Higher Education

Major Problems in African American History: Volume II: From Freedom to "Freedom Now," 1865 - 1990s, 1st Edition

  • Thomas C. Holt The University of Chicago
  • Elsa Barkley Brown The University of Maryland, College Park
  • ISBN-10: 0669462934  |  ISBN-13: 9780669462937
  • 402 Pages
  • © 2000 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $108.00



This text introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays and is designed to encourage critical thinking about the history and culture of African Americans. The book presents a carefully selected group of readings organized to allow students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.

Table of Contents

1. Interpreting African-American History
The Brownie''s Book Encourages Black Children to Know Their History, 1920
Carter G. Woodson on His Goals for Black History, 1922
Mary McLeod Bethune Outlines the Objectives of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1937
John Hope Franklin Explains the Lonely Dilemma of the American Negro Scholar, 1963
Vincent Harding on the Differences Between Negro History and Black History, 1971
Lucille Clifton and the Nurturing of History, c. 1990
John Hope Franklin, The History of African-American History
David W. Blight, The Burden of African-American History: Memory, Justice, and a Usable Past
Fath Davis Ruffins, Sites of Memory, Sites of Struggle: The "Materials" of History
2. The Work of Reconstruction
African Americans in Richmond, Virginia, Petition President Andrew Johnson, 1865
Freedmen of Edisto Island, South Carolina, Demand Land, 1865
Captain Charles Soule, Northern Army Officer, Lectures Ex-Slaves on the Responsibilities of Freedom, 1865
A Share-Wages Contract, 1865
Charles Raushenberg, a Freedmen''s Bureau Agent, Reports from Georgia, 1867
Martin Lee, a Freedman, Struggles to Reunite His Family, 1866
Elizabeth Botume, a Northern Schoolteacher, Remembers a Husband and Wife Reunion, c. 1865
Harriet Hernandes, a South Carolina Woman, Testifies Against the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Elected Representatives, 1872
Herbert C. Gutman, Schools for Freedom
Julie Saville, Defining Free Labor
Elsa Barkley Brown, The Labor of Politics
3. Renegotiating African-American Life in the New South
Black Southerners Look Toward Kansas, 1877
David C. Barrow, Jr., a Georgia Planter''s Son, Describes the Emergence of Sharecropping, 1880
Nate Shaw Aims to Make a Living Farming, 1907-1908
Black Southerners Appeal to President William McKinley for Federal Protection, 1898-1900
Representative George White of North Carolina Delivers His Final Speech on the Floor of Congress, 1901
Richmond Planet Reports a Streetcar Boycott, 1904-1905
A Public Library Opens in Louisville, Kentucky, 1908
Elsa Barkley Brown, Renegotiating the Community
Tera W. Hunter, The Politics of Labor
4. Rural Exodus and the Growth of New Urban Communities
Black Population of Selected Cities, 1910-1930
Migrants'' Letters, 1917
Helpful Hints for Migrants to Detroit, 1918
George Edmund Haynes, a Black Social Scientist, Surveys Detroit, 1918
A Migrant Family Adjusts to Life in Chicago, 1922
Migration Blues
Peter Gottleib, The Great Migration
Irma Watkins-Owens, Caribbean Connections
5. Defining a Race Politics
Ida B. Wells Urges Self-Defense, 1892
Booker T. Washington Promotes Accommodationism, 1895
Resolutions of the National Association of Colored Women, 1904
The Niagara Men Pldege Themselves to Persistent Agitation, 1905
Maggie Lena Walker Talks to Black Men About Racial Responsibility, 1906
Promoting Black Towns, c. 1907
Ten Thousand Charlestonians Petition for Black Teachers in Black Schools, 1919
The Messenger Urges Black and White Workers to Organize, 1919
Marcus Garvey Assesses the Situation for Black People, 1922
Deborah Gray White, Race and Feminism
Winston James, Race Consciousness and Radicalism
6. The Culture Wars
A Review of Scott Joplin''s Opera "Treemonisha," 1911
Blues Lyrics of the 1920s
Rev. George W. Harvey, Baptist Minister, Denounces Swinging Spirituals, 1939
Alain Locke, Philosopher, Defines the "New Negro," 1925
Langston Hughes, Poet and Writer, Critiques His Critics, 1940
Screening the Race, 1925
Zora Neale Hurston, Writer and Anthropologist, Takes Her University Training Home, 1927
A Roundtable Discussion on African Survivals in Gullah Language, 1941
Tera W. Hunter, The Blues Aesthetic and Black Vernacular Dance
Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, Constructing Working-Class Culture
7. Opportunities Lost and Found
Black Population in Selected Cities, 1940-1960
Charles Hamilton Houston and John P. Davis Critique the Lily-White Tennessee Valley Authority, 1934
Protesting Lynching: A National Crime, 1934
A "Black Cabinet" Assembles, 1938
Louise "Mamma" Harris Describes Labor Organizing in Richmond, Virginia, Tobacco Factories, 1940
A Marine''s Letter to A. Philip Randolph About Discrimination in the Marine Corps, c. 1943
Breaking the Color Bar in Sports, 1947
Robin D.G. Kelley, Radical Organizing During the Depression
Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, New Lives in the West
8. Origins of the Civil Rights Movement
Ella Baker and Marvel Cooke Describe Exploitation of Black Women Workers During the Depression, 1935
Young Radicals Propose an Economic Program for the NAACP, 1935
Charles Hamilton Houston Lays Out a Legal Strategy for the NAACP, 1935
Goals of the National Negro Congress, 1935
A Call to March on Washington, 1941
James Farmer Recounts CORE''s Early Direct Action Strategy, 1942
Consumers Boycott Washington, D.C., Department Store, 1945
Robin D.G. Kelley, Theatres of Resistance
Robert Korstad and Nelson Lichtenstein, Labor and Civil Rights
9. The Civil Rights Movement
Jo Ann Robinson, Women''s Political Council President, Hints of a Bus Boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, 1954
Melba Pattillo Beals Recalls Her First Days at Little Rock Central High School, 1957
Fannie Lou Hamer''s Initiation into the Civil Rights Movement, 1962
James Bevel, an SCLC Organizer, Mobilizes Birmingham''s Young People, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr., Writes from His Jail Cell, 1963
John Lewis, SNCC Chairman, Challenges the Federal Government, 1963
Avon W. Rollins, an SNCC Field Secretary, Details Progrss Made in Danville, Virginia, 1964
Malcolm X Defines Revolution, 1963
Civil Rights Leader Bayard Rustin Is Forced Out, 1960
Clayborne Carson, "A Leader Who Stood Out in a Forest of Trees"
Charles M. Payne, Cultural Traditions and the Politicization of Communities
Charles M. Payne, Challenging the Politics of Spokesmanship
10. After "Freedom Now!"
Nina Simone''s Song "Mississippi Goddam," 1964
SNCC Denounces the Vietnam War, 1966
An Interview with Black Panther Jimmy Slater
Combahee River Collective Statement, 1977
A Statistical Portrait of Black America, 1940-1990s
Miami''s Concerned Black Organizations for Justice Issues a Manifesto of "Collective Needs," 1980
George Lipsitz, Civil Rights Activism and the War on Poverty
Suzanne E. Smith, The Political Culture of Detoit
11. Progress and Poverty: African Americans at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century
Leanita McClain on Being Black, Successful, and Middle Class, 1980
Jesse Jackson Addresses the Democratic National Convention, 1988
The Children''s Defense Fund Assesses the Life Chances of a Black Child in America, 2000
The Relative Economic Condition of Black Youths, 1973 and 1993
The United States Congress Investigates Rap Music, 1994
The New Face of Racism: Racial Profiling, 1999
The New Face of Racism: The Ordeal of Haitian Immigrants, 1998
TheBorders of Black America: The New "Black" Immigrants, 1999
Lani Guinier, Rethinking Constitutional Rights
Tricia Rose, Twenty-First Century Cultural Politics
Temma Kaplan, The Changing Face of the Continuing Struggle