PART 1: READING AND STUDY STRATEGIES.
1. Engaging with Reading.
Why Is Reading Important? INTERACTION 1–1 What Do You Want to Do When You Get Out of School? Getting Motivated to Read. INTERACTION 1–2 Find Out the Income Potential of a Career You Are Interested In. The Power of Visualizing Your Future. INTERACTION 1–3 Visualizing Your Future. Watching Videos, Reading Articles and Talking With Classmates. Read and Talk: "The Power of Choice." Reading Is an Interaction. INTERACTION 1– 4 What Do You Do When You View? Before You View or Read. INTERACTION 1–5 What Is the Purpose of That Show You Watch? INTERACTION 1– 6 Determining the Purpose of a Reading. While You are Viewing or Reading. After You have Viewed or Read. INTERACTION 1–7. Choose an Informative Article. INTERACTION 1– 8 The Title, the Purpose, Your Interest. INTERACTION 1–9 Survey. Your Informative Article. INTERACTION 1–10 Activate Your Prior Knowledge. INTERACTION 1–11 Monitor Your Comprehension. INTERACTION 1–12 Think About What You Learned, Its Relevance, and Its Significance. Improving Your Reading Rate. Chunking. INTERACTION 1–13 Chunking Practice. Your Reading Rate Is Based on Your Reason for Reading. What your reading purpose is. How complex the material is. Your prior knowledge. Your interest in the material. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Communications. College Communications App: "Celebrity Endorsements" from Creative Strategy in Advertising, 10e, pp. 12-16. Career Communications App: "Today''s Generations Face New Communication Gaps" by Denise Kersten.
2. Expanding Your Vocabulary.
Read and Talk: "CNN Reporter Sanjay Gupta Becomes Part of the Story in Haiti."Define Words as You Read Using Context Clues. Find Context Clues While Reading. Recognize Four Kinds of Context Clues. INTERACTION 2–1 Identifying Meaning Using Example Context Clues. Signal Words May Not Be Present. INTERACTION 2–2 Identifying Examples with No Signal Words. INTERACTION 2–3 Identifying Meaning Using Contrast Signal Clues. INTERACTION 2–4 Identifying Meaning Using Comparison Signal Clues. INTERACTION 2–5 Determine Meanings Using Your Logic. INTERACTION 2–6 Using Logic and Prior Knowledge to Determine Meanings. INTERACTION 2–7 Using Signal Words to Determine Meanings. Create EASY Notecards to Study Words. Understand the Connotations of Some Words. INTERACTION 2–8 Identifying Neutral and Emotional Words. Study Vocabulary Systematically Using Word Parts. Roots Carry the Basic Meaning. INTERACTION 2–9 Identifying Roots and Their Meanings. Prefixes Add Information to the Meaning. INTERACTION 2–10 Identifying Roots and Prefixes. Suffixes Show How Words Act in Sentences. INTERACTION 2–11 Identifying Suffixes. Using Your Knowledge of Word Parts to Make Meaning. INTERACTION 2–12 Using Word Parts and Context Clues to Define Words. Word Parts Glossary. Look Over the Vocabulary of College. INTERACTION 2–13 Using the Vocabulary of College. Learn the Vocabulary of a Field. INTERACTION 2–14 Using Key Terms from Health Science. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Health Sciences. College Health App: "How Can I Change a Bad Health Habit?" from An Invitation to Health, 12th edition. Career Health App: "Learning to Talk the Talk in a Hospital" byTheresa Brown, R.N.
3. Identifying Topics and Main Ideas.
Read and Talk: "Breaking Out: Our School System''s Success with Autistic Children." MAPPS: A Reading Plan. Marking the Answers to Your Questions. What Is the Reading About? The Topic. INTERACTION 3 –1 Identifying the Topic of a Paragraph. INTERACTION 3 –2 More on Identifying the Topic of a Paragraph. INTERACTION 3 –3 Identifying the Topic of a Paragraph in Longer Selections
What Is the Point of the Reading? The Main Idea. INTERACTION 3 – 4 Finding the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph. INTERACTION 3 –5 More on Finding the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph. INTERACTION 3 – 6 More on Finding the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph. Location of the Topic Sentence: Anywhere. INTERACTION 3 –7 Finding the Topic Sentence. Thesis Statements in Textbook Sections. INTERACTION 3 – 8 Identifying Thesis Statements in a Textbook Section. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Education. College Education App: "Technology and Learning" from So You Want to Be a Teacher? Career Education App: "School Texts :(: Educators Differ on How to Handle Cell Phones in Classrooms" by Joanie Baker.
4. Noticing Patterns of Supporting Details.
Read and Talk: "Gunfire on Campus: Lesson Learned." What Is the Proof? The Supporting Details. INTERACTION 4 –1 Mapping the Details. Major Versus Minor Details. INTERACTION 4 –2 Mapping the Minor Details. INTERACTION 4 –3 Identifying the Proof in an Article. Patterns that Organize Supporting Details. INTERACTION 4 – 4 Forming Mental Structures from Main Ideas. Types of Organizational Patterns. Classification: What Kinds Are There? Comparison and Contrast: How Are These the Same? How Do They Differ? Definition: What Is This? What Does It Mean? Examples: What Are Examples of This General Idea? Cause and Effect: What Made This Happen? What Does This Lead To? Time Order: When Did That Happen? What Steps Does It Take to Achieve a Goal? Space Order: Where Are Things Located? Each Pattern Answers a Question. INTERACTION 4 –5 Applying Your Knowledge of Patterns to Paragraphs. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Criminal Justice. College Criminal Justice App: "Home Confinement and Electronic Monitoring" from Criminal Justice in Action, 5th edition. Career Criminal Justice App: "Dogs Trained to Smell Cell Phones Will Fight Prison Drug Crimes" by the Nashville Criminal Defense Blog.
5. Applying Reading Comprehension Skills through Note Taking.
Ask Questions and Mark the Answers. INTERACTION 5–1 Form Your Question, Set Your Reading Purpose, and Activate Your Prior Knowledge. Use Double Column Notebooks to Record Ideas. Turn Titles, Headings and Subtitles into Questions. INTERACTION 5–2 Turning Headings into Questions, and Reading to Find the Answer. Read to Answer the Question, Then Mark the Answer, and Repeat. Mark Only the Most Important Ideas. Should You Highlight or Annotate? Turning Highlights and Annotations into an Outline. INTERACTION 5–3 Highlighting Only the Important Ideas. INTERACTION 5– 4 Annotating Only the Important Ideas. Use Cornell Notes to Record Ideas. INTERACTION 5–5 Creating Cornell Notes. Paraphrase to Recall Ideas. Switch It, Flip It, Tweak It. INTERACTION 5– 6 Switch It, Flip It, Tweak It (As Needed). INTERACTION 5–7 Switch It, Flip It, Tweak It Applied to Definitions. Flesh It Out. INTERACTION 5– 8 Fleshing Out a Paragraph. Chapter Summary Activity.
PART 2: CRITICAL READING STRATEGIES.
6. Asking Critical Thinking Questions.
Read and Talk: Excerpt from Lone Survivor, by Marcus Luttrel and Patrick Robinson. Critical Thinking Is a Learning Process. Remembering. Understanding. Applying. Analyzing. Evaluating. Creating. INTERACTION 6–1 Reasons Why You Decided to Attend School. Using Critical Thinking to Determine Hierarchy. INTERACTION 6–2 Thinking Critically to Recognize General to Specific Ideas. INTERACTION 6–3Thinking Critically to Recognize Hierarchy. Using Critical Thinking to Analyze Test Questions. INTERACTION 6–4 Using Critical Thinking to Analyze Test Questions Applying
Critical Thinking to Reading Passages. INTERACTION 6–5 Using Critical Thinking to Analyze Reading Passages. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Visual Arts. College Visual Arts App: "Paleolithic Cave Painting," from Gardner''s Art Through the Ages, 13th edition. Career Visuals Arts App: "Every Child Needs the Arts" by Charles Fowler, D. M. A.
7. Inferring Meaning from Details.
Read and Talk: "Illegal Fireworks Likely Cause of Massive Arkansas Bird Deaths." The Process of Making Inferences. INTERACTION 7–1 Making Inferences about Causes
Inferences That Fit All the Details. INTERACTION 7–2 Making Inferences that Fit All the Details. INTERACTION 7–3 Playing with Inference Riddles. The Role of Prior Knowledge in Making Inferences. INTERACTION 7–4 Making Meaning from Words on the Page. Generalizing by Identifying Patterns Among Ideas. INTERACTION 7–5 Using Visuals to Practice Generalizing . INTERACTION 7–6 Making Generalizations. Inferring Implied Main Ideas. Inferring the Topic Sentence of a Paragraph. INTERACTION 7–7 Stating the Implied Topic Sentence of Paragraphs. Inferring the Thesis Statement of a Longer Selection. INTERACTION 7–8 Stating the Implied Topic Sentence of Paragraphs. INTERACTION 7–9 Inferring the Thesis Statement of a Longer Selection. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Environmental Science. College Environmental Science App: "Easter Island: Some Revisions in a Popular Environmental Story" from Essentials of Ecology. Career Environmental Science App: "A New World," by Bill McKibben.
8. Evaluating the Author''s Purpose and Tone.
Read and Talk: "Now What Was My Password?" by Spencer. Three Main Purposes (PIE Review). INTERACTION 8–1 Determining the Purpose of a Passage. Distinguishing Between Denotation and Connotation. INTERACTION 8–2 Noting the Connotations of Words. INTERACTION 8–3 Understanding Tone Based on Connotation. Considering a Word''s Degree of Intensity. INTERACTION 8–4 Identifying Degrees of Intensity
Learning to Use More Specific Tone Words. Interaction 8–5 Finding the Specific Tone Word. Understanding the Different Tone of Literal and Figurative Language. INTERACTION 8–6 Identifying Metaphors and Similes. INTERACTION 8–7 Finding Personification in Poetry. INTERACTION 8–8 Thinking About Hyperbole. INTERACTION 8–9 Metaphor, Simile, Personification, or Hyperbole? INTERACTION 8–10 Identifying Irony. Understanding How Tone Supports the Author''s Purpose. INTERACTION 8–11 Understanding How Tone Supports the Author''s Purpose. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Computer and Information Sciences. College Computer Sciences App: "The Hacker" from Anderson, Fero, Hilton, Connecting With Computer Science, 2e, pp. 50-52. Career Computer Sciences App: "Social Media and Politics: Truthiness and Astroturfing," blog by Jeremy Wagstaff.
9. Evaluating Points of View.
Read and Talk: "The Potential Lover: Is This Person Attracted to Me?" by Carlin Flora. Fact, Opinion, and Bias. Facts Can Be Verified. INTERACTION 9–1 Identifying Information That Can Be Verified. Opinions Are Subjective. INTERACTION 9–2 Comparing Facts and Opinions. INTERACTION 9–3 Creating Fact and Opinion Sentences. Words That Can Express Opinions. INTERACTION 9–4 Identifying Adjectives and What They Point To. INTERACTION 9–5 Writing About an Image. INTERACTION 9–6 Thinking about Qualifiers. INTERACTION 9–7 Thinking About Comparisons. INTERACTION 9–8 Identifying Fact and Opinion in a Movie Review
Sources of Information. INTERACTION 9–9 Identifying the Credibility of Sources. INTERACTION 9–10 Evaluating Statements for Credibility. Bias for a Viewpoint. INTERACTION 9–11 Investigating Your Own Biases. INTERACTION 9–12 Investigating Authors'' Biases. INTERACTION 9–13 Identifying Fact, Opinion, and Bias. Chapter Summary Activity. Engage Your Skills. Master Your Skills. Focus on Psychology. College Psychology App: "Improving Everyday Memory" from Psychology.
Career Psychology App: "Domestic Drama: On-Again, Off-Again," by Elizabeth Svoboda.
10. Applying Critical Thinking Skills to Visuals.
Interpret Tables. INTERACTION 10–1 Analyzing a Table from a Health Textbook. Interpret Pie Charts. INTERACTION 10–2 Analyzing a Pie Chart from a Financial Expert''s Blog. Interpret Line Graphs. INTERACTION 10–3 Analyzing a Line Graph from a Gallup Poll. Interpret Bar Graphs. INTERACTION 10–4 Analyzing a Bar Graph from a Sociology Textbook. Interpret Flowcharts. INTERACTION 10–5 Analyzing a Flowchart from a Population Textbook. Interpret Photographs. INTERACTION 10–6 Analyzing a Photograph from an Anthropology Textbook. Chapter Summary Activity
PART 3: READING ACROSS THE DISCIPLINES.
Reading A. "Stress On Campus" from Hales, An Invitation to Health [health].
Reading B. "Communicating in a Diverse Environment," from Contemporary Business Communication [business].
Reading C. "The Case For Treating Drug Addicts In Prison" [criminal justice]. Reading D. "Factors Of Poverty" [sociology].
Reading E. "The Personal Financial Planning Process" from Gitman & Joehnk, Personal Financial Planning [finance].