The authors challenge pre-service special education and regular education teachers to develop the knowledge and skills to produce and support "inclusive school communities." Pre-service teachers are introduced to the inclusive community philosophy-include everyone, regardless of intelligence, disability, ethnicity-in supportive, mainstream classrooms and schools in which all student needs are met and all students are offered the same opportunities for success. To meet this growing challenge, the teacher-to-be must embody concepts of inclusion, community, collaboration, democracy, and diversity. Sands, Kozleski and French not only discuss and advocate "inclusion," but go beyond to advocate inclusive school communities, which is both a process and an outcome-providing all students with access to broad educational opportunities.
Table of Contents
1. Schooling In The Twenty-First Century.
Theme Box: A Visit with Judy Heumann. Advanced Organizer. Challenging the Status Quo. The Need for Educational Reform. Challenges to the Special Education System. Inclusive School Communities as a Context for Reform. Educational Outcomes for all Learners. Quality of Life. Summary. Instructional Activities. References.
2. Public Policy And Students With Disabilities.
Theme Box: The Story of One Family and Their Child with a Disability. Introduction. The Relationship Between Law, Regulations, and Practices. Historical Context: From ESEA to ADA. An In-Depth Look at Section 504 and ADA. An In-Depth Look at Idea 97. Summary. Instructional Activity: Legal Bases for Access and Education for Individuals with Disabilities. References.
3. Involving Families In School.
Introduction. Understanding Families. External Influences on Families. Impact of Children with Disabilities on Their Families. Family Support Systems. Family - School Partnerships. Summary and Conclusion. Instructional Activity: A Panel of Families with Children with Disabilities. References.
4. Tools For Constructing Inclusive School Communities.
Introduction. Advanced Organizer. The Spirit of Community and Inclusion in Schools. Changing the Expectations for Community Members. Collaborative Skills. Summary. Instructional Activity: Problem Solving with a Transdisciplinary Team. References.
5. Schooling The Whole Child.
Theme Box: Learning from the Perspective of an Individual with Visual Impairment. Advanced Organizer. Introduction. The Nature of Learning. Learning and Disability. The Cognitive Domain. The Affective Domain. The Communication Domain. The Physical Domain. Addressing the Four Domains of the Whole Child. Summary. Instructional Activity: Self-Analysis of Learning Preferences. References.
6. Building And Classroom Strategies For Supporting All Learners.
Advanced Organizer. Introduction. Fundamental Assumptions About Students'' Behavior. Building Level Support System. Classroom Community Supports. Proactive Behavioral Support Strategies. Individualized Behavioral Intervention Strategies. Conclusion. Instructional Activity: Creating a Classroom Community for Peter. References.
7. Using Assessment To Make Instructional Decisions.
Theme Box: Karen Watson, Classroom Teacher. Advanced Organizer. Introduction. What is Assessment and Why Do We Do It? Assessment in Inclusive Classrooms. Informal Assessment Tools. Summary. Instructional Activity: The Assessment Map. References.
8. Assessing For Eligibility And Program Planning.
Theme Box: Remembering my Staffing. Advanced Organizer. Introduction. Eligibility Assessment for Special Education. Formal Assessment Tools. An In-Depth Look at Assessment of Cognitive, Affective, Communicative and Physical Health Needs. Summary. Instructional Activity: Identifying Individual Student Needs. References.
9. Developing Responsive Curriculum For Diverse Learning.
Advanced Organizer. Theme Box: Views of a Special Education Teacher. Introduction. An Overview of Curriculum Theory. Current Special Education Curricular Approaches. An Inclusionary Approach to Curriculum. Building-Level Curriculum Decisions in Inclusive School Settings. Classroom Level Curriculum Decisions in Inclusive School Communities. Summary. Instructional Activity: Creating Your Own School. References.
10. Instructional Strategies For Addressing The Needs Of Diverse Learners.
Theme Box: A Student with Learning Disabilities Shares Her Strategies for Learning. Advanced Organizer. Introduction. Families of Instruction. Planning for Differentiated Instruction. Teaching All Learners. Evaluating Instruction for Accommodations. Summary. Instructional Activity: Creating Lesson Plans for Diverse Learners. References.
11. Meeting The Needs Of All Learners: A Response To Diversity In Our Schools.
Advanced Organizer. Theme Box: Four Frames for Dialog, Four Arenas for Action. Introduction. Changing Schools for a Diverse Society is a Complex Task. Meeting the Challenges of Diversity Begins with the Personal Perspective. Coming to Understand our Roles in Meeting the Complexity of Diversity. Your Story. Summary. Instructional Activity: Making Sense of it All. References.