Higher Education

# Beginning Algebra: Connecting Concepts Through Applications, 1st Edition

• Mark Clark Palomar College
• Cynthia Anfinson Palomar College
• ISBN-10: 0534419380  |  ISBN-13: 9780534419387
• 944 Pages
• College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$197.00
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### Overview

BEGINNING ALGEBRA: CONNECTING CONCEPTS THROUGH APPLICATIONS shows students how to apply traditional mathematical skills in real-world contexts. The emphasis on skill building and applications engages students as they master algebraic concepts, problem solving, and communication skills. Students learn how to solve problems generated from realistic applications, instead of learning techniques without conceptual understanding. The authors have developed several key ideas to make concepts real and vivid for students. First, they emphasize strong algebra skills. These skills support the applications and enhance student comprehension. Second, the authors integrate applications, drawing on realistic data to show students why they need to know and how to apply math. The applications help students develop the skills needed to explain the meaning of answers in the context of the application. Third, the authors develop key concepts as students progress through the course. For example, the distributive property is introduced in real numbers, covered when students are learning how to multiply a polynomial by a constant, and finally when students learn how to multiply a polynomial by a monomial. These concepts are reinforced through applications in the text. Last, the authors' approach prepares students for intermediate algebra by including an introduction to material such as functions and interval notation as well as the last chapter that covers linear and quadratic modeling.

### Features and Benefits

• Prealgebra Review. The text begins in Chapter R by reviewing some prealgebra concepts, providing students with a review of those topics most necessary for beginning algebra such as arithmetic with signed numbers, fractions, decimals and percents. This chapter also reviews other traditional student weak spots--absolute value, the idea of opposites, and the order-of-operations agreement, ending with coverage of the real number system.
• An Innovative Critical-Thinking Feature: Concept Investigations. The directed-discovery activities called Concept Investigations are ideal as group work during class, incorporated as part of a lecture, or as individual assignments to investigate concepts further. Inserted at key points within the chapter, each Concept Investigation helps students explore patterns and relationships such as the graphical and algebraic representations of the concepts being studied.
• Worked Examples with In-Text Practice Problems. This text provides a broad range of examples that give students more practical experience with mathematics. Other examples reinforce patterns of problem solving by using a step-by-step approach, breaking down an example into more basic concepts or techniques and then following it immediately with a practice problem that is similar to that example.
• Integrated "Student" Work. Clearly identifiable examples of "student" work appear throughout the exercises in the text. These boxes ask students to find and correct common errors in "student" work.
• Margin Notes. The margin contains three kinds of notes written to help the student with specific types of information: Skill Connections provide a just-in-time review of core mathematical concepts, reinforcing student skill sets; Connecting the Concepts reinforce a concept by showing relationships across sections; and specific vocabulary of mathematics and the applications are helpfully defined and reinforced through margin notes called "What's That Mean?"
• Reinforcement of Visual Learning through Graphs and Tables. Graphs and tables are used throughout the book to organize data, examine trends, and have students gain knowledge of graphing linear and quadratic equations. The graphical and numeric approach helps support visual learners, incorporating realistic situations into the text and reinforcing the graphs and data that students see in their daily lives.
• Exercise Sets. The exercise sets include a balance of both applications and skill-based problems developed with a clear level of progression in terms of difficulty level. Some exercise sets begin with a few warm-up problems before focusing on applications. Exercise sets typically end with additional skill practice to help students master the concepts when needed. A balance of graphical, numerical, and algebraic skill problems is included throughout the book to help students see mathematics from several different views.
• Flexible Use of the Calculator. The core exercises do not require calculator usage, although the book has been written to support the use of a scientific calculator. Calculator Details Margin boxes will appear as necessary to instruct students on the correct use of a scientific calculator. In certain Concept Investigations, the calculator is used to help students with arithmetic so that they may concentrate on looking for patterns. In selected applications, the calculator is used to do the numerical computations so that students can work with more realistic problem situations.
• Extensive End-of-Chapter Material includes Chapter Summaries, Review Exercises, Chapter Tests, Chapter Projects, and Cumulative Reviews. Chapter Summaries revisit the big ideas of the chapter and reinforce them with new worked-out examples. Students can also review and practice what they have learned with the Chapter Review exercises before taking the Chapter Test.
• Chapter Projects. To enhance critical thinking, end-of-chapter projects can be assigned either individually or as group work. Instructors can choose which projects best suit the focus of their class and give their students the chance to show how well they can tie together the concepts they have learned in that chapter. Some of these projects include online research or activities that students must perform to analyze data and make conclusions.
• Cumulative Reviews. Cumulative reviews appear after every two chapters, and group together the major topics across chapters. Answers to all the exercises are available to students in the answer appendix.
• Practical Help for Instructors. Practical tips are provided in the Annotated Instructor's Edition on how to approach and pace chapters as well as integrate features such as Concept Investigations. In addition, for every student example in the student text, there is a different instructor classroom example in the AIE, with accompanying answers that can be used for additional in-class practice and/or homework.

R. REVIEW OF PREALGEBRA.
Operations with Integers. Natural Numbers, Whole Numbers, and Integers. Number Lines. Relations between Numbers. Absolute Value. Opposite of a Number. Operations with Integers. Order of Operations. Operations with Fractions. Prime Numbers and Prime Factorization. Reducing Fractions and Equivalent Fractions. Number Lines. Addition and Subtraction. Multiplication and Division. Order of Operations. Operations with Decimals and Percents. Place Value. Relationships between Fractions and Decimals. Number Lines. Addition and Subtraction. Multiplication and Division. Order of Operations. Rounding. Percents. The Real Number System. Rational Numbers. Irrational Numbers. The Real Number System. Distinguish between Exact and Approximate Answers.
1. BUILDING BLOCKS OF ALGEBRA.
Exponents, Order of Operations, and Properties of Real Numbers. Exponents. Introduction to Scientific Notation. Order of Operations. Properties of Real Numbers. Algebra and Working with Variables. Constants and Variables. Evaluating Expressions. Unit Conversions. Defining Variables. Translating Sentences into Expressions. Generating Expressions from Input-Output Tables. Simplifying Expressions. Like Terms. Addition and Subtraction Properties. Multiplication and Distributive Properties. Simplifying Expressions. Graphs and the Rectangular Coordinate System. Data Tables. Bar Graphs and Scatterplots. The Rectangular Coordinate System. Conceptual Understanding of Scale and Applications of Real Life Data.
2. LINEAR EQUATIONS AND INEQUALITIES WITH ONE VARIABLE.
Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality. Introduction to Equations and Their Solutions. Addition and Subtraction Properties of Equality. Solving Literal Equations. Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality. Multiplication and Division Properties of Equality. Solving Multiple-Step Equations. Generating Equations from Applications. More on Solving Literal Equations. Solving Equations with Variables on Both Sides. Solving Equations that Contain Fractions. Equations that are Identities or Have No Solution. Translating Sentences into Equations and Solving. Solving and Graphing Linear Inequalities on a Number Line. Introduction to Inequalities. Solving Inequalities. Interval Notation and Number Lines. Compound Inequalities.
3. LINEAR EQUATIONS WITH TWO VARIABLES.
Graphing Equations with Two Variables. Using Tables to Represent Ordered Pairs and Data. Graphing Equations by Plotting Points. Vertical and Horizontal Lines. Finding and Interpreting Slope. Interpreting Graphs. Determining a Rate of Change. Calculating Slope. Interpreting Slope. Slope Intercept Form of Lines. Finding and Interpreting Intercepts from Graphs. Finding and Interpreting Intercepts from Equations. Slope Intercept Form of a Line. Linear Equations and Their Graphs. Graphing from Slope-Intercept Form. Graphing from General Form. Recognizing a Linear Equation. Parallel and Perpendicular Lines. Finding Equations of Lines. Finding Equations of Lines Using Slope-Intercept Form. Finding Equations of Lines from Applications. Finding Equations of Lines Using Point-Slope Form. The Basics of Functions. Relations. Functions. Vertical Line Test. Function Notation. Evaluating Functions.
4. SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS.
Identifying Systems of Linear Equations. Introduction to Systems of Equations. Solutions to Systems of Equations. Solving Systems of Equations Graphically. Types of Systems. Solving Systems Using the Substitution Method. Substitution Method. Inconsistent and Dependent Systems. Practical Applications of Systems of Linear Equations. Solving Systems Using the Elimination Method. Elimination Method. More Practical Applications of Systems of Linear Equations. Substitution or Elimination? Solving Linear Inequalities in Two Variables Graphically. Linear Inequalities in Two Variables. Graphing Vertical and Horizontal Inequalities. Systems of Linear Inequalities. Systems of Linear Inequalities.
5. EXPONENTS AND POLYNOMIALS.
Rules for Exponents. Product Rule for Exponents. Quotient Rule for Exponents. Power Rule for Exponents. Powers of Products and Quotients. Negative Exponents and Scientific Notation. Negative Exponents. Using Scientific Notation in Calculations. Introduction to Polynomials. The Terminology of Polynomials. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials. Multiplication of Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials. FOIL A Handy Acronym. Special Products. Dividing Polynomials. Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial. Dividing a Polynomial by a Polynomial Using Long Division.
What It Means to Factor. Finding the GCF. Factoring Out the GCF. Factoring by Grouping. Factor Completely. Factoring Trinomials. Factoring Trinomials of the Form x2+bx+c by Inspection. Factoring Trinomials of the Form ax2+bx+c. Factor Completely. Factoring Special Forms. Difference of Squares. Perfect Square Trinomials. Factor Completely. Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring. Recognizing a Quadratic Equation. Zero-Product Property. Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring. Graphing Quadratic Equations. Graphing Quadratic Equations by Plotting Points. The Meaning of "a." The Vertex. The Axis of Symmetry. Graphing Quadratic Equations including Intercepts. Finding Intercepts. Sketching a Graph (Pulling It All Together).
7. RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS.
The Basics of Rational Expressions and Equations. Evaluating Rational Expressions and Equations. Excluded Values. Graphing Rational Equations in Two Variables. Simplifying Rational Expressions. Multiplication and Division of Rational Expressions. Multiplying Rational Expressions. Revisiting Unit Conversions. Dividing Rational Expressions. Fundamental Complex Fractions. Addition and Subtraction of Rational Expressions. Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions with Common Denominators. The Least Common Denominator (LCD). Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions with Unlike Denominators. More Complicated Complex Fractions. Solving Rational Equations. Shared Work Problems. Proportions, Similar Triangles and Variation. Proportions. Similar Triangles. Variation.
9. MODELING DATA.
Modeling Linear Data. Finding an "Eye-Ball Best Fit" Linear Model for Real Data. Finding a Linear Model. Using Linear Models to Make Estimates. Model Breakdown. Working with Quadratic Models. Determine If the Data Is Quadratic. Using Quadratic Models to Make Estimates. Model Breakdown.
Appendices.
Geometry Formulas.
Unit Conversions.

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## Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

### Instructor Supplements

#### Cengage Advantage Books: Beginning Algebra: Connecting Concepts through Applications, Loose-leaf Version  (ISBN-10: 1111569290 | ISBN-13: 9781111569297)

BEGINNING ALGEBRA: CONNECTING CONCEPTS THROUGH APPLICATIONS shows students how to apply traditional mathematical skills in real-world contexts. The emphasis on skill building and applications engages students as they master algebraic concepts, problem solving, and communication skills. Students learn how to solve problems generated from realistic applications, instead of learning techniques without conceptual understanding. The authors have developed several key ideas to make concepts real and vivid for students. First, they emphasize strong algebra skills. These skills support the applications and enhance student comprehension. Second, the authors integrate applications, drawing on realistic data to show students why they need to know and how to apply math. The applications help students develop the skills needed to explain the meaning of answers in the context of the application. Third, the authors develop key concepts as students progress through the course. For example, the distributive property is introduced in real numbers, covered when students are learning how to multiply a polynomial by a constant, and finally when students learn how to multiply a polynomial by a monomial. These concepts are reinforced through applications in the text. Last, the authors' approach prepares students for intermediate algebra by including an introduction to material such as functions and interval notation as well as the last chapter that covers linear and quadratic modeling.

List Price = \$167.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$167.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$126.00

#### Premium eBook  (ISBN-10: 084006926X | ISBN-13: 9780840069269)

List Price = \$102.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$76.75

#### College Prep Algebra: Instructor’s Resource Binder for Algebra Activities 2011  (ISBN-10: 0538736755 | ISBN-13: 9780538736756)

Each section of the main text is discussed in uniquely designed Teaching Guides containing instruction tips, examples, activities, worksheets, overheads, assessments, and solutions to all worksheets and activities.

#### PowerLecter with ExamView® for Clark/Anfinson's Beginning Algebra: Connecting Concepts Through Applications  (ISBN-10: 0840054696 | ISBN-13: 9780840054692)

This CD-ROM (or DVD) provides the instructor with dynamic media tools for teaching. Create, deliver, and customize tests (both print and online) in minutes with ExamView® Computerized Testing Featuring Algorithmic Equations. Easily build solution sets for homework or exams using Solution Builder's online solutions manual. Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides and figures from the book are also included on this CD-ROM (or DVD).

#### Complete Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 053446534X | ISBN-13: 9780534465346)

The Complete Solutions Manual provides worked-out solutions to all of the problems in the text.

#### Solution Builder  (ISBN-10: 0840054661 | ISBN-13: 9780840054661)

This online instructor database offers complete worked solutions to all exercises in the text, allowing you to create customized, secure solutions printouts (in PDF format) matched exactly to the problems you assign in class. Visit http://www.cengage.com/solutionbuilder.

#### Text-Specific DVD  (ISBN-10: 0534465358 | ISBN-13: 9780534465353)

Honored with two Tellys, a Communicator Award, and an international Aurora Award, these ten- to twenty-minute problem-solving lessons cover almost every learning objective from each chapter. Rena Petrello--recipient of the "Mark Dever Award for Excellence in Teaching"--presents each lesson using her experience teaching online mathematics courses. It was through this online teaching experience that Petrello discovered the lack of suitable content for online instructors, prompting her to develop her own video lessons and ultimately create this video project. Students will love the additional guidance and support when they miss a class or when they are preparing for an upcoming quiz or exam.

List Price = \$270.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$203.75

#### Student Workbook  (ISBN-10: 1111568901 | ISBN-13: 9781111568900)

Providing the perfect head start, the Student Workbook contains all of the assessments, activities, and worksheets from the Instructor's Resource Binder for classroom discussions, in-class activities, and group work.

List Price = \$61.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$61.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$46.25

#### Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0534465331 | ISBN-13: 9780534465339)

Contains fully worked-out solutions to all of the odd-numbered end-of section exercises as well as the complete worked-out solutions to all of the exercises included at the end of each chapter in the text, giving students a way to check their answers and ensure that they took the correct steps to arrive at an answer.

List Price = \$66.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$66.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$50.25

#### Enhanced WebAssign Instant Access for Developmental Math, Single-Term Courses  (ISBN-10: 1285857739 | ISBN-13: 9781285857732)

List Price = \$82.00  | CengageBrain Price = \$82.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$82.00

### Student Supplements

#### Cengage Advantage Books: Beginning Algebra: Connecting Concepts through Applications, Loose-leaf Version  (ISBN-10: 1111569290 | ISBN-13: 9781111569297)

BEGINNING ALGEBRA: CONNECTING CONCEPTS THROUGH APPLICATIONS shows you how to apply traditional mathematical skills in real-world contexts. The emphasis on skill building and applications helps you master algebraic concepts, problem solving, and communication skills. You will learn how to solve problems generated from realistic applications, instead of learning techniques without conceptual understanding. The authors have developed several key ideas that make concepts real and vivid. First, the authors emphasize developing strong algebra skills. These skills support the applications and enhancing student comprehension. Second, the authors integrate applications, drawing on realistic data to show you why you need to know and how to apply math. These applications help you to develop the skills needed to explain the meaning of answers in the context of the application. Third, the authors develop key concepts as you progress through the course. For example, the distributive property is introduced in real numbers, covered when you are learning how to multiply a polynomial by a constant, and finally discussed when you learn how to multiply a polynomial by a monomial. These concepts are reinforced through applications in the text. Last, the authors' approach also prepares you for the intermediate algebra course by including an introduction to material such as functions and interval notation as well as the last chapter that covers linear and quadraticmodeling.

List Price = \$167.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$167.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$126.00

#### Premium eBook  (ISBN-10: 084006926X | ISBN-13: 9780840069269)

List Price = \$102.49  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$76.75

#### Student Workbook  (ISBN-10: 1111568901 | ISBN-13: 9781111568900)

List Price = \$61.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$61.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$46.25

#### Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0534465331 | ISBN-13: 9780534465339)

Go beyond the answers--see what it takes to get there and improve your grade! This manual provides worked-out, step-by-step solutions to the odd-numbered problems in the text as well as the complete worked-out solutions to all of the exercises included at the end of each chapter in the text. This gives you the information you need to truly understand how these problems are solved.

List Price = \$66.95  | CengageBrain Price = \$66.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$50.25

#### Enhanced WebAssign Instant Access for Developmental Math, Single-Term Courses  (ISBN-10: 1285857739 | ISBN-13: 9781285857732)

List Price = \$82.00  | CengageBrain Price = \$82.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = \$82.00

## Meet the Author

### Mark Clark

Mark Clark graduated from California State University, Long Beach, with a Bachelor's and Master's in Mathematics. He is a full-time Associate Professor at Palomar College and has taught there for the past 13 years. He is committed to teaching his students through applications and using technology to help them both understand the mathematics in context and communicate their results clearly. Intermediate algebra is one of his favorite courses to teach, and he continues to teach several sections of this course each year. He has collaborated with his colleague Cynthia Anfinson to write a new intermediate and beginning algebra text published by Cengage Learning—Brooks/Cole. It is an applications-first approach to algebra; applications and concepts drive the material, supported by traditional skills and techniques.

### Cynthia Anfinson

Cynthia (Cindy) Anfinson graduated from UCSD's Revelle College in 1985, summa cum laude, with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Mathematics and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. She went to graduate school at Cornell University under the Army Science and Technology Graduate Fellowship. She graduated from Cornell in 1989 with a Master of Science Degree in Applied Mathematics. She is currently an Associate Professor of Mathematics at Palomar College and has been teaching there since 1995. Cindy Anfinson was a finalist in Palomar College's 2002 Distinguished Faculty Award.