Contents
Part I: INTRODUCTION.
1. Fundamentals of Math.
2. Fractions and Decimals.
3. Ratios, Proportions, and Percents.
4. Celsius and Fahrenheit Temperature Conversions.
Part II: PRESCRIPTIONS, DRUG LABELS, AND PERCENTAGE OF ERROR.
5. Interpretation of Prescriptions and Drug Labels.
6. Percentage of Error Due to Equipment.
Part III: LIQUID MEASURES, CONCENTRATIONS, AND DILUTIONS.
8. Dilutions and Solutions.
Part IV: DOSAGE CALCULATIONS
9. Ratio and Proportion Method.
10. Dimensional Analysis.
11. Formula Method.
12. Oral Medication Labels and Dosage Calculations.
13. Reconstitution of Powdered Drugs.
14. Parenteral Medication Labels and Dosage Calculation.
15. Intravenous Flow Rate Calculations.
16. Pediatric Drug Administration.
Part V: PHARMACY OPERATIONS.
17. Business Math.
Appendix A: Answers to Stop and Review Activities.
Appendix B: Answers to Test Your Knowledge Questions.
Appendix C: Answers to Case Studies.
Appendix D: The Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs in 2011.
Appendix E: Converting Measurements.